Ghana's flag    Ghana


Official language: English
Currency: Ghanian Cedi
Capital City: Accra
Area: 238533km2
Subregional membership(s): West Africa, Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Mineral-rich countries, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


28.8K
2017

Mid-year population
37.2B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
78.4
2013

Under five mortality rate
109.9
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.52.82.92.82.52.11.81.61.72.12.63.13.43.53.33.12.92.82.72.72.82.82.82.72.62.52.42.32.32.32.42.52.62.62.62.62.62.62.62.52.52.52.42.42.32.32.2
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)46.746.446.145.745.445.044.644.243.943.543.242.842.442.141.741.340.840.439.939.539.038.537.937.436.836.335.835.435.034.834.634.534.334.234.133.933.833.733.733.733.733.633.433.132.832.331.7
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)16.115.915.615.415.114.914.714.414.214.013.813.513.313.112.812.512.211.911.511.210.910.710.510.410.410.410.410.510.610.610.710.610.510.410.310.19.99.79.69.59.49.39.29.19.08.88.7
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)49.349.649.950.250.550.851.151.451.752.052.352.652.953.353.754.154.655.155.756.356.857.257.457.657.657.557.457.257.057.057.057.257.457.858.258.759.259.760.160.460.660.861.061.261.461.561.7
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)50.350.751.151.551.852.152.452.753.053.353.553.854.154.454.855.255.756.256.857.457.958.358.658.758.758.558.358.157.957.857.857.958.258.659.159.560.060.560.961.361.561.861.962.162.362.562.7
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)48.548.648.849.049.349.649.950.250.550.851.151.451.852.252.653.153.654.154.755.255.756.156.456.556.656.556.456.356.256.256.256.456.757.057.457.958.458.859.259.559.759.960.160.260.460.560.7
Mid-year population - Total (millions)8.68.89.19.49.69.810.010.210.410.610.811.111.511.912.312.713.113.513.914.214.615.015.515.916.316.817.217.618.018.418.819.319.820.320.821.522.122.723.323.924.525.125.726.327.027.628.228.8
Mid-year population - Female (%)49.649.649.649.649.649.649.649.649.649.649.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.449.449.449.449.449.449.449.449.249.249.249.249.249.249.249.149.149.149.149.149.1
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)4,2194,3324,4594,5914,7184,8314,9265,0095,0915,1885,3125,4685,6515,8526,0576,2566,4456,6286,8106,9977,1957,4057,6267,8518,0738,2878,4908,6878,8849,0929,3189,5659,83010,11110,40310,77811,09211,41411,74012,06312,37812,68312,98013,27113,56313,85914,16014,466
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)4,3784,4954,6244,7594,8875,0015,0975,1815,2645,3635,4905,6505,8376,0436,2546,4606,6596,8527,0437,2357,4347,6387,8468,0578,2678,4748,6798,8829,0859,2939,5079,7299,95810,19510,43810,76411,02211,28611,55911,84112,13412,43812,75313,07513,40013,72414,04614,368
Mid-year population - Urban (%)29.029.229.429.629.830.130.330.530.730.931.231.431.631.832.232.933.634.335.035.736.437.237.938.639.440.140.941.742.443.243.944.645.346.046.647.348.048.749.450.050.751.452.152.753.454.0
Net reproduction rate (per woman)1.81.81.8
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)3,9224,0484,1804,3114,4304,5294,6214,6954,7604,8364,9385,0725,2245,3885,5525,7045,8606,0046,1396,2736,4106,5676,7256,8807,0267,1597,3017,4297,5477,6687,7997,9438,1008,2678,4358,7538,9399,1339,3299,5199,7019,91210,11510,31210,50710,70110,90911,107
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)1,9151,9782,0432,1092,1692,2192,2662,3032,3352,3742,4242,4912,5662,6472,7282,8022,8772,9463,0113,0763,1433,2193,2963,3723,4443,5073,5763,6363,6923,7503,8173,8853,9614,0424,1264,2094,3024,3914,4784,5644,6524,7624,8754,9905,1025,2075,320
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)2,0072,0712,1372,2022,2612,3102,3562,3922,4252,4632,5142,5812,6582,7412,8242,9022,9833,0583,1283,1973,2663,3483,4293,5083,5823,6523,7263,7933,8563,9183,9824,0584,1394,2244,3094,3924,4874,5754,6624,7544,8544,9615,0785,2025,3225,4335,555
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)4,4624,5584,6754,8034,9315,0535,1455,2325,3255,4405,5835,7545,9616,1926,4326,6736,8917,1107,3357,5687,8148,0538,3048,5668,8339,1049,3549,6129,88010,16210,45710,75311,05911,37811,71312,06512,42012,78413,16113,55013,95014,33514,72815,12815,53515,94816,34116,750
