Tunisia's flag    Tunisia


Official language: Arabic,French
Currency: Tunisian Dinar
Capital City: Tunis
Area: 163610km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), Oil producing economies, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


11.5M
2017

Mid-year population
47.4B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
15.2
2013

Under five mortality rate
114.2
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator201720162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)1.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.01.00.90.80.80.80.80.91.01.21.31.51.61.82.02.12.22.22.22.32.42.52.62.82.82.92.82.72.52.42.32.32.32.22.22.22.22.2
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)17.617.918.118.218.218.117.817.617.217.016.716.616.516.616.717.017.317.818.319.019.720.521.422.423.524.726.027.228.329.430.431.332.132.933.634.334.935.636.236.737.237.838.439.039.740.441.2
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)6.66.66.66.66.56.46.36.26.16.05.95.85.85.75.65.65.55.55.55.55.55.55.65.75.96.16.36.56.76.97.07.27.47.78.08.48.99.49.910.511.111.712.413.113.814.715.5
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)75.275.074.874.774.674.674.674.674.574.574.474.274.173.973.673.473.272.972.672.371.971.571.070.570.069.468.868.267.667.066.465.865.264.563.862.962.061.060.058.957.956.855.754.653.552.351.2
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)77.677.477.377.277.177.177.077.077.077.076.976.876.676.476.276.075.875.575.274.974.574.173.673.072.471.771.070.369.668.968.367.667.066.265.364.363.262.161.059.958.857.856.755.754.653.452.3
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)72.972.772.572.472.472.372.372.372.372.272.172.071.871.671.471.170.970.670.369.969.669.268.868.367.967.366.866.365.765.264.764.263.663.062.461.760.960.059.058.057.055.954.753.652.451.250.1
Mid-year population - Total (millions)10.09.99.99.89.79.69.59.49.39.19.08.88.68.48.28.17.97.77.57.37.16.96.76.56.46.26.15.95.85.75.55.45.35.25.1
Mid-year population - Female (%)50.050.050.050.050.050.049.949.949.949.949.849.849.856.557.057.558.058.558.959.359.659.960.260.460.560.760.760.860.961.061.060.960.749.349.249.249.249.349.549.850.250.450.5
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)5,0224,9754,9304,8834,8334,7804,7234,6624,5964,5244,4464,3624,2734,1834,0934,0053,9173,8303,7403,6473,5503,4513,3523,2563,1673,0853,0102,9402,8742,8102,7492,6902,6342,5782,523
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)4,9964,9644,9354,9034,8664,8244,7764,7224,6604,5904,5114,4234,3304,2354,1394,0463,9543,8633,7703,6753,5783,4803,3823,2893,2013,1203,0452,9752,9082,8422,7782,7152,6542,5952,538
Mid-year population - Urban (%)66.866.666.566.366.165.965.865.665.465.365.164.964.664.263.863.463.062.762.361.961.561.160.459.658.858.057.156.355.554.753.853.052.451.851.250.650.049.448.848.247.646.846.045.144.343.5
Net reproduction rate (per woman)1.01.01.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)2,6242,6822,7462,8092,8642,9242,9743,0153,0503,0783,0963,1043,1013,0873,0623,0342,9992,9592,9172,8722,8312,7872,7442,7002,6572,6122,5732,5372,5022,4682,4342,3982,3622,3302,302
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)1,3061,2841,2671,2491,2331,2201,2121,2121,2151,2241,2381,2571,2811,3101,3421,3731,4011,4311,4561,4771,4941,5091,5171,5211,5201,5141,5021,4891,4711,4521,4321,4111,3911,3701,3481,3271,3061,2831,2631,2451,2281,2111,1941,1771,1601,1451,131
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)1,3661,3441,3261,3081,2911,2781,2701,2701,2741,2841,2981,3181,3431,3721,4051,4361,4631,4931,5181,5381,5551,5701,5791,5831,5811,5731,5591,5451,5281,5071,4851,4621,4401,4181,3961,3731,3521,3291,3101,2921,2751,2571,2401,2211,2021,1851,171
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)6,6636,5436,4236,3026,1826,0555,9305,8045,6715,5295,3795,2225,0644,9114,7704,6334,5054,3814,2554,1233,9903,8523,7143,5833,4623,3523,2503,1553,0642,9782,8922,8122,7362,6602,582
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)3,9623,9373,9033,8653,8223,7753,7253,6713,6133,5533,4903,4273,3653,3013,2363,1713,1073,0382,9702,9032,8342,7602,6852,6072,5282,4542,3852,3212,2602,2002,1382,0732,0071,9371,8681,8011,7391,6841,6321,5841,5391,4961,4541,4141,3771,3391,300
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)3,8583,8343,8013,7653,7263,6833,6363,5843,5283,4713,4123,3553,2993,2423,1863,1303,0753,0172,9592,9012,8382,7692,6942,6162,5352,4572,3842,3132,2452,1812,1172,0501,9831,9141,8461,7821,7231,6681,6181,5701,5251,4821,4391,3981,3591,3211,282
