Tunisia's flag    Tunisia


Official language: Arabic,French
Currency: Tunisian Dinar
Capital City: Tunis
Area: 163610km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), Oil producing economies, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


11.5K
2017

Mid-year population
47.4B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
15.2
2013

Under five mortality rate
114.2
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.22.22.22.22.22.32.32.32.42.52.72.82.92.82.82.62.52.42.32.22.22.22.12.01.81.61.51.31.21.00.90.80.80.80.80.91.01.01.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.1
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)41.240.439.739.038.437.837.236.736.235.634.934.333.632.932.131.330.429.428.327.226.024.723.522.421.420.519.719.018.317.817.317.016.716.616.516.616.717.017.217.617.818.118.218.218.117.917.6
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)15.514.713.813.112.411.711.110.59.99.48.98.48.07.77.47.27.06.96.76.56.36.15.95.75.65.55.55.55.55.55.55.65.65.75.85.85.96.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.66.66.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)51.252.353.554.655.756.857.958.960.061.062.062.963.864.565.265.866.467.067.668.268.869.470.070.571.071.571.972.372.672.973.273.473.673.974.174.274.474.574.574.674.674.674.674.774.875.075.2
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)52.353.454.655.756.757.858.859.961.062.163.264.365.366.267.067.668.368.969.670.371.071.772.473.073.674.174.574.975.275.575.876.076.276.476.676.876.977.077.077.077.077.177.177.277.377.477.6
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)50.151.252.453.654.755.957.058.059.060.060.961.762.463.063.664.264.765.265.766.366.867.367.968.368.869.269.669.970.370.670.971.171.471.671.872.072.172.272.372.372.372.372.472.472.572.772.9
Mid-year population - Total (millions)5.15.25.35.45.55.75.85.96.16.26.46.56.76.97.17.37.57.77.98.18.28.48.68.89.09.19.39.49.59.69.79.89.99.910.010.110.210.310.410.510.610.810.911.011.111.311.411.5
Mid-year population - Female (%)50.550.450.249.849.549.349.249.249.249.360.760.961.061.060.960.860.760.760.560.460.259.959.659.358.958.558.057.557.056.549.849.849.849.949.949.949.950.050.050.050.050.050.0
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)2,5232,5782,6342,6902,7492,8102,8742,9403,0103,0853,1673,2563,3523,4513,5503,6473,7403,8303,9174,0054,0934,1834,2734,3624,4464,5244,5964,6624,7234,7804,8334,8834,9304,9755,0225,0715,1245,1805,2395,3005,3645,4305,4975,5665,6355,7035,7705,835
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)2,5382,5952,6542,7152,7782,8422,9082,9753,0453,1203,2013,2893,3823,4803,5783,6753,7703,8633,9544,0464,1394,2354,3304,4234,5114,5904,6604,7224,7764,8244,8664,9034,9354,9644,9965,0325,0725,1185,1695,2225,2765,3325,3895,4485,5095,5705,6335,697
Mid-year population - Urban (%)43.544.345.146.046.847.648.248.849.450.050.651.251.852.453.053.854.755.556.357.158.058.859.660.461.161.561.962.362.763.063.463.864.264.664.965.165.365.465.665.865.966.166.366.566.666.8
Net reproduction rate (per woman)1.01.01.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)2,3022,3302,3622,3982,4342,4682,5022,5372,5732,6122,6572,7002,7442,7872,8312,8722,9172,9592,9993,0343,0623,0873,1013,1043,0963,0783,0503,0152,9742,9242,8642,8092,7462,6822,6242,5752,5362,5072,4872,4792,4832,5022,5362,5812,6272,6712,7262,769
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)1,1311,1451,1601,1771,1941,2111,2281,2451,2631,2831,3061,3271,3481,3701,3911,4111,4321,4521,4711,4891,5021,5141,5201,5211,5171,5091,4941,4771,4561,4311,4011,3731,3421,3101,2811,2571,2381,2241,2151,2121,2121,2201,2331,2491,2671,2841,306
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)1,1711,1851,2021,2211,2401,2571,2751,2921,3101,3291,3521,3731,3961,4181,4401,4621,4851,5071,5281,5451,5591,5731,5811,5831,5791,5701,5551,5381,5181,4931,4631,4361,4051,3721,3431,3181,2981,2841,2741,2701,2701,2781,2911,3081,3261,3441,366
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,5822,6602,7362,8122,8922,9783,0643,1553,2503,3523,4623,5833,7143,8523,9904,1234,2554,3814,5054,6334,7704,9115,0645,2225,3795,5295,6715,8045,9306,0556,1826,3026,4236,5436,6636,7816,9037,0247,1437,2577,3627,4557,5387,6137,6817,7457,7907,841
