Somalia's flag    Somalia


Official language: Somali
Currency: Somali Shilling
Capital City: Mogadishu
Area: 637657km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


14.7K
2017

Mid-year population
1.4B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
145.6
2013

Under five mortality rate
29.2
2007

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)1.30.70.72.24.87.810.210.89.67.14.11.5-0.4-1.3-1.1-0.30.61.11.20.80.3-0.2-0.4-0.10.61.62.53.23.43.43.12.92.72.62.62.62.52.52.52.42.42.32.32.42.52.62.7
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)46.546.346.145.945.845.745.645.645.645.645.745.846.046.246.546.747.147.447.748.148.548.849.149.449.649.849.849.749.449.148.748.247.847.447.146.846.546.245.845.545.044.644.243.943.643.443.2
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)23.122.722.422.121.721.421.120.820.520.220.019.719.519.319.119.019.019.119.319.619.820.019.919.619.218.617.917.216.516.015.615.315.114.814.614.414.113.813.613.313.012.812.512.312.011.811.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)41.041.341.742.142.542.943.343.644.044.444.845.145.445.746.046.246.246.245.945.745.445.345.445.846.447.248.149.049.850.450.951.351.551.852.152.452.753.053.453.754.154.454.755.155.455.756.0
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)42.542.943.343.744.144.444.845.245.646.046.346.747.047.347.647.847.847.747.547.247.046.846.947.347.948.749.750.651.452.052.552.853.153.453.754.054.354.655.055.355.756.056.356.757.057.457.7
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)39.439.840.240.641.041.441.742.142.542.943.243.643.944.244.544.744.744.644.444.243.943.843.944.244.945.746.647.548.248.949.449.750.050.350.550.851.251.551.852.152.552.853.153.453.854.154.4
Mid-year population - Total (millions)3.43.53.53.53.63.94.34.85.35.86.16.36.36.26.16.16.16.16.26.36.36.36.36.36.36.36.56.76.97.17.47.67.88.08.310.410.711.011.411.712.112.412.813.113.513.914.314.7
Mid-year population - Female (%)50.650.650.650.650.650.650.650.650.650.672.472.772.571.870.368.064.961.257.454.251.850.550.150.451.151.852.553.253.954.850.550.550.550.550.550.550.550.450.450.450.450.450.4
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)1,7421,7591,7651,7831,8431,9622,1542,4042,6742,9113,0783,1603,1703,1333,0893,0663,0723,1003,1393,1733,1913,1903,1773,1643,1693,2023,2693,3653,4813,6033,7223,8343,9434,0494,1545,1995,3555,5185,6875,8606,0366,2156,3986,5866,7796,9797,1867,399
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)1,7031,7191,7251,7431,8021,9182,1062,3502,6152,8483,0113,0923,1023,0673,0243,0033,0103,0393,0783,1123,1303,1303,1173,1053,1103,1443,2123,3073,4233,5453,6633,7763,8843,9904,0975,2115,3635,5205,6825,8486,0176,1896,3656,5466,7346,9297,1327,344
Mid-year population - Urban (%)22.723.323.824.425.025.525.826.026.326.526.827.027.327.527.828.128.328.629.029.329.730.030.430.731.131.431.832.232.532.933.333.634.034.434.835.235.636.036.436.837.337.738.238.639.139.6
Net reproduction rate (per woman)2.72.72.6
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,4921,5111,5161,5271,5771,6891,8602,0832,3262,5342,6622,7452,7632,7342,6942,6742,6932,7282,7732,8142,8372,8532,8532,8502,8632,9112,9923,1003,2283,3603,4843,6133,7283,8333,9364,9845,1335,2905,4485,6015,7455,9026,0486,1896,3346,4906,6646,845
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)748.8758.0760.0765.4790.1846.3931.61,0431,1641,2681,3321,3731,3821,3671,3471,3361,3451,3621,3851,4051,4161,4241,4241,4221,4291,4521,4931,5461,6091,6751,7361,8001,8571,9091,9602,0112,0652,1202,1752,2272,2732,3232,3662,4072,4522,5032,561
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)743.6753.3755.8761.5786.5842.8928.61,0401,1621,2661,3301,3721,3811,3671,3481,3381,3481,3661,3891,4091,4211,4291,4291,4281,4351,4591,5001,5541,6181,6851,7481,8131,8711,9241,9762,0292,0842,1412,1972,2502,2972,3492,3942,4362,4822,5352,595
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)1,8441,8551,8621,8851,9492,0662,2632,5192,7943,0393,2273,2993,2993,2593,2163,1953,1893,2083,2403,2673,2823,2633,2393,2203,2193,2413,2913,3713,4703,5773,6853,7743,8703,9704,0745,1505,3005,4565,6205,7985,9916,1746,3766,5926,8167,0447,2667,495
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)932.7938.8942.5954.4987.11,0461,1471,2771,4171,5411,6361,6731,6731,6531,6311,6211,6181,6281,6441,6571,6651,6561,6431,6341,6331,6441,6701,7101,7601,8141,8691,9141,9612,0112,0632,1172,1692,2222,2762,3342,3982,4562,5222,5952,6712,7502,832
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)911.0916.1919.2930.4961.91,0191,1161,2421,3771,4981,5911,6261,6261,6061,5851,5741,5711,5811,5961,6091,6171,6081,5961,5861,5861,5971,6211,6611,7101,7631,8161,8611,9081,9592,0112,0642,1162,1692,2222,2802,3442,4022,4672,5402,6162,6952,776
