Uganda's flag    Uganda


Official language: English
Currency: Ugandan Shilling
Capital City: Kampala
Area: 241550km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, East African Community (EAC), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs


40.3M
2016

Mid-year population
27.5B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
66.1
2013

Under five mortality rate
109.9
2013

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator20162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.33.33.33.33.33.33.33.33.43.43.43.43.43.43.33.33.23.13.03.03.03.13.13.23.23.33.43.43.53.53.43.33.23.13.03.03.03.03.03.02.92.82.72.72.72.83.0
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)42.142.543.043.544.044.544.945.445.946.346.747.147.447.747.948.248.448.648.849.049.249.449.549.749.849.849.849.849.749.649.549.449.449.349.249.149.149.048.948.848.848.748.748.748.748.748.8
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)9.09.39.710.010.310.611.011.311.712.112.613.213.814.415.115.816.517.217.718.218.618.919.019.019.018.918.718.518.318.017.717.517.217.016.916.716.616.616.616.516.516.516.616.616.716.816.9
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)59.258.557.857.156.555.955.254.553.752.851.850.849.748.547.546.545.644.944.444.043.843.844.044.244.645.145.646.146.647.247.748.148.548.849.049.249.349.349.449.449.349.349.249.249.048.8
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)61.160.359.458.657.857.156.355.554.653.752.751.650.549.548.547.646.846.245.845.545.545.645.946.346.747.347.848.348.849.349.850.150.450.650.850.950.950.950.950.950.950.850.850.750.550.4
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)57.356.756.255.755.254.754.153.552.851.950.949.848.747.546.445.344.443.643.042.542.242.142.142.342.643.043.444.044.645.245.746.246.747.147.447.647.747.847.947.947.947.847.847.747.547.4
Mid-year population - Total (millions)40.339.037.836.635.434.333.132.131.030.029.028.027.126.225.424.523.823.022.321.721.020.419.819.218.618.017.416.816.215.715.114.614.213.713.312.912.512.211.811.511.110.810.510.310.09.79.4
Mid-year population - Female (%)50.050.050.050.150.150.150.150.250.250.250.350.350.364.164.364.564.764.964.964.964.864.764.564.364.163.863.663.463.263.163.062.962.950.250.250.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.3
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)20,17019,52518,90218,29817,71517,14816,59616,06015,54015,03514,54514,07213,61313,16912,74212,33511,94911,58511,24210,91410,59510,2809,9679,6589,3519,0488,7508,4548,1637,8807,6097,3557,1196,8996,6936,4966,3066,1205,9405,7655,5995,4435,2965,1575,0234,8884,751
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)20,15319,50718,88118,27517,68617,11316,55316,00715,47514,95714,45513,97113,50213,04912,61412,20011,80911,44111,09510,76510,44610,1339,8249,5209,2218,9258,6358,3488,0657,7897,5257,2767,0456,8296,6256,4316,2426,0585,8785,7055,5405,3845,2385,0994,9664,8324,695
Mid-year population - Urban (%)16.115.815.415.114.814.514.213.913.613.313.012.812.512.312.212.112.011.911.811.811.711.611.511.411.311.110.710.39.99.59.28.88.58.27.87.57.47.37.27.17.07.06.96.86.76.7
Net reproduction rate (per woman)2.42.52.5
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)19,29318,77118,25917,74917,24216,73716,23315,74815,27014,79914,33013,85913,41012,96512,52812,10811,71011,34110,99110,65310,3139,9639,6499,3309,0078,6808,3528,0687,7847,5037,2286,9636,7416,5356,3396,1465,9505,7775,6045,4345,2685,1074,9684,8364,7054,5704,427
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)9,5679,3099,0568,8048,5548,3058,0587,8197,5837,3517,1206,8886,6676,4466,2306,0225,8245,6415,4685,3005,1314,9574,8024,6434,4824,3204,1574,0153,8743,7343,5983,4663,3563,2533,1553,0602,9632,8772,7912,7062,6242,5452,4762,4112,3462,2802,209
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)9,7269,4629,2038,9458,6888,4318,1757,9297,6877,4487,2096,9716,7446,5196,2986,0875,8865,6995,5235,3535,1825,0064,8484,6874,5244,3604,1954,0533,9103,7693,6313,4973,3863,2823,1843,0862,9872,9002,8132,7272,6432,5622,4922,4252,3592,2902,218
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)20,02819,29018,58017,90617,26716,65716,07715,50414,95414,42813,93013,46213,00012,56212,14911,76011,39711,05010,72710,42910,1529,8949,6049,3269,0618,8078,5658,2828,0087,7467,5027,2807,0466,8286,6266,4406,2686,0805,9025,7355,5795,4365,2895,1515,0214,8964,774
