Ethiopia's flag    Ethiopia


Official language: Amharic, English
Currency: Ethiopia Birr
Capital City: Addis Ababa
Area: 1104300km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs


105.0K
2017

Mid-year population
53.6B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
64.4
2013

Under five mortality rate
100.1
2014

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.82.93.02.82.42.01.61.41.41.72.22.62.93.13.23.23.23.23.33.43.53.63.63.53.43.23.13.02.92.92.92.92.92.82.82.82.72.72.72.62.62.62.62.52.52.52.4
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)48.148.248.448.548.548.648.648.748.748.949.049.149.249.249.149.048.748.548.247.847.547.247.046.746.546.346.045.645.144.543.742.841.940.839.838.837.836.936.135.334.634.033.532.932.431.931.4
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)21.321.121.020.920.820.820.820.921.021.221.321.421.321.120.820.419.919.419.018.518.117.817.417.116.716.315.915.415.014.514.013.512.912.311.711.110.59.99.48.98.58.27.97.67.47.27.0
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)42.943.243.543.743.944.044.144.144.043.943.843.743.743.944.244.645.245.746.246.747.147.547.948.448.849.349.850.350.851.451.952.653.454.255.256.357.458.459.560.461.362.162.863.564.164.665.1
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)44.544.845.045.245.445.645.745.645.645.445.345.245.245.445.746.146.747.247.748.248.749.149.549.950.450.951.451.852.352.853.354.054.755.656.657.758.859.961.162.163.063.964.765.466.066.667.1
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)41.441.742.042.242.442.642.642.642.542.442.342.242.342.542.843.243.744.244.745.245.646.046.446.947.347.848.448.949.450.050.651.352.052.953.954.955.957.057.958.859.660.461.061.662.262.763.1
Mid-year population - Total (millions)28.429.230.131.031.932.633.133.634.134.635.236.137.138.339.540.842.143.544.946.448.149.851.653.555.457.259.160.962.764.666.468.470.472.474.576.778.981.083.285.487.790.092.494.997.499.9102.4105.0
Mid-year population - Female (%)50.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.250.250.250.250.250.2
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)14,27614,69215,13615,58315,99716,35416,64316,87917,10117,36117,69918,12918,64019,21919,83720,47821,13421,81422,52623,28324,09124,95625,86826,81127,76128,70129,62430,53531,44432,36733,31434,28935,28736,30737,34238,45139,51240,58641,67742,79243,93545,10546,30347,52348,76150,01251,27652,551
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)14,13914,55414,99915,44615,85916,21416,50116,73516,95317,20917,54117,96518,46919,04119,65620,29820,96321,65622,38223,15123,96624,82925,73426,66727,60528,53629,45230,35831,26332,18333,12934,10435,10436,12637,16538,27639,33940,41541,50842,62443,76844,94146,14247,36548,60649,86151,12752,406
Mid-year population - Urban (%)8.68.88.99.19.39.59.69.810.010.210.410.610.811.011.211.511.711.912.112.412.612.913.113.413.613.814.014.214.414.614.714.915.115.315.515.715.916.116.516.917.317.718.218.619.019.5
Net reproduction rate (per woman)2.42.22.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)12,49712,93513,40113,86514,28014,61314,88915,10215,29815,54515,89016,40316,97017,57718,19618,81019,48320,14220,81021,50922,24823,13724,04624,95625,84326,68527,59128,44829,27330,08430,89331,83932,75133,64234,51935,42236,23136,99737,71238,37138,98639,54040,08240,60441,09641,55842,08842,564
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)6,2286,4446,6746,9037,1097,2747,4047,5017,5897,7007,8588,1178,4008,7039,0149,3249,6589,98810,32410,67511,04411,48211,92712,37112,80213,21213,66314,08914,49814,89815,29715,76116,21016,64817,08017,49917,89418,26918,61818,93819,22919,48919,72919,95220,15920,35520,577
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)6,2696,4926,7286,9627,1717,3397,4867,6017,7107,8468,0338,2868,5708,8749,1829,4869,82510,15410,48510,83311,20411,65512,11812,58613,04213,47313,92814,35914,77615,18615,59616,07816,54116,99317,43917,87418,29218,68919,05719,38819,68519,95020,19520,42120,63220,83321,061
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)15,15015,51115,90316,30416,69017,04917,30617,52217,72317,94818,22718,54818,97919,50320,09620,74121,33321,98922,70023,46724,29625,08225,94426,86127,81428,78729,66230,56031,48832,46233,49534,43435,45836,54737,68138,92840,14741,43142,79944,26445,82347,49949,23851,04252,91254,83956,72558,692
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)7,6127,7967,9968,2008,3958,5788,7188,8388,9539,0829,2419,4029,6219,88610,18310,49910,80011,12711,47911,86212,28112,68413,13113,60914,10514,61015,04815,49815,96316,45116,96717,44217,95618,50019,06719,65620,27320,92321,61122,34323,11823,94224,80125,69326,61727,57128,518
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)7,5387,7147,9078,1048,2958,4718,5888,6848,7708,8668,9869,1469,3589,6169,91310,24110,53310,86211,22111,60512,01512,39812,81313,25213,70814,17714,61415,06215,52516,01116,52716,99217,50218,04718,61519,20519,80620,44221,12221,85522,63923,47524,35025,26026,20227,16928,120
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)767.8800.0830.9859.6885.2907.2949.1989.71,0311,0761,1231,1421,1601,1801,2021,2261,2811,3391,3991,4581,5141,5651,6141,6601,7101,7651,8231,8851,9472,0042,0582,1232,1852,2472,3102,3782,4732,5722,6742,7812,8943,0083,1243,2423,3593,4763,1683,259
