Somalia's flag    Somalia


Official language: Somali
Currency: Somali Shilling
Capital City: Mogadishu
Area: 637657km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


15442.9K
2019

Mid-year population
1.5B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
127.2
2017

Under five mortality rate
29.2
2007

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)21.6821.6021.6821.8422.0822.3222.5622.7222.9623.04
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)32.4832.4832.4832.4832.4032.4032.40
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)447.8450.9454.2457.4460.8464.2467.4470.3473.0475.5
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)422.2425.1428.2431.3434.5437.6440.6443.3445.8448.1
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)434.7437.7440.8444.1447.4450.6453.7456.6459.2461.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)98.2494.88
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)67.2066.40
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)58.6458.08
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)56.9660.00
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)65.3666.24
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)72.0870.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)70.9668.72
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)63.8462.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)52.4054.08
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)88.4879.84
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)41.0442.64
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)28.3231.20
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)19.1221.36
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)17.2823.68
Population - Female (%)403.20403.20
Population - Female (thousands)49,56950,94252,35153,80655,31556,88158,50760,19361,942
Population - Male (thousands)49,44250,78252,15853,58255,06356,60458,20759,87361,602
Population - Total (thousands)99,010101,724104,510107,389110,378113,485116,713120,066123,543
Population - Urban (%)328.00332.80336.80341.60345.60350.40355.20360.00364.80
Population - Urban (%)328.00332.80336.80341.60345.60350.40355.20
Population - Urban (thousands)40,68842,43244,24846,13648,12050,19252,352
Total fertility rate (per woman)54.153.352.551.750.950.149.448.647.847.0
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)6,4646,3286,2006,0245,856
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)342.4336.0331.2325.6320.0312.8308.0
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)368.00368.00368.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)256.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)192.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)1,2421,2051,1691,1301,094
Education
United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)272,376273,712271,920267,224259,000264,685283,696
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)9.112.214.113.211.611.512.3
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100873.20910.88
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year23.20
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period34.48
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)35.7610.0811.2018.4023.20
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)788.00823.20833.60845.28864.72889.76
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,3681,4481,5361,5761,6721,784
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)2,4082,4642,520
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)0000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)2,4992,6492,8082,9763,0643,1523,248
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)88888888889696
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)000000
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)712.00728.00728.00744.00792.00840.00
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)640.0656.0656.0664.0672.0680.0
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)2,5872,7372,8963,0643,1523,2483,344
Tourism

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)3.124.565.205.92
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)5.844.403.923.442.962.720.004.00
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)10.0011.0412.0013.0414.0815.0416.00
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)14,400,00018,400,00041,464,00044,000,00046,688,00053,224,32056,952,00061,224,320
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)407.92
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)320.0480.0560.0656.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)10.0011.0412.0013.0414.08
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)560.00640.00680.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)80.00240.00240.00240.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)400.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)19.1255.0127.142.0312.3
International trade
International Road Federation
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)154,270161,847178,034184,494184,784
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)708.72620.8642.4656.64725.04661.36955.28
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)8,7927,9248,4378,87410,0849,46914,083
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-28.48-42.08-37.84-50.56-53.84
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)0.00.0-1,784.0-2,744.0-2,544.0-3,480.0-3,976.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)816.0858.62,0642,0882,4242,6723,072
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)5,3466,2048,26810,53212,98015,692
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)5,3466,2048,26810,53212,98015,692
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-430.40
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)4,606
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)361.60140.80132.00
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)80.80
Land area covered by forest (%)