Ghana's flag    Ghana


Official language: English
Currency: Ghanian Cedi
Capital City: Accra
Area: 238533km2
Subregional membership(s): West Africa, Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Mineral-rich countries, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


30417.9K
2019

Mid-year population
59.0B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
49.3
2017

Under five mortality rate
104.8
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)19.2018.8018.4818.2418.0817.8417.6817.4417.20
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)27.2027.2027.2027.2024.5624.5624.56
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)498.5501.2504.0507.0510.0513.0516.0518.8521.4
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)483.7486.4489.1491.8494.5497.0499.5501.8503.9
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)491.0493.8496.5499.4502.2505.0507.7510.2512.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)90.0888.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)63.2855.52
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)69.4462.00
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)85.1277.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)86.3286.64
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)78.6481.36
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)62.3267.92
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)51.0454.72
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)41.2844.72
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)62.6464.24
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)30.8034.16
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)24.3225.92
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)18.4819.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)36.0836.64
Population - Female (%)392.96392.96
Population - Female (thousands)100,345102,721105,106107,514109,955112,430114,933117,463120,014
Population - Male (thousands)102,757105,251107,755110,282112,839115,426118,038120,674123,329
Population - Total (thousands)203,102207,972212,861217,796222,794227,856232,972238,137243,343
Population - Urban (%)411.20416.80421.60427.20432.80437.60443.20448.80453.60
Population - Urban (%)411.20416.80421.60427.20432.80437.60443.20
Population - Urban (thousands)103,288107,200111,176115,224119,344123,544127,808
Total fertility rate (per woman)33.833.533.232.732.331.831.431.030.6
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)480.0512.0520.0
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)2,5602,5922,5682,5762,552
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)240.0232.0224.0216.0208.0200.8193.6
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)107.20
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)768.00768.00768.00768.00
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)44.80
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)107.20
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)728.00704.00712.00
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)44.8040.0040.0040.0040.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)672.00680.00696.00704.00712.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)112.00112.00120.00120.00120.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)575.2553.6532.0512.0492.8
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)570.80
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)656.32
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)612.56
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of lower secondary (ratio)5.5
Gender parity index for participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (ratio)8.28.2
Gender parity index in a given age group achieving at least a fixed level of proficiency in functional numeracy skills (ratio)4.6
Gender parity index of teachers in lower secondary education who are trained (ratio)10.60.710.210.19.89.8
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)9.89.49.58.78.68.6
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)12.712.011.311.210.710.3
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)8.68.38.58.48.59.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)849.44862.88857.12842.64869.68858.24844.00
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)857.04865.60858.80843.20868.64845.52832.64
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)834.24864.32858.00842.96869.12851.76838.24
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)431.92430.72521.28501.20534.88549.04552.08
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)480.40479.60572.72534.16563.84567.44566.80
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)456.64455.68547.52518.00549.68558.48559.60
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)71.8474.1686.9699.44103.52104.48108.24
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)121.44121.36136.80148.88148.96145.36149.44
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)96.6497.84112.24124.56126.72125.36129.28
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)753.52780.32564.96
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)788.48801.44828.72
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)747.12772.56779.36694.48805.52790.16
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)724.80
Low to high socio-economic parity status index in a given age group achieving at least a fixed level of proficiency in functional numeracy skills (ratio)2.9
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)56.056.056.056.0
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)668.24654.32687.92702.48718.24696.08682.48
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)685.68699.76714.48682.96671.20
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)667.84643.12686.80701.12716.32689.36676.72
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)414.08415.20445.12449.76452.72
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)436.48427.68454.56448.88446.64
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)425.52421.60449.92449.28449.60
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (%)693.44792.32
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Female (%)701.92800.00
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Male (%)685.28784.96
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)248.3263.8253.4240.6250.1244.6218.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)149.4143.0140.2126.6132.9135.8125.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)236.0215.6236.9231.4218.2
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)7.67.47.77.7
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)6.96.97.07.2
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)4.74.9
