Somalia's flag    Somalia


Official language: Somali
Currency: Somali Shilling
Capital City: Mogadishu
Area: 637657km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


15442.9K
2019

Mid-year population
1.5B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
127.2
2017

Under five mortality rate
29.2
2007

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)21.6021.6821.8422.0822.3222.5622.7222.9623.04
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)32.4832.4832.4832.4032.4032.40
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)450.9454.2457.4460.8464.2467.4470.3473.0475.5
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)425.1428.2431.3434.5437.6440.6443.3445.8448.1
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)437.7440.8444.1447.4450.6453.7456.6459.2461.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)98.2494.88
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)67.2066.40
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)58.6458.08
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)56.9660.00
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)65.3666.24
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)72.0870.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)70.9668.72
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)63.8462.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)52.4054.08
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)88.4879.84
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)41.0442.64
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)28.3231.20
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)19.1221.36
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)17.2823.68
Population - Female (%)400.64400.72400.80400.88400.96401.04401.04401.12401.12
Population - Female (thousands)50,94252,35153,80655,31556,88158,50760,19361,942
Population - Male (%)399.36399.28399.20399.12399.04398.96398.96398.88398.88
Population - Male (thousands)50,78252,15853,58255,06356,60458,20759,87361,602
Population - Total (thousands)101,724104,510107,389110,378113,485116,713120,066123,543
Population - Urban (%)332.80336.80341.60345.60350.40355.20360.00364.80
Population - Urban (%)332.80336.80341.60345.60350.40355.20
Population - Urban (thousands)42,43244,24846,13648,12050,19252,352
Total fertility rate (per woman)53.352.551.750.950.149.448.647.847.0
Health
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)6,3286,2006,0245,856
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)368.00368.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)1,2051,1691,1301,094
Education
United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)12.214.113.211.611.512.3
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)273,712271,920267,224259,000264,685283,696
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100873.20910.88
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year23.20
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period34.48
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)35.7610.0811.2018.4023.20
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)788.00823.20833.60845.28864.72889.76
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,3681,4481,5361,5761,6721,784
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)2,4642,520
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)2,6492,8082,9763,0643,1523,248
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)2,7202,800
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)888888889696
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)00000
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)2,8002,8002,8002,8002,8002,800
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)712.00728.00728.00744.00792.00840.00
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)656.0656.0664.0672.0680.0
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)0.60.60.60.60.60.60.60.6
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)2,7372,8963,0643,1523,2483,344
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)2,7202,800
Tourism

Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Transport

Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)3.124.565.205.92
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)4.403.923.442.962.720.004.00
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)11.0412.0013.0414.0815.0416.00
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)18,400,00041,464,00044,000,00046,688,00053,224,32056,952,00061,224,320
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)144.72317.36327.76338.40375.20390.40407.92
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)320.0480.0560.0656.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)11.0412.0013.0414.08
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)640.00680.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)240.00240.00240.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)400.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - current USD (billions)255.0127.142.0312.3
International trade
International Road Federation
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)154,270161,847178,034184,494184,784
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Net ODA - current USD (millions)7,9248,4378,87410,0849,46914,083
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)620.8642.4656.64725.04661.36955.28
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-28.48-42.08-37.84-50.56-53.84
Current account balance - current USD (millions)0.0-1,784.0-2,744.0-2,544.0-3,480.0-3,976.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)858.62,0642,0882,4242,6723,072
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)6,2048,26810,53212,98015,692
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)6,2048,26810,53212,98015,692
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-430.40
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)140.80132.00
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)80.80
Land area covered by forest (%)