South Africa's flag    South Africa


Official language: English
Currency: South African Rand
Capital City: Pretoria
Area: 1221037km2
Subregional membership(s): Southern Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC), B5, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Mineral-rich countries


60414.5K
2023

Mid-year population
348.9B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD

Under five mortality rate
98.4
2019

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Annual rate of change of the migrant stock (%)8.48-2.44
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)1.561.501.441.391.341.291.251.21
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)1.591.331.331.33
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)65.466.166.767.167.467.767.968.2
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)58.759.359.860.260.560.761.061.2
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)62.062.763.263.563.964.164.464.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)4.594.65
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)4.414.10
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)5.494.75
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)10.088.41
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)14.1013.07
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)13.4614.51
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)11.7712.53
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)8.239.38
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)5.926.56
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)4.314.32
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)4.394.66
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)3.563.56
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)2.762.83
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)6.956.68
Population - Female (%)50.6450.6450.6550.6750.6950.7250.74
Population - Female (thousands)28,22928,72129,00429,17629,51729,87930,22130,49830,72630,963
Population - Male (%)49.3649.3649.3549.3349.3149.2849.26
Population - Male (thousands)26,50127,15527,41827,46527,82228,20828,58128,89529,16829,452
Population - Total (thousands)54,73055,87756,42256,64157,34058,08758,80259,39259,89460,414
Population - Urban (%)64.3064.8065.3065.8066.4066.9067.40
Population - Urban (%)64.3064.8065.3065.80
Population - Urban (thousands)35,07635,84436,60137,348
Total fertility rate (per woman)2.52.52.52.42.42.42.42.3
Health
World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)97.00
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)5.005.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)66.0066.00
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)94.3494.6987.5195.95
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)95.3495.4887.8696.02
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)94.8395.0887.6895.99
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)96.31101.90101.4999.1496.5996.62
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)100.63109.17104.84102.56100.45100.10
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)98.49105.57103.18100.8698.5498.37
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)106.42108.75112.09109.03103.97105.67
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)97.23110.13102.34100.4297.1099.49
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)101.80109.44107.18104.70100.51102.56
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)23.2023.96
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)16.4317.05
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)19.7820.48
Literacy rate - Female (%)93.0793.4186.4694.53
Literacy rate - Male (%)95.2995.4087.6895.55
Literacy rate - Total (%)94.1494.3787.0595.02
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)99.0899.2396.8898.83
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)98.6898.6893.7697.99
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)98.8898.9695.3298.41
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)9.89.9
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)10.210.4
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)9.9
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)10.010.1
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)84.6294.6789.8390.19
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)84.0290.2888.1788.26
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)95.6592.4588.9989.21
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)84.28
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)85.73
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)85.01
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)3,494,0403,613,3993,687,1693,688,9613,671,3313,736,263
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)3,701,1433,942,4433,882,7553,893,1933,897,0563,952,118
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)7,195,1837,555,8427,569,9247,582,1547,568,3877,688,381
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)32.830.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)27.826.927.6
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.91.01.01.01.0
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.01.11.11.11.1
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)6.76.97.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)7.07.47.3
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)6.97.27.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)5.35.15.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)4.95.24.8
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)5.15.15.0
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)1.31.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.90.9
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)1.11.1
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)90.25
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)70.62
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)79.70
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)350.6317.5295.7348.9
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)3,8054,0514,3504,652
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100124.65130.27138.86146.05152.63158.93164.09171.51
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)6.144.516.595.184.504.123.254.52
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year5.345.187.074.504.404.033.085.85
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period6.144.516.595.184.504.123.254.52
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)5.335.286.725.204.624.133.274.28
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)89.3794.09100.41105.64
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)198,905214,386236,469267,488
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)303259260332
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)232,209228,566226,667231,630
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)4,0823,7203,9944,184
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total nuclear production (Giga watt hours)13,79414,34714,246
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)152157.24162.48
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)228,523227,635228,082
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)21,53625,49725,92926,386
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)45,97147,43950,021
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)47.647.149.953.053.5
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)250,540249,656255,512255,512
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)6,3145,7355,354
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)9.589.459.81
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)10,4849,1408,8079,7069,7899,0642,716
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)9,549
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)14,53013,95215,12114,97515,004
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)81.581.982.482.783.0
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)9.969.909.50
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)9.459.398.90
Transport

Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)20,50020,95320,95320,953
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU), World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)6.697.468.058.445.793.46
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)6.677.398.028.495.833.493.572.48
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)79,280,73187,999,49282,412,88088,497,61092,427,95896,972,459
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)145.35158.88146.62155.23159.93165.60
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)144.86157.49146.06156.24161.19166.94163.19168.92
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Total trade - Export, current USD (millions)110,55096,08691,109104,288111,285106,07093,179130,636
Total trade - Import, current USD (millions)116,262100,59189,65099,924109,384103,99878,322104,833
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Deposit rate (%) (%)5.806.15
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)10.8512.76
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)10.8512.7614.7113.3213.2314.45
Interest rate - Central bank (%)5.756.25
Interest rate - Lending (%)9.139.42
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)7.220.714.613.323.620.028.2
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-193.4-177.3-203.9-200.8-267.6-609.2-564.1-466.4
General government net lending/borrowing - as % of GDP (%)-3.92-4.37-3.73-4.02-3.74-4.72-9.73-6.41
International reserves - current USD (millions)49,12245,88747,18051,64255,05655,00857,597
Net ODA - current USD (millions)1,0771,4201,1801,014
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)19.7525.6921.0717.88
Total external debt (% of GNI) (%)38.3136.8245.6647.1644.2449.0051.78
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)43.2545.2047.1348.5951.5956.3069.4369.1384.35
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.00.00.00.00.0
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)913.4825.3755.4873.2928.5
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-4.81-4.34-2.68-2.37-2.96-2.581.993.67
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-17,824.0-14,567.8-8,353.4-8,908.1-13,381.0
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)5,0512,700
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)18.0-0.20.0246.70.2
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)5,7711,7292,2352,0085,4505,1253,06240,889
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)138,906126,755136,837
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)7,6695,7444,4747,3714,0763,147-1,950.819.4
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)146,024154,683172,827
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)-4,652.4-4,867.4
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-9,335.7-7,801.3-8,137.1-10,488.5-11,799.9
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-3,176.3-2,645.9-1,856.6-2,872.3-2,736.9
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-212.8-481.1-577.6-403.6-533.1
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-53.80
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-1.63-1.420.481.250.530.594.946.85
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-5,099.3-3,639.62,2184,8561,689
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)7.60
Land area covered by forest (%)