Malawi's flag    Malawi


Official language: English, Nyanja
Currency: Malawi Kwacha
Capital City: Lilongwe
Area: 118484km2
Subregional membership(s): Southern Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Southern African Development Community (SADC), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs


17.7M
2016

Mid-year population
5.7B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
67.9
2013

Under five mortality rate
145.5
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator20162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.13.13.13.13.13.13.03.03.02.92.92.82.72.62.52.62.72.92.92.72.21.40.60.20.51.42.84.45.66.25.95.03.93.12.62.52.83.03.13.13.13.02.92.82.82.72.7
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)38.138.539.039.540.040.541.141.642.142.542.843.143.443.643.944.244.544.845.245.545.946.346.847.448.048.849.650.351.051.551.952.252.452.552.652.853.053.253.353.553.653.653.753.753.753.853.8
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)7.17.57.98.49.09.610.411.212.113.114.014.915.816.517.217.718.118.418.719.019.319.519.820.020.220.320.420.420.420.420.320.320.320.420.520.721.021.321.622.022.422.723.123.523.924.424.8
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)64.863.962.861.560.158.656.955.153.351.649.948.347.045.945.144.544.143.943.843.743.643.543.543.543.543.743.844.144.444.644.945.145.345.345.245.144.844.544.143.743.342.842.441.941.541.040.6
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)65.764.863.762.561.159.557.856.054.152.150.348.647.145.945.044.544.144.044.044.144.144.244.244.344.544.745.045.345.645.946.146.346.446.446.246.045.745.344.944.544.043.643.142.742.241.741.2
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)63.862.961.860.559.057.555.954.252.550.949.448.046.845.845.144.544.043.743.543.343.042.842.642.542.542.542.642.843.143.343.643.944.044.144.144.043.843.543.242.842.442.041.641.240.740.339.8
Mid-year population - Total (millions)17.717.216.716.215.715.214.814.313.913.513.112.712.412.111.811.511.210.910.610.310.09.89.79.79.79.69.49.18.68.17.67.26.96.76.56.36.26.05.85.65.55.35.15.04.94.74.6
Mid-year population - Female (%)49.949.950.050.050.050.150.150.250.250.250.350.350.450.550.550.550.650.650.750.750.750.850.950.951.051.151.251.351.451.551.551.651.651.651.751.751.851.851.851.951.951.951.9
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)8,8868,6228,3668,1167,8747,6407,4137,1946,9826,7796,5876,4066,2386,0835,9355,7905,6435,4885,3295,1775,0524,9634,9204,9134,9144,8804,7864,6174,3874,1253,8743,6653,5063,3903,3033,2263,1453,0572,9682,8782,7922,7112,6352,5632,4942,4282,365
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)8,8648,5938,3308,0747,8267,5877,3567,1356,9226,7196,5256,3426,1696,0085,8545,7025,5515,3945,2355,0834,9554,8604,8064,7844,7694,7244,6234,4564,2343,9833,7433,5413,3863,2703,1813,1013,0182,9292,8392,7492,6632,5822,5062,4342,3662,3012,239
Mid-year population - Urban (%)16.316.115.915.815.715.515.415.315.215.115.115.014.914.814.714.614.514.414.013.613.312.912.612.211.911.611.210.910.610.410.29.99.79.59.39.18.88.68.48.07.77.37.06.76.36.1
Net reproduction rate (per woman)2.22.22.1
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)7,9727,7747,5737,3817,1967,0116,8226,6376,4536,2746,1055,9505,8015,6665,5355,3995,2515,1054,9454,7874,6534,5524,4954,4804,4724,4234,3074,2084,0343,8173,6043,4253,2743,1643,0813,0022,9122,8282,7402,6482,5562,4662,3912,3182,2462,1742,099
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)3,9563,8603,7633,6703,5813,4913,3983,3073,2163,1273,0442,9682,8942,8282,7642,6982,6252,5532,4742,3952,3292,2802,2502,2412,2352,2092,1482,0992,0131,9041,7971,7071,6311,5761,5351,4961,4511,4091,3651,3201,2741,2291,1921,1551,1201,0831,046
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)4,0163,9133,8103,7113,6153,5203,4243,3303,2373,1473,0622,9832,9072,8382,7712,7012,6262,5522,4712,3922,3242,2722,2452,2392,2362,2142,1592,1082,0211,9131,8071,7181,6431,5881,5461,5061,4611,4191,3741,3281,2821,2371,1991,1631,1261,0901,053
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)9,1668,8498,5528,2637,9847,7207,4757,2407,0196,8106,6096,4166,2366,0665,9045,7535,6125,4545,3025,1635,0504,9714,9404,9354,9374,9164,8494,6254,3614,0813,8173,5973,4433,3283,2433,1723,1043,0162,9302,8472,7702,7012,6272,5572,4932,4362,388
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)4,5814,4244,2794,1373,9993,8693,7493,6333,5243,4213,3223,2263,1393,0572,9792,9062,8372,7592,6832,6132,5572,5192,5102,5162,5252,5222,4952,3812,2462,1011,9651,8521,7751,7181,6761,6421,6101,5671,5241,4831,4451,4111,3741,3391,3071,2781,254