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)1,3001,3391,3771,4141,4541,4961,5391,5841,6321,6841,7391,8011,8681,9372,0072,0732,1382,2002,2602,3212,3852,4542,5282,6072,6852,7602,8342,9032,9703,0383,1073,1713,2363,3013,3653,4273,4903,5533,6133,6713,7253,7753,8223,8653,9033,9373,962
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)1,2821,3211,3591,3981,4391,4821,5251,5701,6181,6681,7231,7821,8461,9141,9832,0502,1172,1812,2452,3132,3842,4572,5352,6162,6942,7692,8382,9012,9593,0173,0753,1303,1863,2423,2993,3553,4123,4713,5283,5843,6363,6833,7263,7653,8013,8343,858
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)176.2182.7189.0195.0200.9207.0215.2223.6232.3240.8249.1262.1276.2291.2307.7326.1338.2351.6366.7383.5401.3419.8438.7458.7481.1507.0535.2565.1595.6625.2653.0675.2695.3713.7730.6746.4757.3767.4777.0786.2795.3804.0811.9821.4836.0857.9728.2757.3
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)91.794.496.899.1101.4103.9107.4111.0114.9118.7122.4128.7135.7143.7152.7162.9169.8177.4186.0195.5205.5215.1224.4233.8243.9255.4268.3282.2296.8311.3325.5338.7351.5363.9375.9387.3395.3402.9410.3417.9425.9432.5439.3447.2457.7471.4487.5
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)84.588.392.295.999.5103.2107.8112.6117.4122.1126.6133.5140.4147.5155.0163.2168.4174.2180.7188.0195.7204.7214.3224.9237.2251.6266.9282.9298.9313.9327.5336.5343.7349.7354.7359.1361.9364.3366.5368.1369.3370.5370.8371.9375.6382.9395.3
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.76.66.56.36.26.05.95.75.65.45.25.14.94.84.64.44.34.13.93.73.53.33.12.92.82.62.52.42.32.22.12.12.12.02.02.02.02.02.02.12.12.12.12.22.12.12.1
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)2.70.82.62.21.8
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)14.822.819.723.730.027.2
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-49 years old - Total (%)0.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.1
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)26.324.723.322.020.719.618.517.516.615.714.914.213.613.112.612.1
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)131.0125.0120.0118.0114.0112.099.0101.091.087.084.083.081.078.076.074.072.071.069.068.067.066.064.064.063.062.0
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)8.0
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)84.084.084.084.084.084.084.084.0
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)5.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.0
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)3.53.32.3
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)93.094.094.092.091.091.092.092.094.090.095.092.094.090.095.096.098.098.098.098.097.096.096.094.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)5.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.05.0
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)93.094.094.095.095.096.096.097.097.098.098.0
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs (%)69.863.467.3
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)86.086.087.088.088.089.090.090.091.092.092.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)30303131302927262424232324252628293132
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)686971727272706764615957555454555658616466697173
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)89.091.091.091.090.092.091.090.090.091.089.086.083.085.078.089.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)30.823.021.720.519.418.317.416.515.815.2
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)19.7
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization
Education
Indicator1985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)74.377.277.679.179.781.8
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)65.468.571.071.171.774.2
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)83.486.186.487.487.889.6
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)114.5114.9115.1114.5113.8112.7111.7109.8106.0104.9105.5107.2107.7109.9111.3113.1114.2
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)110.8111.4112.1111.8111.2110.3109.3107.4103.6102.7103.6105.4106.0108.4109.5111.4112.5
