South Africa's flag    South Africa


Official language: English
Currency: South African Rand
Capital City: Pretoria
Area: 1221037km2
Subregional membership(s): Southern Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC), B5, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Mineral-rich countries


55.0M
2016

Mid-year population
349.8B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
43.9
2013

Under five mortality rate
99.7
2014

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator20162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)0.90.91.01.11.11.21.21.31.31.31.41.41.51.51.51.51.51.51.51.61.82.02.22.42.52.52.42.22.12.12.22.32.42.52.62.62.52.52.42.42.52.62.62.72.72.72.6
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)20.220.420.720.921.121.321.521.822.122.422.723.023.423.723.924.224.424.624.925.225.526.026.527.227.828.529.330.030.731.432.132.733.233.734.134.534.935.335.736.136.536.837.237.437.637.837.9
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)12.412.412.512.612.913.213.614.014.414.614.714.714.413.913.312.511.710.910.19.48.88.48.17.97.87.98.08.18.38.68.89.19.49.710.010.410.811.111.411.812.112.412.713.013.313.613.9
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)57.757.456.956.355.554.653.652.852.151.751.651.952.653.554.655.957.258.559.660.661.461.962.262.362.362.161.861.460.960.459.959.358.758.157.556.956.455.955.454.954.554.253.853.553.252.8
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)59.559.358.858.157.256.155.154.153.352.952.953.354.155.256.558.159.661.262.663.864.865.465.866.166.165.965.665.264.764.263.663.062.461.761.060.459.859.258.658.157.657.256.856.456.055.6
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)55.555.254.754.253.552.752.051.350.750.450.350.551.151.852.753.754.855.856.857.658.258.558.758.858.758.558.257.857.456.956.455.955.454.854.353.753.252.852.452.051.751.451.150.850.550.3
Mid-year population - Total (millions)55.054.554.053.452.852.251.651.050.349.749.048.447.747.046.345.644.944.243.642.942.241.440.639.638.637.736.836.035.234.533.733.032.231.430.629.829.128.427.727.026.425.725.024.423.723.122.5
Mid-year population - Female (%)50.450.550.550.550.650.650.650.750.750.750.850.850.859.860.060.260.360.460.560.560.660.660.660.760.860.961.161.261.261.361.461.461.550.250.250.250.250.250.250.250.250.250.2
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)27,92427,69327,44527,18126,90126,60726,30025,98125,65125,31124,96324,60924,24823,88123,51323,14922,79422,45222,12121,78521,42221,01820,56620,07619,56519,06318,58918,15217,74517,35816,97716,58816,19015,78815,38714,99414,61514,25113,90113,56013,22612,89412,56412,23611,91311,60111,302
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)27,05526,79726,52426,23625,93625,63125,32225,01124,69824,38324,06523,74423,41923,09022,76022,43022,10321,78121,46321,13720,78920,40919,99219,54419,08218,63018,20417,81317,45117,10516,75716,39516,01515,62215,22414,83514,46314,11013,77413,44913,12812,80512,47712,14911,82311,50611,201
Mid-year population - Urban (%)64.864.363.863.362.862.261.761.260.660.159.559.058.557.957.456.956.455.955.555.054.554.053.553.052.652.051.551.050.449.949.449.148.948.848.648.448.448.348.248.248.148.148.047.947.947.8
Net reproduction rate (per woman)1.01.11.2
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)15,90815,93315,93515,98516,04916,06015,97115,95315,87815,77915,71915,72815,73315,76415,79015,76115,65415,53415,38715,22515,06614,91814,84214,73914,61214,47114,32614,14013,96313,78513,58613,35213,13112,88212,61512,34412,08111,81711,55811,29911,03510,76110,50610,2499,9899,7299,466
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)7,9007,8867,8607,8337,8017,7607,7027,6697,6337,5967,5627,5267,5167,5047,4907,4747,4587,4677,4767,4777,4607,4207,3967,3477,2807,2067,1337,0396,9506,8626,7656,6526,5416,4176,2866,1536,0215,8885,7545,6215,4855,3485,2175,0864,9564,8254,691
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)8,0088,0468,0758,1518,2478,2998,2698,2848,2468,1848,1598,2028,2178,2598,2988,2858,1968,0677,9117,7497,6067,4977,4467,3927,3337,2657,1937,1027,0136,9236,8216,7006,5916,4656,3286,1916,0605,9295,8035,6785,5505,4135,2905,1635,0334,9044,775
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)36,25435,81535,32134,74834,13233,54833,04332,49431,99031,50530,98230,39329,78629,14928,51627,94227,45626,99126,56526,14025,66325,10424,35823,57022,77122,00421,29320,68020,11519,58919,08818,60418,06617,54317,03816,55416,09415,65315,23714,84514,46914,10813,70913,31912,94312,58712,261
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)18,12517,96517,78617,59417,39017,18116,97216,75216,52216,28316,03615,78615,50415,21614,92814,64414,36614,04213,72613,41213,09112,75212,35211,93611,51811,11310,73510,41110,1119,8309,5639,3069,0338,7698,5158,2728,0417,8197,6097,4117,2227,0396,8446,6546,4706,2986,141
