South Africa's flag    South Africa


Official language: English
Currency: South African Rand
Capital City: Pretoria
Area: 1221037km2
Subregional membership(s): Southern Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC), B5, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Mineral-rich countries


56.7K
2017

Mid-year population
349.8B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
43.9
2013

Under five mortality rate
99.7
2014

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.62.72.72.72.62.62.52.42.42.52.52.62.62.52.42.32.22.12.12.22.42.52.52.42.22.01.81.61.51.51.51.51.51.51.51.41.41.31.31.31.21.21.11.11.00.90.9
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)37.937.837.637.437.236.836.536.135.735.334.934.534.133.733.232.732.131.430.730.029.328.527.827.226.526.025.525.224.924.624.424.223.923.723.423.022.722.422.121.821.521.321.120.920.720.420.2
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)13.913.613.313.012.712.412.111.811.411.110.810.410.09.79.49.18.88.68.38.18.07.97.87.98.18.48.89.410.110.911.712.513.313.914.414.714.714.614.414.013.613.212.912.612.512.412.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)52.853.253.553.854.254.554.955.455.956.456.957.558.158.759.359.960.460.961.461.862.162.362.362.261.961.460.659.658.557.255.954.653.552.651.951.651.752.152.853.654.655.556.356.957.457.757.8
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)55.656.056.456.857.257.658.158.659.259.860.461.061.762.463.063.664.264.765.265.665.966.166.165.865.464.863.862.661.259.658.156.555.254.153.352.952.953.354.155.156.157.258.158.859.359.559.6
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)50.350.550.851.151.451.752.052.452.853.253.754.354.855.455.956.456.957.457.858.258.558.758.858.758.558.257.656.855.854.853.752.751.851.150.550.350.450.751.352.052.753.554.254.755.255.555.7
Mid-year population - Total (millions)22.523.123.724.425.025.726.427.027.728.429.129.830.631.432.233.033.734.535.236.036.837.738.639.640.641.442.242.943.644.244.945.646.347.047.748.849.449.950.451.051.652.353.053.854.555.356.056.7
Mid-year population - Female (%)50.250.250.250.250.250.250.250.250.250.261.561.461.461.361.261.261.160.960.860.760.660.660.660.560.560.460.360.260.059.850.850.850.850.750.750.750.650.650.650.550.550.550.4
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)11,30211,60111,91312,23612,56412,89413,22613,56013,90114,25114,61514,99415,38715,78816,19016,58816,97717,35817,74518,15218,58919,06319,56520,07620,56621,01821,42221,78522,12122,45222,79423,14923,51323,88124,24824,86025,13525,39825,66325,94526,25526,59926,97127,36227,75628,14228,51628,881
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)11,20111,50611,82312,14912,47712,80513,12813,44913,77414,11014,46314,83515,22415,62216,01516,39516,75717,10517,45117,81318,20418,63019,08219,54419,99220,40920,78921,13721,46321,78122,10322,43022,76023,09023,41923,96124,23024,48924,74925,02625,32925,66526,02726,40526,78327,14927,49927,836
Mid-year population - Urban (%)47.847.947.948.048.148.148.248.248.348.448.448.648.848.949.149.449.950.451.051.552.052.653.053.554.054.555.055.555.956.456.957.457.958.559.059.560.160.661.261.762.262.863.363.864.364.8
Net reproduction rate (per woman)1.21.11.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)9,4669,7299,98910,24910,50610,76111,03511,29911,55811,81712,08112,34412,61512,88213,13113,35213,58613,78513,96314,14014,32614,47114,61214,73914,84214,91815,06615,22515,38715,53415,65415,76115,79015,76415,73315,45915,49415,52715,56615,62015,69715,78115,88716,00616,12316,22516,34416,439
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)4,6914,8254,9565,0865,2175,3485,4855,6215,7545,8886,0216,1536,2866,4176,5416,6526,7656,8626,9507,0397,1337,2067,2807,3477,3967,4207,4607,4777,4767,4677,4587,4747,4907,5047,5167,5267,5627,5967,6337,6697,7027,7607,8017,8337,8607,8867,900
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)4,7754,9045,0335,1635,2905,4135,5505,6785,8035,9296,0606,1916,3286,4656,5916,7006,8216,9237,0137,1027,1937,2657,3337,3927,4467,4977,6067,7497,9118,0678,1968,2858,2988,2598,2178,2028,1598,1848,2468,2848,2698,2998,2478,1518,0758,0468,008
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)12,26112,58712,94313,31913,70914,10814,46914,84515,23715,65316,09416,55417,03817,54318,06618,60419,08819,58920,11520,68021,29322,00422,77123,57024,35825,10425,66326,14026,56526,99127,45627,94228,51629,14929,78631,24431,68732,11432,54132,98833,47133,99334,55035,12635,69936,25636,75337,246
