Malawi's flag    Malawi


Official language: English, Nyanja
Currency: Malawi Kwacha
Capital City: Lilongwe
Area: 118484km2
Subregional membership(s): Southern Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Southern African Development Community (SADC), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs


18628.7K
2019

Mid-year population
6.3B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
55.4
2017

Under five mortality rate
139.9
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)31.4631.3531.0230.5830.0329.5929.1529.0429.1529.26
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)41.4741.4741.4741.4744.2244.2244.22
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)660.6677.2692.0704.7715.2723.6730.4736.3741.5746.4
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)597.6613.1626.8638.3647.9655.5661.8667.2672.1676.7
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)628.8644.9659.2671.4681.5689.5696.1701.8706.9711.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)70.4070.07
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)67.3263.36
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)67.7667.43
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)81.2982.61
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)102.74101.97
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)110.55110.55
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)104.28104.83
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)91.6392.95
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)77.0080.63
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)69.1964.46
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)63.0365.56
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)52.4753.35
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)41.3642.46
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)100.9899.77
Population - Female (%)549.34549.01
Population - Female (thousands)83,58585,98788,43890,92793,44795,99298,567101,188103,878
Population - Male (thousands)80,99983,36985,79488,25890,75193,26695,80598,388101,038
Population - Total (thousands)164,583169,356174,232179,185184,198189,258194,372199,575204,916
Population - Urban (%)172.70173.80176.00177.10179.30181.50183.70185.90189.20
Population - Urban (%)172.70173.80176.00177.10179.30181.50183.70
Population - Urban (thousands)26,93927,99529,11730,29431,53732,84634,243
Total fertility rate (per woman)56.854.953.051.449.848.547.346.345.444.6
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)1,6771,661
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)6,7986,8646,9967,0186,974
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)183.70
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)1,0561,0561,0561,056
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)234.30231.00228.80228.80227.70
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)183.70
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)1,056990.00968.00
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)234.30231.00228.80228.80227.70
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)913.00935.00957.00968.00990.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)429.00440.00440.00451.00451.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)929.5850.3784.3735.9704.0
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)606.43607.20
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)835.78767.25
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)716.65683.54
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)
Gender parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)11.211.611.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)1,5491,5171,5751,5811,5711,5541,566
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)1,5081,4821,5441,5491,5361,5101,513
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)1,4871,4991,5591,5651,5531,5321,539
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)356.51344.52377.96398.42407.99387.86407.00
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)395.56388.63421.41439.89444.73434.50432.08
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)376.09366.63399.74419.21426.36411.18419.54
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)6.82
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)10.78
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)8.91
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)385.00
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)806.63807.29
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)866.58797.39
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)836.88802.34
Low to high socio-economic parity status index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)
Low to high socio-economic parity status index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)47.347.347.347.3
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)315.04305.03330.44345.84356.18338.80
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)329.34327.14350.46353.54360.14352.99
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)318.78316.14340.45349.69358.16345.95
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics (%)
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Female (%)
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Male (%)
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)836.8815.0760.7799.9764.6685.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)463.4456.7458.5431.3416.9766.7
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)149.6
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)11.211.211.1
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)9.99.89.9
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)7.0
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)10.56
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)95.593.396.897.496.895.996.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)93.391.595.295.895.093.693.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)94.492.495.996.695.994.895.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)21.620.822.924.625.223.924.4
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)24.323.825.927.527.727.126.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)22.922.324.326.126.425.525.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.6
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.4
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)524.92653.29600.93
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)556.38720.28588.83
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)540.32685.63594.77
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)13,78015,67821,20627,87935,34041,93850,923
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)88.062.958.265.670.758.469.7
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=1001,1841,4361,8272,2622,7573,3553,7434,2084,602
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)83.82233.97300.08261.69240.57238.81126.94136.62103.07
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year107.69380.38220.33265.21273.57219.5677.88108.90127.16
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period83.82233.97300.08261.69240.57238.81126.94136.62103.07
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)107.80380.38258.50265.65273.46219.67122.54
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)930.491,2521,5461,9202,3972,8763,196
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Coal - Consumption, Tonnes (thousands)0.00.00.00.00.0
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)33,18737,05940,24940,11742,05344,242
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)18,46115,49615,496
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)31.7963.5800000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)6672.6477.1888888888
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)19,06323,80226,18228,79829,24929,72230,228
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)31.1334.21133.43141.46144.43148.39
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)4,1473,9824,0924,1144,2464,389
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)3,4763,4874,0594,0814,1254,125
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)19,19823,97826,86229,03829,49129,97530,481
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)1,0121,056990.01,1661,3201,430
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)24.6427.8325.9624.0927.7229.81
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)396.0385.0363.0396.0429.0330.0385.0
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)8,4708,7459,0098,8559,3399,207
Overnight stays (thousands)73,72291,01479,684
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)68.0967.7667.3267.5468.2073.70
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)78.9878.2177.8878.1078.7684.70
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)0.110.110.550.550.33
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (%)0.000.000.000.00
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (%)0.000.00
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (%)0.000.000.000.00
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)12.7616.282.311.320.990.771.100.88
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)36.6347.8555.5564.1358.30126.17151.58
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)43,467,29251,115,83458,190,48461,957,65472,233,77778,962,22485,497,533
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (thousands)0.10.70.20.3
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (thousands)2.02.3
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (thousands)0.93.94.25.4
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)19.013.696.594.264.4
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)36.6347.8555.5564.13102.30
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)935.00935.001,0961,0961,045
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)22.0055.0055.00352.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)0.0066.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)275.2479.7645.4670.9411.5
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Deposit rate (%) (%)45.21121.88202.51144.87
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1,7222,7404,0094,674
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1,7222,7404,0094,6745,4967,8988,0338,0568,201
Interest rate - Lending (%)261.25355.63506.11487.19
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)15.622.634.745.149.168.062.7
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)561.88800.14751.52600.05656.81754.71895.18
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)8,78112,88012,45810,24311,54313,65416,670
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)337.15483.12651.75602.14672.87674.74681.12674.30649.11
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)5.04.06.75.02.52.62.5
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)14.315.013.915.716.914.016.7
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-94.71-101.20-91.96-91.63-103.18-149.38-110.11
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-12,503.8-8,191.4-13,598.0-12,413.9-10,232.7-10,029.7-11,235.1
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-4,422.63,376-3,020.8-3,508.4
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-11,885.179.4-1.1-75.8
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)1,4171,4244,9016,5873,1653,5823,048
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)12,81412,83610,68612,98811,66612,682
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)-545.1-548.045.652.256.246.455.4
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)791.1792.5144.4175.5157.6171.3
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)-20.1-6.0-5.5-6.2
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-4,153.1-460.5-2,929.2-3,293.6-3,590.7-2,241.1-2,135.3
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)5,7075,1686,5165,9724,3774,8724,378
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-1,798.5-1,343.9-1,474.6-1,753.1-2,342.4-1,830.6-2,057.8
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-275.00
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-12,259.6-11,555.2-15,710.2-13,339.5-8,676.4-10,829.7-11,420.3
Workers remittances (Net) - US dollars (millions)148.4179.9253.9286.3
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)13,270
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)1.10
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)139.70137.50112.20
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)367.40
Land area covered by forest (%)