Democratic Republic of the Congo's flag    Democratic Republic of the Congo


Official language: French
Currency: Congoleese Franc
Capital City: Kinshasa
Area: 2344858km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Economic Community of the Great Lakes countries , Southern African Development Community (SADC), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Mineral-rich countries, CEPGL, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)


86790.6K
2019

Mid-year population
37.6B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD

Under five mortality rate
108.0
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)40.0839.9639.9639.7239.4839.2438.8838.5238.0437.44
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)47.5247.5247.5247.5245.9645.9645.96
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)706.2712.2717.8723.4728.8733.8738.5742.8746.8750.5
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)672.0677.8683.3688.6693.5698.0702.4706.2709.8713.0
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)689.2694.9700.6706.0711.0715.9720.4724.4728.2731.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)85.8069.84
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)119.88111.96
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)128.16121.32
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)131.28126.84
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)123.48124.68
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)103.32111.12
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)86.7693.12
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)71.8877.64
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)60.7264.92
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)109.2095.28
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)52.3255.32
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)44.8847.64
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)33.9638.64
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)48.2461.80
Population - Female (%)603.12603.12
Population - Female (thousands)402,127415,628429,563443,922458,695473,877489,455505,395521,658
Population - Male (thousands)398,935412,621426,743441,288456,240471,592487,330503,423519,829
Population - Total (thousands)801,062828,249856,306885,209914,935945,470976,7851,008,8171,041,487
Population - Urban (%)486.00493.20499.20506.40512.40519.60526.80534.00540.00
Population - Urban (%)486.00493.20499.20506.40512.40519.60526.80
Population - Urban (thousands)324,576340,056356,244373,152390,804409,176428,304
Total fertility rate (per woman)77.977.276.375.574.473.372.271.069.868.6
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)1,6131,623
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)9,3249,2528,9528,6048,316
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)280.80
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)1,0681,0681,0681,068
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)280.80
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)888.00876.00876.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)612.00612.00624.00624.00624.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)324.00336.00336.00336.00348.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)1,3461,3021,2581,2201,180
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)755.04798.00
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)1,0551,062
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)900.24924.48
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)30.731.331.3
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)12.112.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)1,0831,1871,2161,2601,292
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)1,2451,3451,3421,3861,301
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)1,2151,2671,2791,3231,296
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)367.20385.68394.08418.56432.00
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)624.84651.36635.40673.08675.60
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)496.56519.00515.16546.36554.28
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)70.5652.0856.76
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)127.80114.36101.64
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)99.2483.2879.32
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)260.52
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)919.92956.52
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)1,0931,092
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)1,0031,0321,020
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)53.463.2
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)92.0100.4
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)67.269.672.072.0
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)71.681.1
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)448.4417.0444.8423.8398.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)182.6184.1170.4175.1170.9
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)253.2184.1
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)10.310.4
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)7.07.1
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)5.36.6
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)67.671.276.175.677.5
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)78.080.884.483.278.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)72.876.080.379.377.8
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)23.623.223.625.125.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)40.739.138.240.440.6
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)32.231.231.032.833.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)2.93.52.62.9
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)6.56.45.85.0
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)4.74.94.24.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)790.08660.12726.12
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)898.44668.88412.92
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)848.76665.28543.12
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)285,113323,455360,614398,688421,334489,037661,492
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)310.1351.7392.1430.9455.0484.1451.7
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=1001,3841,5021,5141,5331,5451,5892,1522,7822,913
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)183.84102.729.7214.888.8834.68424.80351.2456.40
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year194.4050.5212.6012.969.60122.64663.8486.7655.08
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period183.84102.729.7214.888.8834.68424.80351.2456.40
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)103.8033.2412.8412.3610.68283.20600.00
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)13,68314,06214,21314,36014,48717,90626,859
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)88,59687,02494,78888,51291,33294,308
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)80,61685,27292,460
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)000108252264276
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)252108.84106.68132192168168
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)86,82091,02998,772105,840106,992109,188117,240
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)33.9637.3261.6887.688.6890.12
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)15,01216,86017,32818,21618,96019,776
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)30,07230,07330,59330,59530,86031,044
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)87,10691,17598,940106,060113,820122,100131,196
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)3,5761,2962,0403,3961,524720.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)1.320.960.844.3200.48
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)136.882.8100.8544.81.251.672.0
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)2,364
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)13.5620.1618.4817.0416.4418.00
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)16.3223.7622.2020.2819.5621.60
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)43,69243,69243,69243,69243,69243,69243,69243,692
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)0.000.000.00
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)1.081.080.000.000.000.000.000.00
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)14.4020.1626.4036.0045.6074.52103.44
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)187,738,524241,112,136338,782,800445,235,496453,033,384346,671,804424,502,952
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)5.46.012.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)14.4020.1626.4036.0045.60
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)600.00600.00600.00600.00600.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)0.00240.00240.00240.00240.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)0.000.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)890.5844.71,167806.23,063
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Deposit rate (%) (%)160.3292.6456.5248.1243.92
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)11,03411,03711,03711,10311,112
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)11,03411,03711,03511,10311,11212,12417,57319,47019,773
Interest rate - Central bank (%)240.0048.0024.0024.0024.00
Interest rate - Lending (%)525.00341.40232.44224.28232.44
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)29.637.040.038.644.057.735.6
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)994.08495.12434.76390.6409.32320.4336.36
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)66,31834,15431,00828,80031,18825,22727,363
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)315.00278.04229.44201.60201.48232.20217.32187.80168.12
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)11.25.82.33.83.0-0.65.6
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)1,375146.4397.3268.51,703191.8144.5
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-62.52-54.84-60.00-55.44-44.76-37.08-6.24
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-15,367.2-15,125.5-37,305.6-20,671.4-17,805.1-16,009.8-14,556.6
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-83.8352.4-247.1-636.8-2,315.2
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-4,258.6-8,936.6-35,240.0-17,461.6-17,836.6
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)20,24339,74625,17922,11820,08214,45716,082
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)132,660172,406197,585219,703239,785254,242
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)1,0915,0464,8084,1236,0933,2683,507
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)3,8358,88113,68917,81223,90627,174
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)25,64342,38940.3163.71,130
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-13,174.8-12,570.5-34,558.1-7,236.6-12,966.1-8,926.1-14,780.4
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)16,93121,17815,18924,39522,85915,87817,499
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-25,798.8-24,526.6-27,590.4-33,208.9-24,219.5-20,219.6-22,193.1
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)9.60
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)6,676793.69,654-4,621.2-3,478.0-2,742.54,918
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.96
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)682.80574.80430.80
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)6,456
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)807.60
Land area covered by forest (%)