Cameroon's flag    Cameroon


Official language: English, French
Currency: CFA Franc
Capital City: Yaoundé
Area: 475650km2
Subregional membership(s): Central Africa, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa , Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Oil producing economies, Sub-Saharan Africa, Franc Zone, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)


23.9M
2016

Mid-year population
32.1B
2014

GDP at current prices, USD
94.5
2013

Under five mortality rate
117.1
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
Indicator20162015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.42.52.52.52.52.52.52.52.62.62.62.62.62.62.62.62.62.62.72.72.72.82.82.92.92.93.03.03.03.03.03.03.03.03.03.03.02.92.92.92.82.82.72.72.72.62.6
Crude birth rate (per 1000 population)35.736.236.737.237.738.238.639.139.439.840.140.440.640.840.941.141.241.441.641.842.142.542.943.343.844.244.745.145.445.846.046.246.346.346.246.145.945.745.645.445.345.245.245.245.145.145.0
Crude death rate (per 1000 population)11.011.211.511.712.012.312.612.913.113.413.613.813.914.014.014.014.013.913.813.713.713.713.713.713.813.914.014.114.214.414.614.714.915.115.315.615.816.116.416.717.117.417.818.218.619.019.3
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)56.055.555.154.654.253.753.352.952.552.251.951.751.751.751.852.052.252.552.853.053.353.453.653.653.753.653.553.453.353.152.952.652.352.051.651.250.850.349.849.348.848.247.747.246.646.1
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)57.156.756.255.755.254.854.353.853.453.152.852.652.652.652.853.053.353.654.054.354.654.855.055.155.255.255.155.054.854.654.454.253.953.653.252.852.351.951.450.950.349.849.248.748.147.5
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)54.854.453.953.553.152.752.351.951.651.351.050.950.850.850.850.951.151.351.551.751.952.052.152.252.252.152.051.951.751.651.351.150.850.550.149.749.348.848.347.847.246.746.245.745.244.7
Mid-year population - Total (millions)23.923.322.822.221.721.120.620.119.619.118.618.117.717.216.816.315.915.515.114.714.313.913.513.212.812.412.111.711.411.010.710.410.19.89.59.28.98.78.48.28.07.77.57.37.16.96.8
Mid-year population - Female (%)50.150.150.150.150.150.150.150.250.250.250.250.250.250.250.250.250.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.450.450.450.450.450.450.450.550.550.550.550.550.650.650.650.650.6
Mid-year population - Female (thousands)11,96111,67211,38811,10810,83310,56510,30210,0469,7969,5529,3149,0828,8558,6338,4158,2037,9947,7897,5887,3907,1947,0026,8116,6236,4376,2556,0755,8995,7265,5575,3925,2335,0784,9284,7844,6444,5104,3814,2574,1384,0243,9153,8093,7083,6113,5183,429
Mid-year population - Male (thousands)11,96411,67211,38511,10310,82610,55410,28810,0289,7749,5269,2839,0458,8138,5868,3648,1477,9347,7257,5217,3207,1236,9286,7366,5466,3596,1765,9955,8185,6445,4755,3095,1484,9934,8424,6974,5574,4224,2934,1684,0493,9353,8263,7203,6203,5233,4303,342
Mid-year population - Urban (%)54.453.853.352.752.151.550.950.349.749.148.547.947.346.746.145.544.944.443.843.242.642.041.440.840.239.739.138.537.937.136.235.434.533.632.831.931.130.329.528.727.325.824.322.921.620.3
Net reproduction rate (per woman)1.92.02.1
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)10,1289,9279,7389,5429,3429,1418,9398,7568,5778,3998,2198,0337,8717,7087,5437,3787,2127,0646,9156,7626,6016,4336,2756,1115,9405,7655,5865,4215,2555,0884,9194,7454,5914,4374,2854,1363,9913,8623,7373,6163,4953,3733,2673,1623,0592,9572,856
Population: 0-14 - Female (thousands)5,0294,9294,8354,7374,6374,5374,4374,3464,2574,1684,0793,9873,9073,8263,7453,6643,5813,5093,4353,3593,2803,1963,1183,0372,9522,8662,7772,6962,6132,5312,4472,3612,2852,2092,1342,0601,9881,9241,8621,8021,7421,6811,6291,5761,5251,4741,424
Population: 0-14 - Male (thousands)5,0994,9984,9034,8054,7054,6044,5024,4104,3204,2314,1404,0463,9643,8813,7983,7143,6303,5563,4803,4033,3223,2363,1573,0742,9882,8992,8092,7252,6412,5572,4722,3842,3062,2292,1522,0772,0031,9381,8751,8141,7531,6921,6391,5861,5341,4831,432
