Democratic Republic of the Congo's flag    Democratic Republic of the Congo


Official language: French
Currency: Congoleese Franc
Capital City: Kinshasa
Area: 2344858km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Economic Community of the Great Lakes countries , Southern African Development Community (SADC), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Mineral-rich countries, CEPGL, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)


86790.6K
2019

Mid-year population
37.6B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
91.1
2017

Under five mortality rate
108.0
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)36.7436.6336.6336.4136.1935.9735.6435.3134.8734.32
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)43.5643.5643.5643.5642.1342.1342.13
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)647.4652.9658.0663.1668.0672.7676.9680.9684.5687.9
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)616.0621.3626.3631.2635.7639.9643.8647.4650.7653.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)631.7637.0642.2647.1651.8656.3660.3664.1667.5670.7
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)78.6564.02
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)109.89102.63
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)117.48111.21
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)120.34116.27
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)113.19114.29
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)94.71101.86
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)79.5385.36
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)65.8971.17
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)55.6659.51
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)100.1087.34
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)47.9650.71
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)41.1443.67
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)31.1335.42
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)44.2256.65
Population - Female (%)552.86552.86
Population - Female (thousands)368,616380,992393,766406,928420,470434,388448,667463,278478,186
Population - Male (thousands)365,691378,236391,181404,514418,220432,293446,720461,471476,510
Population - Total (thousands)734,307759,228784,947811,442838,690866,680895,386924,749954,696
Population - Urban (%)445.50452.10457.60464.20469.70476.30482.90489.50495.00
Population - Urban (%)445.50452.10457.60464.20469.70476.30482.90
Population - Urban (thousands)297,528311,718326,557342,056358,237375,078392,612
Total fertility rate (per woman)71.470.770.069.268.267.266.265.164.062.9
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)1,4791,488
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)8,5478,4818,2067,8877,623
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)354.2347.6341.0334.4330.0323.4317.9
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)257.40
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)979.00979.00979.00979.00
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)257.40
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)814.00803.00803.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)561.00561.00572.00572.00572.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)297.00308.00308.00308.00319.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)1,2341,1941,1531,1191,081
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)692.12731.50
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)967.01973.72
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)825.22847.44
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)28.228.728.7
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)11.111.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)993.081,0881,1151,1551,184
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)1,1411,2331,2301,2701,193
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)1,1141,1611,1731,2131,188
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)336.60353.54361.24383.68396.00
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)572.77597.08582.45616.99619.30
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)455.18475.75472.23500.83508.09
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)64.6847.7452.03
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)117.15104.8393.17
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)90.9776.3472.71
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)238.81
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)843.26876.81
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)1,0021,001
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)919.60946.44934.89
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)49.058.0
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)84.492.1
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)61.663.866.066.0
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)65.774.4
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)411.1382.3407.8388.5365.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)167.4168.7156.2160.5156.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)232.1168.7
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)9.59.6
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)6.46.5
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)4.86.1
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)61.965.269.769.371.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)71.574.077.376.271.6
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)66.869.673.672.771.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)21.721.221.723.023.8
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)37.335.935.037.137.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)29.528.628.430.030.5
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)2.63.22.42.6
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)5.95.85.34.6
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)4.34.53.93.6
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)724.24605.11665.61
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)823.57613.14378.51
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)778.03609.84497.86
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)261,353296,501330,563365,464386,223448,284606,368
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)284.2322.4359.4395.0417.1443.7414.1
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=1001,2691,3771,3881,4051,4161,4571,9732,5502,670
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)168.5294.168.9113.648.1431.79389.40321.9751.70
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year178.2046.3111.5511.888.80112.42608.5279.5350.49
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period168.5294.168.9113.648.1431.79389.40321.9751.70
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)95.1530.4711.7711.339.79259.60550.00
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)12,54312,89013,02913,16313,28016,41424,621
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)81,21379,77286,88981,13683,72186,449
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)73,89878,16684,755
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)00099231242253
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)23199.7797.79121176154154
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)79,58583,44390,54197,02098,076100,089107,470
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)31.1334.2156.5480.381.2982.61
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)13,76115,45515,88416,69817,38018,128
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)27,56627,56728,04328,04628,28928,457
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)79,84783,57790,69597,221104,335111,925120,263
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)3,2781,1881,8703,1131,397660.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)1.210.880.773.9600.44
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)125.475.992.4499.41.147.366.0
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)2,167
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)12.4318.4816.9415.6215.0716.50
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)14.9621.7820.3518.5917.9319.80
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)40,05140,05140,05140,05140,05140,05140,05140,051
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)0.000.000.00
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.990.990.000.000.000.000.000.00
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)13.2018.4824.2033.0041.8068.3194.82
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)172,093,647221,019,458310,550,900408,132,538415,280,602317,782,487389,127,706
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)5.05.511.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)13.2018.4824.2033.0041.80
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)550.00550.00550.00550.00550.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)0.00220.00220.00220.00220.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)0.000.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)816.3774.31,070739.02,808
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Deposit rate (%) (%)146.9684.9251.8144.1140.26
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)10,11410,11710,11810,17810,186
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)10,11410,11710,11510,17810,18611,11316,10917,84818,125
Interest rate - Central bank (%)220.0044.0022.0022.0022.00
Interest rate - Lending (%)481.25312.95213.07205.59213.07
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)27.233.936.635.440.452.932.7
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)911.24453.86398.53358.05375.21293.7308.33
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)60,79131,30828,42426,40028,58923,12425,082
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)288.75254.87210.32184.80184.69212.85199.21172.15154.11
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)10.35.42.13.52.8-0.55.1
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)1,261134.2364.2246.21,561175.8132.4
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-57.31-50.27-55.00-50.82-41.03-33.99-5.72
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-14,086.6-13,865.1-34,196.8-18,948.8-16,321.4-14,675.6-13,343.5
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-76.8323.0-226.5-583.7-2,122.3
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-3,903.7-8,191.9-32,303.3-16,006.5-16,350.3
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)18,55636,43423,08120,27518,40913,25214,742
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)121,605158,039181,120201,395219,803233,055
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)999.64,6264,4073,7805,5862,9963,214
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)3,5158,14112,54816,32821,91424,909
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)23,50638,85736.9150.11,036
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-12,076.9-11,522.9-31,678.2-6,633.6-11,885.6-8,182.3-13,548.7
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)15,52019,41313,92322,36220,95414,55516,041
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-23,648.9-22,482.7-25,291.2-30,441.5-22,201.2-18,534.7-20,343.7
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)8.80
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)6,119727.48,850-4,236.1-3,188.2-2,513.94,508
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.88
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)625.90526.90394.90
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)5,918
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)740.30
Land area covered by forest (%)