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)18,13017,85017,53417,15316,74216,36816,07115,74215,46815,22114,94514,60714,28213,93313,58913,30013,08912,94912,83912,72712,57212,35212,00711,63411,25410,89010,55810,26910,0059,7599,5259,2989,0338,7748,5238,2828,0537,8347,6287,4337,2487,0696,8656,6666,4736,2906,120
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)2,8172,7432,7132,6852,6562,6302,6082,5452,4802,4102,3272,2322,1492,0591,9661,8761,7871,7081,6321,5571,4811,4051,3581,3111,2631,2181,1751,1451,1171,0891,0601,0271,007984.6958.8930.9902.0891.1879.3865.9849.7829.9825.3816.7804.6790.5775.4
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)1,9001,8421,7981,7541,7101,6661,6261,5601,4961,4311,3651,2971,2291,1611,0941,031969.6943.8919.4895.6871.2845.4818.6792.7767.7743.9721.5702.4684.3666.7648.8629.9616.2601.3585.4569.2552.9544.6536.6528.4519.0507.8502.9496.0487.5478.3469.3
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)917.3900.6915.2931.1947.5964.4981.8984.8984.3977.4961.2934.7919.8898.1872.3845.2817.8764.5712.3660.9610.0559.5539.4517.9495.6473.9453.4442.9432.8422.4410.7396.8391.1383.2373.3361.7349.1346.5342.7337.6330.8322.1322.3320.6317.1312.1306.1
Total fertility rate (per woman)2.32.32.42.42.42.42.52.52.52.62.62.72.72.82.82.82.92.92.93.03.03.13.23.33.43.53.73.83.94.14.24.34.44.54.64.74.84.95.05.15.25.35.35.45.55.55.6
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)10.022.5
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)4.03.5
Death rate associated with malaria per 100,000 population - Total (per 100000 population)2.0
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-49 years old - Total (%)18.918.818.618.518.418.418.318.218.118.0
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)33.634.435.336.837.138.241.146.648.650.051.552.854.154.754.554.0
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)140.0145.0152.0154.0148.0138.0126.0119.0107.0102.095.089.076.066.061.060.062.069.077.088.098.0108.0
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)276.0308.0224.0170.0
Men 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)23.2
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)11.0
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)97.097.097.097.097.097.097.097.0
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)5.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.0
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)8.711.6
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)66.079.078.074.078.064.062.064.063.057.062.065.069.072.075.079.082.076.076.076.085.085.085.079.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)5.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.35.55.65.25.15.05.0
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)93.093.092.092.092.091.091.090.090.089.089.0
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs (%)66.356.842.3
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)66.066.065.065.064.064.063.062.062.061.060.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)860892922948977977963883820746666509439379333289290299309
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)1,1261,1561,1441,1651,2161,2571,2641,2461,2091,1581,1011,042977913847775706655628635673730777797
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)77.077.053.068.073.071.070.069.065.067.068.061.063.057.072.068.061.058.078.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)43.944.947.553.263.469.372.976.979.674.3
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)25.320.0
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization
Education
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)94.393.793.192.992.988.7
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)93.192.692.191.791.887.0
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)95.595.094.394.194.190.7
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)99.798.597.696.396.396.997.798.798.299.6101.8102.7103.2102.9103.7111.3
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)97.396.596.997.499.3101.4103.2104.2102.7103.0104.3104.5104.3103.4103.4111.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)102.2100.598.395.393.692.993.093.994.296.599.6101.1102.1102.3104.1111.5
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)93.893.592.091.190.390.289.591.791.088.988.587.187.287.387.390.8
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)103.8103.7101.098.596.795.493.896.496.193.793.190.689.989.789.293.3
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)85.384.984.184.484.485.385.487.386.284.384.183.784.484.785.388.1
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)19.7