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)2,1902,2372,2942,3562,4192,4782,5232,5652,6112,6672,7372,8222,9233,0373,1543,2723,3793,4873,5973,7133,8363,9624,0974,2374,3794,5214,6484,7774,9115,0525,2045,3645,5335,7115,8996,0956,2906,4996,7156,9317,1397,3327,5147,6907,8698,0598,237
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)2,2722,3212,3812,4472,5122,5752,6222,6662,7142,7722,8462,9333,0383,1553,2783,4013,5123,6243,7383,8553,9784,0904,2074,3294,4544,5824,7064,8354,9695,1095,2535,3895,5265,6675,8155,9706,1196,2806,4536,6316,8127,0007,1887,3797,5767,7817,971
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)213.2220.8228.7236.4243.4249.5257.3263.7269.3275.0281.2291.5302.9315.0327.3339.6353.1366.2378.8391.5404.5423.4442.4461.4480.2498.6513.6527.7541.3554.7568.4597.8628.6660.4692.5724.1754.7782.8808.8834.4860.4874.4890.0906.0920.9934.1849.7866.8
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)113.6117.7121.9126.1130.0133.4137.5140.9144.0147.1150.6156.0162.0168.5175.1181.7188.7195.4202.1208.8215.9224.2232.6241.2249.8258.4266.4273.9281.3288.9297.0316.1336.1357.0378.4400.0420.4439.8458.0475.3492.0495.4498.9502.4505.8509.3518.6
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)99.5103.1106.8110.3113.4116.1119.8122.8125.4127.9130.6135.5140.9146.5152.2157.9164.4170.7176.7182.7188.6199.2209.7220.2230.4240.2247.2253.8259.9265.8271.4282.3293.0303.6313.9324.1333.6342.4350.8359.3368.4379.0390.4401.8412.1421.0432.2
Total fertility rate (per woman)7.06.96.96.96.96.86.86.76.76.66.56.56.46.36.26.16.05.95.85.75.65.55.45.35.25.15.04.94.84.74.74.64.64.54.54.44.44.34.34.34.34.34.24.24.24.14.1
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)7.010.812.712.312.314.510.27.54.64.3
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)17.220.315.022.025.224.223.534.719.525.6
Death rate associated with malaria per 100,000 population - Total (per 100000 population)67.0
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-49 years old - Total (%)2.01.91.91.81.71.71.61.61.51.5
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)64.963.061.259.658.156.855.654.453.151.750.248.647.045.544.242.8
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)634.0600.0569.0551.0535.0532.0527.0515.0501.0487.0467.0449.0437.0420.0396.0376.0358.0345.0337.0330.0325.0320.0324.0321.0322.0319.0
Men 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)44.533.034.238.627.2
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)28.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)18.813.914.313.4
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)96.096.096.096.096.096.096.096.0
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)17.511.610.59.28.16.96.05.15.05.0
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)18.813.914.313.4
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)61.063.064.066.068.070.071.073.078.081.090.078.078.080.083.083.085.095.086.093.093.091.088.089.0
Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)4.022.028.039.046.6
Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs (%)61.063.061.043.052.6
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)36.933.927.324.221.420.519.117.514.613.610.59.48.37.36.55.65.05.05.05.0
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)77.078.080.081.082.083.084.085.087.088.089.0
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs (%)27.935.647.4
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)12.012.013.013.013.014.014.014.015.015.015.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)1591621651671671651621571461391321251121059985797266
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)547519500486478466447428406387367346324303283264244226207190172156142129
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)54.051.048.054.051.050.056.060.066.068.061.066.077.082.083.084.085.084.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)101.388.387.086.085.284.283.281.780.278.4
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)38.136.819.9
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization
Education
Indicator19851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)57.971.576.6
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)49.865.371.4
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)66.478.482.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)81.486.081.883.780.183.890.495.4101.0106.7105.6106.7109.7108.5106.5109.9