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)4,5854,4254,2734,1263,9843,8503,7263,6073,4953,3893,2883,1903,0973,0092,9262,8482,7752,6962,6192,5502,4922,4512,4302,4202,4122,3942,3542,2442,1161,9801,8521,7451,6681,6101,5661,5291,4941,4501,4061,3641,3251,2901,2531,2181,1871,1581,134
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)612.2592.4570.2545.9520.5495.9473.2452.1432.6414.7397.9381.7369.9359.1349.2339.7330.2323.5316.6310.0304.3300.1290.4282.2274.2264.8252.8240.2225.8210.7196.2183.5175.1167.5160.4153.7147.2142.0137.3132.9128.8125.1123.1121.6120.3118.8116.7
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)349.2337.3323.8309.2294.2279.8266.6253.8242.2231.6221.7212.3204.9198.2192.1186.4180.9176.7172.6168.7165.6163.3159.7156.5153.3148.8142.7136.3128.6120.3112.4105.4100.395.891.888.184.481.278.275.573.070.769.368.367.466.565.3
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)263.1255.1246.4236.6226.3216.1206.7198.2190.4183.1176.2169.4165.0160.9157.1153.2149.3146.8144.1141.2138.7136.7130.7125.7121.0116.0110.1103.997.290.483.878.174.771.668.665.762.960.859.057.455.954.453.853.352.952.351.5
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.05.15.15.25.35.45.55.65.75.85.96.06.06.16.16.26.36.36.46.46.56.56.66.76.86.97.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.67.67.67.67.67.67.67.67.57.57.47.47.37.3
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)3.45.23.75.55.27.312.3
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)58.646.141.032.530.621.913.0
Death rate associated with malaria per 100,000 population - Total (per 100000 population)63.0
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-49 years old - Total (%)10.010.510.911.311.712.112.513.013.514.1
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)43.445.147.350.253.857.559.661.764.567.170.775.581.688.896.5103.5
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)634.0638.0636.0624.0618.0629.0633.0629.0613.0614.0648.0699.0783.0839.0868.0890.0904.0916.0939.0952.0953.0956.0948.0958.0954.0957.0
Men 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)51.144.741.936.340.6
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)22.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)16.713.812.115.518.421.5
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)96.096.096.096.096.096.096.096.0
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)20.720.7
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)42.642.822.122.422.723.424.726.427.628.6
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)16.713.812.115.518.421.5
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)88.090.096.093.092.088.083.085.082.080.077.069.081.073.082.090.087.090.090.083.087.091.085.081.0
Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)65.556.055.425.015.03.0
Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs (%)39.132.530.925.028.027.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)20.720.820.821.021.321.822.223.124.626.427.326.628.631.234.036.743.245.746.945.7
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)90.088.087.085.083.081.079.077.076.074.072.0
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs (%)67.354.447.2
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)41.041.040.040.039.039.038.038.037.037.037.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)156174195218270297326380405427447475483486481446417386357
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)226239254277302327357387415439462485508530552569588599597581557541538562
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)82.083.083.085.081.084.079.074.070.073.072.070.073.071.069.071.068.071.022.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)67.970.576.782.788.595.7103.7111.9120.7174.2
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)44.241.823.634.21.0
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Education
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)65.861.3
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)58.651.3
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)73.072.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)145.5146.5145.9140.2139.0136.8130.1131.3124.0126.8127.2129.3133.0136.5140.0136.0133.4
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)147.0148.0147.4141.9140.9138.4131.1132.3125.4128.3128.0130.2132.9133.5136.8132.6129.6
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)144.0145.1144.4138.5137.1135.1129.0130.3122.5125.3126.3128.4133.1139.5143.3139.3137.2