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)795.3730.6713.7695.2675.1653.0625.2595.6565.1535.2507.0481.1458.7438.7419.8401.3383.5366.7351.6338.2326.1307.7291.2276.2262.1249.1240.8232.3223.6215.2207.0200.9195.0189.0182.7176.2
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)487.5471.4457.7447.2439.3432.5425.9417.9410.3402.9395.3387.3375.9363.9351.5338.7325.5311.3296.8282.2268.3255.4243.9233.8224.4215.1205.5195.5186.0177.4169.8162.9152.7143.7135.7128.7122.4118.7114.9111.0107.4103.9101.499.196.894.491.7
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)395.3382.9375.6371.9370.8370.5369.3368.1366.5364.3361.9359.1354.7349.7343.7336.5327.5313.9298.9282.9266.9251.6237.2224.9214.3204.7195.7188.0180.7174.2168.4163.2155.0147.5140.4133.5126.6122.1117.4112.6107.8103.299.595.992.288.384.5
Total fertility rate (per woman)2.12.12.12.22.12.12.12.12.02.02.02.02.02.02.12.12.12.22.32.42.52.62.82.93.13.33.53.73.94.14.34.44.64.84.95.15.25.45.65.75.96.06.26.36.56.66.7
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)1.82.22.60.82.7
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)27.230.023.719.722.814.8
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-49 years old - Total (%)0.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.1
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)12.112.613.113.614.214.915.716.617.518.519.620.722.023.324.726.3
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)62.063.064.064.066.067.068.069.071.072.074.076.078.081.083.084.087.091.0101.099.0112.0114.0118.0120.0125.0131.0
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)8.0
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)84.084.084.084.084.084.084.084.0
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)5.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.0
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)2.33.33.5
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)94.096.096.097.098.098.098.098.096.095.090.094.092.095.090.094.092.092.091.091.092.094.094.093.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)5.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.0
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)98.098.097.097.096.096.095.095.094.094.093.0
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs (%)67.363.469.8
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)92.092.091.090.090.089.088.088.087.086.086.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)32312928262524232324242627293031313030
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)737169666461585655545455575961646770727272716968
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)89.078.085.083.086.089.091.090.090.091.092.090.091.091.091.089.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)15.215.816.517.418.319.420.521.723.030.8
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)19.7
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization
Education
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)81.879.779.177.677.274.3
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)74.271.771.171.068.565.4
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)89.687.887.486.486.183.4
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)114.2113.1111.3109.9107.7107.2105.5104.9106.0109.8111.7112.7113.8114.5115.1114.9114.5
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)112.5111.4109.5108.4106.0105.4103.6102.7103.6107.4109.3110.3111.2111.8112.1111.4110.8
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)115.8114.7113.0111.3109.4109.0107.3107.0108.2112.1114.0115.1116.2117.2117.9118.2118.0
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)88.287.690.192.190.490.892.590.787.084.881.777.678.176.674.672.4
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)94.293.593.995.890.688.379.878.977.876.072.3
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)90.087.687.889.483.581.475.477.275.473.372.4
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)35.235.236.134.633.531.131.030.028.426.022.721.218.816.7
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)43.142.143.043.142.641.840.038.838.035.133.930.325.222.719.616.5
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)26.326.427.626.827.828.027.526.727.128.626.124.721.520.818.917.3
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)97.394.988.690.6
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)98.595.789.590.6
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)96.294.287.690.6
Mean years of schooling (years)6.86.86.86.76.65.84.94.13.42.6