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)13,02812,66912,30211,95111,61611,29310,98310,66310,35110,0509,7639,4949,2078,9338,6708,4188,1767,9217,6767,4427,2227,0166,8016,5986,4086,2286,0585,8805,7105,5485,3975,2615,1144,9764,8484,7274,6134,4924,3774,2694,1704,0813,9843,8943,8123,7363,666
Population: 15-64 - Female (thousands)6,5156,3376,1555,9815,8155,6555,5025,3445,1905,0424,9004,7674,6264,4914,3614,2374,1183,9913,8703,7543,6453,5423,4353,3343,2393,1493,0642,9752,8902,8092,7332,6652,5912,5232,4592,3982,3412,2802,2232,1692,1202,0752,0261,9821,9401,9021,867
Population: 15-64 - Male (thousands)6,5136,3336,1475,9705,8015,6385,4825,3195,1615,0084,8634,7264,5814,4424,3094,1814,0593,9303,8063,6883,5773,4743,3663,2643,1693,0792,9942,9052,8202,7392,6642,5962,5232,4542,3892,3292,2722,2112,1542,1002,0512,0061,9581,9131,8721,8341,799
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)767.6748.3733.0717.4701.4685.1668.3655.5642.3628.7614.8600.6589.4577.9566.0553.3539.8529.0517.8506.1493.9481.1470.6459.9448.9437.5425.7415.9405.9395.6385.2374.7365.7356.6347.4337.9327.9319.8311.4302.9294.3285.4278.4271.3264.0256.5248.8
Population: 65+ - Female (thousands)416.4406.4398.0389.6381.1372.4363.6356.5349.4342.2334.8327.4321.2315.0308.6301.9294.8288.9282.8276.6270.1263.3257.6251.8245.9239.9233.6228.3222.9217.4211.8206.3201.4196.5191.6186.5181.2176.7172.2167.6162.9158.2154.3150.4146.4142.4138.2
Population: 65+ - Male (thousands)351.2342.0334.9327.8320.4312.7304.7298.9292.9286.6280.0273.2268.1262.9257.3251.4245.0240.1234.9229.5223.8217.8213.0208.1203.0197.6192.0187.6183.0178.2173.4168.4164.3160.1155.9151.4146.7143.0139.3135.4131.4127.2124.1120.9117.6114.1110.5
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.64.64.74.84.94.95.05.15.25.25.35.45.45.55.55.65.65.75.85.85.96.06.16.26.36.46.46.56.66.66.76.76.76.76.76.76.66.66.56.56.46.46.46.36.36.36.2
Data Source
United Nations Population Division
Health
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Condom use to overall contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)32.522.329.27.410.95.6
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old (%)23.429.226.025.619.316.1
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-49 years old - Total (%)4.84.94.95.05.15.15.25.25.35.3
Infant mortality rate (Per 1000 live births)57.158.660.462.464.466.268.870.873.175.377.880.383.186.289.391.9
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)609.0619.0632.0652.0696.0707.0710.0725.0723.0732.0742.0751.0750.0749.0751.0753.0749.0749.0743.0740.0732.0728.0
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100000 live births)1,1921,3521,4581,500
Men 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)33.534.0
Neo-natal mortality - Total (Per 1000 live births)26.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)15.116.615.1
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)85.085.085.085.085.085.085.085.0
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)9.99.9
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)20.721.512.113.515.116.918.921.023.132.3
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)15.116.615.1
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)83.082.076.079.074.080.074.073.068.064.061.053.051.049.046.047.043.039.046.038.032.037.048.056.0
Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)21.013.01.01.0
Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs (%)23.158.066.066.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)27.132.334.035.537.138.037.536.737.5
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)76.075.075.074.073.072.071.070.069.068.067.0
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs (%)40.835.832.7
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)46.046.045.045.045.045.044.044.044.044.043.0
Tuberculosis incidence rate per year per 100,000 population - Mid-point (number)235242251260282292303318321321317295276254230182159139123
Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000 population - Upper bound (number)472480492514537563587621652674706745774790793780742692632564490413341283
Tuberculosis treatment success rate under DOTS (%)79.079.078.077.075.074.074.074.071.062.075.075.060.059.053.044.0
