Libya's flag    Libya


Official language: Arabic
Currency: Libyan Dinar
Capital City: Tripoli
Area: 1759540km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), Oil producing economies, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Petroleum Exporters, OPEC Members


6958.5K
2021

Mid-year population
25.1B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD

Under five mortality rate
114.5
2006

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Annual rate of change of the migrant stock (%)13.868.34
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.604.626.067.508.528.828.527.927.32
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)6.786.789.849.849.84
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)450.4451.0451.7452.7453.7454.7455.7456.7457.5
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)414.4414.7415.4416.6418.0419.3420.6421.6422.5
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)431.5431.9432.7433.9435.1436.3437.5438.5439.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)38.3445.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)39.2435.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)47.8841.70
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)59.1651.30
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)68.1060.96
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)70.0266.06
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)64.2064.14
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)53.3456.10
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)40.8044.94
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)35.6435.28
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)30.1233.84
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)22.3225.02
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)16.5018.54
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)14.3421.00
Population - Female (%)295.44295.92296.34296.58296.76296.88297.00297.12
Population - Female (thousands)18,67318,82719,01919,25619,53119,82920,12920,41520,684
Population - Male (%)304.56304.08303.66303.42303.24303.12303.00302.88
Population - Male (thousands)19,24919,34519,49119,69719,95420,24320,53620,81221,067
Population - Total (thousands)37,92238,17238,51038,95339,48440,07140,66541,22841,751
Population - Urban (%)472.80474.00475.80477.00478.80480.60482.40484.20
Population - Urban (%)472.80474.00475.80477.00478.80
Population - Urban (thousands)29,28029,41229,65230,03630,528
Total fertility rate (per woman)14.514.314.213.913.713.413.313.012.9
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)558.00558.00
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)588.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)582.00582.00582.00
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)506.10513.54
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)577.68580.32
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)541.56546.12
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)599.58599.70
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)43.843.8
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)395.0202.9106.091.9150.8
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)502.3258.2146.4127.8210.1
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100754.26
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)15.66-2.94
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year10.20
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period15.66
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period10.2042.8494.32179.40210.54-7.2027.36133.56109.4485.38
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)10.2042.8494.32179.40210.54-7.2027.36133.56109.44
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)971.341,0411,2041,5642,113
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)85,51865,34067,11070,14673,296
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)134,790
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)00000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)227,478226,386225,018218,532224,430
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)181,698
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)00000
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)52.565455.2656.82
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)225,018188,472199,644204,978
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)48,66045,81644,34046,53048,858
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)56,76056,76056,76056,760
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)56.856.856.861.561.563.1
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)227,531226,440226,332232,308238,608
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)181,698
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)15,588
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)29.7027.1827.5430.00
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)37.9238.0438.1030.60
Transport

Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)74.8886.2299.42127.02143.70
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)99.00106.56114.12121.62130.56
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)61,411,80050,982,48058,482,48045,960,40836,120,000
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)971.64801.36911.16707.94548.88
International trade
International Road Federation
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Deposit rate (%) (%)15.0015.00
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)7.627.62
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)7.627.628.288.348.348.168.40
Interest rate - Lending (%)36.0036.00
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Net ODA - current USD (millions)773.01,262944.21,0772,591
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)124.74203.34151.44171.12406.5
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)0.12-470.70-326.10-148.0813.44
Current account balance - current USD (millions)57.6-114,199.8-56,076.0-28,231.24,206
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)-16,168.6
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-16,817.2
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)4,212300.04,3542,955
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)110,769111,069115,423118,378
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)36.0462.02,3692,640660.0
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)119,770119,305121,674123,722
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)10,186
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-2,490.03,4997,4204,506
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-19,513.2-6,725.4-5,038.8-4,534.8
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-49,749.6-44,261.4-25,052.4-16,785.0
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)28.80
Trade balance - current USD (millions)71,810-66,712.2-33,405.0-11,417.4
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)-19,195.8
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)864.00
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)0.60
Land area covered by forest (%)