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)6,1416,2986,4706,6546,8447,0397,2227,4117,6097,8198,0418,2728,5158,7699,0339,3069,5639,83010,11110,41110,73511,11311,51811,93612,35212,75213,09113,41213,72614,04214,36614,64414,92815,21615,50415,78616,03616,28316,52216,75216,97217,18117,39017,59417,78617,96518,125
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)6,1206,2906,4736,6666,8657,0697,2487,4337,6287,8348,0538,2828,5238,7749,0339,2989,5259,75910,00510,26910,55810,89011,25411,63412,00712,35212,57212,72712,83912,94913,08913,30013,58913,93314,28214,60714,94515,22115,46815,74216,07116,36816,74217,15317,53417,85018,130
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)775.4790.5804.6816.7825.3829.9849.7865.9879.3891.1902.0930.9958.8984.61,0071,0271,0601,0891,1171,1451,1751,2181,2631,3111,3581,4051,4811,5571,6321,7081,8401,9011,9592,0142,0672,1172,1832,2462,3062,3622,4162,4892,5612,6352,7172,8092,5502,645
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)469.3478.3487.5496.0502.9507.8519.0528.4536.6544.6552.9569.2585.4601.3616.2629.9648.8666.7684.3702.4721.5743.9767.7792.7818.6845.4871.2895.6919.4943.8969.61,0311,0941,1611,2291,2971,3651,4311,4961,5601,6261,6661,7101,7541,7981,8421,900
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)306.1312.1317.1320.6322.3322.1330.8337.6342.7346.5349.1361.7373.3383.2391.1396.8410.7422.4432.8442.9453.4473.9495.6517.9539.4559.5610.0660.9712.3764.5817.8845.2872.3898.1919.8934.7961.2977.4984.3984.8981.8964.4947.5931.1915.2900.6917.3
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.65.55.55.45.35.35.25.15.04.94.84.74.64.54.44.34.24.13.93.83.73.53.43.33.23.13.03.02.92.92.92.82.82.82.72.72.62.62.52.52.52.42.42.42.42.32.3
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)22.510.0
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)3.54.0
Death rate associated with malaria per 100,000 population - Total (per 100000 population)2.0
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-49 years old - Total (%)18.018.118.218.318.418.418.518.618.818.9
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)54.054.554.754.152.851.550.048.646.641.138.237.136.835.334.433.6
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)108.098.088.077.069.062.060.061.066.076.085.089.095.0102.0107.0112.0119.0126.0138.0148.0154.0154.0152.0145.0140.0138.0
Men 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)23.2
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)11.0
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)97.097.097.097.097.097.097.097.0
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)5.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.0
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)11.68.7
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)79.085.085.085.076.076.076.082.079.075.072.069.065.062.057.063.064.062.064.078.074.078.079.066.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)5.05.05.15.25.65.55.35.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.0
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)89.089.090.090.091.091.092.092.092.093.093.0
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs (%)42.356.866.3
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)60.061.062.062.063.064.064.065.065.066.066.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)309299290289333379439509666746820883963977977948922892860
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)7977777306736356286557067758479139771,0421,1011,1581,2091,2461,2641,2571,2161,1651,1441,1561,126
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)78.058.061.068.072.057.063.061.068.067.065.069.070.071.073.068.053.077.077.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)74.379.676.972.969.363.453.247.544.943.9
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)20.025.3
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization
Education
Indicator1985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)88.792.992.993.193.794.3
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)87.091.891.792.192.693.1
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)90.794.194.194.395.095.5
