Democratic Republic of the Congo's flag    Democratic Republic of the Congo


Official language: French
Currency: Congoleese Franc
Capital City: Kinshasa
Area: 2344858km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Economic Community of the Great Lakes countries , Southern African Development Community (SADC), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Mineral-rich countries, CEPGL, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)


86790.6K
2019

Mid-year population
37.6B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD

Under five mortality rate
108.0
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)43.2943.2943.0342.7742.5142.1241.7341.2140.56
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)51.4851.4851.4849.7949.7949.79
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)771.6777.7783.6789.5795.0800.0804.7809.0813.0
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)734.2740.2745.9751.3756.2760.9765.1769.0772.5
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)752.8758.9764.8770.3775.6780.4784.8788.8792.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)92.9575.66
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)129.87121.29
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)138.84131.43
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)142.22137.41
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)133.77135.07
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)111.93120.38
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)93.99100.88
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)77.8784.11
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)65.7870.33
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)118.30103.22
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)56.6859.93
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)48.6251.61
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)36.7941.86
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)52.2666.95
Population - Female (%)652.34652.08651.95651.69651.56651.43651.30651.17651.04
Population - Female (thousands)450,264465,360480,915496,920513,367530,243547,511565,129
Population - Male (%)647.66647.92648.05648.31648.44648.57648.70648.83648.96
Population - Male (thousands)447,006462,305478,062494,259510,891527,941545,374563,148
Population - Total (thousands)897,270927,664958,977991,1791,024,2591,058,1841,092,8851,128,277
Population - Urban (%)534.30540.80548.60555.10562.90570.70578.50585.00
Population - Urban (%)534.30540.80548.60555.10562.90570.70
Population - Urban (thousands)368,394385,931404,248423,371443,274463,996
Total fertility rate (per woman)83.682.781.880.679.478.377.075.774.4
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)1,758
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)10,0239,6989,3219,009
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)304.20
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)1,1571,1571,157
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)304.20
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)949.00949.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)663.00676.00676.00676.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)364.00364.00364.00377.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)1,4111,3621,3221,278
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)817.96864.50
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)1,1431,151
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)975.261,002
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)33.333.933.9
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)13.113.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)1,2861,3181,3641,399
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)1,4581,4541,5011,410
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)1,3721,3861,4331,405
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)417.82426.92453.44468.00
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)705.64688.35729.17731.90
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)562.25558.09591.89600.47
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)76.4456.4261.49
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)138.45123.89110.11
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)107.5190.2285.93
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)282.23
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)996.581,036
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)1,1841,182
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)1,0871,1191,105
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)57.968.5
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)99.7108.8
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)75.478.078.0
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)77.687.9
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)72,682,27277,358,82783,194,25488,502,362104,934,661
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)83,380,18086,452,56192,755,87190,419,186113,556,521
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)156,062,452163,811,388175,950,125178,921,548218,491,182
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)451.8481.9459.2431.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)199.4184.6189.7185.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)199.4
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)11.3
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)7.7
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)7.2
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)77.182.481.984.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)87.591.490.184.6
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)82.387.085.984.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)25.125.627.228.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)42.441.343.843.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)33.833.535.536.0
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)3.82.93.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)6.96.25.5
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)5.34.64.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)715.13786.63
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)724.62447.33
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)720.72588.38
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)381.0424.7466.8492.9524.4489.4
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)350,410390,666431,912456,446529,790716,616
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=1001,6271,6411,6611,6731,7222,3313,0313,1713,634
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)111.2810.5316.129.6237.57460.20380.5161.10
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year54.7313.6514.0410.40132.86719.1693.9950.83268.71
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period111.2810.5316.129.6237.57460.20380.5160.06190.06
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)36.0113.9113.3911.57306.80650.00
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)15,23415,39815,55615,69519,39829,098
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)95,97994,276102,68795,88898,943102,167
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)92,378100,165
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)00117273286299
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)117.91115.57143208182182
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)7878
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)98,615107,003114,660115,908118,287127,010
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)102,973111,696
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)40.4366.8294.996.0797.63
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)33835139048146836412,688
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)16,26318,26518,77219,73420,54021,424
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)32,57933,14233,14533,43233,631
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)32.432.632.833.134.840.641.3
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)98,773107,186114,898123,305132,275142,129
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)22,21722,984
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)1,4042,2103,6791,651780.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)1.040.914.6800.52
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)89.7109.2590.21.355.978.0786.5
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)2,1712,483
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)21.8420.0218.4617.8119.50
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)25.7424.0521.9721.1923.40
Transport

Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)47,33347,33347,33347,33347,33347,33347,333
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)0.000.000.00
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)1.170.000.000.000.000.000.00
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)21.8428.6039.0049.4080.73112.06
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)261,204,814367,014,700482,338,454490,786,166375,561,121459,878,198
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)378.43514.28653.90643.76476.71564.98563.94556.01
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)5.96.513.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)21.8428.6039.0049.40
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)650.00650.00650.00650.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)260.00260.00260.00260.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)0.000.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - current USD (billions)915.11,265873.33,319
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Deposit rate (%) (%)100.3661.2352.1347.58
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)11,95711,95712,02812,038
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)11,95711,95412,02812,03813,13419,03721,09321,421
Interest rate - Central bank (%)52.0026.0026.0026.00
Interest rate - Lending (%)369.85251.81242.97251.81
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)40.043.341.947.762.538.6
Net ODA - current USD (millions)37,00033,59231,20033,78827,32929,643
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)536.38470.99423.15443.43347.1364.39
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)301.21248.56218.40218.27251.55235.43203.45182.13
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)6.32.54.23.3-0.66.0
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)158.6430.4290.91,845207.8156.5
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-59.41-65.00-60.06-48.49-40.17-6.76
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-16,386.0-40,414.4-22,394.0-19,288.9-17,343.9-15,769.6
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)381.8-267.7-689.8-2,508.1
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-9,681.3-38,176.6-18,916.8-19,323.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)43,05827,27723,96121,75615,66117,423
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)186,773214,051238,012259,767275,429
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)5,4675,2094,4676,6013,5403,799
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)9,62114,83019,29725,89829,438
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)45,92243.6177.41,224
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-13,618.0-37,437.9-7,839.7-14,046.7-9,670.0-16,012.1
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)22,94316,45426,42824,76317,20218,957
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-26,570.5-29,889.6-35,976.3-26,237.8-21,904.6-24,042.5
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)10.40
Trade balance - current USD (millions)859.710,459-5,006.3-3,767.9-2,971.05,328
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)622.70466.70
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)874.90
Land area covered by forest (%)