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)23.522.6
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)16.015.5
Mean years of schooling (years)9.99.99.99.79.68.98.88.26.54.9
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)89.690.290.890.090.290.2
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)65.664.162.861.159.158.359.3
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)68.967.766.564.863.262.663.8
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)59.458.458.458.457.758.059.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)32.332.032.932.632.733.632.733.233.131.435.535.435.338.934.935.9
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)25.127.729.230.232.930.829.829.727.428.129.3
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.91.01.01.01.01.01.0
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.11.01.01.11.01.01.01.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.21.31.2
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)1.4
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)1.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)7.06.96.86.76.76.86.86.96.97.07.17.27.27.27.37.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)6.86.86.86.87.07.17.27.37.27.27.37.37.37.37.37.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)7.27.06.96.76.66.56.56.66.66.87.07.17.27.27.47.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)4.74.74.64.64.54.54.54.64.64.54.54.44.44.54.54.6
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)5.25.25.14.94.84.84.74.84.84.74.74.64.54.54.54.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)4.34.24.24.24.24.34.34.44.34.34.34.34.24.44.44.5
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)1.21.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)1.41.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)1.01.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)77.078.780.157.5
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)79.182.384.356.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)75.075.376.158.6
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Statistics Division
National accounts
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)349.8
GDP per capita (US dollars)6,8537,5217,9757,2715,8045,6966,0255,5405,3314,7963,7312,4962,6663,0373,0893,1613,5553,4973,7533,4463,3903,4813,2883,1412,7542,7042,5702,0021,7912,4022,7832,5622,8652,8542,0331,6891,5051,3891,4831,4701,201899.8879.99818.5
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)723,518707,263685,220659,636633,638601,500576,709581,304552,490510,789469,265431,849401,983382,834363,706346,133324,933312,662307,714294,733277,499263,617250,036241,251241,024235,660227,979214,313198,718189,786186,002182,444167,643164,311155,307134,817
GNI per capita (US dollars)6,3086,6737,3177,7717,1165,6745,5185,8295,4365,2294,7053,6332,4352,5842,9673,0163,0893,4803,4233,6833,3863,3233,4053,2033,0252,6602,6142,4801,9141,7132,3092,6762,4602,7452,7391,9501,6181,4411,3321,4231,4201,163870.2851.61789.01
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)9.9
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)306,705340,462356,449386,629405,945367,344289,310277,827289,649266,501252,830224,279170,646112,693117,778133,188133,424134,611149,366144,494152,586137,331131,646131,599120,735111,28595,66192,00485,45764,57656,51274,35184,05975,29581,87579,65555,30644,78738,91435,10136,57635,55828,37120,65619,67817,755
Gross national saving - as % of GDP (%)15.114.914.415.117.018.018.017.615.615.7
Real GDP growth rate (%)1.52.22.23.23.0-1.53.25.45.65.34.63.03.72.74.22.40.52.74.33.13.21.2-2.1-1.0-0.32.44.22.10.0-1.25.1-1.9-0.45.46.63.83.0-0.12.31.76.14.61.74.3
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)31.331.029.730.428.627.935.631.229.326.525.526.931.829.427.224.725.024.024.122.121.521.820.721.123.525.928.229.329.630.424.724.025.627.534.334.231.429.326.926.827.224.624.621.321.2
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)20.320.320.020.020.219.918.717.818.219.519.219.118.818.518.418.618.919.319.218.119.819.619.018.718.617.717.818.317.517.116.815.115.413.713.013.813.813.113.612.911.411.112.112.911.9
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)20.420.120.119.119.520.723.221.020.218.318.517.116.315.716.417.018.017.718.019.217.715.216.819.019.422.821.217.821.022.125.527.226.534.131.427.426.729.830.432.330.026.726.531.028.6
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)60.660.660.559.459.059.560.061.561.962.061.960.660.862.963.163.463.663.362.662.762.261.562.661.961.458.359.058.256.956.056.957.456.354.450.853.755.256.957.157.053.355.759.059.658.8
