Libya's flag    Libya


Official language: Arabic
Currency: Libyan Dinar
Capital City: Tripoli
Area: 1759540km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), Oil producing economies, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Petroleum Exporters, OPEC Members


6.4K
2017

Mid-year population
41.3B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
14.5
2013

Under five mortality rate
114.5
2006

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)4.34.44.44.34.24.14.03.93.93.93.93.93.83.73.53.23.02.82.62.52.32.22.12.02.01.91.91.81.81.81.71.71.61.71.71.81.81.81.61.20.60.1-0.2-0.20.10.61.0
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)51.050.549.748.947.946.845.644.443.041.640.339.037.836.735.734.733.732.631.430.128.727.426.125.024.123.422.822.522.222.021.921.821.922.122.322.522.622.822.822.822.622.321.921.420.920.319.7
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)13.112.411.711.010.49.89.28.78.27.77.37.06.76.46.15.95.85.65.45.35.15.04.94.84.84.84.74.84.84.84.84.84.84.84.84.84.84.84.94.95.05.15.25.35.35.45.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)56.157.158.058.959.860.661.462.262.963.664.264.865.365.866.266.667.067.467.868.268.568.969.269.469.769.970.070.170.270.470.570.670.871.071.271.471.571.671.771.771.671.671.671.671.771.871.9
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)57.858.960.060.961.862.763.564.264.965.666.266.867.367.868.268.669.069.369.770.070.470.771.071.371.571.671.871.972.072.272.372.572.873.073.373.773.974.274.374.474.574.574.574.674.674.874.9
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)54.555.456.357.158.058.859.660.461.161.862.563.163.664.164.665.065.465.866.266.667.067.367.667.968.268.468.568.668.768.868.969.069.169.269.369.469.469.469.469.369.169.068.968.968.969.069.2
Mid-year population - Total (millions)2.12.22.32.42.52.62.72.83.03.13.23.33.53.63.73.84.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.74.84.95.05.15.25.25.35.45.55.65.75.85.96.06.16.16.26.26.26.26.26.26.36.4
Mid-year population - Female (%)47.647.547.447.347.147.046.946.846.746.646.646.646.646.746.846.946.947.047.147.247.347.347.447.547.547.647.647.747.847.848.648.748.848.848.949.049.049.049.049.149.349.650.1
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)1,0241,0671,1131,1601,2091,2591,3091,3611,4131,4661,5201,5741,6291,6851,7411,7971,8541,9121,9692,0252,0792,1312,1802,2282,2762,3222,3682,4142,4602,5062,5532,6012,6492,6982,7492,8062,8542,9032,9492,9893,0203,0393,0493,0553,0663,0873,1193,161
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)1,0911,1411,1941,2491,3051,3631,4211,4801,5401,6031,6711,7441,8211,8981,9732,0432,1072,1652,2192,2702,3202,3692,4162,4632,5102,5562,6022,6482,6942,7392,7842,8282,8692,9112,9542,9873,0283,0683,1043,1323,1503,1553,1493,1413,1383,1483,1743,213
Mid-year population - Urban (%)49.753.056.359.561.262.864.365.867.368.770.171.572.874.175.375.575.575.675.675.775.775.875.875.975.976.076.176.176.276.376.476.476.576.776.876.977.077.277.377.577.677.878.078.278.478.6
Net reproduction rate (per woman)1.31.21.2
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)977.51,0321,0881,1441,2011,2571,3141,3691,4231,4761,5271,5731,6161,6551,6901,7201,7531,7821,8071,8251,8351,8451,8441,8361,8261,8171,8011,7911,7831,7731,7591,7481,7331,7171,7081,7431,7431,7461,7521,7551,7541,7601,7631,7661,7721,7831,7881,795
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)482.6509.2536.1563.4590.9618.4646.4673.9700.5725.9749.7772.0792.2810.6827.5843.3857.8871.6883.9893.2898.6903.2902.5898.2892.8888.1879.7874.1869.9864.8857.8852.0844.2836.3831.6831.6837.8848.6861.9873.5880.6891.9898.3901.6905.7912.7913.6
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)494.9523.0551.5580.5609.7638.8667.6695.5722.9750.2777.2801.0823.6844.3862.1876.3894.8910.4922.8931.7936.9942.0941.8938.0933.3929.4921.4916.5913.0908.3901.1896.4889.0881.0876.2876.3883.6895.7909.8921.4927.1938.8944.7947.3951.4960.3958.8
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)1,0731,1101,1511,1951,2411,2901,3391,3911,4471,5081,5751,6531,7381,8281,9202,0122,0942,1752,2552,3392,4262,5112,6032,7002,7972,8922,9933,0893,1823,2773,3773,4723,5713,6723,7693,8183,9003,9794,0504,1104,1574,1714,1714,1664,1664,1824,2304,298