Under five mortality rate (both sexes) (Per 1000 live births)94.597.3100.8104.4108.9112.9117.1121.3125.8151.2
Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)28.727.016.1
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Education
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)75.071.370.768.4
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)68.964.863.058.7
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)81.278.379.079.2
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)117.1113.6110.8105.9106.2103.9101.6101.399.3100.3102.298.098.098.183.181.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)110.7106.9103.498.498.496.393.993.690.591.494.290.190.591.176.573.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)123.5120.1118.1113.3113.9111.3109.3108.9108.0109.2110.1105.7105.3105.189.788.8
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)59.156.452.350.547.339.635.931.823.226.626.229.427.932.127.325.9
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)51.948.246.543.336.031.927.720.523.523.126.821.228.723.7
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)61.056.454.451.243.239.935.825.929.829.332.034.535.428.2
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)17.511.911.09.07.87.26.85.85.15.15.14.64.64.9
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)10.19.97.96.96.35.74.63.94.03.9
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)13.812.210.08.78.17.97.06.26.26.2
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)52.347.949.049.954.440.441.152.146.147.347.5
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)50.145.145.946.651.737.237.947.242.443.7
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)54.550.752.053.257.243.544.357.049.750.8
Mean years of schooling (years)6.05.95.75.55.25.14.84.23.52.8
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)98.197.295.494.593.592.993.394.395.396.598.198.398.999.0
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)69.969.166.364.262.461.357.457.656.8
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)40.137.536.2
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)46.142.841.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)44.245.645.445.846.346.044.444.747.853.957.160.862.751.9
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)20.419.621.424.126.321.916.216.216.519.623.622.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)52.038.543.531.528.025.725.723.421.825.3
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.90.90.90.80.8
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.90.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.80.70.80.80.40.40.5
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)0.70.80.80.80.80.70.7
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)0.90.91.00.91.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)6.86.76.46.46.36.26.16.06.06.15.95.95.95.04.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)6.46.35.95.95.85.75.65.45.55.75.45.45.54.64.4
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)7.37.26.96.96.86.66.56.56.66.66.36.36.35.45.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)4.03.73.63.42.82.62.21.61.91.82.12.02.21.91.8
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)3.73.43.33.12.62.31.91.41.61.61.91.52.01.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)4.44.03.93.73.12.92.51.82.12.12.22.42.52.0
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.60.70.50.40.40.40.30.30.30.30.20.20.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.50.50.50.40.40.30.20.20.20.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.70.60.60.40.50.50.40.30.30.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)69.857.166.268.856.957.376.2
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)70.557.365.469.056.160.5
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)69.256.966.868.757.554.6
Data Source
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Statistics Division
National accounts
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)16,64615,71814,60813,51512,54611,700
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)32.1
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,122