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)43.439.537.634.534.233.131.831.228.929.227.327.530.029.931.030.236.0
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)37.535.632.432.431.229.528.426.126.424.324.426.525.926.925.729.6
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)41.439.636.536.034.934.234.031.731.930.330.633.433.935.134.742.5
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)0.80.70.50.50.50.50.40.40.40.30.3
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)0.60.50.30.30.30.30.20.20.2
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)1.00.90.60.70.60.60.60.50.4
Mean years of schooling (years)4.34.34.34.34.33.43.02.72.52.1
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)96.996.592.896.497.096.898.8
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)31.229.529.028.026.726.324.324.323.224.327.228.331.430.3
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)32.631.128.728.627.826.125.323.123.121.221.623.124.025.225.2
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)33.333.030.729.928.927.927.725.725.324.425.428.529.634.132.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)61.469.274.176.179.380.778.478.163.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)70.441.741.542.143.238.538.559.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)13.611.67.57.57.57.57.37.67.05.96.3
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.0
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.90.90.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.7
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)0.60.60.50.50.6
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)1.01.01.01.00.90.5
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)9.19.08.78.68.58.18.27.77.87.88.08.48.48.28.4
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)9.19.18.78.78.58.18.27.87.97.98.08.28.28.08.2
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)9.08.98.68.58.48.08.17.77.87.87.98.68.68.48.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)2.52.32.12.12.02.01.91.81.81.71.71.81.91.82.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)2.32.22.02.01.91.81.71.61.61.51.51.61.61.51.8
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)2.62.42.22.22.12.12.12.02.01.91.92.12.22.12.6
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)49.150.952.842.059.935.936.133.832.836.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)47.751.653.641.757.434.936.032.331.033.8
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)50.650.252.142.162.637.036.335.534.738.6
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Statistics Division
National accounts
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)5.7
GDP per capita (US dollars)322.23364.38525.65471.21432.07382.68328.41304.9286.79280.18265.43296.52269.89281.45294.87304.29302.78294.08251.83219.44372.49339.26380.88336.52327.38286.84273.59278.87281.41313.07330.9326353.45362.85307.37295.28258.87222.04209.34192.82160.66171.31154.06125.8
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)20,35919,58018,22417,04616,42815,35014,18913,00011,84510,5279,7559,1528,4497,8377,5857,7317,5007,1356,9846,4425,7534,9505,4054,8135,0784,5204,1243,9173,6683,5193,4573,2032,9362,7242,5022,415
GNI per capita (US dollars)335.56315.45357.12517.82458.31423.54372.03322.54299.33159.37149.66143.17161.01264.88278.44290.4297.52298.7204.24236.01229.74370.64339.28401348.4293.12268.41250.95264.42268.15298.46298.8299.25329.75333.57294.51293.8250.69215.69213.57198161.02169.92152.82122.93
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)12.0
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)5,8215,6025,1075,6077,8856,7696,0695,1734,3543,9252,0321,8571,7311,8983,0443,1173,1603,1433,0652,0442,3182,2343,5943,2853,8513,2782,6592,3142,0352,0141,9322,0571,9901,9402,0862,0561,7631,7061,4111,1771,1301,018804.6825.7722.6565.9
Gross national saving - as % of GDP (%)4.14.04.12.83.826.320.515.423.911.2
Real GDP growth rate (%)6.50.06.3-0.64.96.98.37.69.64.73.35.77.2-5.01.61.22.43.89.79.0-11.610.8-7.97.84.84.13.3-1.02.04.73.94.21.4-10.89.43.38.34.36.25.57.42.310.214.4
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)28.529.625.022.817.521.418.920.016.816.917.719.214.316.415.016.819.213.09.319.319.010.114.315.315.210.814.114.713.814.617.212.513.615.414.914.413.918.018.217.416.816.512.312.512.9
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)8.311.110.69.09.112.412.312.210.912.712.210.210.210.910.19.310.012.112.115.119.611.213.110.411.210.811.212.413.712.410.811.311.912.313.313.611.69.49.79.79.89.28.79.610.6
