Somalia's flag    Somalia


Official language: Somali
Currency: Somali Shilling
Capital City: Mogadishu
Area: 637657km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


15442.9K
2019

Mid-year population
1.5B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
127.2
2017

Under five mortality rate
29.2
2007

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.72.72.72.72.72.82.82.82.82.9
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)4.14.14.14.14.14.14.14.1
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)55.656.056.456.857.257.658.058.458.859.1
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)52.452.853.153.553.954.354.755.155.455.7
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)54.054.354.755.155.555.956.356.757.157.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)12.212.311.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)8.08.48.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)7.47.37.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)7.37.17.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)8.78.28.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)9.49.08.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)9.18.98.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)8.08.07.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)6.46.66.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)11.211.110.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)5.05.15.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)3.33.53.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)2.32.42.7
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)1.82.23.0
Population - Female (%)50.450.450.4
Population - Female (thousands)6,0286,1966,3686,5446,7266,9147,1107,3137,5247,743
Population - Male (thousands)6,0166,1806,3486,5206,6986,8837,0757,2767,4847,700
Population - Total (thousands)12,04412,37612,71613,06413,42413,79714,18614,58915,00815,443
Population - Urban (%)39.341.041.642.142.743.243.844.445.045.6
Population - Urban (%)39.341.041.642.142.743.243.844.4
Population - Urban (thousands)4,7385,0865,3045,5315,7676,0156,2746,544
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.96.86.76.66.56.46.36.26.16.0
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)820.0808.0791.0775.0753.0732.0
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)43.442.842.041.440.740.039.138.5
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)46.046.046.046.0
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)31.032.0
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)23.024.0
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)160.2155.3150.6146.1141.2136.8
Education
United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)34,17134,04734,21433,99033,40332,37533,08635,462
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)1.11.11.51.81.71.51.41.5
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)4.51.31.42.32.9
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)98.50102.90104.20105.66108.09111.22
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)171181192197209223
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)295301308315
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)00000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)310312.36331.1350.97372383394406
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)011111111111212
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)0000000
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)89.0091.0091.0093.0099.00105.00
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)80.080.082.082.083.084.085.0
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)310323.36342.1361.97383394406418
Tourism

Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Transport

Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Paved Road (% of total) (%)11.8
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.80.70.60.50.40.40.30.0
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)1.31.41.51.61.81.92.0
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)648,2001,800,0002,300,0005,183,0005,500,0005,836,0006,653,0407,119,000
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)5.414.518.039.540.742.046.548.3
International trade
International Road Federation
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Banking, insurance, financial statistics

Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)41.9588.5977.680.382.0890.6382.67119.41
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)505.71,099990.51,0551,1091,2611,1841,760
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-3.6-5.3-4.7-6.3-6.7
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)0.00.00.0-223.0-343.0-318.0-435.0-497.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)112.0102.0107.3258.0261.0303.0334.0384.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)566.2668.2775.51,0341,3171,6231,962
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)566.2668.2775.51,0341,3171,6231,962
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-53.8
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)612.4575.7
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)45.3045.2017.6016.50
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)10.1
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)10.8
Land area covered by forest (%)10.8
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%)0.60.6