Gabon's flag    Gabon


Official language: French
Currency: CFA Franc
Capital City: Libreville
Area: 267668km2
Subregional membership(s): Central Africa, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa , Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Oil producing economies, Sub-Saharan Africa, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), Franc Zone


2436.6K
2023

Mid-year population
18.5B
2021

GDP at current prices, USD
39.7
2021

Under five mortality rate
100.6
2019

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.952.662.452.332.252.142.051.991.95
Population - Urban (%)88.1088.6089.00
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)63.463.864.064.164.664.363.563.463.9
Population - Female (thousands)992.21,0201,0471,0731,0981,1241,1491,1731,198
Population - Urban (thousands)1,7011,7531,8021,8481,8931,9381,9842,0312,078
Total fertility rate (per woman)3.93.83.83.73.63.63.53.53.4
Median age (years)21.121.321.421.421.521.621.621.721.7
Population - Urban (%)88.1288.5688.9889.3789.7490.0990.4290.7391.03
Population - Total (thousands)2,0292,0862,1402,1922,2432,2932,3412,3892,437
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)65.565.866.266.366.666.565.865.766.2
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)67.868.068.768.868.969.168.568.468.8
Population - Male (thousands)1,0361,0661,0931,1191,1441,1691,1921,2161,239
Population - Female (%)48.9148.9048.9148.9448.9849.0249.0749.1249.17
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)3.042.732.512.402.372.352.322.282.23
Population - Male (%)50.9250.9450.9450.9350.9250.90
Health
World Bank, World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
45.543.641.940.338.736.835.6
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)
55.052.851.049.147.445.043.7
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)42.00
55.052.851.049.147.445.043.7
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)
45.543.641.940.338.736.835.6
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)5.00
50.448.446.644.943.241.039.7
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), International Labour Organization (ILO), World Bank
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)102.69
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)64.73
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)91.4592.3692.63
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)138,326
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)1.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)83.1884.6785.69
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)
Primary completion rate - Female (%)55.9056.5056.9074.65
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)81.0283.4285.04
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)67.14
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)
Primary completion rate - Total (%)50.3050.6050.9072.91
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)100.59
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)17.45
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)
Primary completion rate - Male (%)59.4059.9060.3071.19
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)21.83
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)88.1488.5488.66
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)98.47
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)69.57
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)
Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old (%)0.991.04
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)89.1289.7890.4490.64
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.1
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)85.3285.8586.30
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)19.62
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)269,677
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)131,351
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division, Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current prices - National Currency (billions)8,5048,2998,512
Industry (%)49.79
Industry (%)51.9148.4648.0549.5549.6741.25
Services (%)43.4446.1946.3944.7444.4851.71
Services (%)43.74
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current prices - US dollars (billions)14.414.014.6
GDP, PPP - Current, International dollar (millions)28,63028,68530,98731,99533,84233,61235,330
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period-0.342.112.654.752.46
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year-1.164.041.096.271.01
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)-0.342.112.654.752.46
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)122.77127.76130.96
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100109.00111.30114.25119.68122.62103.21
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)-1.154.072.504.782.021.332.00
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)2,1302,3002,489
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)111213
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)2,1042,2242,357
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)1,2071,3831,3461,555
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)3.673.72
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)0.50.50.50.8
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)728.00745.00763.00
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)671.0671.0
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)8629301,013
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)2,5032,1482,168
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)
Tourism
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)2.372.60
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)2.672.90
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)28.728.7
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Transport

Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)810810810810
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU), United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.960.941.031.03
97.0092.0095.0097.0097.0098.0098.00
12,3937,1576,8375,047
45.7848.0550.3259.6061.0062.00
00
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)139.09142.00124.44133.69133.44133.02134.32
13,6918,71713,50537,72657,894
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)144.87147.54128.98138.28
78.0083.0095.0097.0097.0098.0098.00
45.7848.0550.3259.6061.0062.00
71.75
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)2,821,5552,962,4862,663,2432,930,5542,992,811
3.36
0.550.720.690.961.091.952.69
0.570.320.30.22
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.920.910.991.000.991.111.35
11,08215,01814,74721,08624,37744,60762,941
97.0098.0098.0099.0099.0099.0099.00
4444
0.640.40.61.652.47
, 2018=10010,094,87048,400,5801,114,91010,443,710984,690138,3102,956,030
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Cork and wood - Export (US dollars)796,360,294989,733,286968,743,7491,024,544,063901,066,9111,018,762,220
Cork and wood manufactures (excluding furniture) - Export (US dollars)214,404,240162,380,811190,256,094207,468,435180,789,142161,338,750
Meat and meat preparations - Import (US dollars)276,190,242252,009,794277,237,694275,420,053239,583,109256,362,826
Metalliferous ores and metal scrap - Export (US dollars)482,349,896786,368,400826,593,123803,013,066609,335,684805,330,562
Other industrial machinery and parts - Export (US dollars)60,407,27283,997,23097,251,289102,675,95377,345,52933,990,186
Other industrial machinery and parts - Import (US dollars)290,059,645329,155,620350,008,903353,271,222330,242,583317,546,177
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials - Export (US dollars)2,321,410,3982,673,044,8853,626,787,5733,637,877,6182,430,042,7553,489,192,188
Road vehicles - Import (US dollars)318,882,286338,360,690359,625,416353,412,262322,534,700310,806,613
Specialised machinery - Import (US dollars)231,500,998269,549,552292,738,227272,004,759251,972,775246,544,574
Total trade - Export, current USD (millions)6,6216,1757,4999,1598,6797,3119,720
Total trade - Import, current USD (millions)4,0153,6603,7093,8353,7123,4843,739
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Interest rate - Lending (%)
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)591.21592.61580.66555.45585.91
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)591.45
Deposit rate (%) (%)2.45
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)8.6
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-95.0-391.4-147.3-19.8210.3-151.7-68.131.9
Net ODA - current USD (millions)98.841.5106.4
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)44.7064.2062.8960.9159.7877.3269.5170.31
General government net lending/borrowing - as % of GDP (%)-1.70-0.212.13-2.19-1.49
International reserves - current USD (millions)1,863789.31,3211,372
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)51.1820.9652.51
Total external debt (% of GNI) (%)38.8241.2546.4743.2346.4152.5145.28
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Balance of payments
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)6,7637,467
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-5.57-11.06-8.65-2.05-0.86-6.03-6.91
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)14.4
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Trade balance - current USD (millions)1,941
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-1,600.6
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)990.81,2441,3141,3791,5531,7171,635
Current account balance - current USD (millions)141.0-1,419.0-729.0
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.0
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-104.3
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)-150.445.3-83.7-62.9-33.8
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)6,7637,467
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-95.4
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)89.30
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)
Land area covered by forest (%)