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)10,0429,6739,3208,9858,6678,3648,0757,7937,5227,2637,0176,7876,5596,3436,1395,9475,7675,5955,4355,2875,1495,0204,8724,7314,5954,4644,3394,1944,0533,9193,7933,6793,5603,4493,3473,2523,1643,0702,9802,8952,8162,7442,6692,6002,5342,4712,408
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)9,9869,6179,2608,9218,6008,2948,0027,7127,4327,1656,9136,6766,4416,2196,0105,8135,6305,4555,2925,1425,0034,8754,7324,5964,4674,3434,2264,0883,9553,8273,7093,6013,4863,3793,2803,1883,1033,0102,9222,8402,7632,6922,6192,5512,4872,4262,365
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)1,001971.5944.1917.7892.0866.1839.6814.9789.8764.9741.5720.5704.2691.0679.3666.5650.8636.2618.2597.7576.5555.8538.0520.8503.7486.2467.7451.7435.5419.4403.6388.4376.0364.2352.8341.5330.3320.9311.5302.3293.1283.8276.5269.1261.6253.8245.4
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)561.1542.6525.2508.9493.4478.3463.2448.8434.6420.9408.2396.9387.6380.1373.5366.3357.7349.1338.8327.2315.3303.8293.5283.7274.0264.3254.1245.0235.9226.9218.3210.1203.2196.8190.7184.8179.0173.8168.8163.9159.0154.1150.0146.0141.9137.7133.2
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)440.2428.8418.8408.8398.5387.7376.4366.1355.2344.1333.3323.6316.6310.9305.8300.2293.1287.1279.5270.6261.2252.0244.5237.1229.7221.9213.6206.7199.6192.5185.3178.3172.8167.3162.0156.7151.3147.0142.7138.4134.1129.7126.4123.1119.7116.1112.3
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.65.75.85.96.06.16.26.36.36.46.56.66.76.76.86.86.96.96.97.07.07.07.07.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.17.1
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)6.99.07.25.18.35.4
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)34.426.428.225.418.420.410.4
Death rate associated with malaria per 100,000 population - Total (per 100000 population)58.0
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-49 years old - Total (%)7.37.27.27.16.96.86.66.56.46.3
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)43.845.448.851.354.057.060.564.368.289.1
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)356.0372.0395.0408.0432.0451.0469.0481.0536.0558.0576.0601.0639.0658.0668.0678.0684.0692.0693.0692.0688.0687.0
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)686.0840.01,0081,240
Men 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)39.538.235.340.4
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)19.0
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)95.095.095.095.095.095.095.095.0
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)25.525.5
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)51.050.024.724.925.124.623.522.221.928.4
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)14.116.419.0
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)82.082.075.073.077.070.075.075.068.066.064.062.059.057.055.050.054.055.057.059.057.056.054.052.0
Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)42.832.810.00.0
Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs (%)64.559.661.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)25.525.325.024.824.825.125.324.823.722.325.327.228.429.130.029.426.425.525.024.4
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)79.079.077.076.074.073.071.069.068.066.065.0
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs (%)53.945.341.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)166179193209243262282326350375401452477501523561578593609
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)2432552733003323543874434865115455806096366666967277487617728048569371,088
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)77.073.068.064.067.072.068.073.070.068.060.056.063.061.062.040.033.044.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)66.168.973.978.483.188.594.7101.3108.5147.0
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)38.128.5
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
World Health Organization
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Education
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)73.970.273.271.468.1
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)66.962.064.662.158.9
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)80.979.182.681.478.3
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)109.9112.4120.3123.2122.4120.0121.2122.7129.4138.4138.0134.1132.1130.9
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)110.9113.3121.2123.9122.9120.2121.4122.2128.4136.9136.9131.6127.9124.9
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)108.9111.4119.3122.6122.0119.7121.0123.2130.4139.8139.1136.6136.2137.0