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)109.4111.5112.9114.8119.0126.1136.9152.0169.3185.9200.3207.7209.2206.9203.1199.3200.8202.8204.4204.7203.1203.4202.0199.7197.0194.2197.5201.7206.5211.6238.3245.6253.2260.9268.4275.5284.6292.8300.7308.8317.4328.3339.6351.0362.5373.7353.2365.3
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)60.861.962.563.665.869.775.683.893.2102.2110.0113.8114.5113.1111.0108.9109.5110.5111.3111.4110.5110.5109.7108.3106.9105.4106.9109.1111.6114.4117.3120.8124.6128.2131.5134.3137.8140.6143.0145.4147.9151.4154.9158.6162.4166.2171.3
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)48.649.650.351.353.256.461.368.276.183.790.393.894.793.892.290.491.392.393.193.392.592.892.391.390.288.990.592.694.997.399.5102.4105.2107.9110.1111.9114.7116.9118.7120.5122.5125.6128.9132.2135.4138.5143.0
Total fertility rate (per woman)7.27.27.17.17.17.07.07.07.07.07.07.07.17.17.17.27.27.27.37.37.47.57.57.67.67.77.77.77.77.77.67.67.57.47.47.37.27.17.17.06.96.86.76.66.56.46.3
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)3.07.7
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)56.359.9
Death rate associated with malaria per 100,000 population - Total (per 100000 population)33.0
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-49 years old - Total (%)0.70.70.70.60.60.60.60.60.60.5
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)105.3105.3105.3105.3105.3105.3104.9103.9102.2100.097.895.192.690.187.485.0
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)1,2101,2101,2101,2101,2001,1901,1901,1601,1301,1101,0801,0501,020999.0971.0939.0911.0885.0865.0846.0820.0808.0791.0775.0753.0732.0
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)40.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)22.832.8
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)22.832.8
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)30.030.032.033.035.034.033.025.032.038.024.020.045.040.040.035.035.035.034.043.046.046.046.046.0
Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)11.0
Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs (%)8.0
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)28.030.031.031.031.031.032.0
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs (%)4.05.87.4
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)285285285286286286285285285285285285285285286286286286285
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)1,2051,1801,1631,1451,1311,1181,0941,0671,0361,002968936905870848836833830835840851868882904
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)93.086.084.090.088.088.083.086.089.090.091.089.089.086.081.063.074.086.088.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)173.6173.6173.0171.2167.8163.6159.0154.7150.1145.6
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Education
Indicator20062007
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)18.829.2
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)14.020.8
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)23.737.6
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)7.4
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)4.6
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)10.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)35.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)19.3
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.6
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.5
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)0.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)1.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)1.3
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)2.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)0.4
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)0.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)0.6
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Statistics Division
National accounts
Indicator1970197119721973197419751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)1.4
GDP per capita (US dollars)98.9899.79128.32137.16157.08195.06204.5693.5695.2289.9494.39106.83116.23108.07117.19133.44132.9148.67151.09154.99157.2597.1592.67158.94179.38176.83194.45222.1278.96266.41277.85171.17155.76188.67240.51273.48275.13278.71284.7215111.8108.83130.15136.22
GNI per capita (US dollars)91.9595.21119.7144.4129.02183.45190.0393.4795.1590.0794.36106.69115.7107.85115.54130.5128.01143.86150.38148.21147.3893.6589.34153.12171.66169.25186.88213.33267.75255.52266.6164.32149.5181.06230.8262.46264.05267.47273.22206.33107.29104.45124.9130.73125.43
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)316.8331.1417.8509.2470.2712.0809.4444.4503.2518.7574.6667.0725.6668.6706.3792.0778.6883.1934.9931.6931.7591.8562.3959.91,0781,0741,2111,4231,8491,8271,9691,2511,1701,4561,9042,2222,2942,3832,4951,9311,0281,0241,2531,3421,3191,496