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of lower secondary (ratio)3.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)52.152.752.351.453.352.851.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)52.653.152.551.453.352.151.3
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)52.452.952.451.453.352.451.6
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)30.630.532.030.632.633.433.6
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)34.334.235.432.734.634.634.6
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)32.532.433.831.733.634.134.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)3.63.74.35.05.25.25.4
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)6.16.16.87.47.47.37.4
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)4.84.95.66.26.36.26.5
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)658.32665.68
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)680.80693.84
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)631.20669.68679.84
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)633.4797.5989.21,2431,4431,7212,053
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)419.0444.1506.2428.8393.5440.1472.0
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100869.84931.841,0401,2021,4081,6541,8582,0032,147
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year68.6468.40108.00135.92141.52122.8894.5646.4063.20
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period69.8457.0493.36123.92137.20139.6098.9662.4857.44
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)66.9664.96107.92135.92141.52122.8879.60
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)760.32822.08933.041,0921,2851,4821,630
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)44,40066,28878,46474,91276,76878,728
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)73,48874,06484,663
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)0000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)29,11231,62437,08036,57645,14459,48061,280
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)60,48864,56065,86467,09646,76044,65647,440
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)00243232.1632.4
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)24,52025,40025,20028,70429,65630,744
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)17,42417,74424,38424,38430,78730,411
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)89,60096,184102,968103,70491,92896,096100,560
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)8,2087,8087,8567,57611,24012,568
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)43.6854.8849.8453.8444.2443.6
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)6,3769,2328,0808,2167,2887,6167,352
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)7,2247,9526,6007,176
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)49.8455.3649.7651.2851.6042.40
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)55.6067.3661.6862.9662.5649.60
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)2.082.162.162.162.16
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (%)0.000.00
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (%)1.762.00
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (%)0.000.00
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)8.968.808.167.687.927.048.327.52
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)72.0084.80120.00204.16200.00277.36312.00
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)169,326,744204,947,416224,211,856242,886,168280,067,096306,440,624294,014,088327,479,000
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (thousands)0.30.3
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (thousands)438.1515.5
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (thousands)7.07.1
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)521.2545.1550.4561.4585.1
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)72.0084.8098.40151.20187.84
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)679.20696.00774.32
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)304.00320.00560.00640.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)80.00184.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)157.4442.8611.9501.5275.0
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Deposit rate (%) (%)71.2880.4098.80103.20106.72
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)12.0814.4015.60
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)12.0814.4015.8423.2029.6831.2834.8036.7241.76
Interest rate - Central bank (%)100.00120.00128.00168.00208.00
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)19.225.447.843.850.385.283.0
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)574.4559.36403.28333.28512.96373.28348.64
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)14,43114,39410,6258,98514,15010,53010,054
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)251.44284.64345.76409.28438.64456.96458.16476.48495.92
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)3.62.32.83.82.21.9
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-71.68-93.76-95.44-76.32-61.52-53.44-36.16
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-28,330.5-39,293.7-45,632.3-29,556.6-22,589.1-22,656.4-16,021.1
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-3,898.0204.2-10,096.5-1,147.7-3,811.6
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-28,668.1-36,822.3-52,934.8-30,704.3-22,494.9
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)25,89926,34725,81126,85625,53827,88226,040
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)106,618132,974158,785185,641211,179239,058
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)202.88.770.594.41,771117.6127.2
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)866.2874.9945.41,0402,8102,926
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)-940.5-8,974.6-5,271.4-6,687.5-7,200.0
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-9,840.7-17,039.7-10,811.2-13,739.2-8,887.2-9,776.5-21,927.3
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)20,77919,24315,51616,06820,78211,65319,394
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-14,850.5-7,810.1-19,550.1-20,819.1-9,332.8-10,346.2-22,984.1
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-29.60
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-24,418.6-33,686.5-30,786.5-11,066.0-25,150.9-14,186.69,497
Workers remittances (Net) - US dollars (millions)17,07717,18014,87315,99119,003
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)80,645
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.96
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)245.60217.60203.20
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)984.0
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)328.00
Land area covered by forest (%)