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,3311,2221,2591,1471,1651,1921,071965.37915.09892.9791.11648.4589.2583.09645.99650.48620.19666.83639.83525.13931.5906.5915.58981.39864.45966.551,019963.84812.62852.34891.85880.87904.59992.91820.42634.66496.14436.33411.8322.3310.08234.48186.62170.82
GDP, PPP (current international USD) - Current, intl. dollar (millions)72,64467,93463,09758,81955,21651,94849,69748,38746,12643,51340,89838,73436,35134,26032,44130,34828,48426,96025,42623,73622,21921,06921,15821,34021,52121,64322,24121,79422,85422,77620,90618,73916,83915,16213,27210,371
GNI per capita (US dollars)1,3661,2921,2221,2021,1721,1551,1751,045947.56880.87867.8783.26624.8569.38557.58616.1620.34591.62639.43649.04529.84935.38913.68917.051,003946.161,1011,199940.55790.46827.21871.53862.41881.18964.04801.25624.18488.11428.24402.24313.73301227.97182.11166.34
Gross investment - as % of GDP (%)40.7
Gross National Income - US dollars (millions)27,99131,11928,70726,47425,38724,13023,17922,99419,93317,62215,96715,33213,48710,4849,3098,8819,5589,3738,7039,1559,0417,17812,31811,69211,39912,10211,08612,51913,22510,0658,2068,3318,5158,1768,1088,6116,9505,2593,9973,4093,1132,3622,2061,6261,2651,126
Gross national saving - as % of GDP (%)16.017.317.717.117.517.517.614.916.415.9
Real GDP growth rate (%)6.0
Real GDP growth rate (%)5.95.64.64.13.31.92.93.33.22.33.74.04.04.54.24.14.95.35.04.1-0.1-3.2-3.1-3.8-0.6-3.2-3.8-5.6-5.32.48.18.47.57.3-2.06.022.013.7-5.511.310.75.42.73.5
Structure of demand at current market prices: Exports of goods and services (%)21.720.718.818.417.416.024.123.923.020.519.420.219.921.923.321.521.421.423.423.521.617.720.521.120.520.319.316.615.318.120.319.719.719.619.822.923.923.024.623.322.925.324.420.722.0
Structure of demand at current market prices: General government final consumption expenditure (%)11.811.611.511.611.611.310.810.29.610.010.210.010.210.29.59.59.19.19.29.09.29.612.212.412.813.413.813.714.615.013.011.812.211.711.311.812.613.213.413.814.714.915.216.016.5
Structure of demand at current market prices: Gross capital formation (%)20.719.519.420.619.018.518.217.316.819.118.917.519.820.316.714.915.115.114.214.514.715.013.520.917.916.817.219.223.125.325.425.626.225.626.124.722.424.424.121.119.719.719.520.418.7
Structure of demand at current market prices: Household consumption expenditure (%)76.977.277.075.975.075.275.173.271.572.071.472.270.870.870.271.372.172.771.670.972.875.972.262.768.972.472.772.271.168.066.666.867.371.473.172.373.771.670.474.575.571.372.077.377.3
Structure of demand at current market prices: Imports of goods and services (%)-31.2-28.9-26.6-26.5-23.0-21.0-28.2-24.6-21.0-21.5-19.8-19.9-20.7-23.2-19.7-17.2-17.7-18.4-18.4-17.8-18.1-17.9-18.4-17.1-20.1-23.1-22.8-21.0-23.8-27.2-26.4-24.9-26.6-30.6-33.1-35.0-36.1-35.5-36.0-35.9-35.7-33.8-33.5-37.0-37.1
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)23.023.423.323.323.322.820.920.520.321.622.022.022.024.225.124.623.423.723.920.322.622.321.721.121.221.220.719.818.719.220.422.524.425.126.628.028.929.429.628.627.627.426.8
Structure of output at current market prices: Agriculture (%)22.744.145.5
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)30.129.429.729.728.829.733.031.830.430.431.832.435.831.428.830.529.629.830.330.830.330.530.531.231.731.131.132.434.135.134.933.230.727.423.720.719.920.619.818.819.120.120.8
Structure of output at current market prices: Industry (%)28.359.859.4
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)14.714.616.116.114.914.817.718.519.120.120.520.820.720.820.619.419.919.920.419.519.919.919.820.120.419.718.918.117.217.017.117.116.114.113.313.413.914.714.914.114.215.315.9
Structure of output at current market prices: of which manufacturing (%)13.928.528.6
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)46.947.247.046.947.947.646.147.849.448.046.245.642.344.546.145.047.046.545.948.947.147.347.847.747.147.748.347.847.245.844.744.244.947.549.751.351.350.050.652.753.452.652.5
Structure of output at current market prices: Services (%)49.196.295.1
Data Source
Central Bank of Central African States