Real GDP growth rate (%)2.114.9-12.20.814.7-1.913.75.8-5.01.86.32.8-11.63.39.5-2.210.1-0.6-0.2-1.6-1.0-12.00.0-21.00.03.9-2.72.53.23.03.03.53.53.03.02.42.62.62.62.62.62.62.63.72.7
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)11.613.715.915.815.516.013.56.58.47.44.93.35.14.52.04.25.85.92.81.60.90.50.50.40.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.30.3
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)10.410.120.722.221.820.717.014.118.822.213.811.711.813.48.210.69.711.112.010.510.38.88.88.08.58.58.58.58.98.78.68.68.69.09.08.78.78.88.78.78.78.78.78.78.7
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)14.212.314.61.33.323.030.119.320.815.89.16.56.811.510.411.817.821.521.524.023.620.420.422.420.720.720.720.720.020.220.520.520.518.418.420.320.319.720.120.019.920.020.020.020.0
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)80.784.669.691.394.871.166.884.473.583.289.290.693.490.492.690.589.188.881.674.371.073.873.871.572.272.272.272.272.672.472.372.372.373.974.072.472.472.972.672.672.772.672.672.772.6
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-16.8-20.6-20.8-30.6-35.5-30.7-27.4-24.3-21.6-28.6-17.0-11.9-17.1-19.8-13.1-17.0-22.4-27.2-17.9-10.3-5.8-3.5-3.5-2.3-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.6-1.6-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7-1.7
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)57.653.860.653.449.956.460.260.061.757.267.467.567.065.367.466.162.565.067.368.569.364.362.061.761.160.160.160.160.160.160.160.160.260.260.160.260.260.260.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)120.3120.4120.4120.4120.4120.460.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)13.314.612.012.415.610.611.211.87.89.97.97.68.07.37.27.68.87.86.06.06.06.97.07.07.17.47.47.47.47.37.47.47.37.47.47.47.47.47.4
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)14.614.714.714.714.714.77.4
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)6.16.95.45.74.63.74.85.04.15.64.74.55.24.84.74.95.55.11.91.92.02.42.12.12.42.52.52.52.52.52.52.52.52.52.52.52.52.52.5
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)4.95.05.05.05.05.02.5
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)29.131.727.434.134.533.028.728.230.632.924.724.925.127.425.326.328.727.326.725.424.728.830.931.331.832.632.632.632.632.532.632.632.532.432.632.432.532.532.5
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)65.064.964.964.964.964.932.5
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Energy
Indicator200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)35.5
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)8.07.88.26.96.86.813.813.813.824.4
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Tourism
Transport
Indicator2010
Paved Road (% of total) (%)11.8
Data Source
International Road Federation
Information society
Indicator2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)1.151.121.091.071.040.910.690.610.53
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)1.11.11.11.21.31.41.51.6
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)1.11.11.32.56.15.96.36.76.96.86.718.222.649.450.952.5
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator1970197119721973197419751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)31.434.543.054.162.088.694.863.0106.6111.8141.0152.094.0107.044.091.085.0104.0119.075.0150.091.0118.0117.0136.0170.0187.0177.0197.0191.0193.0285.0297.0223.0180.0250.0290.0350.0420.0435.0450.0520.0540.0520.0510.0
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)45.162.775.0108.3142.7154.7155.7227.6241.3245.6435.3512.0250.0346.0103.0112.0279.0132.0110.072.095.055.065.0263.0269.0268.0295.0313.0280.0340.2343.0449.0454.0517.0610.0626.0793.0887.0890.0750.0840.01,2001,2001,3001,250
Data Source
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator20132014
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)21.421.4
Data Source
World Bank
Balance of payments
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)517.0502.4586.7594.1594.1594.1594.1608.7601.4597.7612.4575.7
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)0.070.070.070.070.070.060.060.06
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)269.6058.7032.2038.2045.00260.10259.40260.80266.9069.6087.70111.20124.10135.10122.10111.90107.3097.0024.7050.5045.3045.2017.6016.50
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)10.1
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)12.011.411.211.111.010.910.810.610.510.4
Land area covered by forest (%)13.212.011.410.8
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)0.60.60.60.60.60.60.6
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Environment