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-33.1-33.3-31.0-29.6-27.4-27.5-37.2-32.5-31.0-26.7-25.6-24.5-28.0-25.4-24.3-22.2-23.9-22.9-22.6-21.5-19.3-17.3-16.8-17.0-18.2-20.7-21.9-19.7-21.1-21.9-22.9-20.4-26.0-29.4-26.6-25.0-24.9-24.5-28.1-29.2-27.7-22.1-22.2-25.4-24.6
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)2.42.52.63.03.23.02.62.73.13.43.73.53.33.63.84.04.23.94.64.23.84.64.65.45.85.65.05.24.84.45.76.46.26.06.77.06.77.78.77.37.77.87.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)2.44.94.6
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)29.729.930.230.431.429.729.430.330.330.732.532.431.931.432.432.933.634.935.035.636.438.340.040.541.341.443.643.443.044.644.145.548.145.442.340.741.641.340.639.938.036.838.4
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)28.959.259.7
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)13.113.314.415.016.016.116.418.118.619.019.419.319.218.719.620.120.421.421.121.322.023.023.723.623.022.522.021.923.123.623.824.121.821.921.121.323.122.821.021.721.522.223.0
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)13.226.826.3
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)67.967.667.266.665.567.468.067.166.765.963.864.164.865.163.963.162.261.360.460.359.857.255.454.152.953.051.451.552.251.050.248.145.748.651.052.351.651.050.852.954.455.554.4
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)68.7135.9135.6
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator201520142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
All items (index)115.31110.26103.9598.393.0388.6184.9979.3371.1366.463.4461.3960.5357.1752.3849.5847.0644.7741.8538.5435.933.0230.3227.6624.2621.0318.4116.0514.2212.2510.328.887.967.096.195.36
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)4.66.15.85.75.04.37.111.57.14.73.31.45.99.25.65.45.17.08.67.48.78.99.614.015.314.314.712.816.118.716.211.512.214.515.614.2
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator2014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)196,066197,094204,541202,827194,685201,994208,875199,249193,194197,496190,608176,413166,933162,516157,299158,651154,554148,602143,172135,167134,205159,800160,100152,650
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)262,952
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)486,565467,169491,197461,763446,768449,499460,770442,195217,830
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)7,858
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)11,89812,06912,87710,1588,3368,0077,75511,6904,0084,4523,5094,0953,6483,9343,3164,0164,7003,5391,8032,5911,491752600600
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)286,710
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)539,801516,156542,123505,448490,001494,855502,471484,848244,922244,607234,229217,712210,100210,670203,012205,375210,052200,266187,825182,452174,581167,956168,316165,385
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
African Union Commission
Tourism
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)6,3146,4917,1458,3978,1396,4216,9056,1045,230
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)10,48410,46811,20210,70610,3098,6849,17810,2269,211
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)9,5499,5379,1888,3398,0747,0129,5929,0918,396
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)60.160.059.759.459.663.867.770.964.867.768.452.352.351.952.854.252.349.847.246.4
Total contribution to employment (%)9.910.09.810.09.59.59.79.910.210.19.48.88.98.97.97.27.67.67.06.25.24.64.34.34.74.64.64.8
Total contribution to GDP (%)9.49.59.39.18.68.99.39.39.79.79.08.48.48.47.67.07.06.96.86.45.45.04.24.34.24.23.73.6
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator20142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
Paved Road (% of total) (%)17.3
Total length of railways (kilometre)20,50020,50020,50020,50022,05122,05124,48724,48720,04720,04720,24720,04122,65722,65722,65720,07020,18920,18920,31920,31922,62122,23321,63521,63521,61721,24423,50723,60723,79023,82123,72023,66423,58123,59623,596
Data Source
International Road Federation
World Bank
Information society
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)6.867.349.259.349.459.579.79.849.99
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)49.046.541.034.024.010.08.48.17.6
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)159.3149.2145.6130.6123.297.991.389.585.381.170.443.836.029.723.718.6
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)6,3597,6277,3816,7647,0736,3604,1184,1133,1912,8793,0682,6682,3811,8911,8021,730
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)3,6914,5965,0625,4304,9893,8272,8673,1762,8282,1191,7461,6191,180920.2772.9910.1
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)1,3391,5181,6031,5101,5311,5091,1331,078967.8805.2852.1787.7670.1482.1475.6431.7