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)111.3103.7102.9103.2102.7101.899.698.298.797.796.996.396.397.698.599.7
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)111.1103.4103.4104.3104.5104.3103.0102.7104.2103.2101.499.397.496.996.597.3
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)111.5104.1102.3102.1101.199.696.594.293.993.092.993.695.398.3100.5102.2
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)90.887.387.387.287.188.588.991.091.789.590.290.391.192.093.593.8
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)93.389.289.789.990.693.193.796.196.493.895.496.798.5101.0103.7103.8
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)88.185.384.784.483.784.184.386.287.385.485.384.484.484.184.985.3
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)19.7
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)22.623.5
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)15.516.0
Mean years of schooling (years)4.96.58.28.88.99.69.79.99.99.9
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)90.290.290.090.890.289.6
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)59.358.359.161.162.864.165.6
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)63.862.663.264.866.567.768.9
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)59.258.057.758.458.458.459.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)35.934.938.935.335.435.531.433.133.232.733.632.732.632.932.032.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)29.328.127.429.729.830.832.930.229.227.725.1
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.01.01.00.90.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.21.31.21.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.01.01.01.11.01.01.1
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)1.4
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)1.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)7.87.37.27.27.27.17.06.96.96.86.86.76.76.86.97.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)7.87.37.37.37.37.37.27.27.37.27.17.06.86.86.86.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)7.97.47.27.27.17.06.86.66.66.56.56.66.76.97.07.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)4.64.54.54.44.44.54.54.64.64.54.54.54.64.64.74.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)4.74.54.54.54.64.74.74.84.84.74.84.84.95.15.25.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)4.54.44.44.24.34.34.34.34.44.34.34.24.24.24.24.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)1.11.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)1.31.4
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)1.01.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)57.580.178.777.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)56.384.382.379.1
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)58.676.175.375.0
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Statistics Division
National accounts
Indicator19701971197219731974197519761977197819791980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)349.8
GDP per capita (US dollars)818.5879.99899.81,2011,4701,4831,3891,5051,6892,0332,8542,8652,5622,7832,4021,7912,0022,5702,7042,7543,1413,2883,4813,3903,4463,7533,4973,5553,1613,0893,0372,6662,4963,7314,7965,3315,5406,0255,6965,8047,2717,9757,5216,853
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)134,817155,307164,311167,643182,444186,002189,786198,718214,313227,979235,660241,024241,251250,036263,617277,499294,733307,714312,662324,933346,133363,706382,834401,983431,849469,265510,789552,490581,304576,709601,500633,638659,636685,220707,263723,518
GNI per capita (US dollars)789.01851.61870.21,1631,4201,4231,3321,4411,6181,9502,7392,7452,4602,6762,3091,7131,9142,4802,6142,660
GNI per capita (US dollars)9,1859,4239,5059,5039,76610,25310,25310,49010,08910,18610,48710,35410,57512,05313,70514,88915,81616,74916,86816,88418,64619,70119,53719,21319,08812,90012,860
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)16.415.716.317.118.518.320.221.023.220.719.519.720.021.220.820.919.5
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)17,75519,67820,65628,37135,55836,57635,10138,91444,78755,30679,65581,87575,29584,05974,35156,51264,57685,45792,00495,661
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)337,986355,256367,303376,451396,089424,649432,691450,245439,752450,371470,886469,901485,861561,618647,507712,584767,069823,516840,372852,472955,3561,023,1141,028,0411,025,0861,032,3141,016,456718,880