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)509.9526.1543.7562.6582.5603.5624.6647.1671.1697.1725.5755.7788.5823.4860.3898.7938.7979.61,0221,0651,1111,1551,2021,2511,3001,3481,3991,4471,4941,5421,5921,6421,6951,7481,8001,8501,8951,9391,9782,0112,0372,0452,0462,0462,0472,0552,081
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)562.9584.0607.2632.2658.6686.2714.2743.7775.4810.5850.0897.4949.61,0051,0601,1141,1561,1951,2341,2731,3151,3561,4011,4491,4971,5431,5941,6421,6881,7351,7851,8301,8761,9231,9692,0122,0502,0872,1192,1432,1572,1442,1222,0962,0762,0652,084
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)63.965.968.070.372.674.877.580.282.985.889.092.596.2100.2104.3108.7114.3119.8125.4131.1136.9142.9149.3155.8162.3168.8175.9182.4188.7195.0201.7208.0214.2220.1225.8231.1238.2245.1251.3255.9258.7262.1263.7264.6266.3269.5235.9241.4
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)31.032.133.334.435.636.838.339.941.543.144.946.848.750.853.055.458.060.863.666.569.672.675.879.182.485.889.292.695.899.3103.0106.5110.0113.7117.3121.0125.4129.8134.0137.7140.7143.6145.8147.8150.4153.9158.4
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)32.933.834.835.937.038.039.240.341.542.744.145.747.549.451.353.456.259.061.864.567.370.373.576.779.983.186.689.992.995.798.2101.2104.0106.6109.0111.3114.6117.9120.7122.7123.5125.5126.7127.5128.8131.1134.4
Total fertility rate (per woman)8.18.28.18.18.18.07.97.77.67.47.27.06.86.66.46.26.05.85.55.35.04.74.44.13.93.73.53.33.23.02.92.92.82.72.72.72.72.72.62.62.62.62.52.52.52.42.4
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)5.5
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)45.241.9
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)24.223.422.721.920.919.818.617.316.115.114.313.912.912.411.911.4
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)39.035.032.029.027.025.023.021.020.018.017.016.014.013.012.011.010.09.09.09.09.09.09.09.09.09.0
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)7.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)5.6
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)93.093.093.093.093.093.093.093.0
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)5.6
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)89.087.088.091.092.092.093.091.092.092.093.093.091.096.099.097.098.098.098.098.098.098.098.098.0
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)97.097.097.097.097.097.097.097.097.097.097.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)404040404040404040404040404040404040404040404040
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)15914212911911110510310210010099999796959494949597100105112123
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)64.065.068.067.061.062.064.069.077.064.070.061.059.060.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)28.423.121.720.218.817.716.715.915.214.5
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization
Education
Indicator1985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)85.490.391.0
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)76.984.485.6
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)93.496.396.7
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)109.8120.0108.1108.8109.6112.2108.2114.5
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)109.0119.2109.0109.0107.9110.6107.6112.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)110.5120.7107.1108.7111.1113.7108.7116.8
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)108.3105.094.9101.6
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)111.8108.4103.4110.0
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)104.9101.786.793.6
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)55.150.354.859.260.9
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)52.448.755.762.464.3
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)52.849.052.856.258.1
Mean years of schooling (years)3.23.84.75.66.47.37.37.37.37.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)26.323.423.623.923.9
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.71.31.11.01.01.11.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)6.66.56.56.66.76.56.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)6.56.56.56.56.66.56.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)6.66.46.56.76.86.57.0
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)6.56.35.76.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)6.76.56.26.6