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)118.0118.2117.9117.2116.2115.1114.0112.1108.2107.0107.3109.0109.4111.3113.0114.7115.8
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)72.474.676.678.177.681.784.887.090.792.590.890.492.190.187.688.2
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)72.376.077.878.979.888.390.695.893.993.594.2
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)72.473.375.477.275.481.483.589.487.887.690.0
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)16.718.821.222.726.028.430.031.031.133.534.636.135.235.2
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)16.519.622.725.230.333.935.138.038.840.041.842.643.143.042.143.1
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)17.318.920.821.524.726.128.627.126.727.528.027.826.827.626.426.3
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)90.688.694.997.3
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)90.689.595.798.5
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)90.687.694.296.2
Mean years of schooling (years)2.63.44.14.95.86.66.76.86.86.8
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)96.396.697.497.497.497.497.497.398.298.899.199.898.998.7
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)23.923.222.721.921.520.620.019.118.217.317.017.117.417.217.416.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)18.819.018.820.117.617.216.916.215.213.913.313.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)18.819.220.219.921.120.619.620.119.019.218.417.516.816.014.814.5
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.90.90.90.90.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.90.90.81.01.01.01.01.00.91.01.01.01.01.01.0
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)1.31.41.41.41.51.41.5
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)6.96.96.96.86.86.76.66.56.36.36.36.46.56.66.76.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)6.66.76.76.76.66.66.56.46.26.16.26.36.46.56.66.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)7.17.17.07.06.96.86.86.76.46.46.46.56.66.76.86.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)5.15.25.45.55.45.75.96.16.46.56.46.36.46.36.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)1.21.41.61.81.92.12.22.32.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)5.15.15.35.45.35.75.86.36.26.16.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.91.01.11.21.41.51.61.61.61.71.71.81.71.81.71.7
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.81.01.11.31.51.71.81.91.92.02.12.12.22.22.12.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.91.01.01.11.21.31.41.41.31.41.41.41.31.41.31.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)87.288.392.193.293.393.594.394.194.794.994.194.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)88.389.592.894.293.894.494.494.695.595.193.095.2
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)86.187.291.592.292.892.794.293.793.994.695.392.8
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
National accounts
Indicator19701971197219731974197519761977197819791980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)47.4
GDP per capita (US dollars)312.26357.68464.61554.67704.4840.84856.06948.471,0821,2721,5071,4141,3261,2831,2371,2611,3181,3841,4081,3781,6421,6971,9781,8261,9162,1722,3232,2112,2952,3892,2142,2552,3462,7623,1133,1943,3713,7784,3104,1304,1404,2584,1414,194
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)13,59415,68416,57718,03619,74721,53421,64923,68924,53626,14729,03231,24034,51136,20838,32040,16443,70046,99349,86153,67057,25161,39663,39868,19974,25079,70586,79994,681100,844104,773108,797108,913115,246119,988124,711126,968
GNI per capita (US dollars)305.31354.57462.15550.89704.18844.75849.12945.11,0861,2791,5241,4321,3471,3041,2531,2351,2871,3801,4141,328
GNI per capita (US dollars)5,1085,2825,8165,6755,9276,3416,7616,9757,3067,7377,8578,2198,4279,22510,08610,47011,25612,23213,12013,32813,69613,69714,11614,46614,98511,09011,150
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)25.926.223.823.323.321.723.523.725.524.725.623.124.422.823.221.522.1
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)1,5451,8342,4442,9783,8924,7754,9095,5906,5747,9359,7069,3709,0729,0408,9319,0469,66210,61611,13110,695