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)589.9724.6793.4829.3825.5734.9667.5559.3532.9391.7327.0318.6224.3159.8151.1147.0
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)26,70726,36231,02729,22127,85325,30824,22223,44023,27923,54922,19121,87121,21918,38516,29317,16318,50817,67320,65825,52518,25812,7729,9047,8508,7898,6886,0644,1083,4833,344
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)139,258272,266286,157297,346324,703256,598169,405228,713197,837163,379145,608126,67399,75375,85281,25382,579
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)26,69629,24232,99830,18230,54623,36319,99119,73818,82918,39918,49818,72315,27712,99211,31915,95515,81318,40722,92519,5988,9897,6156,2707,2858,2937,8565,1633,9484,3643,843
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)159,182321,750333,241335,443329,827262,733201,586276,826248,195215,653172,370148,672108,57781,70879,43883,236
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Deposit rate (%) (%)6.25.85.25.45.76.58.511.69.27.16.0
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)12.7610.859.668.217.267.328.478.267.056.776.366.467.5610.548.616.94
Interest rate - Central bank (%)6.35.85.05.05.55.57.011.511.09.07.0
Interest rate - Lending (%)9.49.18.58.89.09.811.715.113.211.210.6
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator20142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995
Debt service ratio (ratio)8.67.57.84.85.76.06.94.28.7
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)0.30.40.30.30.30.40.40.30.30.30.30.40.50.40.40.40.40.30.30.3
Data Source
World Bank
Balance of payments
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.10.00.0
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)-154.8-180.2-211.3-235.4-264.3-283.2-281.8-335.2-380.4-363.3-428.3-466.5-315.0-237.4-239.1-289.6
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-13,647.0-19,086.5-21,193.7-19,678.1-9,072.7-5,492.2-7,906.8-16,410.9-16,171.2-12,075.6-8,015.4-6,413.7-1,541.61,009342.6-190.6
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)2,7005,0517,698-1,090.1-12.5-2,046.8-6,494.96,615320.5-386.41,1395,2903,105-609.5823.5596.9
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-10,928.1-14,013.8-13,470.9-20,739.1-9,051.9-7,508.3-14,376.0-9,769.9-15,822.8-12,431.8-6,846.2-1,071.31,607384.81,166406.3
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)1,7725,7718,3004,5594,2433,6367,5029,2096,538311.56,647798.0733.71,5696,784887.3
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)145,384152,123163,510159,390179,565138,75183,649131,831106,92996,69380,27857,06135,88534,69543,451
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)5,3497,6696,6492,988-256.8-75.71,151-3,133.72,966
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)-4,867.4-4,652.4-5,967.9-10,055.9-4,360.3-9,772.9-11,622.014,303-10,242.4-19,627.4-4,807.4-6,358.8-723.4417.28,3021,864
Primary income - US dollars (millions)-7,801.3-9,335.7-9,616.3-10,796.0-10,788.3-7,995.9-6,699.8-9,131.8-9,843.7-5,158.2-4,929.0-4,317.8-4,592.3-2,796.6-3,786.7-3,184.4
Secondary income - US dollars (millions)-2,645.9-3,176.2-3,195.3-3,801.1-1,972.1-2,278.1-2,684.4-2,332.8-2,351.1-2,362.4-2,453.1-1,685.6-995.9-556.4-738.5-926.5
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-477.4-204.7-1,239.2-1,274.6-3,519.9-3,528.5-2,196.7-3,013.8-1,406.0-1,085.5-322.3-128.9616.0-393.8-397.0-804.6
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-53.8
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-2,722.4-6,369.9-7,142.9-3,806.57,2088,3103,674-1,932.4-2,570.4-3,469.5-311.0-281.53,4314,7565,2654,725
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Economic Commission for Afirca
Environment
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)477,242454,950477,806469,090440,990422,446391,819424,774380,811347,687362,743368,611
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)9.268.969.559.519.068.808.288.38
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.750.740.800.780.750.760.740.850.800.750.810.840.890.910.910.900.930.910.900.870.920.88
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)426.40575.40667.30773.20730.10778.00576.40552.60716.10872.10929.60848.80723.60815.30975.101,020953.70798.502,4973,3916,40610,3287,12518,726
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1000 population)223.0232.0240.0243.0233.0229.0243.0257.0245.0236.0251.0250.0260.0260.0266.0267.0272.0266.0265.0251.0263.0249.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)7.6
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)7.67.67.67.67.67.67.67.67.67.6
Land area covered by forest (%)7.67.67.67.6
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)