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)6.36.15.25.6
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)2.62.42.73.03.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)2.62.42.83.13.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)2.62.52.62.82.9
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
National accounts
Indicator19701971197219731974197519761977197819791980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)41.3
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,8822,2102,5343,3225,5775,2066,4897,3266,9559,23011,96610,0769,5208,8737,7907,7826,1395,5546,1046,3007,0687,6487,9297,0286,4305,8006,2946,5575,8016,4137,2086,2753,9714,6775,8387,8349,32410,41415,56911,08712,9186,45416,10010,505
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)76,34366,74471,96171,27967,67870,26863,54655,58761,89368,92974,13888,59988,16186,86190,42680,86884,51285,43786,03987,75993,06093,50294,027108,385116,334134,330147,458161,000168,535168,473179,09869,323144,366126,83597,93892,608
GNI per capita (US dollars)1,5761,9242,1472,8514,9034,6115,8056,6696,4158,57911,6279,6518,9078,0787,2227,5236,1975,6066,1616,3607,1347,7198,0037,0976,4925,8526,3506,6205,8696,4687,2526,32616,00410,4426,562
GNI per capita (US dollars)21,25424,48226,03530,83434,99138,04343,70038,79141,86117,625
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)9.846.451.843.130.128.021.928.737.045.239.111.114.624.738.444.634.3
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)3,3324,2484,9536,87012,32812,09015,85018,94418,94226,33537,10432,02830,72928,94626,82328,89324,54822,85425,80127,31331,37934,72836,78733,29731,06528,54531,56033,51230,24733,92738,70334,341100,55765,42941,07136,857
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)117,449137,432148,518178,670206,040227,631265,601238,436259,481109,777
Real GDP growth rate (%)-5.39.11.922.24.022.98.93.39.00.7-19.22.8-2.5-5.08.3-11.4-14.77.67.23.715.7-2.7-3.81.9-2.22.15.2-3.60.82.30.5-1.313.04.410.36.75.114.6-0.84.3-61.3124.7-52.1-24.0-10.2
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)78.271.666.366.076.664.970.171.162.673.173.956.953.950.249.444.734.527.124.329.439.733.830.628.327.029.228.726.819.423.935.334.650.858.965.469.778.772.771.559.463.255.074.762.964.2
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)14.216.717.117.719.123.620.720.825.421.919.027.627.328.028.727.128.825.832.333.424.426.528.922.922.622.323.823.626.221.920.617.115.111.413.610.510.612.110.725.720.639.028.841.936.6
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)17.817.824.128.425.529.423.023.326.224.123.432.225.323.024.819.321.117.218.717.118.613.112.216.316.312.215.512.412.011.213.046.451.843.129.827.821.428.735.540.438.414.815.921.217.3
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)31.030.131.532.624.932.928.426.830.625.228.343.841.540.940.339.242.261.955.851.948.457.453.864.260.158.855.959.163.460.246.419.026.131.027.021.917.116.110.917.519.136.120.419.725.4
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-34.3-30.3-34.8-41.7-41.6-49.9-38.6-38.3-43.8-40.7-40.2-62.7-48.8-43.0-44.6-30.2-26.6-32.1-31.1-31.8-31.1-30.8-25.5-31.6-26.1-22.4-23.9-21.8-20.9-17.2-15.3-17.2-43.7-44.3-35.8-29.9-27.9-29.5-28.6-42.9-41.2-44.9-39.8-45.7-43.5
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)2.62.12.52.81.82.32.11.62.31.91.82.42.63.03.43.54.95.16.86.86.86.76.87.16.56.76.77.28.58.06.04.23.52.72.22.02.11.92.8
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)13.04.93.43.23.13.00.9
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)70.365.163.264.272.865.669.270.365.170.973.865.364.661.956.758.849.350.339.739.539.739.840.239.238.840.340.741.834.239.147.160.365.671.275.778.075.879.771.0
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)95.2148.0100.9132.2130.3126.767.1
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)1.81.61.82.01.51.81.92.32.72.51.92.52.83.23.94.56.16.56.56.56.66.56.56.56.47.25.96.36.46.45.24.85.35.04.74.44.54.26.3
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)10.911.33.98.37.77.23.7
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)27.132.834.333.025.532.228.728.132.627.224.432.332.835.140.037.745.844.753.553.753.653.453.053.754.753.052.651.057.352.946.935.530.926.122.220.022.118.426.3
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)91.847.195.764.666.770.432.0
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