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)42,03844,45450,02449,82053,05157,77062,56165,43869,43774,29076,18680,38783,14491,715101,075105,777114,741125,922136,549140,190145,674147,428153,627159,294166,927164,467127,182
Gross national saving - as % of GDP (%)22.021.520.620.620.820.721.621.321.721.920.815.716.114.414.112.513.1
Real GDP growth rate (%)10.017.8-0.78.17.27.93.46.56.67.45.5-0.54.75.75.7-2.04.91.63.57.13.97.82.23.22.47.25.45.06.04.34.91.75.56.04.05.76.34.53.13.0-1.93.92.42.30.8
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)19.721.522.723.331.627.726.026.427.734.836.537.033.031.730.328.326.831.037.440.638.936.135.336.240.240.137.939.138.538.039.742.840.839.542.244.946.051.155.745.049.548.548.547.148.5
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)17.516.215.115.713.715.115.716.816.915.815.015.317.117.517.117.718.417.617.217.917.017.216.616.916.916.916.116.316.416.316.716.617.217.216.916.916.716.616.116.616.618.018.218.819.5
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)19.619.921.019.723.925.928.428.328.527.227.229.929.327.129.627.924.621.719.222.125.024.027.027.122.822.923.124.524.924.625.926.223.823.323.321.723.523.725.524.325.623.124.521.620.8
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)67.866.265.267.461.963.463.464.863.861.662.862.663.763.764.560.564.062.062.964.364.963.763.063.363.264.262.261.561.661.160.661.262.762.962.361.861.761.661.462.062.966.466.769.169.3
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-23.7-23.4-23.7-25.5-31.4-32.1-33.2-35.7-36.4-39.4-41.4-44.6-42.5-39.4-40.8-34.2-33.2-32.1-36.5-44.4-45.3-40.6-41.6-42.9-42.9-43.7-39.1-41.4-41.5-39.9-42.9-46.7-44.6-42.9-44.7-45.3-47.9-53.0-58.7-48.0-54.7-56.0-58.0-56.6-56.9
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)15.217.820.318.818.618.417.515.714.713.314.013.412.912.213.914.411.514.510.711.914.815.715.313.811.710.512.712.411.811.810.59.210.210.910.010.09.28.39.1
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)22.216.217.818.818.518.910.3
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)19.519.920.221.227.026.426.327.027.429.631.432.031.131.231.534.732.631.233.534.430.129.429.428.629.629.628.529.228.628.929.429.428.228.028.829.230.933.330.3
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)59.562.262.161.259.757.927.8
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)8.89.310.510.311.510.512.012.212.613.213.613.612.713.013.717.718.417.619.920.218.518.618.318.419.319.618.918.418.518.318.418.317.717.317.017.418.019.218.3
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)36.235.534.633.633.032.616.6
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)65.362.359.560.054.455.356.257.457.957.154.654.656.156.754.650.855.954.355.753.755.154.955.357.658.759.958.858.459.759.460.161.461.661.161.360.859.958.460.5
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)118.2121.6120.2120.1121.8123.262.0
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
World Bank
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All items (index)1,5761,094
All items (index)21.9223.8727.1329.5732.1134.5336.6639.6842.5245.848.7852.5355.4357.6760.7964.5866.9969.4171.5673.5475.587778.4680.0882.1184.1186.8289.493.2896.799.93103.48108.79115.11120.78126.64
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)44.537.9
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)10.08.913.79.08.67.66.28.27.27.76.57.75.54.05.46.23.73.63.12.82.81.91.92.12.52.43.23.04.33.73.33.65.15.84.94.9
Data Source
Country
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)23.923.222.721.921.520.620.019.118.217.317.017.117.417.217.416.5
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)11.511.511.511.511.522.822.822.822.822.827.627.626.726.728.131.331.3
Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector (%)22.724.124.624.925.026.527.7
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)19.7
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Inter-Parliamentary Union
United Nations Statistics Division
Tourism
Indicator1988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)498.0530.0555.0478.0611.0678.0673.0768.0770.0
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)2,9993,3733,9093,5243,4772,5292,9312,8633,042