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)78.182.979.381.279.381.388.694.5100.1105.8104.6106.2107.7108.4106.4109.9
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)84.589.084.386.180.986.292.196.2101.9107.7106.5107.1111.7108.6106.5109.9
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)40.741.039.041.042.445.247.349.153.455.858.357.158.161.167.171.0
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)36.336.935.637.538.940.942.944.949.752.254.754.054.958.264.969.1
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)45.045.042.344.445.849.351.653.157.059.261.760.161.363.969.272.9
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)5.75.16.48.48.812.112.215.9
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)4.03.54.35.16.59.09.211.012.4
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)7.46.88.411.811.015.215.117.518.6
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)89.096.498.987.5
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)86.094.297.570.6
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)91.898.6100.2103.6
Mean years of schooling (years)4.04.95.76.16.46.77.07.07.07.0
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)64.959.561.961.659.666.566.172.077.576.183.581.887.188.9
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)34.534.733.034.735.738.740.041.247.247.045.751.554.6
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)31.632.231.132.833.935.837.438.444.644.843.650.153.8
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)37.337.134.936.637.541.442.543.949.649.347.752.755.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)29.633.833.032.131.332.332.835.432.032.233.131.033.031.730.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)19.619.118.518.618.218.818.919.717.717.418.518.717.817.515.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)29.527.029.6
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.90.91.00.91.01.0
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.70.70.70.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.90.90.90.90.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)0.50.50.50.40.60.60.6
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)0.80.90.81.00.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)5.05.35.05.24.95.25.55.96.26.66.56.66.86.76.56.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)4.85.14.95.04.95.05.45.86.16.56.46.56.66.76.56.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)5.25.55.25.35.05.35.75.96.36.66.66.66.96.76.56.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)2.52.52.42.52.52.72.82.93.33.43.64.14.14.34.14.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)2.22.22.22.32.32.52.62.73.03.23.43.83.94.13.94.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)2.82.82.62.72.83.03.13.23.53.73.84.34.44.54.24.4
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.30.30.30.40.40.60.60.70.8
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.20.20.20.30.30.50.50.60.6
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.40.30.40.60.60.80.80.90.9
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)59.489.059.572.283.7
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)58.084.664.768.782.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)60.893.254.975.785.1
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Statistics Division
National accounts
Indicator19701971197219731974197519761977197819791980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)37.2
GDP per capita (US dollars)412.83438.9372.71338.62383.9358.83358.17382.69437.21452.81484.4496.59475.07455.15494.76519.43541.03565.21601.32591.33682.42746.13713.41601.39534.19618.14647.14628.61667.28672.78424.19441.46499.37602.4682.95804.06929.781,0991,2341,0961,3231,5871,6421,827
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)8,1869,4149,4949,52810,68511,67112,42113,48515,26616,58917,77819,29420,54022,24623,54125,04926,69228,46430,12431,93933,88736,10838,33041,14644,63648,77553,41657,22263,68267,27473,47485,52695,196103,823109,735114,701
GNI per capita (US dollars)404.09427.53367.39336.85381.76355.99355.53381.31436.2451.23482.33495.08473.84451.09488.1510.69527.73549.68586.16579.56
GNI per capita (US dollars)1,8902,0232,0321,9801,9532,0862,1652,2062,2942,3492,1522,2522,3692,5592,7483,0243,3243,6033,9433,8834,2514,8385,0285,6065,2164,0604,150
