Mali's flag    Mali


Official language: French
Currency: CFA Franc
Capital City: Bamako
Area: 1240192km2
Subregional membership(s): West Africa, Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs, Mineral-rich countries, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , UEMAO, Sahel Countries, Franc Zone


19658.0K
2019

Mid-year population
15.2B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
106.0
2017

Under five mortality rate
80.1
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)35.1634.8035.0435.5235.8836.0036.0035.7635.52
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)60.9660.9660.9659.6459.6459.64
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)681.2686.8692.4698.3704.4710.3715.8721.1725.9
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)665.9671.0676.3681.8687.2692.6697.7702.4706.7
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)673.6679.0684.5690.1695.9701.4706.7711.7716.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)77.1675.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)126.4897.44
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)165.36134.28
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)166.20159.12
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)135.96150.84
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)104.64122.28
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)82.9294.68
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)66.0075.00
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)50.8860.72
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)88.8075.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)38.2845.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)29.0433.96
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)22.8025.56
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)45.4849.80
Population - Female (%)600.24600.24600.12600.00599.76599.52599.28599.04598.80
Population - Female (thousands)95,92198,730101,621104,624107,749110,988114,331117,762
Population - Male (%)599.76599.76599.88600.00600.24600.48600.72600.96601.20
Population - Male (thousands)95,83398,668101,590104,642107,836111,161114,602118,134
Population - Total (thousands)191,754197,398203,211209,265215,585222,149228,933235,896
Population - Urban (%)451.20460.80470.40480.00489.60499.20508.80517.20
Population - Urban (%)451.20460.80470.40480.00489.60499.20
Population - Urban (thousands)72,21675,92479,78883,83288,06892,496
Total fertility rate (per woman)76.875.874.873.772.771.670.669.568.3
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)2,088
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)7,4047,3207,2127,044
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)888.00888.00888.00
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)864.00864.00
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)60.0060.0060.0060.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)852.00876.00900.00924.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)276.00288.00288.00300.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)1,5241,4721,4201,376
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)266.40
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)540.84
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)396.84
Gender parity index for participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (ratio)10.911.0
Gender parity index of teachers in lower secondary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)903.84867.84857.40866.52906.60
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)1,034978.12955.32981.601,014
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)969.60911.64923.76907.08924.96960.96
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)439.20448.08441.36438.72444.24
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)561.12604.68556.92589.68549.60
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)500.88527.28499.80515.16497.64
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)47.4045.0041.8838.76
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)120.84108.24100.5692.64
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)84.6076.9271.5265.88
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)470.52
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)726.36
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)592.44
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)18.812.4
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)26.625.3
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)24.024.024.0
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)22.618.6
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)700.56667.80623.88639.48691.92
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)804.36752.16708.72725.04775.68
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)753.12702.72710.64666.96682.92734.52
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)347.40357.48332.04332.28313.20
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)444.72480.12418.56446.04389.16
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)396.72419.52375.84389.88351.72
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (%)520.56533.40522.36
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Female (%)508.08500.16
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Male (%)557.64543.72
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)11,655,58812,113,20812,437,29213,036,24814,140,54813,847,736
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)13,710,69614,066,19614,287,69215,240,79216,321,47615,877,236
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)25,366,28424,824,56826,179,40426,724,98428,277,04030,462,02429,724,972
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)495.6509.6512.5469.1458.6454.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)231.4226.7230.3233.8209.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)628.9
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)10.2
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)9.1
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)4.9
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)53.451.551.752.053.6
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)61.358.257.258.860.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)57.454.154.854.655.456.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)25.926.526.025.926.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)33.536.033.135.032.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)29.831.329.630.529.5
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)2.52.42.32.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)6.66.05.65.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)4.64.24.03.7
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)149.3158.9172.7157.1168.4182.8
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)76,22878,52785,36692,97299,862106,421
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=1001,3011,2931,3051,3241,3001,3231,3271,305
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)63.84-7.3210.5617.40-21.6021.123.60-19.92
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year28.92-0.1213.4412.24-9.4812.729.84-41.76
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period63.84-7.3210.5617.40-21.6021.123.60-19.92
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)28.560.0013.9211.64-9.4812.00
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)1,7211,7211,7411,7581,7441,762
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)18,09631,33226,94028,96830,42032,028
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)14,58015,372
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)624624624660696732
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)10,36821,55215,84417,10018,51620,124
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)6,3265,755
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)9,1949,4448,4178,9289,46810,056
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)0.720.728484.3685.2
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)13,28016,27318,10823,21625,536
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)7,9567,5606,69611,02811,43611,892
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)5,8086,6367,0807,0807,080
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)8.39.710.710.712.113.313.3
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)20,18631,62124,96926,76028,75230,996
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)16,35018,119
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)1,9682,2682,7721,800
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)51.664.879.32
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)1,7282,1382,5672,2322,4192,477
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)1,6081,7042,016
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)1,6081,7042,0161,9082,0762,316
Overnight stays (thousands)732.01,236864.0396.0840.0312.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)118.9114.5122.6129.3132.3135.3
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)81.4875.0078.4875.9669.60
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)105.00115.44115.32113.64104.40
Transport

Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)0.360.240.240.24
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)8.409.2410.9211.6413.4413.9214.40
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)33.6042.0084.00123.96133.32152.64
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)175,354,020236,992,452282,066,708272,386,980242,612,364264,409,320
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)1,0971,4411,6661,5621,3501,4281,381
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)51.834.935.942.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)33.6042.0084.00124.08
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)0.00120.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)0.000.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - current USD (billions)323.4515.6817.31,027
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Deposit rate (%) (%)42.0042.0042.0042.00
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)6,1265,9285,9337,097
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)6,1265,9275,9257,0957,1116,9686,6657,031
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)21.136.135.839.441.953.6
Net ODA - current USD (millions)11,94716,77114,83014,45014,49416,277
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)746.41,018874.32827.16805.44877.8
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)304.68316.56328.32368.04431.40425.40439.44443.16
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)1.33.12.84.12.53.1
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)387.6448.8516.9461.4385.8477.4
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-26.28-34.68-56.28-63.84-86.76-74.52
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-3,272.0-4,496.2-8,110.0-8,369.1-12,181.8-14,519.1
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)-114.3-407.9
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-2,131.5-1,762.3
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)4,7743,6941,7283,3044,2743,187
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)34,50439,90236,71036,16236,449
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)191.434.37.4987.71,163652.2
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)455.1511.2456.81,3801,564
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)494.61,295
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-5,519.7-5,190.3-4,611.8-3,547.5-4,493.8-5,995.9
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)9,53924,42423,23319,62620,70417,813
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-8,631.6-20,747.0-20,631.8-18,739.8-21,470.0-17,893.1
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-123.60
Trade balance - current USD (millions)1,340-2,982.7-6,099.2-5,707.3-6,922.4-8,443.1
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)8,6369,100
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)199.20123.60
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)46.80
Land area covered by forest (%)