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)436.0451.5466.4480.2492.4502.8521.7539.8558.7578.9600.3609.6618.9629.1641.0654.7676.1699.2722.8745.4766.6789.1810.2831.3854.1879.3913.5948.6983.81,0181,0501,0861,1221,1581,1961,2371,2871,3401,3951,4541,5181,5821,6501,7201,7891,8571,922
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)331.8348.5364.5379.4392.8404.4427.3449.8472.8497.0522.7532.2541.4550.7560.6571.1604.7640.3676.5712.2747.0776.4803.4828.9855.4885.4909.7936.3962.8986.61,0061,0351,0611,0861,1111,1381,1831,2291,2761,3251,3741,4201,4671,5131,5591,6061,656
Total fertility rate (per woman)7.07.07.17.17.17.17.27.27.27.37.37.47.47.47.47.47.47.47.47.37.37.27.17.17.17.06.96.96.86.76.56.46.26.15.95.75.55.45.25.04.94.84.64.54.44.34.2
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)2.13.71.4
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)4.83.38.114.7
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)89.586.282.578.474.169.665.361.057.153.650.848.346.244.542.941.4
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)1,2501,2301,2101,1801,1301,0801,040998.0959.0927.0897.0871.0846.0814.0780.0743.0698.0654.0608.0566.0523.0482.0447.0410.0378.0353.0
Men 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)33.3
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)28.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)42.034.629.225.2
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)34.034.034.034.034.034.034.034.0
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)32.032.0
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)58.046.444.343.041.640.038.136.569.568.1
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)42.034.629.225.2
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)38.017.012.022.054.038.054.051.044.037.036.035.036.035.035.040.044.0
Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)2.0
Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs (%)3.03.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)75.272.573.471.465.763.060.657.949.943.8
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)38.040.042.044.046.048.050.052.054.055.057.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)377387398409426431432429409393376358325310296268253239224
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)594614630637645642633624608583556526502474448422401374350326307288272257
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)74.071.072.074.074.076.070.079.078.084.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)145.5109.5101.594.087.080.875.671.367.664.4
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
World Bank
Education
Indicator19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)35.929.839.049.1
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)22.818.028.941.1
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)50.041.949.157.2
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)49.554.660.463.664.967.879.183.489.395.093.792.094.794.8100.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)37.643.249.453.054.959.571.977.684.090.190.188.390.891.295.8
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)61.365.871.273.974.876.086.289.194.699.897.395.698.698.3104.3
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)12.413.516.418.619.521.924.828.832.033.233.534.836.136.2
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)10.010.913.114.314.316.018.622.425.828.029.431.633.834.5
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)14.716.119.722.824.727.730.935.238.138.337.538.038.337.9
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)1.01.21.51.72.32.62.8
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)0.40.50.60.91.21.31.31.73.24.44.75.23.8
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)1.61.92.32.43.43.84.25.47.310.210.811.18.8
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)32.8
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)34.0
Mean years of schooling (years)1.51.92.32.42.42.42.4
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)40.344.046.146.849.660.565.3
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)11.012.513.314.8
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)9.110.310.511.1
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)12.714.515.718.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)67.362.357.954.155.153.864.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)46.247.443.140.338.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)23.527.127.130.735.035.839.534.131.2
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.80.90.90.90.90.90.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.80.70.60.70.70.70.60.60.60.60.60.70.70.80.80.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)0.30.40.40.40.40.5