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)19.319.716.318.123.023.821.620.821.821.425.927.432.028.026.624.824.4
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)3,4743,7743,3373,1503,6673,5003,5643,8864,5174,7615,2105,5045,4435,3666,0096,4946,9157,4108,1208,249
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)27,60530,41231,49731,48131,82234,88237,23138,77741,30043,40140,66143,68247,14552,14757,48065,10073,36581,51691,68992,710103,898121,200129,128147,349140,518147,628117,162
Gross national saving - as % of GDP (%)13.315.315.518.218.216.813.412.19.916.017.318.520.316.017.017.217.9
Real GDP growth rate (%)5.6-2.55.56.9-12.4-3.52.38.5-2.50.5-3.5-6.9-4.68.75.15.24.85.65.13.35.33.94.93.34.04.64.24.74.44.24.54.85.25.46.24.64.39.24.87.914.19.37.34.03.9
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)15.912.215.814.712.613.310.87.25.77.75.83.32.33.85.16.611.014.514.214.110.610.811.012.315.415.615.915.320.120.130.628.426.725.524.722.925.224.525.029.329.544.147.942.449.3
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)6.56.66.45.56.26.66.26.45.75.25.74.53.33.03.74.85.65.15.15.25.55.86.77.47.06.16.16.36.47.06.66.36.47.47.89.911.311.611.211.710.416.620.916.717.8
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)9.09.04.55.88.38.15.77.03.44.23.62.92.22.44.46.16.06.77.08.67.88.18.214.215.313.513.515.814.714.917.118.914.016.320.220.621.620.121.520.725.729.632.824.225.6
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)85.088.485.986.690.384.691.489.397.795.996.8100.6103.6104.899.495.893.794.491.696.698.696.897.690.985.085.687.187.890.292.991.390.289.688.387.387.783.482.686.178.278.662.146.659.257.1
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-16.3-14.7-11.8-11.2-14.9-12.6-11.0-7.9-6.6-7.6-6.3-3.6-2.0-4.1-5.3-8.0-12.1-16.0-14.4-19.3-16.5-16.3-18.4-23.0-23.2-21.3-22.5-25.0-29.0-31.1-42.1-40.6-34.3-35.4-37.8-38.6-40.7-40.8-44.5-42.3-45.9-49.7-52.8-47.5-50.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)36.233.634.537.340.936.438.445.652.051.350.947.952.053.742.337.837.239.939.138.834.535.134.733.834.334.035.331.531.631.230.530.431.332.331.830.429.131.031.8
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)61.459.550.745.744.843.519.0
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)15.015.214.315.615.818.116.614.611.912.111.79.26.06.59.815.815.614.614.514.914.414.314.622.121.820.920.621.621.221.221.021.020.720.220.320.820.820.419.0
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)42.438.251.256.055.655.026.9
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)11.010.910.511.611.313.913.011.49.79.79.07.04.34.57.212.712.311.010.711.210.610.110.212.211.711.611.111.311.211.211.011.110.910.610.410.29.27.97.0
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)22.213.613.811.710.610.64.7
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)48.851.251.247.143.245.545.039.836.136.737.443.042.039.847.946.447.245.546.446.351.150.650.844.143.945.144.246.947.347.648.548.748.147.547.948.850.248.649.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)96.2102.398.298.399.6101.554.1
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
World Bank
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All items (index)2,1291,776
All items (index)0.060.120.150.340.470.520.650.91.181.482.042.42.643.34.136.579.511.8614.1315.8919.8926.4330.3638.4443.3149.8555.6761.6571.8281.2686.793.3699.96111.62128.91151.02
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)210.1113.4
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)50.0116.522.5122.340.010.324.539.831.425.237.218.110.124.924.959.344.524.819.212.525.132.914.926.612.715.111.710.716.513.16.77.77.111.715.517.2
Data Source
Country
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator1999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)29.633.833.032.131.332.332.835.432.032.233.131.033.031.730.1
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)9.09.09.09.010.910.910.910.97.98.38.38.310.310.910.912.7
Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector (%)31.9
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)38.136.819.9
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Inter-Parliamentary Union
United Nations Statistics Division
Tourism