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)27.626.027.127.426.124.521.119.619.419.619.516.716.69.7
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)25.724.025.124.924.022.118.917.417.317.617.414.514.47.7
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)29.528.129.229.928.227.023.321.721.521.721.618.918.711.6
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)4.43.94.23.83.53.63.73.52.82.62.0
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)3.93.53.83.43.02.82.82.71.91.81.4
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)5.04.54.74.34.04.44.64.33.73.42.6
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)55.850.847.0
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)55.149.144.6
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)56.652.549.4
Mean years of schooling (years)5.45.45.45.45.44.43.93.42.82.3
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)91.590.988.191.3
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)22.321.520.718.616.515.115.415.916.013.913.5
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)22.221.220.418.316.214.614.815.415.413.012.6
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)23.522.922.219.817.716.316.617.017.115.114.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)45.647.848.649.349.949.649.149.950.152.452.754.359.457.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)21.325.419.118.119.018.518.819.118.517.617.9
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)24.522.631.530.123.621.224.922.915.416.618.3
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.0
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.72.80.50.5
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)0.80.80.80.80.8
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)0.91.00.91.01.01.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)7.98.18.89.09.08.88.99.09.510.210.19.89.79.2
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)8.08.28.89.19.08.88.98.99.410.010.09.69.48.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)7.88.18.79.08.98.88.99.09.610.310.210.010.09.6
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)1.71.61.71.71.61.51.31.21.21.21.21.01.0
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)6.66.56.66.76.36.25.65.55.55.35.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)1.81.81.81.91.81.71.51.41.41.41.31.21.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.10.10.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.20.20.20.20.20.10.10.10.10.10.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.30.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.1
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)24.831.837.831.925.522.235.340.538.2
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)24.531.937.530.425.420.932.039.737.9
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)25.231.738.133.425.723.438.841.238.4
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Statistics Division
National accounts
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)27.5
GDP per capita (US dollars)697.11689.6632.93593.89590.04577.71494.22415.38391.7340.37294.17287.79282.74280.88304.14330.24354.24338.91344.73303.9199.43199.26191.71244.51357.63419.25379.76351.45319.15320.49334.79312.17280.93254.88249.37271.28272.04260.24253.82226.79192.33168.75159.59148.43
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)79,88475,29870,60166,76963,88358,59453,76549,37643,85339,52935,82531,55129,02226,80424,65922,16620,55518,71817,83816,62814,96813,17412,12110,93810,4059,8938,9588,1047,2306,7796,5836,5766,5476,0045,2254,601
GNI per capita (US dollars)711.59682.43673.81621.55583.6579.78567.58485.01406.31381.1330.75287.04281.69275.33274300.99329.64353.56337.21341.71300.12196.39194.97186.87240.18351.99414.48376.55348.48315.2315.87329.34306.83277.84252.78247.97270.12271.14259.35253.24225.86190.8167.1156.52146.85
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)31.3
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)26,88624,95923,85321,29519,34618,59217,60314,54611,78310,6878,9687,5267,1436,7556,5106,9317,3637,6657,0956,9755,9403,7663,6213,3594,1755,9146,7265,9005,2744,6124,4744,5214,0863,5923,1723,0203,1923,1102,8892,7422,3791,9571,6691,5211,387
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.74.42.66.87.78.110.48.17.110.05.86.27.18.84.76.69.35.56.29.410.87.14.65.56.26.97.86.41.5-0.3-4.66.37.83.9-3.4-12.5-4.01.40.0-1.30.00.00.02.7