Gross national saving - as % of GDP (%)16.216.017.216.315.715.215.715.617.618.018.017.514.815.315.516.516.2
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.31.74.66.11.72.3-0.13.03.86.65.4-0.4-1.95.1-1.20.02.14.22.4-0.3-1.0-2.11.23.23.14.32.70.52.44.22.73.73.04.65.35.65.43.2-1.53.03.32.22.31.61.3
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)21.221.324.624.627.226.826.929.331.434.234.327.525.624.024.730.429.629.328.225.923.521.120.721.821.522.124.124.025.024.727.229.431.826.925.526.529.331.235.627.928.630.429.731.031.3
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)11.912.912.111.111.412.913.613.113.813.813.013.715.415.116.817.117.518.317.817.718.618.719.019.619.818.119.219.318.918.618.418.518.819.119.219.518.217.818.719.920.220.020.020.320.3
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)28.631.026.526.730.032.330.429.826.727.431.434.126.527.225.522.121.017.821.222.819.419.016.815.217.719.218.017.718.017.016.415.716.317.118.518.320.221.023.220.719.519.120.120.120.4
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)58.859.659.055.753.357.057.156.955.253.750.854.456.357.456.956.056.958.259.058.361.461.962.661.562.262.762.663.363.663.463.162.960.860.661.962.061.961.560.059.559.059.460.560.660.6
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-24.6-25.4-22.2-22.1-27.7-29.2-28.1-24.5-24.9-25.0-26.6-29.4-26.0-20.4-22.9-21.9-21.1-19.7-21.9-20.7-18.2-17.0-16.8-17.3-19.3-21.5-22.6-22.9-23.9-22.2-24.3-25.4-28.0-24.5-25.6-26.7-31.0-32.5-37.2-27.5-27.4-29.6-31.0-33.3-33.1
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)7.27.87.77.38.77.76.77.06.76.06.26.45.74.44.85.25.05.65.85.44.64.63.84.24.63.94.24.03.83.63.53.73.43.12.72.63.03.23.0
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)6.55.35.14.84.64.92.4
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)38.436.838.039.940.641.341.640.742.345.448.145.544.144.643.043.443.641.441.340.540.038.336.435.635.034.933.632.932.431.432.432.530.730.330.329.429.731.430.4
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)62.760.359.859.359.759.228.9
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)23.022.221.521.721.022.823.121.321.121.921.824.123.823.623.121.922.022.523.023.623.723.022.021.321.121.420.420.119.618.719.319.419.018.618.116.416.116.015.0
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)37.828.826.626.126.326.813.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)54.455.554.452.950.851.051.652.351.048.645.748.150.251.052.251.551.453.052.954.155.457.259.860.360.461.362.263.163.965.164.163.865.966.767.168.067.465.566.6
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)130.8134.4135.1135.9135.6135.968.7
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
World Bank
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All items (index)1,174921.9
All items (index)5.366.197.097.968.8810.3212.2514.2216.0518.4121.0324.2627.6630.3233.0235.938.5441.8544.7747.0649.5852.3857.1760.5361.3963.4466.471.1379.3384.9988.6193.0398.3103.95110.26115.31
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)79.148.8
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)14.215.614.512.211.516.218.716.112.814.714.315.314.09.68.98.77.48.67.05.15.45.69.25.91.43.34.77.111.57.14.35.05.75.86.14.6
Data Source
Country
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator19981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)35.934.938.935.335.435.531.433.133.232.733.632.732.632.932.032.3
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)30.029.829.829.829.832.832.832.833.033.044.544.542.342.344.841.542.1
Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector (%)42.040.741.640.844.546.947.345.7
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)20.025.3
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Inter-Parliamentary Union
United Nations Statistics Division
Tourism
Indicator1988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)5,2306,1046,9056,4218,1398,3977,1456,4916,314
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)9,21110,2269,1788,68410,30910,70611,20210,46810,484
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)8,3969,0919,5927,0128,0748,3399,1889,5379,549