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)98.798.999.899.198.898.297.397.497.497.497.497.496.696.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)16.517.417.217.417.117.017.318.219.120.020.621.521.922.723.223.9
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)13.613.313.915.216.216.917.217.620.118.819.018.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)14.514.816.016.817.518.419.219.020.119.620.621.119.920.219.218.8
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.90.90.90.90.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.01.01.00.91.01.01.01.01.00.80.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)1.51.41.51.41.41.41.3
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)6.86.76.66.56.46.36.36.36.56.66.76.86.86.96.96.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)6.76.66.56.46.36.26.16.26.46.56.66.66.76.76.76.6
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)6.96.86.76.66.56.46.46.46.76.86.86.97.07.07.17.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)6.16.36.46.36.46.56.46.15.95.75.45.55.45.25.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)2.12.32.22.11.91.81.61.41.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)6.36.16.26.35.85.75.35.45.35.15.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)1.71.71.81.71.81.71.71.61.61.61.51.41.21.11.00.9
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)2.22.12.22.22.12.12.01.91.91.81.71.51.31.11.00.8
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)1.31.31.41.31.41.41.41.31.41.41.31.21.11.01.00.9
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)94.094.194.994.794.194.393.593.393.292.188.387.2
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)95.293.095.195.594.694.494.493.894.292.889.588.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)92.895.394.693.993.794.292.792.892.291.587.286.1
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
National accounts
Indicator20162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)47.4
GDP per capita (US dollars)4,1944,1414,2584,1404,1304,3103,7783,3713,1943,1132,7622,3462,2552,2142,3892,2952,2112,3232,1721,9161,8261,9781,6971,6421,3781,4081,3841,3181,2611,2371,2831,3261,4141,5071,2721,082948.47856.06840.84704.4554.67464.61357.68312.26
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)126,968124,711119,988115,246108,913108,797104,773100,84494,68186,79979,70574,25068,19963,39861,39657,25153,67049,86146,99343,70040,16438,32036,20834,51131,24029,03226,14724,53623,68921,64921,53419,74718,03616,57715,68413,594
GNI per capita (US dollars)1,3281,4141,3801,2871,2351,2531,3041,3471,4321,5241,2791,086945.1849.12844.75704.18550.89462.15354.57305.31
GNI per capita (US dollars)11,15011,09014,98514,46614,11613,69713,69613,32813,12012,23211,25610,47010,0869,2258,4278,2197,8577,7377,3066,9756,7616,3415,9275,6755,8165,2825,108
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)22.121.523.222.824.423.125.624.725.523.723.521.723.323.323.826.225.9
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)10,69511,13110,6169,6629,0468,9319,0409,0729,3709,7067,9356,5745,5904,9094,7753,8922,9782,4441,8341,545
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)127,182164,467166,927159,294153,627147,428145,674140,190136,549125,922114,741105,777101,07591,71583,14480,38776,18674,29069,43765,43862,56157,77053,05149,82050,02444,45442,038
Gross national saving - as % of GDP (%)13.112.514.114.416.115.720.821.921.721.321.620.720.820.620.621.522.0
Real GDP growth rate (%)0.82.32.43.9-1.93.03.14.56.35.74.06.05.51.74.94.36.05.05.47.22.43.22.27.83.97.13.51.64.9-2.05.75.74.7-0.55.57.46.66.53.47.97.28.1-0.717.810.0
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)48.547.148.548.549.545.055.751.146.044.942.239.540.842.839.738.038.539.137.940.140.236.235.336.138.940.637.431.026.828.330.331.733.037.036.534.827.726.426.027.731.623.322.721.519.7
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)19.518.818.218.016.616.616.116.616.716.916.917.217.216.616.716.316.416.316.116.916.916.916.617.217.017.917.217.618.417.717.117.517.115.315.015.816.916.815.715.113.715.715.116.217.5
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)20.821.624.523.125.624.325.523.723.521.723.323.323.826.225.924.624.924.523.122.922.827.127.024.025.022.119.221.724.627.929.627.129.329.927.227.228.528.328.425.923.919.721.019.919.6
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)69.369.166.766.462.962.061.461.661.761.862.362.962.761.260.661.161.661.562.264.263.263.363.063.764.964.362.962.064.060.564.563.763.762.662.861.663.864.863.463.461.967.465.266.267.8
