Djibouti's flag    Djibouti


Official language: French, Arabic
Currency: Djibouti Franc
Capital City: Djibouti (city)
Area: 23200km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


973.6K
2019

Mid-year population
1.8B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
61.7
2017

Under five mortality rate
63.9
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)1.51.61.71.71.71.71.61.61.51.5
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)1.61.61.61.61.61.51.51.5
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)61.662.363.164.065.066.167.168.068.869.4
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)58.659.259.960.761.562.463.264.064.665.1
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)60.160.761.462.263.264.165.165.966.667.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)4.24.64.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)8.58.06.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)10.610.18.7
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)12.211.711.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)12.011.912.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)11.111.111.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)9.19.410.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)7.27.58.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)5.45.76.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)6.35.95.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)4.24.44.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)3.43.53.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)2.72.82.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)3.23.44.1
Population - Female (%)50.050.050.0
Population - Female (thousands)393.1397.9404.9413.4422.3430.9438.9446.7454.2461.6
Population - Male (thousands)447.1455.7463.2469.9476.4483.1490.2497.4504.7511.9
Population - Total (thousands)840.2853.7868.1883.3898.7914.0929.1944.1958.9973.6
Population - Urban (%)77.077.177.177.277.377.477.577.677.877.9
Population - Urban (%)77.077.177.177.277.377.477.577.6
Population - Urban (thousands)655.0667.0680.0692.0705.0718.0731.0743.0
Total fertility rate (per woman)3.33.23.13.13.02.92.92.82.72.7
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)275.0266.0257.0243.0237.0229.0
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)37.536.836.135.434.633.933.132.4
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)29.8
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)23.122.020.518.917.315.9
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)29.8
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)85.084.083.080.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)23.122.020.518.917.315.9
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)89.090.090.090.090.090.0
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)48.047.047.047.047.047.0
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)76.173.971.769.567.465.3
Education
United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Gender parity index for participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (ratio)1.11.0
Gender parity index of teachers in lower secondary education who are trained (ratio)1.01.0
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)1.01.11.0
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)1.01.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)62.460.659.860.660.459.760.2
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)68.667.267.869.568.067.367.5
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)61.363.963.865.164.263.563.9
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)35.035.436.438.238.540.040.1
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)43.646.047.547.348.048.948.1
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)39.440.842.042.843.344.544.1
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)2.84.0
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)4.15.9
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)3.44.9
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)36.538.337.042.942.3
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)46.346.845.550.951.2
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)41.539.438.444.044.344.046.1
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)3.83.83.83.83.8
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)59.050.952.352.349.455.7
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)57.360.258.855.462.3
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)57.354.156.355.652.459.1
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)31.7
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)38.3
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)35.0
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (%)7.210.5
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Female (%)7.510.6
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Male (%)7.010.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)35.234.934.233.233.031.130.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)27.926.625.124.522.823.822.7
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)20.519.2
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.80.80.80.8
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)0.70.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)3.13.03.03.03.03.03.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)3.43.43.43.53.43.43.4
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)3.33.23.23.33.23.23.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)2.52.52.62.72.72.82.8
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)3.13.23.33.33.43.43.4
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)2.82.92.93.03.03.13.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.10.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.20.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.20.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)70.8
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)80.4
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)75.984.4
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)180.4195.3212.2235.4258.6290.3313.5327.8
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)1.01.11.21.31.51.61.81.8
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Inflation, all items (index)142.69149.93155.53159.26163.94167.39171.91177.07
Inflation, all items - Annual change (%)4.05.13.72.42.92.12.70.7
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)2.87.61.12.62.81.92.43.0
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)144.92155.96157.62161.64166.10169.31173.37178.57
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)393447480480488497
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)288.7290.1297306
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)00000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)325325345.0679.54352361370380
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)00000000
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)02.452.452.4533.023.05
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)716.001,0961,467863.00907.00955.00
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)130.0130.0130.3130.3130.3130.3130.3
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)325327.45347.5181.99355364373383
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)20.533.529.630.934.235.135.1
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)4.284.584.484.454.845.256.15
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)18.019.220.521.635.1
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)60.063.0
Overnight stays (thousands)178.0162.0178.0183.0178.0166.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)0.70.70.91.01.01.11.21.2
Transport

Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Paved Road (% of total) (%)45.0
Total length of railways (kilometre)
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)2.22.12.32.32.42.52.73.8
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)6.57.08.39.510.711.913.155.7
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)165,613193,049212,468244,123287,049314,350345,246373,052
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)19.522.324.127.231.533.936.639.0
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Deposit rate (%) (%)1.71.82.32.01.2
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)177.72177.72177.72177.72177.72177.72
Interest rate - Lending (%)10.411.512.011.912.7
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)7.98.78.68.07.17.110.011.1
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)155.12163.29168.48166.45182.11183.69198.61140.12
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)132.0141.4148.5149.3166.1170.4187.2134.1
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)51.945.243.342.744.960.767.669.067.463.0
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.10.10.10.10.10.00.00.0
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)26.126.026.527.727.228.028.128.7
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)2.8-13.1-18.8-23.3-25.1-31.8-30.4-23.2
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)50.5-171.8-148.0-133.6-229.9-301.7-170.0-293.6
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-123.3-48.775.8161.5
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-17.5-160.9-19.7-96.6
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)36.579.0110.0286.0153.0124.0160.0165.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)878.5956.51,0661,3521,5051,6291,789
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)878.5956.51,0661,3521,5051,6291,789
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)17.48.727.626.321.429.713.5-8.0
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)105.374.191.492.995.2180.8176.3135.5
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)216.6163.2179.4198.3187.9224.8206.3204.5
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-42.4
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-288.8-417.9-446.4-451.1-534.4-736.9-566.2-625.6
Workers remittances (Net) - US dollars (millions)-5.0-6.5-5.6-4.8
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)517.0473.0
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.230.20
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)0.700.700.600.60
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)0.2
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)
Land area covered by forest (%)0.3
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)0.10.1