Sierra Leone's flag    Sierra Leone


Official language: English
Currency: Sierra Leone Leone
Capital City: Freetown
Area: 72300km2
Subregional membership(s): West Africa, Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), Mano River Union (MRU), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Mineral-rich countries, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


8977972.5K
2024

Mid-year population
4.2B
2021

GDP at current prices, USD
100.8
2022

Under five mortality rate
151.7
2021

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.172.462.382.352.322.282.212.142.122.09
Population - Urban (%)40.8041.2041.60
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)56.257.257.558.458.958.458.859.159.559.8
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.64.54.44.34.24.14.03.93.83.7
Population - Urban (number)2,954,7913,049,2783,146,5023,246,5023,349,0393,453,9713,561,3123,671,1703,783,6633,898,920
Median age (years)17.717.918.018.218.418.618.819.119.319.5
Population - Male (number)3,660,9313,751,4843,844,2643,936,9444,030,4544,124,7684,218,8414,312,1924,405,6854,499,827
Population - Urban (%)40.8341.2341.6442.0542.4842.9243.3743.8344.3044.78
Population - Total (number)7,314,7737,493,9137,677,5667,861,2818,046,8298,233,9718,420,6418,605,7188,791,0928,977,973
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)57.258.458.759.860.359.860.160.460.861.3
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)58.259.659.861.261.661.161.461.762.162.7
Population - Female (%)49.9549.9449.9349.9249.9149.9149.9049.8949.88
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)3.153.143.133.113.093.063.043.023.002.98
Population - Female (number)3,653,8433,742,4303,833,3023,924,3384,016,3754,109,2034,201,8014,293,5264,385,4074,478,146
Population - Male (%)49.8349.8549.8649.8849.8949.91
Health
World Bank, World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
132.7117.9113.4109.0104.9101.097.493.8
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)
148.0133.1128.2123.7119.3115.1111.2107.5
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)13.00
148.5133.5128.6123.9119.5115.4111.4
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)15.6013.5012.00
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)10.8011.4312.0612.6913.3414.0014.6815.39
133.1118.3113.8109.3105.1101.197.6
140.5125.7121.0116.6112.2108.2104.4100.8
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)22.30
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)97.4097.90
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)78.0085.0080.0080.00
141.0126.1121.4116.8112.5108.5104.7
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)115.28117.60119.76107.40137.16134.04147.63
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)41.5843.0540.34
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)62.7070.3869.6071.65
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)31.3438.1341.01
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)33.837.339.427.5
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)674,958702,178736,275673,196874,177866,227965,048
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)4.84.8
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)95.5098.57
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)94.7498.07
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.90.91.0
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)3.03.02.9
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)2.62.72.8
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)52.4846.9723.7739.42
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)48.0943.2148.64
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)
Primary completion rate - Female (%)60.8061.9064.2064.0069.4365.6097.81
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)6.96.97.56.88.68.49.3
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.01.01.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)6.86.97.46.68.48.29.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)2.82.82.8
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)37.6534.8541.31
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)39.0641.4340.08
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)51.0947.0324.1639.91
Primary completion rate - Total (%)57.0058.2063.2761.1068.3563.7095.44
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)116.10118.25122.32110.48140.37137.54151.73
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)
Primary completion rate - Male (%)63.9064.9065.0666.5070.6168.0093.12
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)70.5886.3374.2075.23
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)116.91118.89124.94113.63143.64141.12155.91
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)36.5339.8139.81
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)
Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old (%)1.010.821.010.95
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)67.5766.6576.5371.9073.46
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.90.91.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)49.7447.0724.5640.38
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)33.6738.5342.52
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.01.01.01.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)6.86.97.26.48.28.08.8
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)58.7451.6556.03
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)95.1298.1199.1198.3398.6498.38
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)32.5138.3341.77
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)1,360,2431,412,5241,486,9391,369,7381,770,3681,759,7731,964,346
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)685,285710,346750,664696,542896,191893,546999,298
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)20.522.0
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division, Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current prices - National Currency (billions)21,58324,29627,615
Industry (%)6.20
Industry (%)4.566.965.315.465.774.67
Services (%)34.9433.6732.7233.5034.3132.05
Services (%)33.77
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current prices - US dollars (billions)4.23.93.7
GDP, PPP - Current, International dollar (millions)11,46912,30012,23412,96013,88513,77614,806
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period6.6910.8818.2216.0314.8013.44-64.8227.20
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year8.3817.4115.3314.2513.8910.42-62.9037.10
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)6.6910.8818.2216.0314.8013.44-64.8227.20
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)2,2872,6853,007
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100134.10148.69175.78203.97234.16265.6493.46118.88
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)10.0717.4112.0016.0314.8015.7015.50
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)352378408
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)111111
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)130133137
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)83.979.518.9
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)16.1716.5
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)0.10.10.10.10.1
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)215.00229.00245.00
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)113.2113.3
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)189203219
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)152164177
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)
Tourism
World Bank, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), World Tourism Organization
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)3.823.70
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)4.024.10
Overnight stays (thousands)167.0376.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)4.73
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)37.041.039.039.0
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)34.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)2.12.42.32.8
Transport

Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU), United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.240.230.230.060.04
20.0040.0240.0250.0076.0078.5279.90
202425
6.3411.7713.2415.8016.8018.00
000
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)77.3483.7986.2980.8483.6383.6197.70
202425
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)78.8885.6888.4783.0786.13
0.000.000.0035.0040.0048.64
6.3411.7713.2415.8016.8018.00
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)5,657,0006,279,2706,625,0006,355,1516,729,804
000
000
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.230.230.220.060.010.000.00
172180184
90.0090.0090.0074.0080.0088.9793.20
000
000
, 2018=10017,303,90010,218,6805,445,83017,801,99082,022,40013,927,9205,664,070
International trade
International Road Federation
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Total trade - Export, current USD (millions)816.9915.5974.2713.6743.9613.2
Total trade - Import, current USD (millions)2,0012,0031,7961,6031,5471,482
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Interest rate - Lending (%)18.73
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)5,0816,2907,3847,9329,010
Interest rate - Central bank (%)9.50
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)5,081
Deposit rate (%) (%)4.49
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)6.64.76.76.26.913.5
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-981.6-2,055.4-2,412.1-1,811.2-1,147.7-2,269.2-1,609.2-1,460.4
Net ODA - current USD (millions)946.3693.2537.6
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)47.6560.7369.1669.0972.4576.3376.1969.30
General government net lending/borrowing - as % of GDP (%)-8.46-8.78-5.59-3.13-5.76-6.92
International reserves - current USD (millions)579.0497.2549.1501.2530.1707.7945.9
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)130.7693.7371.14
Total external debt (% of GNI) (%)37.4449.6548.2946.2646.1152.9360.46
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Capital Account, Capital transfers,General government - Net (National Currency)633.62850.53844.43347.62497.21687.891,083
Current Account, Goods and Services, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-7356.68-3992.94-5541.61-6788.29-10682.28-7121.67-7879.11
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)19.2340.3846.3443.343.340
Financial account, Reserve assets, National Currency - Net (National Currency)126.97-249.146.19-57.57280.571,5682,087
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)1,5922,108
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Portfolio investment, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-15.75-17.9718.31000
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)
Current Account, Primary income, Compensation of employees, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-6.19-8.012.72-17.25-28.24-22.68-26.87
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-565.46-614.73-779.09-556.26-643.48-307.14-727.82
Current Account, Secondary income, General government, Current international cooperation, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)1,957382.06484.36723.141,7791,246
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)
Capital Account, Total, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)645.11,0361,091525.58734.34833.571,103
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-23.59-7.62-18.30-12.36-14.32-6.79-13.03
Current Account, Secondary income, General government, Miscellaneous current transfers of general government, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)4.23.03.8
Current Account, Secondary income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)2,8322,7481,2591,8004,1724,2344,870
Financial account, Reserve assets, Monetary gold, Gold bullion, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-765.6-318.4-538.1
Current Account, Secondary income, Adjustment for change in pension entitlements, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)
Financial account, Reserve assets, Monetary gold, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000
Current Account, Goods and Services, Services, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-3467.05-2355.2-2315.31-2417.9-3201.99-1100.87-1775.17
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-682.4-170.9-272.3
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)252.4138.0128.9217.8301.5135.1218.3
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-1,003.1-162.8-535.2
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Rent, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)19.2340.3846.3443.343.340
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.10.20.1
Capital Account, Capital transfers - Net (National Currency)645.11,0361,091525.58734.34833.571,103
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Subsidies, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000
Net errors and omissions, Domestic Currency - Net (National Currency)2,773-880.9-564.351,681676.51-1015.86-1193.05
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-112.5-99.0-90.9
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Direct investment, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-514.76-590.46-703.69-540.78-624.66-229.7-654.79
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Other investment, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-50.7-10.97-81.07-92.45-95.09-102.36-95.72
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)
Current Account, Goods and Services,Goods , Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-3889.63-1637.74-3226.3-4370.39-7480.29-6020.8-6103.93
Current Account, Secondary income, General government, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)2,1901,957382.06484.36723.141,7791,246
Current Account, Total, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-5096.39-1848.47-5018.59-5534.36-7138.41-3149.62-3741.39
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Current Account, Goods and Services, Goods , General merchandise on a balance of payments basis, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-3907.97-1680.69-3263.31-4411.04-7503.3-6063.51-6179.64
Financial account, Net lending (+) / net borrowing (-) (balance from financial account), National Currency - Net (National Currency)-1678.44-1693.79-4492.4-3328.17-5727.56-3331.9-3831.25
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)1,5922,108
Net lending (+) / net borrowing (-) (balance from current and capital account), Domestic Currency - Net (National Currency)-4451.29-812.9-3928.05-5008.78-6404.07-2316.05-2638.21
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)557.4425.5366.1
Current Account, Primary income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-571.65-603.51-735.98-545.64-628.42-261.88-732
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Taxes on products and production, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000
Current Account, Secondary income, General government, Miscellaneous current transfers of general government, Of which: Current transfers to NPISHs, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2015201620172018201920202021202220232024
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Carbon Dioxide Emissions - per Capita (metric tons)0.150.15
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)0.90.90.90.90.9
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)42.50
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)36.4936.2135.9435.6735.3935.12
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)3.303.303.303.303.305.105.10
Land area covered by forest (%)
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)3.303.30