United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Economic Commission for Afirca
Prices
Indicator201520142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
All items (index)242.81236.32232.02227.36222.07215.72213206.72196.24194.06184.98181.37180.92179.78174.86167.41165.35162.38157.38150.19144.53114.88101.97105.91103.95104.58103.03101.4199.71979389.2579.6266.0757.2953.27
All items - Annual change, inflation (%)2.81.92.12.42.91.33.05.31.14.92.00.30.62.84.51.31.83.24.83.925.812.7-3.71.9-0.61.51.61.72.84.34.212.120.515.37.67.7
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Energy
Indicator2014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)5,2694,9914,7704,8634,6624,6594,2174,2373,3063,3202,8072,5372,6322,7192,6812,5392,8602,6752,6172,5902,7332,6552,6202,608
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)1,652
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)2,0001,9431,8891,9502,1511,6421,729490
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)5,118
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)9,6389,0698,6148,5208,0328,4647,6947,6113,7723,9203,5283,1823,4743,4423,3343,116
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)6,903
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)6,9146,5386,2366,3056,1705,9775,5224,2704,0044,1103,6843,3003,5413,4803,3763,1683,1282,9632,8442,7762,8852,7822,7462,731
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
African Union Commission
Tourism
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988
International tourism expenditures - US dollars (millions)795.0668.0622.0265.0476.0563.0466.0521.0
International tourism receipts - US dollars (millions)607.0377.0423.0171.0271.0167.0254.0231.0
International tourist arrivals - Total (thousands)912.0817.0604.0573.0498.0487.0477.0451.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)38.237.135.634.233.128.123.822.114.014.013.710.1
Total contribution to employment (%)6.06.16.15.75.45.35.64.65.25.55.85.35.84.74.74.43.23.13.63.62.62.52.52.52.72.62.92.4
Total contribution to GDP (%)6.86.96.96.46.15.76.15.36.06.36.66.06.65.45.45.13.73.54.14.13.02.82.92.93.13.03.32.8
Data Source
World Bank
World Tourism Organization
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Transport
Indicator20142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995199419931992199119901989198819871986198519841983198219811980
Paved Road (% of total) (%)22.717.060.457.9
Total length of railways (kilometre)976976.59779779779779779749829741,0161,0161,0161,0161,0061,0061,0061,0061,0061,0061,0061,0061,1061,1041,1041,1041,1041,1041,1151,1151,1151,1151,1431,1431,143
Data Source
International Road Federation
World Bank
Information society
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (number)4.613.593.43.162.622.171.30.990.7
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)11.06.45.75.04.33.83.42.92.0
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)71.975.770.460.449.641.939.831.423.816.912.48.76.34.22.60.7
Data Source
World Bank
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International trade
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000199919981997199619951994199319921991199019891988198719861985198419831982198119801979197819771976197519741973197219711970
Section 0: Food and live animals - Export, US dollars (millions)881.1709.3835.0926.2800.4649.5451.2414.5393.3443.6421.0359.7282.6262.2
Section 0: Food and live animals - Import, US dollars (millions)1,1611,1271,179831.3928.4902.7640.2508.9464.1407.3344.0314.4270.3246.6
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Export, US dollars (millions)15.914.815.513.617.118.519.713.910.811.914.49.06.95.7
Section 1: Beverages and tobacco - Import, US dollars (millions)73.469.962.344.441.845.728.216.611.611.610.811.510.615.2
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)4,5141,6011,6711,6861,6061,6301,4861,8831,8401,8342,0021,273926.9828.6782.1722.1886.0975.51,0631,1051,3841,132802.4704.1510.9447.2477.9352.9220.9208.1227.1
Total trade - Export, US dollars (millions)15,24512,8088,81211,6357,0179,49412,69010,7297,7427,4306,8485,4215,2395,478