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)0.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)3.13.43.84.04.14.35.05.25.65.95.85.75.85.86.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)2.32.73.13.33.43.74.54.85.25.65.65.55.65.65.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)3.94.14.54.74.84.95.45.66.06.26.05.96.16.06.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)0.80.81.01.11.21.31.51.82.02.02.12.12.22.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)0.60.70.80.90.91.01.11.41.61.71.81.92.02.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)0.91.01.21.41.51.71.92.22.32.42.32.42.32.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.20.30.40.40.40.4
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.00.00.00.00.10.10.10.10.20.20.20.30.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.10.10.10.10.20.20.20.30.40.50.50.60.6
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)54.063.353.646.947.463.364.959.245.641.437.541.639.6
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)49.460.057.254.046.661.757.756.742.135.135.939.834.0
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Statistics Division
National accounts
Indicator19701971197219731974197519761977197819791980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)53.6
GDP per capita (US dollars)84.6887.1292.33103.69113.57110.51117.94132.11138.66150.01156.52160.03160.26170.11194.7220.86223.46231.46217.73216.51233.22256.83198.24138.05129.09132.55139.41139.94123.22113.53120.86116.44109.26116.72133.35158.78190.3234.78308.24330.52300.49339.19457.86493.11
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)10,70911,70912,55514,07514,23813,01714,56617,01017,70718,31119,48318,67817,40220,19721,34623,12526,73427,96427,08429,22932,83536,07537,22737,17242,67549,61757,04365,46874,22082,29392,101104,705115,910129,512145,218161,634
GNI per capita (US dollars)83.7886.291.35102.7113.09109.92117.88131.89138.43149.76156.26159.77159.94169.63194.03219.77222.45230229.32233.66
GNI per capita (US dollars)652.41646.02547.38526.5527.54551.64598.99609.78563.06573.39610.48635.95628.92626.35712.83808.94910.281,0451,1991,2801,3501,4931,7001,8622,0521,6301,730
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)20.221.522.821.025.122.423.920.821.224.725.532.137.134.138.039.438.5
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)2,5322,6812,9273,3883,8303,8084,1584,7225,0265,5245,8796,1586,3396,9318,1829,5679,99710,67310,99111,572
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)31,32032,08228,23628,10728,97831,36435,56837,03035,62737,17040,37343,82344,64045,29152,97662,06671,99884,47199,576109,056118,201134,358157,109176,415199,195197,644177,039
Gross national saving - as % of GDP (%)16.819.716.618.025.517.113.021.920.815.424.533.131.228.130.731.332.0
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.54.82.71.50.01.71.1-1.35.75.73.11.25.1-4.9-5.96.99.22.21.7-0.2-7.2-8.913.43.56.113.52.8-4.15.26.18.31.5-2.213.611.810.811.510.88.812.613.28.710.610.39.6
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)21.723.125.323.725.236.129.933.036.637.442.340.347.445.458.458.057.453.052.054.65.64.03.36.08.310.49.511.813.011.712.112.112.713.515.115.314.012.811.510.613.816.713.812.511.7
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)19.119.222.223.122.530.131.631.135.831.933.134.438.639.548.551.849.253.546.546.815.012.97.98.28.78.58.68.510.516.719.115.715.914.314.013.313.111.210.59.59.210.38.38.38.0
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)22.023.126.424.421.123.918.617.515.719.121.922.628.125.546.044.442.850.656.951.410.58.87.812.312.813.916.114.323.224.022.223.626.424.329.026.027.624.224.524.927.032.137.135.840.3
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)151.2157.3162.7162.9162.9181.9171.1171.5169.7179.0173.9173.8190.9183.1232.9303.4267.7261.2267.6242.971.478.585.281.982.280.980.977.674.072.369.171.274.878.170.977.378.776.480.380.781.572.472.572.569.5
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-191.7-195.9-207.5-214.7-213.1-228.0-219.2-213.5-209.5-218.4-217.5-218.7-238.2-228.8-299.6-359.1-331.6-355.4-349.6-336.8-9.8-9.9-8.5-13.4-17.1-19.2-20.4-18.6-20.7-24.3-24.2-23.9-26.9-27.7-31.9-35.8-36.9-32.4-31.1-29.0-33.3-31.6-31.6-29.1-29.5
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)9.910.511.011.110.912.211.411.110.511.511.611.611.611.011.512.212.113.813.413.154.062.470.363.559.157.354.955.350.647.545.942.140.442.645.246.245.949.049.0
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)95.690.688.795.489.083.440.5
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)17.318.118.819.620.221.420.520.318.921.121.421.321.821.022.022.021.322.722.121.610.27.76.77.99.210.310.510.812.113.013.114.114.214.213.112.712.711.210.4
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)24.920.820.820.423.629.816.1
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)4.64.75.05.04.64.64.03.43.23.23.94.04.24.04.64.54.24.34.24.05.13.43.44.24.85.45.65.45.35.86.16.16.15.75.14.84.84.34.0
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)11.78.47.97.48.08.44.0
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)121.4121.7123.4123.9123.5125.5125.1123.4124.0123.4123.2123.6125.8125.8127.4129.2128.6128.8131.5131.635.829.923.028.631.732.534.633.937.239.641.043.845.543.241.741.141.439.940.6
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)79.688.690.584.287.386.843.5
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
World Bank
