South Africa's flag    South Africa


Official language: English
Currency: South African Rand
Capital City: Pretoria
Area: 1221037km2
Subregional membership(s): Southern Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC), B5, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Mineral-rich countries


58558.3K
2019

Mid-year population
348.9B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
37.1
2017

Under five mortality rate
102.3
2016

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)12.7212.7212.4812.0011.5211.1210.7210.3210.00
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)12.7212.7212.7210.6410.6410.64
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)505.9515.1522.9528.9533.2536.5539.2541.4543.4
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)456.2463.6469.8474.7478.4481.3483.7485.8487.8
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)480.5488.8495.8501.2505.2508.3510.9513.0515.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)36.7237.20
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)35.2832.80
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)43.9238.00
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)80.6467.28
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)112.80104.56
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)107.68116.08
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)94.16100.24
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)65.8475.04
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)47.3652.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)34.4834.56
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)35.1237.28
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)28.4828.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)22.0822.64
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)55.6053.44
Population - Female (%)405.20405.12405.12405.12405.20405.36405.52405.76405.92
Population - Female (thousands)214,058217,494220,961224,395227,775231,107234,379237,592
Population - Male (%)394.80394.88394.88394.88394.80394.64394.48394.24394.08
Population - Male (thousands)208,603212,003215,392218,696221,886224,971227,961230,874
Population - Total (thousands)422,661429,497436,353443,091449,661456,078462,340468,466
Population - Urban (%)506.40510.40514.40518.40522.40526.40531.20535.20
Population - Urban (%)506.40510.40514.40518.40522.40526.40
Population - Urban (thousands)268,264274,400280,608286,752292,808298,784
Total fertility rate (per woman)20.520.320.119.819.719.419.219.018.9
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)568.0
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)1,2161,1601,1201,104
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)776.00776.00776.00
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)632.00528.00
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)40.0040.0040.0040.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)736.00736.00744.00744.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)520.00520.00528.00528.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)381.6347.2331.2324.0
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)740.72744.56747.28
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)759.68762.32763.20
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)749.84753.12754.96
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of lower secondary (ratio)8.7
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)
Gender parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)757.28759.44770.48791.92802.56
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)792.96796.00805.04852.48833.36
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)775.28777.84787.92822.40818.08
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)780.24829.36851.36815.84839.36
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)737.84679.12777.84828.16768.16
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)758.88748.32814.40822.00803.52
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)182.64188.80185.60191.68
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)130.00133.52131.44136.40
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)156.08160.96158.24163.84
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)794.16792.64793.84
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)788.00789.44789.44
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)791.04791.04791.68
Low to high socio-economic parity status index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)
Low to high socio-economic parity status index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)76.978.579.4
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)80.581.482.8
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)79.279.279.2
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)78.679.981.0
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)676.96
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)672.16
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)674.56
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)674.24
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)685.84
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)680.08
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)27,181,24827,397,10427,952,32028,907,19229,497,35229,511,68829,370,648
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)28,854,60829,113,68829,609,14431,539,54431,062,04031,145,54431,176,448
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)56,035,85656,510,79257,561,46460,446,73660,559,39260,657,23260,547,096
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics (%)
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Female (%)
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Male (%)
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)263.5256.2262.2242.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)222.2214.8221.0
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)7.57.5
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)8.38.6
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)11.0
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of lower secondary (ratio)
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)53.053.253.955.256.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)55.555.856.359.458.3
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)54.254.555.157.457.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)39.041.442.640.842.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)36.933.938.941.438.4
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)37.937.440.741.140.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)10.610.810.510.6
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)7.67.77.47.5
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)9.19.39.09.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)722.00
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)564.96
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)637.60
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)3,1712,9332,8052,5402,3662,791
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)26,03128,32030,44332,41134,80337,214
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100888.24939.52997.201,0421,1111,1681,2211,2711,313
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)45.7646.2449.1236.0852.7241.4436.0032.96
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year46.4841.9242.7241.4456.5636.0035.2032.2424.64
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period45.7646.2449.1236.0852.7241.4436.0032.9626.00
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)45.3642.8842.6442.2453.7641.60
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)644.24678.80714.96752.72803.28845.12
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,600,9041,594,4641,591,2401,715,0881,891,7522,139,904
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,576,7521,568,528
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)2,2432,3842,4242,0722,0802,656
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)1,886,1251,898,7921,857,6721,828,5281,813,3361,853,040
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)1,851,2241,812,384
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)62,86732,32032,65629,76031,95233,472
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)33,68832,320
Electricity - total nuclear production (Giga watt hours)113,614112,848110,352114,775113,966
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)1,0511,1341,2161,2581,300
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)1,860,1281,830,6001,828,1841,821,0801,824,656
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)167,328179,744172,288203,976207,432211,088
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)354,232356,824367,768379,512400,168
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)358.8353.2381.1376.9399.4424.2427.9
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)2,065,8992,047,4782,004,3201,997,2482,044,0962,044,096
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)2,063,3522,048,584
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)57,16051,92850,51245,88042,832
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)76.087476.6475.678.48
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)89,61683,74483,87273,12070,45677,64878,312
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)73,50476,29676,392
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)104,552114,544116,240111,616120,968119,800120,032
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)619.2719.2652.0655.2659.2661.6664.0
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)79.6078.0079.6879.2076.00
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)72.8874.3275.6075.1271.20
Transport

Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)164,000164,000164,000167,624167,624167,624
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)16.8824.4825.6821.04
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (%)2.563.52
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (%)0.081.36
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (%)9.7615.36
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)73.3657.7653.5259.6864.4067.5246.3227.68
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)328.00372.00392.00415.36432.00449.36
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)547,152,000614,922,224634,245,848703,995,936659,303,040707,980,880739,423,664
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)1,0361,1451,1631,2711,1731,2421,2791,325
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (thousands)1,3421,903
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (thousands)32.8738.6
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (thousands)5,1738,231
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)8,85812,92213,65111,275
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)328.00372.00392.00415.36
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)798.32798.32799.20799.20
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)760.00784.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)272.00432.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - current USD (billions)247.9186.391.485.8
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Deposit rate (%) (%)43.5241.2046.4049.20
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)65.6877.2886.80102.08
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)65.6877.2886.80102.08117.68106.56105.84115.60
Interest rate - Central bank (%)40.0040.0046.0050.00
Interest rate - Lending (%)70.0068.0073.0475.36
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)62.984.952.962.2104.997.5
Net ODA - current USD (millions)8,52710,3638,61911,3629,4428,115
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)160.88192.72158205.52168.56143.04
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)328.00352.80375.92394.72411.76424.16453.68462.48
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.20.20.20.20.10.10.1
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)8,6767,7657,3076,6026,0436,9867,428
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-41.04-47.04-42.56-35.12-26.08-18.16
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-162,519.5-170,240.2-142,592.2-116,542.8-66,827.1-71,264.6-107,048.0
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)-8,721.161,58040,40821,599
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)12.50.7144.2-1.40.01,9741.2
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)36,47166,40146,16513,83517,88010,597
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)1,308,0811,216,9881,111,2451,014,0441,094,698
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)23,90153,19261,35545,94935,79658,879
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)894,2361,029,4511,168,1921,237,4681,382,618
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)-80,446.8-47,743.3-37,219.3-38,938.9
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-86,367.6-76,930.6-74,685.4-62,410.4-65,096.7-83,908.2-94,398.8
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-30,408.5-25,563.8-25,410.4-21,167.0-14,852.9-22,978.3-21,895.1
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-10,196.7-9,913.5-1,702.4-3,848.8-4,621.2-3,229.2-4,264.9
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-430.40
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-35,546.7-57,832.2-40,794.0-29,116.617,74438,85113,511
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)4,6033,411
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)60.80
Land area covered by forest (%)