Sao Tome and Principe's flag    Sao Tome and Principe


Official language: Portuguese
Currency: Sao Tome Dobra
Capital City: São Tomé
Area: 964km2
Subregional membership(s): Central Africa, Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Least developed countires, Island countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)


215.1K
2019

Mid-year population
0.4B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
32.4
2017

Under five mortality rate
110.2
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)18.0917.1916.9216.9216.9216.9217.0117.0117.10
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)32.2232.2232.2227.2727.2727.27
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)635.4639.2642.5645.7648.5651.0653.2655.3657.3
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)594.2597.5600.7603.5605.9608.0610.0611.8613.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)614.8618.2621.5624.4627.0629.4631.5633.5635.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)40.9538.07
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)46.6243.20
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)41.7645.54
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)39.0649.86
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)50.4058.05
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)56.4362.82
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)57.8762.01
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)60.5761.20
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)74.0767.14
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)42.8440.41
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)79.2971.82
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)57.8760.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)42.1243.56
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)210.15195.84
Population - Female (%)449.64449.64449.73449.82449.73449.73449.64449.64449.64
Population - Female (thousands)847.2863.8880.3896.9914.0931.3948.9967.0
Population - Male (%)450.36450.36450.27450.18450.27450.27450.36450.36450.36
Population - Male (thousands)848.4865.0881.3897.9915.0932.5950.3968.5
Population - Total (thousands)1,6961,7291,7621,7951,8291,8641,8991,936
Population - Urban (%)604.80613.80622.80631.80639.90648.00655.20662.40
Population - Urban (%)604.80613.80622.80631.80639.90648.00
Population - Urban (thousands)1,1071,1521,1881,2331,2781,323
Total fertility rate (per woman)41.741.240.840.339.939.338.938.437.9
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)828.0
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)1,4581,4491,4311,404
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)882.00882.00882.00
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)53.1054.9057.6059.40
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)828.00819.00
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)53.1054.9057.6059.40
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)873.00873.00873.00873.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)306.00315.00315.00315.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)471.6457.2441.0425.7
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)768.96615.42
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)854.64736.20
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)811.26674.28
Gender parity index for participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (ratio)9.59.89.5
Gender parity index of teachers in lower secondary education who are trained (ratio)10.07.7
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)14.910.8
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)9.59.912.6
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)972.63976.23942.21954.00961.38972.63
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)1,0061,002982.17997.651,0091,011
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)989.64989.10962.37975.96985.59992.07
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)549.00603.36700.47775.89795.24864.09
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)486.90547.29639.27701.10701.19751.41
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)517.68575.10669.60738.27747.90807.39
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)67.0579.47119.43
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)78.3091.80115.56
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)72.7285.68117.54
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)871.29746.91
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)853.47706.05
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)829.71697.59723.15
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)867.15
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)874.08
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)870.66748.35
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)50.8
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)63.5
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)42.342.342.3
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)57.0
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)819.45815.58803.88861.48
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)815.76821.70826.83867.87
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)817.56818.64815.40864.72
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)510.30572.58614.61
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)449.73549.72553.32
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)479.79561.06583.74
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (%)455.40439.20512.37
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Female (%)467.01458.64523.98
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Male (%)443.97420.12500.94
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)148,797153,135150,867155,286158,634162,837
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)156,240159,570164,736168,912171,711
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)305,037312,597310,437320,022327,546334,548
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)257.9282.4294.6349.0289.4280.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)220.1186.8223.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)51.972.3
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)8.68.6
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)10.09.8
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)7.6
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)60.060.057.658.457.759.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)62.661.960.361.260.661.5
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)61.361.059.059.859.160.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)32.936.242.048.847.751.5
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)29.332.938.344.342.044.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)31.134.541.746.544.948.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)3.34.05.9
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)4.04.65.8
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)3.64.35.9
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)834.21
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)2.32.73.12.83.23.5
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)43.350.358.062.770.676.8
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=1001,1381,2311,3171,3861,4611,5441,6661,779
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)95.7672.9963.0047.2548.8751.3070.7469.48
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year93.6064.1757.9636.0045.5469.6681.0049.23
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period95.7672.9963.0047.2548.8751.3070.7460.93
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)93.6964.1757.8735.6446.0849.50
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)5,3345,7146,0826,3226,6467,012
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)198198198108117126
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)459459
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)159.3160.83162162171171
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)540540
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)94.5994.599999108117
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)6363
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)0.360.631.261.261.26
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)627.3670.5714.6750.6765765
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)0.000.000.000.000.000.00
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)162.0162.0162.9162.9162.9
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)0.20.20.20.20.20.30.30.3
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)254.16256.05262.26270279288
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)603603
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)28.827.9172.8198.9184.5
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)409.86566.73580.32625.5644.94
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)135.0278.1504.9562.5621.9593.1647.1
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)6.56.57.8
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)97.47138.15185.76170.73212.40
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)112.86149.40198.99181.26218.70
Transport

Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)3.694.595.044.41
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)38.3432.6731.2329.0725.3824.2122.5919.98
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)194.13207.00219.69232.38252.00269.37
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)1,099,5481,127,9611,156,5001,664,7391,602,4231,565,667
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)583.65587.25590.85834.75788.49756.00693.54693.72
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)7.08.89.99.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)194.13207.00219.69232.38
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)630.00711.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)18.0018.0018.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - current USD (billions)2.81.83.6
International trade
International Road Federation
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Deposit rate (%) (%)116.0184.4230.42
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)171,616166,050166,198198,816
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)171.63166.05166.23198.81199.35195.66186.75196.92
Interest rate - Central bank (%)126.00126.00108.0090.00
Interest rate - Lending (%)235.53209.52143.10
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)301.198.6124.725.925.130.3
Net ODA - current USD (millions)456.3483.8372.4440.6423.4362.4
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)2,4952,5861,9472,2532,1181,774
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)729.36640.26625.14778.86828.27797.85731.25666.90
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.30.30.30.30.30.3
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)-11.84.515.13.25.2
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-196.74-123.93-197.37-113.40-53.64-116.64
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-889.8-731.3-935.4-618.2-553.4-658.3
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)-141.5389.3811.9593.3
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-682.9-18.7145.0174.8
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)202.5109.4243.9257.2199.4369.2
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)2,8313,4563,4733,6423,842
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)3.68.235.423.99.12.6
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)197.159.430.222.431.5
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)-4.2-0.52.7
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-20.017.960.225.625.6-12.8
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)126.9400.5283.3220.6215.4263.8
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-60.6-108.0-132.2104.3154.899.5
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-406.80
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-936.1-1,041.8-1,146.7-968.8-949.2-1,008.8
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)57.2234.6226.4176.6
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)0.900.90
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)502.20
Land area covered by forest (%)