Djibouti's flag    Djibouti


Official language: French, Arabic
Currency: Djibouti Franc
Capital City: Djibouti (city)
Area: 23200km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


1152329.0K
2024

Mid-year population
3.7B
2021

GDP at current prices, USD
51.9
2022

Under five mortality rate
64.4
2022

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)1.701.651.641.601.551.431.371.371.391.38
Population - Urban (%)77.4077.5077.60
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)59.759.960.460.660.760.159.760.361.261.8
Total fertility rate (per woman)3.13.03.02.92.92.92.82.82.72.7
Population - Urban (number)717,972730,569743,079755,533768,001780,538793,138805,774818,418831,056
Median age (years)22.122.422.723.023.223.523.724.024.224.5
Population - Male (number)500,482508,833517,142525,424533,627541,471548,891556,265563,824571,547
Population - Urban (%)77.4277.5377.6577.7877.9278.0678.2278.3878.5578.73
Population - Total (number)1,006,2591,023,2621,040,2331,057,1981,073,9941,090,1561,105,5581,120,8491,136,4551,152,329
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)62.062.262.863.063.162.762.362.963.764.3
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)64.364.565.365.665.665.565.065.566.366.8
Population - Female (%)50.2650.2750.2950.3050.3150.3350.3550.3750.39
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)1.741.701.661.641.621.601.581.561.531.50
Population - Female (number)505,777514,429523,091531,774540,368548,686556,667564,584572,631580,783
Population - Male (%)52.8652.7652.6852.6352.5952.53
Health
World Bank, United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
59.557.755.753.852.050.448.847.0
70.468.366.264.262.360.258.356.6
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)47.00
71.169.167.165.062.960.958.8
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)16.20
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)36.0436.9037.7738.6339.4939.5339.5639.60
60.158.356.454.452.650.849.0
65.263.261.059.157.355.453.751.9
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)15.90
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)74.0075.0081.0086.00
65.663.861.959.957.956.054.1
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)67.9567.3558.2259.9465.3065.5366.7067.88
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)47.9548.8542.0444.5444.0945.9547.1848.41
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)4.9
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)37.28
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)33.031.130.429.4
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)33,72333,09533,07833,91836,85136,96637,60738,326
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)3.6
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)63.1059.4962.0262.5966.4865.4163.90
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)58.7955.4258.2861.1566.4868.4368.99
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.01.01.01.0
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)3.43.42.93.13.13.23.33.4
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)2.72.82.52.62.72.82.82.9
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)88.0790.4387.16
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)
Primary completion rate - Female (%)47.9348.9581.0348.9147.8747.5049.0052.60
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)3.03.02.62.62.92.93.03.0
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)2.5
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.11.11.11.01.01.00.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)3.23.22.72.83.13.13.23.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)3.03.12.72.92.93.03.03.2
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)46.7648.1138.5240.9541.0142.6343.3245.01
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)88.2589.4586.40
Primary completion rate - Total (%)51.7152.7184.2551.7351.3850.1353.3956.10
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)70.1369.3855.0156.2361.5161.9263.0264.40
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)
Primary completion rate - Male (%)55.4256.3977.9054.5054.8352.7057.6959.54
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)72.8371.8951.7252.4457.6358.2459.2660.84
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)45.3247.2234.9437.2937.8939.2439.4041.55
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)
Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old (%)0.500.550.400.71
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.01.01.01.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)88.4788.3185.58
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)38.27
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.11.11.11.01.01.00.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)3.43.42.93.03.33.33.33.4
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)60.7257.2559.9661.8066.4867.0066.52
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)37.82
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)62,94061,75561,84662,97968,70169,13470,32471,958
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)29,21728,66028,76829,06131,85032,16832,71733,632
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)22.823.822.725.426.8
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division, Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current prices - National Currency (billions)290.3313.5327.8
Industry (%)11.84
Industry (%)12.1211.8012.4211.7711.7711.97
Services (%)86.6386.8286.0486.8786.8686.65
Services (%)86.79
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current prices - US dollars (billions)1.61.81.8
GDP, PPP - Current, International dollar (millions)4,2074,3854,6385,1525,5895,7136,188
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period-0.852.740.570.153.321.781.12
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year-1.612.41-0.841.973.260.312.55
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)-0.852.740.570.153.321.781.12
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)169.31173.37178.57
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100112.48115.56116.22116.39120.25122.39123.76
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)1.932.403.000.153.322.882.35
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)364373383
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)000
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)480488497
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)177.887.858.75860
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)3.023.05
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)0.10.10.10.10.1
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)863.00907.00955.00
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)130.3130.3
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)361370380
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)0.00.00.0
Overnight stays (thousands)183.0178.0166.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)5.256.15
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)30.933.536.257.0
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)35.135.1
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)1.11.21.21.2
Transport

Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU), World Bank
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
13.14
56.34
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)2.512.683.873.84
0.0057.6170.0070.0075.0075.0090.00
12.33
3,2553,4043,3668,9874,671
22.9030.8055.6858.0059.0059.00
15.30
11.91
1.982.041.91.390.83
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)31.2433.7435.8637.3738.5439.8144.26
51.57
535560598948736
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)34.3937.1639.5141.20
0.000.000.005.0050.0070.0090.00
16.16
22.9030.8055.6858.0059.0059.00
19.93
68.86
4.52
61.32
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)314,350345,246373,052395,037413,866
13.03
15.94
1.5
2.42.372.342.412.272.31.32
0.310.320.310.820.42
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)2.282.443.523.493.463.572.47
24,16524,27524,38925,50824,41625,05314,579
85.0085.0090.0090.0090.00
20,59921,54420,45215,1189,172
0.050.050.060.090.07
, 2018=100314,9609,684,890106,850401,85014,209,020
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Total trade - Export, current USD (millions)3,5262,7034,1474,5635,1503,683
Total trade - Import, current USD (millions)2,9812,8474,3064,1894,7643,415
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Interest rate - Lending (%)
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)177.72177.72177.72177.72177.72
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)177.72
Deposit rate (%) (%)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)1.22.21.71.61.51.7
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-15.3-8.3-4.5-2.8-0.9-1.3-2.0-1.8
Net ODA - current USD (millions)170.4187.2134.1
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)39.9145.6947.9246.5139.1441.0443.1838.22
General government net lending/borrowing - as % of GDP (%)-15.32-8.26-4.50-2.78-0.85-1.61-1.91
International reserves - current USD (millions)364.9407.4454.2501.9686.3588.4
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)183.69198.61140.12
Total external debt (% of GNI) (%)51.2067.4286.0083.7785.2386.9197.70
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Capital Account, Capital transfers,General government - Net (National Currency)8,4746,0204,64313,0617,8426,51013,6734,573
Current Account, Goods and Services, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)96,856-25666.46-28334.2866,48868,60148,003-57422.03102,677
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)23,594
Financial account, Reserve assets, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-44067,56528,271-199037,22332,352-17371479.14
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)1,6291,789
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)
Current Account, Primary income, Compensation of employees, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)7,0587,1517,34410,63814,12211,08413,9169,700
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-11857.2-21366-29855.2-35904.98-30799.71-28601.8-24640-21250.8
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)
Capital Account, Total, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)8,4746,0204,64313,0617,8426,51013,6734,573
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)29.21-0.99-4.7914.2317.0010.74-1.00
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)28.028.128.7
Current Account, Secondary income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)34,87635,25027,30334,95448,30734,62428,1401,901
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-736.9-566.2-625.6
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)
Current Account, Goods and Services, Services, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)72,83480,00845,18080,85193,83070,50471,10354,093
Services Balance - current USD (millions)224.8206.3204.5
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)143.8160.0164.9170.0175.0158.2166.8
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-301.7-170.0-293.6
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Rent, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)21,424
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.00.00.0
Capital Account, Capital transfers - Net (National Currency)8,4746,0204,64313,0617,8426,51013,6734,573
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Subsidies, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)2,170
Net errors and omissions, Domestic Currency - Net (National Currency)-196901.25-80522.41,937-155836.92-163488.32-67835.45-40136.97-207365.97
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)29.713.5-8.0
Total, Domestic Currency - Net (National Currency)-149905.81-218879.2-275342.72-348500.74-390931.83-386552.41-499304.56
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Direct investment, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-10737.2-16294-21589.2-23307.98-23761.71-21063.8-20482-20837
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Other investment, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-1120-5072-8266-12597-7038-7538-4158-413.8
Current Account, Goods and Services,Goods , Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)24,022-105674-73514-14363-25229-22501-12852548,584
Current Account, Secondary income, General government, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)30,74633,21025,35330,09745,24532,76326,249-291
Current Account, Total, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)126,933-4631.16-23542.4876,175100,23065,110-40006.03116,622
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Current Account, Goods and Services, Goods , General merchandise on a balance of payments basis, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)24,022-105674-73514-14363-25229-22501-12852548,584
Financial account, Net lending (+) / net borrowing (-) (balance from financial account), National Currency - Net (National Currency)-61494.54-79133.56-16962.46-66600.7-55415.933,784-66470-86171.45
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)1,6291,789
Net lending (+) / net borrowing (-) (balance from current and capital account), Domestic Currency - Net (National Currency)135,4071,389-18899.4889,236108,07271,620-26333.03121,195
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)180.8176.3135.5
Current Account, Primary income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-4799.2-14215-22511.2-25266.98-16677.71-17517.8-1072412,044
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Carbon Dioxide Emissions - per Capita (metric tons)0.690.67
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)0.50.40.40.40.4
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)0.20
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)0.240.240.240.240.250.25
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)1.321.231.231.231.231.231.23
Land area covered by forest (%)
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)1.321.23