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)46.447.249.852.354.252.851.952.352.368.467.764.870.967.763.859.659.459.760.060.1
Total contribution to employment (%)4.84.64.64.74.34.34.65.26.27.07.67.67.27.98.98.98.89.410.110.29.99.79.59.510.09.810.09.9
Total contribution to GDP (%)3.63.74.24.24.34.25.05.46.46.86.97.07.07.68.48.48.49.09.79.79.39.38.98.69.19.39.59.4
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
Paved Road (% of total) (%)17.3
Total length of railways (kilometre)23,59623,59623,58123,66423,72023,82123,79023,60723,50721,24421,61721,63521,63522,23322,62120,31920,31920,18920,18920,07022,65722,65722,65720,04120,24720,04720,04724,48724,48722,05122,05120,50020,50020,50020,500
Data Source
International Road Federation
World Bank
Information society
Indicator2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)9.999.849.79.579.459.349.257.346.86
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)7.68.18.410.024.034.041.046.549.0
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)18.623.729.736.043.870.481.185.389.591.397.9123.2130.6145.6149.2159.3
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator1970197119721973197419751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)1,7301,8021,8912,3812,6683,0682,8793,1914,1134,1186,3607,0736,7647,3817,6276,359
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)910.1772.9920.21,1801,6191,7462,1192,8283,1762,8673,8274,9895,4305,0624,5963,691
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)431.7475.6482.1670.1787.7852.1805.2967.81,0781,1331,5091,5311,5101,6031,5181,339
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)147.0151.1159.8224.3318.6327.0391.7532.9559.3667.5734.9825.5829.3793.4724.6589.9
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)3,3443,4834,1086,0648,6888,7897,8509,90412,77218,25825,52520,65817,67318,50817,16316,29318,38521,21921,87122,19123,54923,27923,44024,22225,30827,85329,22131,02726,36226,707
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)82,57981,25375,85299,753126,673145,608163,379197,837228,713169,405256,598324,703297,346286,157272,266139,258
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)3,8434,3643,9485,1637,8568,2937,2856,2707,6158,98919,59822,92518,40715,81315,95511,31912,99215,27718,72318,49818,39918,82919,73819,99123,36330,54630,18232,99829,24226,696
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)83,23679,43881,708108,577148,672172,370215,653248,195276,826201,586262,733329,827335,443333,241321,750159,182
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Deposit rate (%) (%)6.07.19.211.68.56.55.75.45.25.86.2
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)6.948.6110.547.566.466.366.777.058.268.477.327.268.219.6610.8512.76
Interest rate - Central bank (%)7.09.011.011.57.05.55.55.05.05.86.3
Interest rate - Lending (%)10.611.213.215.111.79.89.08.88.59.19.4
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator1995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Debt service ratio (ratio)9.911.413.18.46.36.48.74.26.96.05.74.87.910.66.77.7
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)0.30.30.30.40.40.40.40.50.40.30.30.30.30.40.40.30.30.30.40.3
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)42.242.435.635.434.433.231.427.126.530.134.738.241.044.046.949.850.5
Data Source
World Bank
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Balance of payments
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)368,611362,743347,687380,811424,774391,819422,446440,990469,090477,806454,950477,242
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)8.388.288.809.069.519.558.969.26
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.880.920.870.900.910.930.900.910.910.890.840.810.750.800.850.740.760.750.780.800.740.75
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)18,7267,12510,3286,4063,3912,497798.50953.701,020975.10815.30723.60848.80929.60872.10716.10552.60576.40778.00730.10773.20667.30575.40426.40
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1000 population)249.0263.0251.0265.0266.0272.0267.0266.0260.0260.0250.0251.0236.0245.0257.0243.0229.0233.0243.0240.0232.0223.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)7.6
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)7.67.67.67.67.67.67.67.67.67.6
Land area covered by forest (%)7.67.67.67.6
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Environment