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)6,5506,7627,0506,9016,9034,7855,9506,2696,069
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)80.785.089.192.396.098.7102.8107.2111.0113.1114.9115.9117.9119.2119.9120.8121.1121.0120.1120.0
Total contribution to employment (%)16.313.311.39.311.612.114.114.214.815.915.716.017.417.715.815.016.117.518.017.617.216.615.913.014.213.414.111.5
Total contribution to GDP (%)18.315.012.710.513.013.615.816.016.717.917.618.019.519.917.716.817.919.520.019.619.218.417.714.115.715.015.412.6
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
Paved Road (% of total) (%)74.375.275.276.076.3
Total length of railways (kilometre)2,0472,0512,1802,1862,2112,2112,2272,2532,2532,2702,2702,2702,2781,9411,9411,8601,8201,8201,8602,0002,2602,1631,9091,9091,9091,9092,2182,2182,2181,9912,1652,1652,1653,835
Data Source
International Road Federation
World Bank
Information society
Indicator2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)12.4812.3911.9212.1612.1311.3210.19.298.54
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)13.017.127.534.136.839.141.443.846.2
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)1.34.05.919.537.656.572.276.382.893.2104.5115.2118.1115.6128.5129.9
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator1970197119721973197419751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)250.5314.0341.7342.9432.0538.3524.7687.3856.5758.6769.11,093891.1956.2872.4
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)557.0665.7805.9686.1841.6829.6906.71,5291,9121,1281,4511,8201,4921,8321,682
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)45.258.252.669.655.1119.585.382.088.377.972.280.679.079.3102.6
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)51.355.549.960.965.274.776.387.791.0141.9137.0124.5151.1132.5121.0
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)182.5217.4315.1422.1921.4855.6788.0929.21,1261,7912,2312,5001,9811,8501,7971,7381,7602,1392,3952,9303,5273,6994,0193,7474,6575,4755,5175,5605,7385,87216,756
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)17,55019,84820,61724,08029,05431,48135,08345,49657,96043,33549,28053,54151,02251,18128,147
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)305.5344.8465.9681.81,1281,4241,5291,8252,1382,8493,5263,7913,4203,1073,2212,7572,8903,0393,6894,3875,5135,1896,4316,1536,5817,9037,7017,9488,3508,47524,828
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)25,69828,58328,57132,81338,29139,52645,02257,29873,91557,28966,64671,84973,41272,79940,445
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1.371.441.421.291.251.301.331.281.231.351.431.411.561.621.701.96
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator1995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Debt service ratio (ratio)22.114.415.514.615.413.715.612.37.910.510.511.511.511.88.712.9
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)0.40.71.00.71.11.11.71.01.11.21.21.30.90.91.21.32.12.41.62.0
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)65.967.667.466.454.152.448.044.842.040.539.243.147.746.851.657.260.6
Data Source
World Bank
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Balance of payments
Indicator19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)19,92320,81820,86221,24722,29922,66222,99224,11124,82624,78526,74325,643
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)2.092.262.272.362.402.372.542.40
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.300.330.300.320.300.290.290.280.280.270.280.280.280.270.270.260.250.250.240.230.240.23
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)742.201,095646.80814.50523.10811.601,0111,156974.70739.40625.60656.10552.50440.10355.50284.50100.5055.6059.2067.5043.6040.5039.3038.70
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1000 population)110.0105.0108.0103.0108.0107.0104.0102.0106.0104.0102.0104.0103.0101.0101.095.095.092.092.086.088.087.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)6.7
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)5.45.96.06.16.26.36.46.46.56.6
Land area covered by forest (%)4.15.45.96.5
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Environment