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)16.920.320.119.917.617.716.916.012.612.911.410.19.09.39.39.99.69.711.79.49.16.65.97.25.96.46.57.310.19.312.38.38.03.85.86.65.813.515.111.419.722.026.627.531.9
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)9.18.18.110.511.68.79.810.913.113.414.214.515.315.114.313.913.813.714.312.211.713.411.011.710.18.58.89.611.114.718.812.512.616.914.914.714.613.713.614.013.213.012.812.912.4
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)26.127.728.427.525.526.026.730.027.128.228.427.025.724.624.826.124.422.021.522.019.221.619.922.219.314.714.716.112.210.411.511.212.712.69.410.311.814.317.122.832.125.632.149.441.8
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)76.473.975.076.476.775.376.272.275.170.270.072.273.573.472.871.570.972.372.269.968.770.672.972.273.677.074.374.172.067.862.170.072.876.078.275.272.369.868.770.366.965.764.465.062.4
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-28.4-30.0-31.7-34.3-31.4-27.6-29.6-28.0-27.1-23.7-22.7-22.8-22.6-21.9-20.7-20.1-19.9-17.0-23.5-17.1-16.9-15.5-15.8-17.8-15.5-14.3-13.2-15.6-14.1-9.8-10.8-10.9-13.7-15.0-18.1-17.5-14.0-20.7-23.4-26.4-35.5-31.7-41.1-59.5-49.4
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)27.027.228.028.426.229.526.625.427.329.128.029.027.329.832.233.634.635.936.240.644.741.446.844.446.652.150.253.250.450.446.349.245.344.746.445.545.545.845.645.645.745.645.645.645.6
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)21.922.322.122.820.419.521.321.019.619.919.819.320.219.418.918.818.318.016.815.113.813.712.312.711.810.310.89.59.98.89.610.712.111.611.411.711.611.611.611.611.611.611.611.611.6
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)10.010.610.811.810.29.110.910.410.210.210.310.210.710.710.310.610.310.39.68.77.77.76.87.27.16.77.26.26.85.86.47.48.37.87.88.07.97.97.97.97.97.97.97.97.9
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)51.150.549.948.853.551.052.253.653.151.052.251.752.550.848.847.647.146.147.044.341.544.941.042.941.637.739.037.339.840.944.140.142.643.742.242.842.942.742.842.842.742.842.842.842.8
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator201520142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
All items (index)227.78215.32205.82196.44172.29145.17139.63123.48110.21103.996.9289.2486.0979.1979.4377.9375.3871.2870.6665.4260.4255.1153.7243.5226.1721.6614.96.462.420.770.320.160.140.050.030.01
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)5.84.64.814.018.74.013.112.06.17.28.63.78.7-0.31.93.45.80.98.08.39.62.623.466.320.845.4130.8166.7215.4143.8100.016.7150.0100.0100.099.2
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator2014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)2,0701,7661,7311,5211,3101,2801,102971.21,073825.41,058878.1906.4842.9701.3662705564487489473496504408
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)613
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)4,4554,3563,6383,3872,7992,2742,1302,340
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)2,393
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)4,3393,2393,2053,0902,6773,0982,8102,400
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)3,207
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)8,7777,8137,3157,6806,9306,6566,1685,0411,8811,9421,8021,7471,6191,5821,3831,2741,2581,1701,0971,0571,018895834774
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
African Union Commission
Tourism
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)376.0696.0642.0540.0464.0351.0315.0220.0196.0
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)811.01,3551,157977.0802.0683.0536.0402.0347.0
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)1,2661,2061,1971,151946.0807.0844.0642.0539.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)328.9261.019.417.83.93.7
Total contribution to employment (%)7.86.18.46.87.06.86.56.36.46.67.36.56.05.96.27.04.13.54.03.72.51.62.02.11.00.50.71.1
Total contribution to GDP (%)9.07.09.78.98.37.67.37.27.27.48.07.46.66.86.77.94.63.94.54.12.81.82.32.41.10.50.81.2
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator2010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
Paved Road (% of total) (%)23.0
Total length of railways (kilometre)2592592592611,2501,2411,2411,2411,2411,2321,2321,2321,2321,2321,2321,2321,2321,2321,2321,232
Data Source
International Road Federation
World Bank
Information society
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)0.840.730.871.320.960.710.530.540.36