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All items (index)1,8381,489
All items (index)33.5934.2436.938.2238.0945.147.643.2544.248.4650.9861.6274.5882.0382.9894.0694.9388.8392.0399.3410091.7693.28109.85113.39126.6143.77168.56243.35263.99285.46380.32472.11510.21547.99603.4
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)87.578.2
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)12.41.97.83.6-0.318.45.6-9.22.29.65.220.921.010.01.213.40.9-6.43.67.90.7-8.21.717.83.211.713.617.344.48.58.133.224.18.17.410.1
Data Source
Country
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator1999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)67.362.357.954.155.153.864.3
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)2.07.77.77.77.77.721.421.921.921.921.927.827.827.827.827.838.8
Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector (%)40.940.6
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Inter-Parliamentary Union
United Nations Statistics Division
Tourism
Indicator1988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)97.0107.0156.0139.0143.0170.0181.0
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)639.0790.01,1841,1191,4341,9981,980
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)330.0358.0383.0427.0468.0523.0597.0681.0770.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)2.72.46.12.46.59.73.03.53.49.812.813.714.118.119.020.020.222.3
Total contribution to employment (%)2.63.13.23.12.54.74.44.33.84.24.24.36.16.77.27.37.67.29.510.09.08.210.311.39.59.18.58.4
Total contribution to GDP (%)2.93.53.53.52.75.25.04.94.44.94.95.17.07.68.28.38.88.210.811.510.49.311.913.110.39.89.39.2
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
Paved Road (% of total) (%)11.613.711.311.613.713.313.312.912.0
Total length of railways (kilometre)781781781781781781781781781781781781
Data Source
International Road Federation
World Bank
Information society
Indicator2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)0.931.091.091.081.040.930.870.810.85
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)0.3
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.00.00.10.10.20.51.11.52.44.87.915.822.427.331.642.8
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator1970197119721973197419751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)291.0203.1244.1255.1320.9481.8561.5611.9881.2772.21,3071,5791,6702,0542,4142,359
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)57.1218.9151.8499.6288.9340.9344.9281.6935.9583.2655.6883.3764.41,2441,1481,444
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)0.10.20.20.30.50.30.60.61.01.32.24.34.85.23.65.3
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)6.28.58.910.39.118.418.723.317.324.426.723.926.581.478.493.4
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)122.4126.1167.0238.9268.7240.5280.5332.8306.1417.6424.5388.9403.6402.6416.8333.1454.9355.2429.3440.3297.5188.6168.9198.8372.5422.6417.5586.9560.7467.2
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)1,4501,2601,3101,5221,9082,7553,1293,8314,8064,8546,9898,1058,67412,22715,79910,051
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)171.6188.2189.4214.1283.1313.0352.4351.6455.4567.4722.1738.6786.4876.0928.2993.41,1021,0661,129950.61,081471.9838.8787.31,0331,1451,4011,1131,5171,538
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)3,7815,4334,7818,0588,62112,28415,62217,42625,63723,61625,80526,68935,73944,69762,81951,630
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
Deposit rate (%) (%)3.53.64.14.7
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)8.228.468.578.608.648.678.708.979.6011.7814.4116.9017.70
Interest rate - Lending (%)7.07.07.58.0
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator1995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Debt service ratio (ratio)13.718.58.07.35.94.86.24.93.13.04.06.17.2
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)11.59.66.88.58.48.413.517.019.018.215.613.313.012.311.811.611.07.58.26.5
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)93.697.3107.4112.7103.178.270.046.441.437.640.544.036.942.446.354.654.9
Data Source
World Bank
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Balance of payments
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)5,8204,3094,4814,9475,2445,0535,4205,9156,3706,5606,6197,543
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)0.090.130.140.140.160.160.150.16
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.100.100.110.100.100.070.100.110.140.130.140.100.100.110.100.090.090.090.080.080.070.07
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)12.6048.6047.7050.7061.8056.2058.0054.7086.6039.7023.7022.0013.105.004.302.1011.0011.3010.805.50
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1000 population)631.0700.0737.0678.0682.0665.0611.0608.0649.0633.0614.0587.0594.0625.0565.0515.0477.0440.0409.0387.0353.0325.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)11.4
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)13.713.012.912.712.612.412.312.312.412.4
Land area covered by forest (%)13.812.511.9
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)17.718.0
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Environment