Mali's flag    Mali


Official language: French
Currency: CFA Franc
Capital City: Bamako
Area: 1240192km2
Subregional membership(s): West Africa, Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs, Mineral-rich countries, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , UEMAO, Sahel Countries, Franc Zone


23293.7K
2023

Mid-year population
15.2B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD

Under five mortality rate
100.4
2019

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Annual rate of change of the migrant stock (%)4.192.89
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.922.962.993.003.002.982.962.93
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)5.084.974.974.97
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)57.758.258.759.259.760.160.560.9
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)56.456.857.357.758.158.558.959.2
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)57.057.558.058.558.959.359.760.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)6.436.29
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)10.548.12
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)13.7811.19
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)13.8513.26
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)11.3312.57
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)8.7210.19
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)6.917.89
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)5.506.25
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)4.245.06
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)7.406.29
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)3.193.79
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)2.422.83
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)1.902.13
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)3.794.15
Population - Female (%)50.0150.0049.9849.9649.9449.9249.90
Population - Female (thousands)8,6858,9639,2549,5579,86610,18010,50610,84411,18711,535
Population - Male (%)49.9950.0050.0250.0450.0650.0850.10
Population - Male (thousands)8,8679,1509,4469,75410,06810,38810,71811,06111,40711,759
Population - Total (thousands)17,55218,11318,70019,31119,93420,56721,22421,90522,59423,294
Population - Urban (%)39.2040.0040.8041.6042.4043.1043.90
Population - Urban (%)39.2040.0040.8041.60
Population - Urban (thousands)6,6496,9867,3397,708
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.26.16.16.05.95.85.75.6
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)74.00
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)5.005.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)24.0025.00
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)15.2917.8916.48
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)40.1642.7436.59
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)26.7929.4925.90
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)72.32107.0499.7899.81102.75103.55
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)81.51102.0593.9793.6097.1197.36
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)76.98104.5196.8396.6699.89100.41
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)37.3430.2732.2032.6337.1440.45
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)50.3932.5433.1432.5036.5438.40
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)43.9431.4232.6832.5736.8339.41
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)3.493.23
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)8.387.72
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)5.965.49
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)
Literacy rate - Female (%)22.2025.7422.08
Literacy rate - Male (%)45.0746.1840.43
Literacy rate - Total (%)33.0735.4730.76
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)39.2143.4038.45
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)60.5357.8355.23
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)49.3750.1346.16
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)1.61.0
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)2.22.1
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)2.0
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)1.91.6
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)55.6556.8857.9463.6255.83
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)62.6864.4266.2171.0862.09
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)59.2260.7162.1467.4159.01
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)29.7927.6727.6926.10
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)40.0134.8837.1732.43
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)34.9631.3232.4929.31
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)1,009,4341,036,4411,086,3541,178,3791,153,978
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)1,172,1831,190,6411,270,0661,360,1231,323,103
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)2,181,6172,227,0822,356,4202,538,5022,477,081
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)42.542.739.138.237.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)18.919.219.517.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.80.70.80.8
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)4.34.34.34.5
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)4.94.84.95.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)4.64.64.64.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)2.22.22.22.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)3.02.82.92.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)2.62.52.52.5
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.20.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.50.4
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.30.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)14.413.114.015.2
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)7,1147,7488,3228,868
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100108.73110.31108.32110.23110.56108.73113.49
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)0.881.45-1.801.760.30-1.66
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year1.121.02-0.791.060.82-3.48
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period0.881.45-1.801.760.30-1.66
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)1.160.97-0.791.001.73-2.890.631.67
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)145.11146.52145.37146.82
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)2,2452,4142,5352,669
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)52555861
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)1,3201,4251,5431,677
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)701.39744789838
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)77.037.1
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)1,5091,9352,128
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)558.00919.00953.00991.00
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)590.0590.0590.0
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)0.90.91.01.11.1
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)2,0812,2302,3962,583
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)231.0150.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)6.61
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)213.9186.0201.6206.4231.0
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)168.0
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)168.0159.0173.0193.0
Overnight stays (thousands)72.033.070.026.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)10.210.811.011.3
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)6.546.335.80
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)9.619.478.70
Transport

Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU), World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.910.971.121.161.20
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.880.931.071.111.141.181.331.37
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)23,505,55922,698,91520,217,69722,034,11021,955,56522,925,482
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)138.81130.16112.54119.02115.08
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)133.92125.32108.12114.10110.14111.47119.2899.90
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Total trade - Export, current USD (millions)3,2403,1513,2883,4134,1864,4425,3545,663
Total trade - Import, current USD (millions)5,4715,1895,6555,5096,0816,5586,3467,698
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Deposit rate (%) (%)3.503.50
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)494.41591.45
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)493.76591.21592.61580.66555.45585.91
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)3.03.33.54.04.4
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-141.1-327.9-255.3-449.6-170.5-557.6-589.6-521.8
General government net lending/borrowing - as % of GDP (%)-2.89-3.94-2.86-4.74-1.68-5.39-4.90
Net ODA - current USD (millions)1,2361,2041,2081,356
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)72.8668.9367.1273.15
Total external debt (% of GNI) (%)24.6328.7627.7028.7827.9730.6236.31
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)26.9130.6636.0235.9837.5240.7347.3452.0546.82
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.20.30.20.3
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)43.138.432.239.8
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-4.71-5.32-7.24-7.29-4.90-7.46-2.30-4.46
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-675.8-697.4-1,015.1-1,209.9
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)144.2275.5356.5563.2467.3720.6536.9659.7
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)3,0593,0143,037
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)0.682.497.014.80.31.01.240.2
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)38.1115.0130.3
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-384.3-295.6-374.5-499.7
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)1,9361,6351,7251,484
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-1,719.3-1,561.7-1,789.2-1,491.1
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-10.30
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-15.50-15.56-16.88-14.32-11.10-12.25-6.60-11.24
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-508.3-475.6-576.9-703.6
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)3.90
Land area covered by forest (%)