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)22.923.819.79.916.213.424.511.920.319.416.916.915.920.319.720.117.715.415.216.116.416.722.324.623.320.920.317.716.418.317.918.720.020.630.142.752.233.535.745.837.130.432.726.835.4
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)99.394.391.397.697.593.189.090.288.790.485.784.485.177.079.785.476.581.981.370.967.383.179.377.676.181.577.670.068.972.867.976.073.171.571.268.161.665.266.867.768.172.874.675.670.7
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-54.5-58.8-46.5-39.2-40.3-40.2-44.7-34.3-36.7-39.3-32.6-30.7-26.0-22.7-21.9-26.9-23.3-21.2-16.8-23.7-25.3-18.6-24.9-23.5-22.5-20.0-21.0-16.7-15.7-18.6-16.6-17.7-18.1-19.6-24.1-26.4-25.6-21.5-24.2-28.5-24.2-23.4-20.8-19.6-21.9
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)28.331.331.932.832.330.634.437.138.738.940.941.041.439.537.334.336.431.926.450.139.844.946.048.647.345.249.450.051.552.049.846.849.454.752.257.654.352.755.255.968.069.669.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)26.156.554.9
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)14.016.716.416.517.320.118.216.817.419.317.718.219.519.920.220.021.321.924.325.533.528.630.629.529.931.530.628.127.926.529.731.834.125.929.024.426.427.425.224.619.317.418.1
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)16.631.932.7
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)7.810.910.711.212.615.513.811.612.614.513.113.414.915.415.715.716.518.220.117.623.820.221.820.724.024.424.821.621.917.218.820.419.916.114.913.715.216.014.814.410.39.410.7
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)9.418.418.3
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)57.752.051.750.750.349.447.446.143.941.841.440.839.140.642.545.742.446.149.324.326.726.523.421.922.823.320.121.820.621.620.521.416.519.418.818.119.320.019.619.512.713.012.7
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)57.3111.6112.4
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator201520142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
All items (index)780.52640.52517.48403.4332.58309.03287.71265.38244.1226.1198.5172154.3140.8122.710077.1653.341.0737.6327.3214.9211.089.027.326.776.055.384.023.212.822.542.121.871.711.52
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)21.923.828.321.37.67.48.48.78.013.915.411.59.614.822.729.644.829.89.137.783.234.722.823.28.211.912.533.825.114.210.619.813.89.512.019.2
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator2014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,4091,4091,6781,7161,6521,5201,3681,3451,3121,2551,1361,1111,0611,0411,006970.5922.6837.5800.5812.2791.5695.1665621
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)8
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)48.3811.611215245248271.7283.1
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)2,618
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)3,8653,6493,5313,5763,4223,1362,7702,6961,3211,2641,1631,1201,0721,026970941889799786796771772747700
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)2,640
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)4,1083,8463,7243,9673,8433,5603,2023,1331,5441,4751,3351,3061,2501,2261,1841,1491,086987940953921793766718
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
African Union Commission
Tourism
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)106.090.096.092.090.091.086.079.085.0
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)36.033.035.036.045.046.043.043.045.0
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)795.0770.0767.0746.0755.0742.0735.0638.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)20.920.959.439.642.33.61.81.71.71.6
Total contribution to employment (%)6.26.16.16.26.26.16.55.76.65.65.83.53.34.56.66.24.22.62.72.42.43.21.61.61.81.92.11.3
Total contribution to GDP (%)7.27.17.17.17.27.58.07.17.76.97.14.33.95.47.87.44.93.13.12.82.83.71.91.82.12.22.51.5
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator2010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
Paved Road (% of total) (%)45.026.025.023.023.0
Total length of railways (kilometre)797710710710710710710710710710789789789789789789789789789789789789789789789789
Data Source
International Road Federation
World Bank
Information society
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)0.380.211.431.121.010.760.791.280.98
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)5.85.14.43.32.31.10.71.00.4
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)35.333.532.329.225.620.817.110.77.74.73.31.81.10.70.50.4