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-56.9-56.6-58.0-56.0-54.7-48.0-58.7-53.0-47.9-45.3-44.7-42.9-44.6-46.7-42.9-39.9-41.5-41.4-39.1-43.7-42.9-42.9-41.6-40.6-45.3-44.4-36.5-32.1-33.2-34.2-40.8-39.4-42.5-44.6-41.4-39.4-36.4-35.7-33.2-32.1-31.4-25.5-23.7-23.4-23.7
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)9.18.39.210.010.010.910.29.210.511.811.812.412.710.511.713.815.315.714.811.910.714.511.514.413.912.212.913.414.013.314.715.717.518.418.618.820.317.815.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)10.318.918.518.817.816.222.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)30.333.330.929.228.828.028.229.429.428.928.629.228.529.629.628.629.429.430.134.433.531.232.634.731.531.231.132.031.429.627.427.026.326.427.021.220.219.919.5
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)27.857.959.761.262.162.259.5
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)18.319.218.017.417.017.317.718.318.418.318.518.418.919.619.318.418.318.618.520.219.917.618.417.713.713.012.713.613.613.212.612.212.010.511.510.310.59.38.8
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)16.632.633.033.634.635.536.2
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)60.558.459.960.861.361.161.661.460.159.459.758.458.859.958.757.655.354.955.153.755.754.355.950.854.656.756.154.654.657.157.957.456.255.354.460.059.562.365.3
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)62.0123.2121.8120.1120.2121.6118.2
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
World Bank
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator201520142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
All items (index)126.64120.78115.11108.79103.4899.9396.793.2889.486.8284.1182.1180.0878.467775.5873.5471.5669.4166.9964.5860.7957.6755.4352.5348.7845.842.5239.6836.6634.5332.1129.5727.1323.8721.92
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)4.94.95.85.13.63.33.74.33.03.22.42.52.11.91.92.82.83.13.63.76.25.44.05.57.76.57.77.28.26.27.68.69.013.78.910.0
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator2014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)14,72914,38613,23913,55112,78412,32111,98611,26110,1449,7129,2247,3927,0646,5526,2986,5477,0356,1645,9445,7025,2734,8234,4884,293
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)15,813
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)18,82818,63017,19916,72915,95015,09914,41613,667
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)54
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)120.08306.3108100157.8975.9598183.74145154165645464907247673940646510544
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)16,079
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)21,23020,69520,49718,97717,43616,67315,92115,03613,00712,45511,82911,28110,85410,0959,5268,6408,4867,8377,5896,9846,6106,1815,7435,534
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
African Union Commission
Tourism
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)770.0768.0673.0678.0611.0478.0555.0530.0498.0
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)3,0422,8632,9312,5293,4773,5243,9093,3732,999
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)6,0696,2695,9504,7856,9036,9017,0506,7626,550
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)120.0120.1121.0121.1120.8119.9119.2117.9115.9114.9113.1111.0107.2102.898.796.092.389.185.080.7
Total contribution to employment (%)11.514.113.414.213.015.916.617.217.618.017.516.115.015.817.717.416.015.715.914.814.214.112.111.69.311.313.316.3
Total contribution to GDP (%)12.615.415.015.714.117.718.419.219.620.019.517.916.817.719.919.518.017.617.916.716.015.813.613.010.512.715.018.3
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator20142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
Paved Road (% of total) (%)76.376.075.275.274.3
Total length of railways (kilometre)3,8352,1652,1652,1651,9912,2182,2182,2181,9091,9091,9091,9092,1632,2602,0001,8601,8201,8201,8601,9411,9412,2782,2702,2702,2702,2532,2532,2272,2112,2112,1862,1802,0512,047
Data Source
International Road Federation
World Bank
Information society
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)8.549.2910.111.3212.1312.1611.9212.3912.48
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)46.243.841.439.136.834.127.517.113.0
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)129.9128.5115.6118.1115.2104.593.282.876.372.256.537.619.55.94.01.3
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)872.4956.2891.11,093769.1758.6856.5687.3524.7538.3432.0342.9341.7314.0250.5
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)1,6821,8321,4921,8201,4511,1281,9121,529906.7829.6841.6686.1805.9665.7557.0
