Ghana's flag    Ghana


Official language: English
Currency: Ghanian Cedi
Capital City: Accra
Area: 238533km2
Subregional membership(s): West Africa, Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Mineral-rich countries, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


28.8M
2017

Mid-year population
37.2B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
78.4
2013

Under five mortality rate
109.9
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator201720162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.22.32.32.42.42.52.52.52.62.62.62.62.62.62.62.52.42.32.32.32.42.52.62.72.82.82.82.72.72.82.93.13.33.53.43.12.62.11.71.61.82.12.52.82.92.82.5
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)31.732.332.833.133.433.633.733.733.733.733.833.934.134.234.334.534.634.835.035.435.836.336.837.437.938.539.039.539.940.440.841.341.742.142.442.843.243.543.944.244.645.045.445.746.146.446.7
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)8.78.89.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.79.910.110.310.410.510.610.710.610.610.510.410.410.410.410.510.710.911.211.511.912.212.512.813.113.313.513.814.014.214.414.714.915.115.415.615.916.1
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)61.761.561.461.261.060.860.660.460.159.759.258.758.257.857.457.257.057.057.057.257.457.557.657.657.457.256.856.355.755.154.654.153.753.352.952.652.352.051.751.451.150.850.550.249.949.649.3
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)62.762.562.362.161.961.861.561.360.960.560.059.559.158.658.257.957.857.857.958.158.358.558.758.758.658.357.957.456.856.255.755.254.854.454.153.853.553.353.052.752.452.151.851.551.150.750.3
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)60.760.560.460.260.159.959.759.559.258.858.457.957.457.056.756.456.256.256.256.356.456.556.656.556.456.155.755.254.754.153.653.152.652.251.851.451.150.850.550.249.949.649.349.048.848.648.5
Mid-year population - Total (millions)20.820.319.819.318.818.418.017.617.216.816.315.915.515.014.614.213.913.513.112.712.311.911.511.110.810.610.410.210.09.89.69.49.18.88.6
Mid-year population - Female (%)49.149.149.149.149.149.149.249.249.249.249.249.249.249.449.449.449.449.449.449.449.449.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.549.649.649.649.649.649.649.649.649.649.6
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)10,40310,1119,8309,5659,3189,0928,8848,6878,4908,2878,0737,8517,6267,4057,1956,9976,8106,6286,4456,2566,0575,8525,6515,4685,3125,1885,0915,0094,9264,8314,7184,5914,4594,3324,219
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)10,43810,1959,9589,7299,5079,2939,0858,8828,6798,4748,2678,0577,8467,6387,4347,2357,0436,8526,6596,4606,2546,0435,8375,6505,4905,3635,2645,1815,0975,0014,8874,7594,6244,4954,378
Mid-year population - Urban (%)54.053.452.752.151.450.750.049.448.748.047.346.646.045.344.643.943.242.441.740.940.139.438.637.937.236.435.735.034.333.632.932.231.831.631.431.230.930.730.530.330.129.829.629.429.229.0
Net reproduction rate (per woman)1.81.81.8
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)8,4358,2678,1007,9437,7997,6687,5477,4297,3017,1597,0266,8806,7256,5676,4106,2736,1396,0045,8605,7045,5525,3885,2245,0724,9384,8364,7604,6954,6214,5294,4304,3114,1804,0483,922
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)5,3205,2075,1024,9904,8754,7624,6524,5644,4784,3914,3024,2094,1264,0423,9613,8853,8173,7503,6923,6363,5763,5073,4443,3723,2963,2193,1433,0763,0112,9462,8772,8022,7282,6472,5662,4912,4242,3742,3352,3032,2662,2192,1692,1092,0431,9781,915
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)5,5555,4335,3225,2025,0784,9614,8544,7544,6624,5754,4874,3924,3094,2244,1394,0583,9823,9183,8563,7933,7263,6523,5823,5083,4293,3483,2663,1973,1283,0582,9832,9022,8242,7412,6582,5812,5142,4632,4252,3922,3562,3102,2612,2022,1372,0712,007
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)11,71311,37811,05910,75310,45710,1629,8809,6129,3549,1048,8338,5668,3048,0537,8147,5687,3357,1106,8916,6736,4326,1925,9615,7545,5835,4405,3255,2325,1455,0534,9314,8034,6754,5584,462
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)8,2378,0597,8697,6907,5147,3327,1396,9316,7156,4996,2906,0955,8995,7115,5335,3645,2045,0524,9114,7774,6484,5214,3794,2374,0973,9623,8363,7133,5973,4873,3793,2723,1543,0372,9232,8222,7372,6672,6112,5652,5232,4782,4192,3562,2942,2372,190
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)7,9717,7817,5767,3797,1887,0006,8126,6316,4536,2806,1195,9705,8155,6675,5265,3895,2535,1094,9694,8354,7064,5824,4544,3294,2074,0903,9783,8553,7383,6243,5123,4013,2783,1553,0382,9332,8462,7722,7142,6662,6222,5752,5122,4472,3812,3212,272