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)6,6491,3181,4951,3591,2271,1991,0831,1021,1631,1731,4001,2611,2741,7531,7041,1511,1121,2241,2111,4271,6021,2751,056735.2613.3599.2436.7333.5303.3252.0243.3
Total trade - Import, US dollars (millions)22,16919,54516,94915,40012,01913,96213,9709,4518,2057,2196,4905,6025,5494,451
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Deposit rate (%) (%)2.52.63.23.33.33.33.33.84.34.34.9
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)591.45494.41494.04510.53471.87495.28472.19447.81479.27522.89527.47528.28581.20696.99733.04711.98
Interest rate - Lending (%)15.015.317.7
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
Indicator20142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001200019991998199719961995
Debt service ratio (ratio)4.82.73.14.33.67.45.97.610.1
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)2.72.62.32.32.32.82.49.79.72.65.16.85.95.14.34.35.45.44.55.4
Data Source
World Bank
Balance of payments
Indicator2015201420132012201120102009200820072006200520042003200220012000
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.10.10.10.10.20.10.21.60.20.00.10.10.10.0
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)54.246.423.6-5.2-35.3-10.7-32.5-31.3-26.1-14.6-12.9-13.0-13.5-6.0
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-1,127.8-956.0-748.2-856.3-1,118.7-449.7285.7193.3-495.4-415.4-596.5-437.2-347.4-217.9
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-143.0-157.1-93.3188.8160.2204.7179.9170.0-27.454.084.6-171.3-158.587.5
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-1,173.4-996.0-711.1-520.5-774.9-98.2662.81,949-319.0-319.1-400.2-553.5-453.7-121.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)620.1553.9567.2739.2355.4-0.6668.3-24.2191.059.1243.586.1336.3601.773.3158.8
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)6,4935,9925,6675,1414,4883,9513,2103,1893,0002,9412,6982,6112,2751,6731,600
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)-104.7-106.1-137.5-70.5-110.2-35.8-140.8-47.3-6.0
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)69.81.556.9-74.397.940.717.94.612.9-30.72.3-5.3-94.41.6
Primary income - US dollars (millions)-615.1-444.8-302.8-238.6-477.1-328.7-499.1-331.2-620.4-443.5-409.7-376.9-332.3-493.1
Secondary income - US dollars (millions)304.4263.3257.7146.0278.6597.6444.4312.8236.4175.7121.752.486.7109.0
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-722.5-500.4-123.5-451.1-712.4-1,202.4-394.3-468.7-493.1-383.3-577.9-276.3-191.7-334.7
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-37.3
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-94.6-274.1-579.6-312.6-207.8483.7734.8680.5381.7235.6269.3163.590.0501.0
Workers remittances - US dollars (millions)124.791.1115.065.989.7116.4110.369.646.975.931.5-13.2-11.4-1.9
Data Source
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Economic Commission for Afirca
Environment
Indicator20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002200120001999199819971996199519941993199219911990
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)5,6626,7076,6745,5455,8343,8613,6963,9573,7953,4183,4213,432
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)0.270.330.330.280.310.210.200.22
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.100.130.130.110.120.080.080.090.090.080.090.090.080.090.100.140.140.130.140.120.030.05
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)82.3062.8065.8067.40102.7036.1042.70128.70141.00160.00233.60261.70403.80408.90403.70337.60285.30333.50282.60213.70213.70103.10118.60125.10
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1000 population)122.0131.0135.0127.0129.0142.0152.0155.0156.0157.0160.0165.0165.0170.0173.0176.0180.0185.0183.0163.0156.0149.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)39.8
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)40.741.241.742.142.643.143.544.044.546.8
Land area covered by forest (%)42.144.546.851.4
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)11.011.09.29.29.29.29.2
Data Source
United Nations Statistics Division
World Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)