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)102.679.379.080.672.277.988.382.085.3119.555.169.652.658.245.2
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)121.0132.5151.1124.5137.0141.991.087.776.374.765.260.949.955.551.3
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)16,7565,8725,7385,5605,5175,4754,6573,7474,0193,6993,5272,9302,3952,1391,7601,7381,7971,8501,9812,5002,2311,7911,126929.2788.0855.6921.4422.1315.1217.4182.5
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)28,14751,18151,02253,54149,28043,33557,96045,49635,08331,48129,05424,08020,61719,84817,550
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)24,8288,4758,3507,9487,7017,9036,5816,1536,4315,1895,5134,3873,6893,0392,8902,7573,2213,1073,4203,7913,5262,8492,1381,8251,5291,4241,128681.8465.9344.8305.5
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)40,44572,79973,41271,84966,64657,28973,91557,29845,02239,52638,29132,81328,57128,58325,698
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1.961.701.621.561.411.431.351.231.281.331.301.251.291.421.441.37
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator2016201520142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995
Debt service ratio (ratio)12.98.711.811.511.510.510.57.912.315.613.715.414.615.514.422.1
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)2.01.62.42.11.31.20.90.91.31.21.21.11.01.71.11.10.71.00.70.4
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)60.657.251.646.847.743.139.240.542.044.848.052.454.166.467.467.665.9
Data Source
World Bank
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Balance of payments
Indicator20162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.30.10.40.20.10.20.10.20.10.10.10.10.10.10.0
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)373.9373.9345.6339.3331.9232.0241.6261.5196.8189.3156.7136.499.490.4
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-9.0-8.9-9.1-8.4-8.3-7.4-4.8-2.8-3.8-2.4-1.8-0.9-2.5-2.7-3.2-4.7-3.9
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-4,301.7-3,878.7-3,721.4-3,385.7-2,104.4-1,233.7-1,711.2-916.9-619.4-299.3-441.8-730.5-746.1-840.5-821.5
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)18.1101.474.688.695.267.4113.6-37.1-38.4-28.3-127.8-47.3-34.418.4-38.7
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-3,997.1-3,662.6-3,197.9-3,113.4-1,926.9-1,001.8-1,518.8-788.5-512.8-200.4-461.9-718.8-705.2-769.2-851.4
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)1,6882,7591,6163,308783.1639.1583.6820.8486.5779.2
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)31,27728,52526,19321,83216,84017,84416,23913,86111,51911,545
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)77.042.220.3
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)-71.9-80.015.443.825.988.639.0-30.0-64.8-12.1-24.1-14.0-6.314.620.4
Primary income - US dollars (millions)-1,390.0-1,820.0-1,720.9-1,978.6-1,924.5-2,010.6-2,267.0-1,766.4-1,389.2-1,478.6-1,140.8-956.4-884.6-850.0-941.9
Secondary income - US dollars (millions)2,3162,2502,1491,8991,9351,9511,9221,6191,4431,3121,3771,1701,031891.6825.1
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)1,3331,5261,8811,4402,3972,4622,5792,0621,7911,7701,5781,2671,1871,4611,488
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-13.9
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-6,561.5-5,835.5-6,030.6-4,746.7-4,512.0-3,636.0-3,945.2-2,831.6-2,464.0-1,903.2-2,255.2-2,211.2-2,079.9-2,343.1-2,193.1
Workers remittances - US dollars (millions)1,9441,8971,9021,6461,7181,7201,7201,4391,2971,1881,2621,097958.0815.8774.8
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Economic Commission for Afirca
Environment
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)25,64326,74324,78524,82624,11122,99222,66222,29921,24720,86220,81819,923
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)2.402.542.372.402.362.272.262.09
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.230.240.230.240.250.250.260.270.270.280.280.280.270.280.280.290.290.300.320.300.330.30
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)38.7039.3040.5043.6067.5059.2055.60100.50284.50355.50440.10552.50656.10625.60739.40974.701,1561,011811.60523.10814.50646.801,095742.20
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1000 population)87.088.086.092.092.095.095.0101.0101.0103.0104.0102.0104.0106.0102.0104.0107.0108.0103.0108.0105.0110.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)6.7
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)6.66.56.46.46.36.26.16.05.95.4
Land area covered by forest (%)6.55.95.44.1
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)