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)860.4724.1692.4660.6629.2598.4568.4554.7541.3527.7513.6498.6480.2461.4442.4423.4404.5391.5378.8366.2353.1339.6327.3315.0302.9291.5281.2275.0269.3263.7257.3249.5243.4236.4228.7220.8213.2
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)518.6509.3505.8502.4498.9495.4492.0475.3458.0439.8420.4400.0378.4357.0336.1316.1297.0288.9281.3273.9266.4258.4249.8241.2232.6224.2215.9208.8202.1195.4188.7181.7175.1168.5162.0156.0150.6147.1144.0140.9137.5133.4130.0126.1121.9117.7113.6
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)432.2421.0412.1401.8390.4379.0368.4359.3350.8342.4333.6324.1313.9303.6293.0282.3271.4265.8259.9253.8247.2240.2230.4220.2209.7199.2188.6182.7176.7170.7164.4157.9152.2146.5140.9135.5130.6127.9125.4122.8119.8116.1113.4110.3106.8103.199.5
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.14.14.24.24.24.34.34.34.34.34.44.44.54.54.64.64.74.74.84.95.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.75.85.96.06.16.26.36.46.56.56.66.76.76.86.86.96.96.96.97.0
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)4.34.67.510.214.512.312.312.710.87.0
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)25.619.534.723.524.225.222.015.020.317.2
Death rate associated with malaria per 100,000 population - Total (per 100000 population)67.0
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-49 years old - Total (%)1.51.51.61.61.71.71.81.91.92.0
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)42.844.245.547.048.650.251.753.154.455.656.858.159.661.263.064.9
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)319.0322.0321.0324.0320.0325.0330.0337.0345.0358.0376.0396.0420.0437.0449.0467.0487.0501.0515.0527.0532.0535.0551.0569.0600.0634.0
Men 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)27.238.634.233.044.5
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)28.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)13.414.313.918.8
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)96.096.096.096.096.096.096.096.0
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)5.05.05.16.06.98.19.210.511.617.5
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)13.414.313.918.8
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)89.088.091.093.093.086.095.085.083.083.080.078.078.090.081.078.073.071.070.068.066.064.063.061.0
Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)46.639.028.022.04.0
Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs (%)52.643.061.063.061.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)5.05.05.05.05.66.57.38.39.410.513.614.617.519.120.521.424.227.333.936.9
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)89.088.087.085.084.083.082.081.080.078.077.0
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs (%)47.435.627.9
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)15.015.015.014.014.014.013.013.013.012.012.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)6672798599105112125132139146157162165167167165162159
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)129142156172190207226244264283303324346367387406428447466478486500519547
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)84.085.084.083.082.077.066.061.068.066.060.056.050.051.054.048.051.054.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)78.480.281.783.284.285.286.087.088.3101.3
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)19.936.838.1
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization
Education
Indicator20162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)76.671.557.9
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)71.465.349.8
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)82.078.466.4
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)109.9106.5108.5109.7106.7105.6106.7101.095.490.483.880.183.781.886.081.4
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)109.9106.4108.4107.7106.2104.6105.8100.194.588.681.379.381.279.382.978.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)109.9106.5108.6111.7107.1106.5107.7101.996.292.186.280.986.184.389.084.5
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)71.067.161.158.157.158.355.853.449.147.345.242.441.039.041.040.7
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)69.164.958.254.954.054.752.249.744.942.940.938.937.535.636.936.3
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)72.969.263.961.360.161.759.257.053.151.649.345.844.442.345.045.0
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)15.912.212.18.88.46.45.15.7
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)12.411.09.29.06.55.14.33.54.0
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)18.617.515.115.211.011.88.46.87.4
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)87.598.996.489.0
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)70.697.594.286.0
