Sao Tome and Principe's flag    Sao Tome and Principe


Official language: Portuguese
Currency: Sao Tome Dobra
Capital City: São Tomé
Area: 964km2
Subregional membership(s): Central Africa, Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Least developed countires, Island countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)


236381.5K
2024

Mid-year population
0.6B
2021

GDP at current prices, USD
14.5
2022

Under five mortality rate
109.6
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)1.881.691.611.541.512.211.831.961.941.92
Population - Urban (%)70.2071.1072.00
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)64.764.965.565.765.865.265.266.166.166.2
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.44.34.14.04.03.93.83.83.73.6
Population - Urban (number)137,228142,120147,051152,026157,043162,101167,201172,334177,512182,727
Median age (years)17.717.817.817.918.018.218.418.618.819.0
Population - Male (number)100,410102,168103,865105,507107,123109,113111,306113,407115,601117,817
Population - Urban (%)70.1771.0971.9772.8073.6074.3575.0775.7576.4077.01
Population - Total (number)201,124204,633208,037211,344214,599218,641223,108227,380231,856236,382
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)67.367.568.368.468.567.867.668.868.969.0
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)70.270.471.471.471.670.970.471.972.072.2
Population - Female (%)50.0850.0750.0750.0850.0850.0950.1150.1250.14
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)3.503.413.333.253.173.103.022.962.902.84
Population - Female (number)100,714102,465104,172105,837107,476109,529111,802113,973116,255118,565
Population - Male (%)50.0250.0350.0350.0450.0450.04
Health
World Bank, World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
20.518.717.216.015.014.213.512.9
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)
25.523.321.419.918.617.616.715.9
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)35.00
25.823.621.820.219.017.917.1
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)5.40
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)28.0429.0330.0231.0132.0032.9933.9834.00
20.618.917.416.215.214.413.7
23.121.119.418.016.915.915.114.5
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)6.60
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)98.10
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)93.0093.0090.0095.00
23.321.419.718.317.116.215.4
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)107.32108.47112.55
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)78.1877.8285.70
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)97.8570.9098.3098.38
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)6.6
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)68.84
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)38.832.231.2
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)18,30418,76819,079
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.7
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)5.9
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)86.9393.00
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)88.9493.15
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.11.11.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)4.94.75.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.6
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)1.01.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)5.45.35.7
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)74.9292.8293.75
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)12.84
Primary completion rate - Female (%)83.2084.5085.5086.4087.1587.90
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)6.56.46.5
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)5.2
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.01.01.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)6.66.66.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)5.25.05.4
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)68.3889.5291.07
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)82.5083.1990.38
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)8.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)92.69
Primary completion rate - Total (%)77.9078.9079.8080.4082.1781.30
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)105.27106.19109.63
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)12.7216.68
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)13.06
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.7
Primary completion rate - Male (%)87.0088.6090.1091.4092.1193.50
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)13.0818.71
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)97.7164.0397.9097.97
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)103.17103.86106.71
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)86.9088.6794.95
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)13.27
Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old (%)1.021.051.101.081.00
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)83.1597.7867.5998.1098.18
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.11.11.2
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)61.70
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.01.01.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)6.86.76.9
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)81.8096.1696.47
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)12.9017.69
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)87.9593.08
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)65.23
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)35,55836,39437,172
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)17,25417,62618,093
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)20.824.8
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division, Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current prices - National Currency (billions)7.07.88.5
Industry (%)13.91
Industry (%)15.6816.0016.4314.5713.6613.50
Services (%)72.0972.3872.4874.0573.8572.23
Services (%)73.38
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current prices - US dollars (billions)0.30.40.4
GDP, PPP - Current, International dollar (millions)765.0790.0811.0855.0890.0928.0984.0
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period5.255.435.707.866.77
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year4.005.067.749.005.47
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)5.255.435.707.866.77
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)702.48738.47779.08
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100153.99162.36171.61185.09197.62153.33
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)3.965.125.507.867.729.8110.63
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)303132
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)000
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)121314
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)83.48585
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)0.140.14
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)0.00.00.00.00.0
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)0.000.000.00
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)18.118.1
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)111213
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)181919
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)
Tourism
World Bank, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), World Tourism Organization
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)18.9723.60
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)20.1424.30
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)69.571.66
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)62.569.165.971.9
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)22.120.5
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)0.70.70.9
Transport

Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU), United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)3.232.822.692.512.22
19.0070.0093.0093.0094.0094.0094.00
9309239941,8612,655
25.8228.0029.9331.9032.0033.00
0.060.090.050.030.03
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)91.9787.0183.6276.9477.2479.6884.82
431435530587705
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)92.7587.6184.0077.0677.08
0.000.000.000.000.00
25.8228.0029.9331.9032.0033.00
51.24
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)184,971178,047173,963162,610165,761
2.15
0.650.70.710.740.771.151.53
0.450.440.460.851.19
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)3.202.802.682.512.231.281.17
1,3141,4251,4791,5571,6422,5123,423
79.0092.0093.0093.0094.0094.0094.00
1181991186463
0.210.210.250.270.32
, 2018=100462,910415,780534,630562,140539,9307,356,800253,309
International trade
International Road Federation
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Interest rate - Lending (%)
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)22.0922.1521.7420.7521.88
Interest rate - Central bank (%)10.00
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)22,091
Deposit rate (%) (%)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)2.92.64.14.711.74.33.2
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-0.4-0.3-0.2-0.2-0.20.1-0.4-0.1
Net ODA - current USD (millions)49.047.040.3
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)85.8095.3085.8493.8971.5781.3761.3167.59
General government net lending/borrowing - as % of GDP (%)-6.25-4.24-2.69-1.88-0.065.920.86
International reserves - current USD (millions)72.963.243.747.175.3
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)250.32235.31197.09
Total external debt (% of GNI) (%)76.7371.6771.9561.2659.0860.9755.42
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Balance of payments
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)2.53.5
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)65.9
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)19.6
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-11.96-6.08-13.23-12.29-12.13-10.25-9.69
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)0.40.6
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-107.6-105.5-112.1
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)19.4
Services Balance - current USD (millions)11.617.211.1
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)15.530.629.223.224.247.160.1
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-68.7-61.5-73.1
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.00.00.0
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)2.82.8-1.4
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)2.71.00.32.40.90.9-0.1
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)0.3
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)404.7426.9
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)24.523.929.3
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Carbon Dioxide Emissions - per Capita (metric tons)0.570.60
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)0.10.10.10.10.2
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)55.80
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)57.2956.6556.0055.3554.7154.06
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)0.240.240.240.240.240.240.24
Land area covered by forest (%)
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)0.240.24