Indicator1988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)575.0816.0870.0948.0882.01,026976.0982.0948.0
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)910.0990.0970.0849.0706.0797.01,1541,0101,027
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)497.0587.0698.0803.0931.0821.0903.0994.01,093
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)8.510.310.910.911.413.615.516.217.418.118.822.820.824.426.028.1
Total contribution to employment (%)2.02.12.12.52.63.84.34.44.34.93.13.56.07.97.56.77.28.49.48.78.07.96.56.26.96.26.46.5
Total contribution to GDP (%)2.22.32.42.83.04.34.85.04.85.53.53.96.88.98.37.37.79.09.99.28.68.46.97.08.47.77.97.8
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator1980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010
Paved Road (% of total) (%)57.960.412.6
Total length of railways (kilometre)950950950950950950950950953953977977953
Data Source
International Road Federation
World Bank
Information society
Indicator2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)1.621.670.621.131.151.151.121.040.98
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)2.73.94.35.47.89.010.612.318.9
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.71.32.03.98.113.423.733.850.163.871.985.3101.0108.2114.8129.7
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator1970197119721973197419751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)483.3453.71,0441,2471,0651,4811,2191,2671,2601,0753,5342,4202,021
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)319.9428.1491.7468.5793.4620.0648.6931.61,098947.21,1111,7691,6671,871
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)14.226.53.29.221.21.68.73.94.025.253.028.437.5
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)39.4133.528.313.518.816.121.839.449.844.649.966.587.7111.5
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)458.3491.8441.7656.9738.3816.4827.31,0151,051995.81,2581,064873.91,158540.6622.9876.5950.71,0101,020897.0617.01,261967.81,4291,7261,6711,6371,7971,7201,85013,217
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)5,0135,1486,9737,3518,92210,95511,26212,89015,98118,42749,07845,07539,040
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)410.8430.4290.8452.0820.6790.7862.31,0381,006852.41,1291,106705.11,248607.7865.71,0461,156905.41,2761,2051,0562,1702,5752,1111,9092,1112,3292,5663,48314,600
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)8,8429,4628,1609,63012,22215,10417,41122,61827,34120,97627,03641,04244,91943,175
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Deposit rate (%) (%)10.28.98.911.317.112.98.910.112.412.913.3
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)0.540.720.790.870.900.910.920.941.061.411.431.511.801.95
Interest rate - Central bank (%)15.512.513.517.018.013.512.515.016.021.026.0
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator1995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Debt service ratio (ratio)19.012.98.615.68.08.65.63.94.13.84.02.43.26.15.46.2
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)10.29.67.39.68.012.412.311.413.216.310.96.14.74.66.15.34.74.52.93.1
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)111.987.281.974.257.647.726.231.033.636.146.342.647.957.270.271.572.4
Data Source
World Bank
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Balance of payments
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)6,2896,9207,4227,6317,3496,9939,3589,8289,1387,70810,10310,081
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)0.330.330.430.440.400.330.420.40
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.140.140.130.140.150.160.160.170.160.160.150.160.160.160.140.130.160.160.140.110.130.12
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)114.70107.2078.2028.2046.7048.6015.7051.5055.1054.7056.7041.1024.0037.7047.5025.2034.2023.6021.6080.7037.2030.7027.2025.40
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1000 population)191.0188.0187.0187.0189.0190.0188.0189.0189.0187.0183.0183.0180.0171.0162.0153.0158.0148.0135.0135.0135.0123.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)41.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)39.239.839.940.040.240.340.440.540.740.8
Land area covered by forest (%)32.726.824.221.7
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)14.714.714.714.714.715.115.1
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Environment