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)103.6100.298.691.8
Mean years of schooling (years)7.07.07.07.06.76.46.15.74.94.0
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)88.987.181.883.576.177.572.066.166.559.661.661.959.564.9
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)54.651.545.747.047.241.240.038.735.734.733.034.734.5
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)53.850.143.644.844.638.437.435.833.932.831.132.231.6
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)55.452.747.749.349.643.942.541.437.536.634.937.137.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)30.131.733.031.033.132.232.035.432.832.331.332.133.033.829.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)15.817.517.818.718.517.417.719.718.918.818.218.618.519.119.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)29.627.029.5
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.01.00.91.00.90.90.90.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.90.90.90.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.70.70.7
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)0.60.60.60.40.50.50.5
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)0.81.00.80.90.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)6.76.56.76.86.66.56.66.25.95.55.24.95.25.05.35.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)6.76.56.76.66.56.46.56.15.85.45.04.95.04.95.14.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)6.76.56.76.96.66.66.66.35.95.75.35.05.35.25.55.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)4.34.14.34.14.13.63.43.32.92.82.72.52.52.42.52.5
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)4.23.94.13.93.83.43.23.02.72.62.52.32.32.22.22.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)4.44.24.54.44.33.83.73.53.23.13.02.82.72.62.82.8
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.80.70.60.60.40.40.30.30.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.60.60.50.50.30.30.20.20.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.90.90.80.80.60.60.40.30.4
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)83.772.259.589.059.4
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)82.368.764.784.658.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)85.175.754.993.260.8
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Statistics Division
National accounts
Indicator20162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)37.2
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,8271,6421,5871,3231,0961,2341,099929.78804.06682.95602.4499.37441.46424.19672.78667.28628.61647.14618.14534.19601.39713.41746.13682.42591.33601.32565.21541.03519.43494.76455.15475.07496.59484.4452.81437.21382.69358.17358.83383.9338.62372.71438.9412.83
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)114,701109,735103,82395,19685,52673,47467,27463,68257,22253,41648,77544,63641,14638,33036,10833,88731,93930,12428,46426,69225,04923,54122,24620,54019,29417,77816,58915,26613,48512,42111,67110,6859,5289,4949,4148,186
GNI per capita (US dollars)579.56586.16549.68527.73510.69488.1451.09473.84495.08482.33451.23436.2381.31355.53355.99381.76336.85367.39427.53404.09
GNI per capita (US dollars)4,1504,0605,2165,6065,0284,8384,2513,8833,9433,6033,3243,0242,7482,5592,3692,2522,1522,3492,2942,2062,1652,0861,9531,9802,0322,0231,890
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)24.424.826.628.032.027.425.921.421.820.821.623.823.018.116.319.719.3
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)8,2498,1207,4106,9156,4946,0095,3665,4435,5045,2104,7614,5173,8863,5643,5003,6673,1503,3373,7743,474
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)117,162147,628140,518147,349129,128121,200103,89892,71091,68981,51673,36565,10057,48052,14747,14543,68240,66143,40141,30038,77737,23134,88231,82231,48131,49730,41227,605
Gross national saving - as % of GDP (%)17.917.217.016.020.318.517.316.09.912.113.416.818.218.215.515.313.3
Real GDP growth rate (%)3.94.07.39.314.17.94.89.24.34.66.25.45.24.84.54.24.44.74.24.64.03.34.93.95.33.35.15.64.85.25.18.7-4.6-6.9-3.50.5-2.58.52.3-3.5-12.46.95.5-2.55.6
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)49.342.447.944.129.529.325.024.525.222.924.725.526.728.430.620.120.115.315.915.615.412.311.010.810.614.114.214.511.06.65.13.82.33.35.87.75.77.210.813.312.614.715.812.215.9
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)17.816.720.916.610.411.711.211.611.39.97.87.46.46.36.67.06.46.36.16.17.07.46.75.85.55.25.15.15.64.83.73.03.34.55.75.25.76.46.26.66.25.56.46.66.5
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)25.624.232.829.625.720.721.520.121.620.620.216.314.018.917.114.914.715.813.513.515.314.28.28.17.88.67.06.76.06.14.42.42.22.93.64.23.47.05.78.18.35.84.59.09.0