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)317.2224.2273.1197.0470.6209.8213.6139.2268.4126.5115.7145.7180.987.0118.8102.7
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)155.4164.2178.995.8165.1148.4158.4136.680.896.191.780.863.0128.330.628.4
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)498.9641.9565.2639.9573.2587.1760.5593.2423.8409.5264.6204.8246.1232.2262.2226.4
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)62.164.291.830.390.097.862.875.235.858.296.258.948.916.921.412.0
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)452.7431.2536.8480.7405.3342.2320.0396.2469.2416.9267.0288.1276.7245.7245.6314.5228.7238.5283.0295.3232.7185.2199.9165.8140.4120.597.779.871.459.6
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)2,1604,0263,6243,5494,2763,1993,5642,6372,6062,0011,5001,4011,5301,1621,3481,138
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)673.5515.3781.3623.5474.7491.5546.1735.4703.0575.4507.0419.6295.5258.4294.1270.5311.3304.2359.2439.0399.0338.2234.8206.4253.1187.7140.2128.9108.199.1
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)4,6238,3238,5347,0217,2836,5196,0656,6114,1343,6203,4962,7902,3572,0851,6861,596
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Deposit rate (%) (%)13.218.411.14.13.63.53.56.011.010.9
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)424.90364.41249.11156.52150.49141.17140.52139.96136.01118.42108.9097.4376.6972.2059.54
Interest rate - Lending (%)44.346.032.323.824.625.325.327.732.333.1
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator20142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995
Debt service ratio (ratio)4.23.22.01.41.72.93.13.88.9
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)15.821.420.010.114.812.617.416.918.315.914.716.411.024.326.125.825.413.121.932.2
Data Source
World Bank
Balance of payments
Indicator20162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.60.60.40.50.70.40.40.22.50.40.30.2
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)-6.1-5.4-5.8-5.6-6.1-6.6-5.7-6.7-6.7-6.7-6.7-6.7
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-1,077.8-1,263.9-744.7-1,136.7-969.3-481.6-664.1-418.0-306.6-506.7-379.0-249.0-200.7-60.0-73.5
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-318.9-274.6306.9-402.1252.9-253.9-198.281.923.734.894.618.4156.7-221.5-23.9
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-822.8-927.5-78.1-1,080.5-6.3-326.8-423.6-145.32,198-108.6-16.0-72.1-44.0-281.4-97.4
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)49.1195.4124.435.6139.7107.865.916.741.439.6
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)1,1671,1651,1501,029977.4780.3655.1614.4645.1475.6442.7419.0357.7
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)49.849.642.3-1.318.613.6
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)-0.6-0.5-0.5-1.8-1.10.41.61.82.54.00.1-0.1
Primary income - US dollars (millions)-299.4-266.3-41.9-377.6-190.5-122.2-148.1-79.2-73.1-80.0-100.9-88.3-38.5-30.4-17.3
Secondary income - US dollars (millions)606.0592.4469.8518.8641.1468.6437.2321.8300.9274.0205.6132.0161.1142.5135.5
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-168.3-134.2-122.2-163.5-159.8-88.0-84.7-78.6-94.7-92.0-94.9-95.8-172.5-127.8-132.8
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-25.0
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-1,216.1-1,455.8-1,050.5-1,114.5-1,260.1-740.0-868.5-582.1-439.6-608.6-388.8-196.9-150.8-44.3-58.8
Workers remittances - US dollars (millions)26.023.116.413.513.010.012.017.514.221.917.713.60.40.10.3
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Economic Commission for Afirca
Environment
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)1,2061,2141,0561,148953.4953.4916.8975.4957.1883.7905.7905.7
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)0.080.080.070.080.070.070.070.08
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.100.110.100.120.110.120.120.130.130.130.130.130.140.120.120.110.120.140.120.130.120.12
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)10.2012.5012.7013.008.606.705.106.607.1012.1060.9075.4088.00101.70180.50184.30159.50181.30160.20156.80174.5061.8097.30
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)33.4
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)33.834.034.134.334.735.035.435.736.137.8
Land area covered by forest (%)34.436.237.941.4
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)18.316.515.015.015.015.015.0
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)