World Bank
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All items (index)2,7832,606
All items (index)34.6439.2244.6349.3255.4560.5162.5565.3267.3670.3770.8879.1786.6593.13103.07111.66116.13120.29124.77127.98124.26113.27102.1100101.25103.94105.47112.02123.67126.69129.81150.45159.59163.72168.31181.77
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)234.7253.4
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)14.313.213.810.512.49.13.44.43.14.50.711.79.57.510.78.34.03.63.72.6-2.9-8.8-9.9-2.11.32.71.56.210.42.52.515.96.12.62.88.0
Data Source
Country
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)4.77.77.77.77.77.716.516.516.016.0
Data Source
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Tourism
Indicator1988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)915.01,0101,3391,6832,1842,6542,598
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)244.099.099.0159.0170.0
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)42.038.034.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)7.811.812.412.412.412.713.213.613.9
Total contribution to employment (%)3.23.33.43.83.33.33.63.94.14.84.94.95.54.65.96.15.75.72.92.62.44.84.05.07.05.04.54.6
Total contribution to GDP (%)3.23.33.43.83.23.33.63.84.04.84.84.85.34.45.96.86.46.33.13.12.55.04.27.26.86.36.36.4
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator2010
Paved Road (% of total) (%)57.2
Data Source
International Road Federation
Information society
Indicator2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)15.9916.7615.6617.8320.3316.3813.2312.7211.3
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)4.34.79.010.814.014.016.517.8
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.81.01.32.39.135.869.177.8125.6159.9180.5163.9155.8165.0161.1157.0
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator1970197119721973197419751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)0.11.01.20.7
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)577.9886.9964.11,2911,3271,825
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)0.4
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)6.611.629.725.063.179.8
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)2,3572,6942,9384,0038,2596,8349,55411,4119,89516,07621,91015,57113,20312,21611,14812,3148,2158,0436,6738,03413,22511,2349,9427,5427,8658,9759,9039,6566,0327,96112,72511,0149,80314,64720,41031,35840,26018,99660,94643,50021,000
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)111,977151,49391,462121,553
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)554.4703.21,0431,8062,7623,5423,2123,7734,6035,3116,7778,3827,1756,0296,2224,1014,4454,6845,8694,9235,3365,3615,1655,5514,3235,3925,8736,1235,4664,1583,7324,3974,3964,3306,3266,0796,0418,00022,00027,00019,000
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)20,23127,38338,57853,023
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
Deposit rate (%) (%)2.12.52.52.52.52.52.52.52.52.5
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)0.510.611.271.291.301.311.311.261.221.251.271.221.261.271.27
Interest rate - Lending (%)6.16.36.06.06.06.06.06.06.06.0
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator2005200620072008200920102011
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)0.10.10.00.10.10.01.8
Data Source
World Bank
Balance of payments
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)47,11448,10047,83249,16750,35952,10854,51053,23055,94462,31766,05739,021
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)8.838.989.238.859.1410.0410.546.20
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.390.400.420.420.380.370.350.340.310.320.360.360.56
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)135.101,2851,5281,5891,5831,5221,4991,3242,1451,4731,5971,5971,5971,5121,2821,088520.70142.80111.60127.50139.30131.90144.10144.00
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1000 population)131.0133.0143.0150.0137.0134.0121.0116.0107.0104.0117.0118.0192.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)0.1
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)0.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.1
Land area covered by forest (%)0.10.10.10.1
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)0.10.10.10.10.10.20.2
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Environment