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)57.159.246.662.178.678.286.182.683.487.787.388.389.690.291.392.990.287.887.185.685.090.997.696.898.696.691.694.493.795.899.4104.8103.6100.696.895.997.789.391.484.690.386.685.988.485.0
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-50.2-47.5-52.8-49.7-45.9-42.3-44.5-40.8-40.7-38.6-37.8-35.4-34.3-40.6-42.1-31.1-29.0-25.0-22.5-21.3-23.2-23.0-18.4-16.3-16.5-19.3-14.4-16.0-12.1-8.0-5.3-4.1-2.0-3.6-6.3-7.6-6.6-7.9-11.0-12.6-14.9-11.2-11.8-14.7-16.3
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)31.831.029.130.431.832.331.330.430.531.231.631.535.334.034.333.834.735.134.538.839.139.937.237.842.353.752.047.950.951.352.045.638.436.440.937.334.533.636.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)19.043.544.845.750.759.561.4
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)19.020.420.820.820.320.220.721.021.021.221.221.620.620.921.822.114.614.314.414.914.514.615.615.89.86.56.09.211.712.111.914.616.618.115.815.614.315.215.0
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)26.955.055.656.051.238.242.4
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)7.07.99.210.210.410.610.911.111.011.211.211.311.111.611.712.210.210.110.611.210.711.012.312.77.24.54.37.09.09.79.711.413.013.911.311.610.510.911.0
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)4.710.610.611.713.813.622.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)49.248.650.248.847.947.548.148.748.547.647.346.944.245.143.944.150.850.651.146.346.445.547.246.447.939.842.043.037.436.736.139.845.045.543.247.151.251.248.8
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)54.1101.599.698.398.2102.396.2
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
World Bank
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator201520142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
All items (index)151.02128.91111.6299.9693.3686.781.2671.8261.6555.6749.8543.3138.4430.3626.4319.8915.8914.1311.869.56.574.133.32.642.42.041.481.180.90.650.520.470.340.150.120.06
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)17.215.511.77.17.76.713.116.510.711.715.112.726.614.932.925.112.519.224.844.559.324.924.910.118.137.225.231.439.824.510.340.0122.322.5116.550.0
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator2014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)10,5839,2589,1866,8606,2246,1595,5846,5405,2764,5714,5936,0426,8026,0634,6633,6865,0764,0163,9573,6733,7663,6613,6824,538
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)5,546
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)9,2697,9067,2786,2044,1624,2936,5025,6211,1597582,0152,2601,2516137561,183352191615181011
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)7,753
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)16,46616,14115,12213,92113,75412,3917,45411,2385,6295,2813,8855,0366,6086,6065,1693,8306,8656,6256,1656,3366,2616,6026,1125,801
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)13,303
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)25,91824,22722,56620,26317,92216,69013,96216,8656,7936,0445,9057,3017,8647,2245,9295,0176,9046,6316,1886,3566,2806,6246,1265,816
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
African Union Commission
Tourism
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)948.0982.0976.01,026882.0948.0870.0816.0575.0
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)1,0271,0101,154797.0706.0849.0970.0990.0910.0
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)1,093994.0903.0821.0931.0803.0698.0587.0497.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)28.126.024.420.822.818.818.117.416.215.513.611.410.910.910.38.5
Total contribution to employment (%)6.56.46.26.96.26.57.98.08.79.48.47.26.77.57.96.03.53.14.94.34.44.33.82.62.52.12.12.0
Total contribution to GDP (%)7.87.97.78.47.06.98.48.69.29.99.07.77.38.38.96.83.93.55.54.85.04.84.33.02.82.42.32.2
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator2010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
Paved Road (% of total) (%)12.660.457.9
Total length of railways (kilometre)953977977953953950950950950950950950950
Data Source
International Road Federation
World Bank
Information society
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)0.981.041.121.151.151.130.621.671.62
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)18.912.310.69.07.85.44.33.92.7
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)129.7114.8108.2101.085.371.963.850.133.823.713.48.13.92.01.30.7
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)2,0212,4203,5341,0751,2601,2671,2191,4811,0651,2471,044453.7483.3
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)1,8711,6671,7691,111947.21,098931.6648.6620.0793.4468.5491.7428.1319.9
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)37.528.453.025.24.03.98.71.621.29.23.226.514.2
