Ethiopia's flag    Ethiopia


Official language: Amharic, English
Currency: Ethiopia Birr
Capital City: Addis Ababa
Area: 1104300km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs


112078.7K
2019

Mid-year population
75.6B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
58.5
2017

Under five mortality rate
101.9
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.82.82.82.82.82.72.72.62.62.6
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)4.94.94.94.94.94.64.64.6
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)63.364.265.165.866.466.967.467.868.268.5
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)60.060.861.562.262.763.263.664.064.464.7
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)61.662.563.364.064.665.165.565.966.266.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)5.511.912.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)8.511.912.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)9.98.29.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)11.07.87.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)10.78.07.7
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)10.07.77.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)8.56.96.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)7.26.16.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)5.95.05.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)7.015.513.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)4.94.04.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)4.03.13.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)3.42.02.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)3.62.02.6
Population - Female (%)50.250.250.2
Population - Female (thousands)43,91245,15046,42747,73749,07350,42751,79853,18554,58956,010
Population - Male (thousands)43,72744,99046,30047,64949,02250,40951,80653,21554,63556,069
Population - Total (thousands)87,64090,14092,72795,38698,094100,835103,603106,400109,224112,079
Population - Urban (%)17.317.718.218.619.019.419.920.320.821.2
Population - Urban (%)17.317.718.218.619.019.419.920.3
Population - Urban (thousands)15,18915,97016,78817,62518,49719,40320,34321,317
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.15.04.94.84.74.64.54.44.34.2
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)71.2
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)523.0482.0447.0410.0378.0353.0
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)36.935.634.333.131.930.829.828.9
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)29.225.2
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)34.034.034.034.034.0
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)37.636.034.933.933.132.0
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)29.225.2
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)64.068.065.062.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)37.636.034.933.933.132.0
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)48.050.052.054.055.057.0
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)22.023.024.026.027.028.0
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)75.771.367.764.661.859.2
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)41.1
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)57.2
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)49.1
Gender parity index for participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (ratio)0.90.91.10.90.9
Gender parity index of teachers in lower secondary education who are trained (ratio)0.90.7
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)0.71.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)88.390.891.095.697.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)95.698.698.1104.1106.8
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)92.094.594.699.9101.9
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)31.633.835.734.4
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)38.038.339.635.8
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)34.836.137.735.1
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)4.44.75.25.3
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)10.210.811.110.9
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)8.18.1
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)32.8
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)34.0
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)33.439.3
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)69.5
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)2.32.42.42.42.4
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)76.682.782.3
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)80.988.688.6
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)73.677.678.785.785.4
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)30.030.4
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)30.431.5
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)30.231.0
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (%)5.26.325.135.238.1
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Female (%)5.16.126.533.836.8
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Male (%)5.46.523.836.639.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)54.155.153.864.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)43.140.340.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)31.2
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.80.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)0.40.40.5
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)5.55.65.55.85.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)5.96.16.06.36.5
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)5.75.85.86.06.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)1.92.02.12.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)2.42.32.42.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)2.12.22.32.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.20.20.30.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.50.50.60.6
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.40.40.40.4
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)41.639.639.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)39.834.037.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)40.736.638.3
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)379.1515.1747.3866.91,0611,2981,5281,804
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)26.330.542.246.554.263.170.375.6
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Inflation, all items (index)285.46380.32472.11510.21547.99603.40647.21699.33
Inflation, all items - Annual change (%)8.133.224.18.17.410.17.39.9
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)14.635.915.07.77.110.06.79.2
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)336.79457.77526.43566.72607.03667.90712.48778.14
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Coal - Consumption, Tonnes (thousands)0.30.30.40.40.4
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)5,2766,0876,5297,2687,5097,787
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)3,8374,3705,2766,087
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)00000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)31111289444
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)3,5244,9316,2417,3888,3389,67410,35110,825
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)0126.14294.34489.43498544.74551.39
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)2,0472,3042,5132,9283,1153,327
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)2,1032,2332,2542,4322,5272,7782,784
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)3,5795,0866,5848,0779,20110,43710,85611,330
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)143.0170.0181.0214.0283.0372.0461.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)30.8834.3633.0336.563337.9436.2
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)1,4341,9981,9802,503
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)597.0681.0770.0864.0871.0933.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)18.119.020.020.222.323.525.536.3
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)10.311.39.59.18.58.46.1
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)11.913.110.39.89.39.26.8
Transport

Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Paved Road (% of total) (%)13.713.313.312.912.0
Total length of railways (kilometre)
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)1.00.90.90.80.80.91.11.1
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)0.81.12.94.67.713.915.418.6
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)6,854,00014,126,65920,523,88925,646,86530,490,00042,311,62951,224,00039,600,000
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)7.815.722.227.031.342.450.037.7
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Deposit rate (%) (%)
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)14.4116.9017.70
Interest rate - Lending (%)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)3.85.97.110.711.917.220.820.8
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)39.438.8235.0840.9536.8132.439.7839.23
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)3,4553,4963,2433,8863,5843,2354,0744,118
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)40.545.342.247.547.954.556.159.061.157.4
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)-1.90.10.3
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-1.4-2.5-6.9-5.9-6.4-10.2-9.0-8.1
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-425.4-783.1-2,985.3-2,998.6-5,727.0-7,511.1-8,269.4-5,565.9
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-2,929.9-1,795.82,649
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-12.1-3.9-83.623.239.525.9-42.549.3
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)288.3626.5278.61,3441,8552,6273,9893,586
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)4,2064,8335,1116,4558,31010,50313,700
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)4,2064,8335,1116,4558,31010,50313,700
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-63.5-76.8-96.8-131.1-176.0-285.5-409.6-456.4
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)4,9055,1305,2485,2326,2236,5806,1447,404
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-381.5-536.0-846.7-323.6-1,423.8-1,748.3-2,122.3-1,308.2
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-27.1
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-4,885.0-5,299.8-7,289.3-7,776.3-10,349.8-12,056.9-11,881.0-11,205.2
Workers remittances (Net) - US dollars (millions)280.7494.2604.5
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, International Energy Agency, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)6,6197,543
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)0.070.08
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.070.07
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)11.0011.3010.805.50
Emissions of carbon dioxide - metric tons (millions)6.06.97.38.59.1
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)353.0325.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)11.4
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)12.3
Land area covered by forest (%)
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)