Nigeria's flag    Nigeria


Official language: English
Currency: Nigerian Naira
Capital City: Abuja
Area: 923768km2
Subregional membership(s): West Africa, Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), B5, Oil producing economies, Sub-Saharan Africa, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Petroleum Exporters, OPEC Members


200963.6K
2019

Mid-year population
375.8B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
100.2
2017

Under five mortality rate
84.7
2016

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)21.4421.3621.2821.1220.9620.8020.6420.4020.24
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)37.2837.2837.2834.4034.4034.40
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)420.6424.3428.1431.8435.3438.7441.9445.0447.8
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)408.2411.5415.0418.3421.6424.7427.6430.3432.8
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)414.3417.8421.4424.9428.3431.6434.6437.5440.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)141.60142.56
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)84.9689.68
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)61.6066.80
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)52.5656.80
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)46.1649.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)48.4044.72
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)54.4046.56
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)54.0847.84
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)44.9643.44
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)123.04115.36
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)32.5633.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)21.9223.84
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)14.4816.00
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)19.4422.80
Population - Female (%)395.20395.12394.96394.88394.80394.72394.72394.64394.56
Population - Female (thousands)660,875678,635696,799715,335734,231753,487773,096793,054
Population - Male (%)404.80404.88405.04405.12405.20405.28405.28405.36405.44
Population - Male (thousands)676,955695,492714,440733,765753,451773,499793,902814,655
Population - Total (thousands)1,337,8301,374,1271,411,2391,449,1001,487,6821,526,9861,566,9971,607,709
Population - Urban (%)361.60368.80376.00382.40389.60396.00402.40409.60
Population - Urban (%)361.60368.80376.00382.40389.60396.00
Population - Urban (thousands)605,560633,952663,240693,384724,368756,200
Total fertility rate (per woman)46.145.745.244.744.243.743.142.642.0
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)1,160
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)6,5526,5686,5606,512
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)248.00
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)488.00488.00488.00
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)50.4052.0053.6056.00
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)248.00
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)296.00472.00
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)50.4052.0053.6056.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)528.00536.00544.00552.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)240.00240.00232.00232.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)967.2932.8900.0870.4
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)397.44
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)553.52
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)476.56
Gender parity index of teachers in lower secondary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)726.40742.72715.04657.44
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)745.84762.00725.68697.04
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)736.32752.56720.48677.60
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)359.44427.92343.84357.20318.40
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)394.56470.24385.04390.40352.64
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)377.28449.44364.80374.08335.84
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)582.32
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)45.647.247.2
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)96,052,272101,257,528100,363,26497,241,928
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)102,526,720108,082,832106,046,312107,487,520
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)198,578,992209,340,360206,409,576204,729,448
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)9.84
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)43.645.343.840.2
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)44.746.644.642.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)44.246.044.241.5
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)21.625.920.921.719.4
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)23.728.523.423.721.4
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)22.627.222.222.720.4
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)3,6884,1204,5483,9573,2373,006
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)580,797648,080721,096761,422820,603919,253
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100995.041,0791,1661,2721,4711,7141,9212,1402,424
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)97.7667.8464.4872.08125.44132.1696.7291.20
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year95.8463.4463.6076.64148.56122.8091.5295.84126.00
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period97.7667.8464.4872.08125.44132.1696.7291.20106.00
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)95.8463.6863.8476.40148.40128.00
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)1,1281,2181,3161,4411,7081,982
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)201,272187,896195,512199,816204,544209,560
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)201,272187,896
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)160,673188,456200,352205,664202,488205,984
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)125,816147,784
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)42,45442,60842,76845,74444,65647,464
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)45,27242,608
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)00592621.2680.08
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)215,256213,576203,264213,360238,336
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)89,28886,93678,74487,80893,57699,824
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)72,23479,59484,13684,14484,152
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)71.378.783.283.599.1100.398.4
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)203,127231,064243,712252,032258,432265,224
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)229,648231,688
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)73,92073,21672,54473,64836,088
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)5.24.965.767.5222.64
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)5,1044,9284,8403,6888,70420,92015,816
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)3,8884,800
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)37,38432,30438,42448,13642,120
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)28.4832.0032.7231.4438.40
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)30.3234.0834.8033.4440.80
Transport

Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)28,22428,22428,22428,224
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)0.080.080.080.08
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)2.001.680.800.800.640.560.56
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)128.80152.80168.00288.00205.3659.76
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)902,222,2801,017,968,7361,111,682,5601,206,640,7121,234,737,3441,159,361,360
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)539.52592.64630.16666.16664.00607.36705.44
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)114.2120.4125.9125.5
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)262.40304.00341.44379.52
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)646.80729.20795.12
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)240.00532.80
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)160.00280.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - current USD (billions)223.6182.7733.81,396
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Deposit rate (%) (%)67.2863.6074.7273.20
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1,2601,2581,2681,540
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1,2601,2581,2681,5402,0282,4462,4492,455
Interest rate - Lending (%)134.32133.76132.40134.80
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)10.73.942.622.850.554.6
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Net ODA - current USD (millions)15,32920,12619,82919,45219,98626,870
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)91.6117.12112.4107.36107.44140.8
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)141.60148.72140.32162.64187.28202.72227.36240.40
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)1,4441,5181,5861,7771,5291,880
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)30.1629.601.28-25.525.3619.76
Current account balance - current USD (millions)138,995152,3927,301-128,153.321,70983,050
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)-39,987.8-213,879.2-114,328.2
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)99,007-61,486.9-104,181.5
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)57,01944,86837,55124,51335,59028,024
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)610,952655,819693,370717,883753,473
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)12,3419,90012,91411,48210,44010,289
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)59,25769,15782,07293,553103,993
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)-119,939.7-82,567.7-14,629.6
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-176,683.7-204,165.0-151,916.9-104,391.5-68,870.7-91,937.7
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)174,481174,436173,822165,375158,951175,675
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-172,326.6-155,254.0-181,684.8-135,370.0-64,066.4-105,698.2
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)48.00
Trade balance - current USD (millions)313,523337,375167,081-53,766.6-4,305.1105,011
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)162,708164,640164,749
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)3,6272,676
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)61.60
Land area covered by forest (%)