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)111.587.766.549.944.649.839.421.816.118.813.528.3133.539.4
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)13,2171,8501,7201,7971,6371,6711,7261,429967.81,261617.0897.01,0201,010950.7876.5622.9540.61,158873.91,0641,258995.81,0511,015827.3816.4738.3656.9441.7491.8458.3
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)39,04045,07549,07818,42715,98112,89011,26210,9558,9227,3516,9735,1485,013
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)14,6003,4832,5662,3292,1111,9092,1112,5752,1701,0561,2051,276905.41,1561,046865.7607.71,248705.11,1061,129852.41,0061,038862.3790.7820.6452.0290.8430.4410.8
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)43,17544,91941,04227,03620,97627,34122,61817,41115,10412,2229,6308,1609,4628,842
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Deposit rate (%) (%)13.312.912.410.18.912.917.111.38.98.910.2
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1.951.801.511.431.411.060.940.920.910.900.870.790.720.54
Interest rate - Central bank (%)26.021.016.015.012.513.518.017.013.512.515.5
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator2016201520142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995
Debt service ratio (ratio)6.25.46.13.22.44.03.84.13.95.68.68.015.68.612.919.0
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)3.12.94.54.75.36.14.64.76.110.916.313.211.412.312.48.09.67.39.610.2
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)72.471.570.257.247.942.646.336.133.631.026.247.757.674.281.987.2111.9
Data Source
World Bank
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Balance of payments
Indicator20162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.50.30.30.40.30.60.50.20.20.30.30.20.10.1
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-6.4-7.7-9.6-11.9-11.7-9.0-8.6-5.5-11.9-8.7-8.2-7.0-4.70.1-0.8-4.3-6.0
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-2,809.3-3,694.6-5,704.0-4,911.7-3,541.3-2,747.3-1,897.2-3,327.4-2,378.8-1,056.1-1,104.6-590.2101.7-105.2-427.5-386.4
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-476.4-143.5-1,262.125.5-487.3-1,175.7-1,793.8-373.8-37.9-10.463.6132.658.7111.5-51.4-154.6
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-2,811.9-3,838.0-6,616.9-4,602.8-3,583.5-3,585.5-3,127.0-3,238.0-2,228.5-836.5-709.8-206.5314.779.6-375.9-541.1
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)2,5272,8971,220855.4636.0145.0139.3110.058.989.3114.9
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)19,84816,62213,32710,0807,5524,6553,4352,5802,1451,9521,8121,7021,6431,554
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)221.411.88.81.125.46.98.0
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)-900.0-835.9-658.9-1,121.8-117.6-775.5-491.8127.4-312.4-65.8
Primary income - US dollars (millions)-1,131.9-1,717.4-1,351.4-2,130.0-1,230.1-581.8-595.2-43.0-361.3-127.4-187.1-197.8-181.0-174.3-107.8-107.6
Secondary income - US dollars (millions)2,5982,0081,9392,4052,5972,3222,0782,2112,0432,2481,7941,5801,245826.9856.0630.9
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-1,165.8-2,602.4-2,443.8-976.3-1,856.3-1,525.9-1,173.4-497.2-166.7-150.0-166.6-379.5-292.0-66.0-74.4-79.4
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-3.7
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-3,109.3-1,383.3-3,848.3-4,210.8-3,052.3-2,962.0-2,206.6-4,998.8-3,894.0-3,027.0-2,545.1-1,592.8-670.3-691.8-1,101.4-830.2
Workers remittances - US dollars (millions)2,3751,9991,8592,1482,135135.9114.5126.1117.4105.399.282.465.143.539.526.3
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Economic Commission for Afirca
Environment
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)10,08110,1037,7089,1389,8289,3586,9937,3497,6317,4226,9206,289
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)0.400.420.330.400.440.430.330.33
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.120.130.110.140.160.160.130.140.160.160.160.150.160.160.170.160.160.150.140.130.140.14
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)25.4027.2030.7037.2080.7021.6023.6034.2025.2047.5037.7024.0041.1056.7054.7055.1051.5015.7048.6046.7028.2078.20107.20114.70
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1000 population)123.0135.0135.0135.0148.0158.0153.0162.0171.0180.0183.0183.0187.0189.0189.0188.0190.0189.0187.0187.0188.0191.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)41.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)40.840.740.540.440.340.240.039.939.839.2
Land area covered by forest (%)21.724.226.832.7
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)15.115.114.714.714.714.714.7
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)