Ethiopia's flag    Ethiopia


Official language: Amharic, English
Currency: Ethiopia Birr
Capital City: Addis Ababa
Area: 1104300km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs


112078.7K
2019

Mid-year population
75.6B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
58.5
2017

Under five mortality rate
101.9
2015

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)31.0231.1330.9130.5830.0329.5929.0428.6028.1627.72
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)53.7953.7953.7953.7951.0451.0451.04
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)706.6715.7723.6730.4736.2741.2745.6749.9753.9758.0
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)668.8676.8684.0690.0695.3699.8704.0707.9711.6715.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)687.6696.1703.6710.1715.6720.3724.6728.6732.6736.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)130.68131.89
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)130.90132.22
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)90.2098.67
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)86.0283.82
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)87.6784.59
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)84.9282.83
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)76.1276.01
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)66.5566.66
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)55.3356.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)170.72151.80
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)44.1145.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)33.6635.53
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)21.5624.97
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)21.6728.49
Population - Female (%)552.53552.53
Population - Female (thousands)496,650510,694525,108539,798554,696569,774585,037600,481616,107
Population - Male (thousands)494,889509,302524,136539,239554,494569,864585,362600,988616,759
Population - Total (thousands)991,5391,019,9971,049,2441,079,0371,109,1901,139,6381,170,3991,201,4691,232,866
Population - Urban (%)194.70200.20204.60209.00213.40218.90223.30228.80233.20
Population - Urban (%)194.70200.20204.60209.00213.40218.90223.30
Population - Urban (thousands)175,670184,668193,875203,467213,433223,773234,487
Total fertility rate (per woman)55.253.952.751.450.349.147.946.845.744.6
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)783.2
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)5,3024,9174,5104,1583,883
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)391.6377.3364.1350.9338.8327.8317.9
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)321.20277.20
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)374.00374.00374.00374.00
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)396.00383.90372.90364.10352.00
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)321.20277.20
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)748.00715.00682.00
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)396.00383.90372.90364.10352.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)550.00572.00594.00605.00627.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)253.00264.00286.00297.00308.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)784.3744.7710.6679.8651.2
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)451.99
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)629.31
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)539.99
Gender parity index for participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (ratio)10.312.210.110.2
Gender parity index of teachers in lower secondary education who are trained (ratio)8.1
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)7.411.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)998.251,0011,0521,067
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)1,0841,0791,1461,174
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)1,0401,0401,0991,121
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)371.58392.92377.96
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)420.97435.05394.13
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)396.55414.26386.10
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)51.8156.6557.86
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)118.58121.88120.23
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)89.4389.32
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)361.13
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)374.44
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)367.18432.08
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)764.28
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)26.426.426.426.4
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)842.05910.14904.75
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)889.57974.05974.16
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)853.38866.03942.48939.84
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)330.33334.51
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)334.40346.39
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)332.42340.56
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (%)69.63276.54387.53419.10
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Female (%)67.43291.17371.91404.58
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Male (%)71.72262.24402.82433.40
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)605.8591.3707.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)443.6443.9
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)343.4
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)9.910.0
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)9.59.8
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)4.75.1
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)61.160.863.664.4
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)66.665.869.371.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)63.863.466.467.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)22.323.522.8
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)25.326.123.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)23.824.923.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)2.62.92.9
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)5.96.16.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)4.34.54.5
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)435.71432.19
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)374.11410.74
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)402.60420.75
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)5,6668,2219,53611,66914,27816,80819,848
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)335.3464.3512.0595.8693.9773.5831.7
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=1001,4521,7921,9252,0582,2552,4042,6613,0303,509
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)352.11257.1882.0675.79105.2772.93117.59152.13173.91
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year371.69156.3179.5371.61103.1867.65181.50116.38214.61
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period352.11257.1882.0675.79105.2772.93117.59152.13173.91
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)395.12165.0084.1578.21110.3373.37101.42
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)5,0355,7916,2346,6777,3477,8378,560
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Coal - Consumption, Tonnes (thousands)3.73.24.54.54.6
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)58,03666,95771,81979,94882,59985,657
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)48,07058,03666,957
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)0000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)1211328899444444
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)54,24168,65181,26891,718106,414113,861119,075
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)1,3883,2385,3845,4785,9926,065
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)22,51725,34427,64332,20834,26536,597
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)24,56124,79726,75527,80030,56130,627
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)55,94872,42888,852101,211114,807119,416124,630
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)1,8701,9912,3543,1134,0925,071
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)377.96363.33402.16363417.34398.2
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)21,97821,78024,59623,17725,06923,51827,533
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)6,5677,4918,4709,5049,58110,263
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)209.3220.0222.6245.1258.6280.0399.1
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)124.08104.39100.1093.6191.8567.10
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)143.66112.75108.24102.63101.5374.80
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)146.52146.19142.01132.33
Total length of railways (kilometre)8,2948,294
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)0.110.112.755.395.28
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (%)1.651.65
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (%)1.101.21
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (%)2.642.75
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)10.129.468.809.249.6812.2112.21
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)12.1031.9050.6084.70152.46169.07204.82
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)155,393,249225,762,779282,115,515335,390,000465,427,919563,464,000435,600,000
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (thousands)1,5551,628
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (thousands)1,0371,147
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (thousands)2,5922,702
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)69.993.92,6195,1845,258
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)12.1031.9050.6084.70127.60
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)803.00990.001,045
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)44.0044.00715.00781.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)110.00110.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)641.91,0292,0441,4603,357
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Deposit rate (%) (%)
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)185.90194.70
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)185.90194.70204.93215.49226.38239.03262.57301.73319.77
Interest rate - Lending (%)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)65.077.6117.7130.6189.6228.5228.6
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)427.02385.88450.45404.91356.4437.58431.53
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)38,45535,67642,74139,42435,59044,80945,293
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)498.63463.98522.50526.35599.72616.66648.89671.99631.73
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)0.72.9
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-26.95-76.12-65.12-70.84-111.87-98.89-89.10
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-8,613.6-32,838.0-32,984.2-62,997.2-82,621.7-90,962.9-61,225.0
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-19,753.429,134
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-42.6-919.2255.4434.0285.2-467.7541.9
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)6,8923,06414,78320,40628,89243,87839,450
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)53,16156,22571,00891,415115,535150,695
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)53,16156,22571,00891,415115,535150,695
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-845.3-1,065.0-1,442.0-1,935.7-3,140.2-4,506.1-5,020.0
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)56,42657,72357,55768,44872,37567,57981,442
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-5,895.8-9,313.9-3,559.5-15,661.6-19,230.8-23,344.9-14,389.9
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-298.10
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-58,298.3-80,182.5-85,539.6-113,848.2-132,626.1-130,690.7-123,256.9
Workers remittances (Net) - US dollars (millions)5,4366,649
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, International Energy Agency, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)82,973
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)0.88
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.77
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)124.30118.8060.50
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)3,575
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)125.40
Land area covered by forest (%)