Libya's flag    Libya


Official language: Arabic
Currency: Libyan Dinar
Capital City: Tripoli
Area: 1759540km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), Oil producing economies, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Petroleum Exporters, OPEC Members


6888.4K
2023

Mid-year population
25.1B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD

Under five mortality rate
114.5
2006

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Annual rate of change of the migrant stock (%)2.311.39
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)0.771.011.251.421.471.421.321.22
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)1.131.641.641.64
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)75.275.375.575.675.876.076.176.3
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)69.169.269.469.769.970.170.370.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)72.072.172.372.572.772.973.173.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)6.397.58
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)6.545.96
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)7.986.95
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)9.868.55
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)11.3510.16
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)11.6711.01
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)10.7010.69
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)8.899.35
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)6.807.49
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)5.945.88
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)5.025.64
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)3.724.17
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)2.753.09
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)2.393.50
Population - Female (%)49.3249.3949.4349.4649.4849.5049.52
Population - Female (thousands)2,9973,0473,0953,1443,1933,2403,2843,3263,3653,405
Population - Male (%)50.6850.6150.5750.5450.5250.5050.48
Population - Male (thousands)3,1013,1453,1883,2353,2843,3293,3703,4103,4473,484
Population - Total (thousands)6,0986,1926,2826,3786,4786,5696,6546,7356,8126,888
Population - Urban (%)79.0079.3079.5079.8080.1080.4080.70
Population - Urban (%)79.0079.3079.5079.80
Population - Urban (thousands)4,9024,9425,0065,088
Total fertility rate (per woman)2.42.42.32.32.22.22.22.2
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)93.00
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)97.0097.00
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)85.59
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)96.72
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)91.02
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)
Literacy rate - Female (%)
Literacy rate - Male (%)
Literacy rate - Total (%)
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)99.95
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)7.3
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)33.817.715.325.1
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)43.024.421.335.0
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)7.1415.7229.9035.09-1.204.5622.2618.24
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)173.45200.71260.72352.22
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)10,89011,18511,69112,216
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)0000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)37,73137,50336,42237,405
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)0000
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)99.219.47
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)31,41233,27434,163
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)7,6367,3907,7558,143
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)9,4609,4609,460
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)9.59.510.210.210.5
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)37,74037,72238,71839,768
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)4.534.595.00
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)6.346.355.10
Transport

Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU), World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)14.3716.5721.1723.95
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)15.0017.1721.8824.7123.9923.69
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)8,497,0809,747,0807,660,0686,020,000
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)133.56151.86117.9991.48
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)139.35157.41121.9394.3856.6043.91
International trade
International Road Federation
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Total trade - Export, current USD (millions)18,49610,8297,27618,26530,37729,664
Total trade - Import, current USD (millions)25,40816,89413,24313,66818,53324,497
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Deposit rate (%) (%)2.50
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1.27
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1.271.381.391.391.361.40
Interest rate - Lending (%)6.00
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
General government net lending/borrowing - as % of GDP (%)-72.14-80.63-78.83-24.7417.1321.11-54.4513.82
International reserves - current USD (millions)93,61577,65070,19185,33684,664
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Net ODA - current USD (millions)210.3157.4179.5431.9
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)33.8925.2428.5267.75
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-78.30-53.47-25.3614.7026.8111.86-20.7221.60
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-19,033.3-9,346.0-4,705.2701.0
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)50.0725.7492.6
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)18,51119,23719,730
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)77.0394.8440.0110.0275.5376.5-487.2-55.4
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)19,88420,27920,620
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)583.21,237751.0
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-1,120.9-839.8-755.8
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-7,376.9-4,175.4-2,797.5
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)4.80
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-32.37-20.08-9.445.8314.585.68
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-11,118.7-5,567.5-1,902.9
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)0.10
Land area covered by forest (%)