Libya's flag    Libya


Official language: Arabic
Currency: Libyan Dinar
Capital City: Tripoli
Area: 1759540km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), Oil producing economies, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Petroleum Exporters, OPEC Members


6777.5K
2019

Mid-year population
25.1B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
12.4
2017

Under five mortality rate
114.5
2006

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)4.263.483.604.626.067.508.528.828.527.92
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)6.786.786.786.789.849.849.84
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)449.9450.1450.4451.0451.7452.7453.7454.7455.7456.7
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)415.6414.7414.4414.7415.4416.6418.0419.3420.6421.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)431.8431.4431.5431.9432.7433.9435.1436.3437.5438.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)38.3445.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)39.2435.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)47.8841.70
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)59.1651.30
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)68.1060.96
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)70.0266.06
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)64.2064.14
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)53.3456.10
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)40.8044.94
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)35.6435.28
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)30.1233.84
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)22.3225.02
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)16.5018.54
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)14.3421.00
Population - Female (%)297.78300.54
Population - Female (thousands)18,38518,53518,67318,82719,01919,25619,53119,82920,129
Population - Male (thousands)19,10019,17919,24919,34519,49119,69719,95420,24320,536
Population - Total (thousands)37,48537,71437,92238,17238,51038,95339,48440,07140,665
Population - Urban (%)469.80471.00472.80474.00475.80477.00478.80480.60482.40
Population - Urban (%)469.80471.00472.80474.00475.80477.00478.80
Population - Urban (thousands)29,08829,19629,28029,41229,65230,03630,528
Total fertility rate (per woman)14.814.714.514.314.213.913.713.413.313.0
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)54.054.054.054.054.0
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)50.448.045.643.842.040.839.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)558.00558.00558.00558.00
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)588.00588.00588.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)582.00582.00582.00582.00582.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)105.690.687.083.480.4
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)506.10513.54
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)577.68580.32
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)541.56546.12
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)599.58599.70
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)43.843.843.843.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)298.1765.8502.3258.2146.4127.8210.1
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)243.5607.0395.0202.9106.091.9150.8
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100693.12735.12754.26
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)93.1236.3615.66-2.94
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year157.14-22.0210.20
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period93.1236.3615.66
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)159.90-22.0210.2042.8494.32179.40210.54
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)991.50955.08971.341,0411,2041,5642,113
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)77,96485,51865,34067,11070,14673,296
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)132,072170,982134,790
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)0000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)171,892187,043227,478226,386225,018218,532224,430
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)0000000
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)52.5652.5652.565455.2656.82
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)44,74248,66045,81644,34046,53048,858
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)53,46653,47256,76056,76056,76056,760
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)171,945187,095227,531226,440226,332232,308238,608
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)15,92415,588
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)29.7642.0629.7027.1827.5430.00
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)43.0840.5637.9238.0438.1030.60
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)6.906.546.246.005.82
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)96.0677.7074.8886.2299.42127.02143.70
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)84.0099.00106.56114.12121.62130.56
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)60,000,00057,522,00061,411,80050,982,48058,482,48045,960,40836,120,000
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)420.0403.8388.2376.8366.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)84.0099.00106.56114.12
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)588.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)0.00300.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)10.53.81.77.3
International trade
International Road Federation
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Deposit rate (%) (%)15.0015.0015.0015.00
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)7.327.567.627.62
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)7.327.567.627.628.288.348.348.168.40
Interest rate - Lending (%)36.0036.0036.0036.00
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)11.04
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)621.0684.36124.74203.34151.44171.12406.5
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)3,847522.7773.01,262944.21,0772,591
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)59.52179.340.12-470.70-326.10-148.0813.44
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)19,154143,01857.6-114,199.8-56,076.0-28,231.24,206
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)15,298-15,224.8-16,168.6
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)34,453127,793-16,817.2
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)786.08,5504,212300.04,3542,955
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)98,007106,557110,769111,069115,423118,378
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)786.015,05436.0462.02,3692,640660.0
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)100,475115,529119,770119,305121,674123,722
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)1,9453,24210,186
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)333.6-11,591.4-2,490.03,4997,4204,506
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-2,262.0-16,945.2-19,513.2-6,725.4-5,038.8-4,534.8
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-26,077.2-41,062.2-49,749.6-44,261.4-25,052.4-16,785.0
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)28.80
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)47,160212,61771,810-66,712.2-33,405.0-11,417.4
Workers remittances (Net) - US dollars (millions)-3,900.0-11,826.0-19,195.8
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)234,123
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)3.36
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)791.40864.60864.00
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)1,152
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)0.60
Land area covered by forest (%)