Mauritania's flag    Mauritania


Official language: Arabic
Currency: Mauritanian Ouguiya
Capital City: Nouakchott
Area: 1030700km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), Least developed countires, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Mineral-rich countries, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Sub-Saharan Africa, Sahel Countries


4525.7K
2019

Mid-year population
5.0B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
79.0
2017

Under five mortality rate
95.4
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)29.529.529.429.128.828.428.027.627.2
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)35.435.435.435.432.032.032.0
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)645.5648.1650.7653.3655.8658.2660.6662.9665.2
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)610.0613.0616.1619.4622.5625.5628.3630.8633.0
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)628.0630.8633.7636.5639.4642.1644.6647.0649.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)161.4130.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)92.282.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)89.081.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)103.9101.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)100.2109.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)83.596.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)65.576.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)49.959.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)36.146.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)122.3105.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)26.133.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)21.825.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)14.218.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)33.934.7
Population - Female (%)497.4497.4
Population - Female (thousands)17,98618,51719,06319,62120,18820,76321,34721,93822,539
Population - Male (thousands)18,00018,54819,11219,68820,27520,87321,47922,09522,718
Population - Total (thousands)35,98637,06638,17539,30940,46341,63542,82644,03345,257
Population - Urban (%)475.0484.0493.0502.0511.0520.0528.0537.0545.0
Population - Urban (%)475.0484.0493.0502.0511.0520.0528.0
Population - Urban (thousands)17,66018,54019,46020,40021,37022,35023,350
Total fertility rate (per woman)49.448.948.547.947.446.846.245.645.0
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, Economic Commission for Africa, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)7,0406,8206,5506,2906,020
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)381.0374.0367.0360.0351.0345.0338.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)244.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)244.0195.0
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)840.0840.0840.0840.0
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)76.071.064.058.056.0
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)244.0195.0
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)670.0750.0800.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)76.071.064.058.056.0
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)560.0570.0580.0580.0580.0
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)370.0380.0400.0400.0400.0
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)954.0927.0902.0875.0847.0
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)415.7
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)626.0
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)521.0
Gender parity index of teachers in lower secondary education who are trained (ratio)10.010.010.0
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)10.0
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)10.010.010.1
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)10.810.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)975.0979.2980.1998.31,037967.9980.4
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)925.8932.1935.2945.4987.7910.2928.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)948.0955.3957.3971.51,012938.6953.8
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)205.1241.8281.5283.3292.2311.0315.4
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)242.0286.2300.7309.9314.4320.3329.1
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)223.8264.3291.3296.8303.4315.7322.3
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)28.130.432.636.434.832.3
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)67.570.873.572.468.664.0
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)47.550.953.354.752.048.4
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)229.7349.7
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)248.3361.5
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)238.3354.4383.8376.4
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)626.3
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)38.038.038.038.0
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)707.2711.4737.5755.7727.1776.2
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)664.1704.4721.3690.8739.0
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)700.8687.4720.7738.2792.1708.7757.3
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)202.0197.7219.4233.3273.1248.7
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)232.7228.8238.5249.0257.7255.1
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)217.6213.4229.0241.3265.3252.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)401.3353.8343.8358.1363.7
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)330.9335.5263.7242.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)448.1429.5
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)10.210.210.2
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)8.28.29.1
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)4.04.24.3
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)10.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)60.660.860.861.863.959.760.4
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)57.557.958.158.460.956.057.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)59.059.459.460.162.457.858.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)14.416.920.620.421.022.222.6
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)16.920.021.922.422.623.023.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)15.718.521.321.421.822.623.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)1.61.82.12.12.01.8
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)4.04.44.54.24.03.7
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)2.83.13.33.23.02.8
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)633.6
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)649.1
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)641.3711.6
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)14,52415,51716,95816,26515,69016,72617,869
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)51.752.356.453.648.347.549.9
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Inflation, all items (index)1,4041,4731,5341,5921,6001,6231,657
Inflation, all items - Change (%)56.949.041.337.74.914.722.730.523.1
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)54.734.044.950.0-28.327.715.9
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)1,4441,4931,5601,6381,5921,6361,662
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.00.00.0
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)3,5803,9304,3204,5004,5904,690
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)6,9827,7057,062
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)0000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)3,1753,5553,3454,7904,9805,1905,400
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)956.51,0811,4161,8301,8401,9902,170
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)00290.9250259272
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)6,8207,9207,8307,6307,8508,080
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)2,9302,9303,2503,3405,4105,580
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)4,1324,6365,0526,8707,0907,4507,860
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)1,0101,0501,120730.0740.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)17.917.618.91919.8
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)500.0500.0420.0310.0330.0240.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)345.5
Total length of railways (kilometre)7,2807,2807,2807,280
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)1.71.81.92.02.4
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)20.117.614.113.112.712.813.313.6
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)45.050.062.0107.0152.0180.0208.0
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)33,147,67040,254,78039,881,95037,533,30036,444,83036,141,72040,741,570
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)61.267.075.380.096.4
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)45.050.062.0107.0152.0
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)0.0300.0
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)145.2371.293.5148.2141.8
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Deposit rate (%) (%)80.058.1
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)2,8112,9663,0073,0273,247
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)281.10296.60300.70303.30324.70352.40357.90356.80
Interest rate - Lending (%)170.0170.0
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)40.051.057.199.2126.8134.5132.4
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)1,0271,070746.9641.5760.3683.7643.5
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)3,8174,0982,9472,6073,1802,9412,845
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)521.4531.9510.6603.1768.5784.8768.4839.4806.1
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.40.00.20.30.10.1
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)-2,398.3-2,551.1-1,885.6-1,715.8
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-50.1-241.4-220.5-272.8-197.6-148.7-100.3
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-2,590.0-12,260.9-12,617.6-14,731.2-9,559.5-7,067.9-7,090.0
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-1,392.1-3,067.2-590.3-1,337.6
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-13,245.9-15,635.8-15,161.2-10,584.7
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)5,88713,88611,2575,0105,0212,7123,296
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)29,61043,49654,75259,76364,78467,500
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)14.6-26.8186.2277.52.110.496.6
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)269.9243.1429.3723.0802.7989.3
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-1,777.1-1,964.8-2,531.0-1,800.7-1,165.1-160.6
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)3,1101,4081,1381,7812,4462,511
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-8,715.0-8,131.6-6,215.3-3,945.7-3,354.6-5,724.8
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-140.0
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-4,878.7-3,928.6-7,123.3-5,594.4-4,993.8-3,715.5
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)23,102
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)1.90
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)176.00204.00204.00
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)2.0
Land area covered by forest (%)