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)17.716.214.713.012.59.87.93.72.5
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)50.452.448.145.047.537.728.626.913.76.84.64.22.91.51.10.5
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)1,028989.61,024842.6951.1717.9633.4735.0572.0462.0419.2318.4272.8245.3236.6209.8
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)405.4492.7369.8335.9448.4333.6329.3303.5277.6233.7212.1189.9144.8106.089.697.5
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)103.4108.8178.5125.589.6101.4103.7121.698.238.939.543.745.847.534.428.2
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)53.158.953.651.951.447.855.850.728.617.410.712.64.22.82.03.6
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)519.0501.0555.0587.0460.0409.0179.0142.0200.0152.0274.0271.0319.0436.0387.0399.0372.0349.0243.0345.0435.2348.0588.0364.0257.0315.0291.0283.0260.0282.0
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)4,2696,5067,0487,0556,4774,8564,7035,1734,0102,8872,4381,9611,5951,4021,3521,208
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)1,3421,4161,3161,1911,056875.0535.0505.0196.0288.0271.0887.0848.0307.0327.0344.0377.0377.0345.0293.0196.7253.8241.5172.2207.2213.3162.6162.0249.6172.1
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)11,05518,21917,45218,13216,89313,99312,74213,57810,4807,6726,1625,1664,1253,2013,6053,444
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Deposit rate (%) (%)12.810.811.816.213.07.79.810.79.39.18.8
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)3,2412,6002,5872,5052,5232,1782,0301,7201,7231,8311,7811,8101,9641,7981,7561,644
Interest rate - Lending (%)22.621.523.326.321.820.221.020.519.118.719.7
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator201420132012201120102009200820072006
Data Source
Balance of payments
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.10.10.10.00.0
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)-160.0-108.7-154.3-178.0-103.1-79.0-87.8-57.4-32.5-21.1-52.2-54.4-47.4-46.4-50.5-45.4
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-2,305.5-2,430.6-1,845.5-1,710.8-2,116.7-1,659.1-1,092.3-1,269.8-619.4-363.5-12.8-60.7-82.2-199.9-331.7-358.8
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)264.6510.2580.0554.5461.0497.6-258.190.6-22.3-11.8-450.4-298.9-150.9-141.4-18.640.6
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-1,876.6-1,767.4-1,136.9-1,088.3-1,592.3-1,112.5-1,305.5-1,132.7-573.23,238-399.0-295.7-172.1-277.8-295.1-248.5
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)1,1471,0961,205894.3543.9841.6728.9792.3644.3379.8295.4202.2184.6151.5180.8
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)9,9178,7717,6756,4705,5755,0314,1903,4612,6692,0241,6451,3491,147962.3807.1
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)228.7-51.914.5-3.1-259.3110.5-28.7-17.6-67.7-21.713.4-6.2-16.0-1.9
Primary income - US dollars (millions)-893.5-565.2-632.3-457.8-407.0-261.5-365.3-249.7-230.9-228.5-237.1-278.5-128.1-108.3-157.0-112.4
Secondary income - US dollars (millions)1,3861,2091,2081,5651,4241,3131,1471,2401,1081,1151,0371,002775.7741.4592.6499.0
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-553.7-699.1-275.8-367.3-656.0-499.0-365.8-425.3-314.4-222.5-82.7-116.4-104.4-270.4-259.1-245.6
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-14.1
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-2,244.2-2,374.8-2,145.4-2,451.1-2,477.6-2,211.7-1,508.7-1,835.1-1,182.0-1,027.9-729.7-667.6-625.3-562.6-508.2-499.8
Workers remittances - US dollars (millions)874.2692.5724.0762.6517.8518.0386.3399.8248.4226.1177.0170.8164.3130.644.4-69.5
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Economic Commission for Afirca
Environment
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)3,7993,5903,3773,1613,1282,6552,2851,8521,7091,6691,6211,533
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)0.110.110.110.100.100.090.080.06
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.070.070.070.070.070.070.070.060.060.060.060.060.060.060.050.050.050.050.050.060.060.06
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)0.000.100.100.300.000.000.000.006.5024.3028.6044.9037.7030.6024.6024.7024.6015.8014.3010.2021.0015.8014.9014.40
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)10.4
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)11.712.413.113.714.515.115.816.517.219.4
Land area covered by forest (%)15.217.419.624.1
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)