Zimbabwe's flag    Zimbabwe


Official language: English
Currency: Zimbabwean Dollars
Capital City: Harare
Area: 390757km2
Subregional membership(s): Southern Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Southern African Development Community (SADC), Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Mineral-rich countries


16665.4K
2023

Mid-year population
18.0B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
49.5
2021

Under five mortality rate
96.0
2021

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)1.711.611.501.441.421.451.501.55
Population - Urban (%)32.5032.4032.3032.20
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)56.657.358.058.259.058.658.156.256.459.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)6.737.81
Population - Female (thousands)7,3487,5027,6567,8107,9668,1238,2848,4508,6158,786
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)10.9010.63
Population - Urban (thousands)5,0095,1095,2165,3295,4485,5725,7005,8345,9736,118
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.03.93.83.73.73.63.53.53.43.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)9.399.37
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)6.096.26
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)7.827.51
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)10.2310.20
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)4.233.78
Population - Urban (%)32.5032.3832.3032.2432.2132.2132.2432.3032.4032.52
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)7.437.84
Population - Total (thousands)13,85614,15514,45314,75115,05215,35515,67015,99416,32116,665
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)4.624.90
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)58.959.660.360.761.461.361.159.359.461.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)5.815.29
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)9.969.64
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)60.861.662.463.063.663.763.962.162.164.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)3.033.04
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)3.193.18
Population - Male (thousands)6,5086,6536,7976,9417,0867,2327,3857,5447,7067,879
Population - Female (%)53.0353.0052.9752.9552.9252.9052.8752.8352.7952.72
Annual rate of change of the migrant stock (%)0.110.77
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)10.5510.55
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)1.982.062.142.202.252.292.322.352.392.45
Population - Male (%)47.5547.5547.5747.6047.6447.6847.72
Health
World Bank, World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
57.355.352.751.148.747.747.044.8
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)94.00
67.765.562.860.958.457.256.354.0
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)37.0037.00
67.765.562.860.958.457.256.354.0
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)11.20
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)
57.355.352.751.148.747.747.044.8
62.660.557.956.253.752.751.849.5
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)34.0033.40
62.660.557.956.253.752.751.849.5
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), International Labour Organization (ILO), World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)108.04104.90102.16100.4199.3698.6998.1496.57
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)93.1988.8594.5094.70
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)8.9
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)
Literacy rate - Female (%)88.28
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)1,344,7231,344,5381,346,5911,369,1421,399,8451,435,9171,450,416
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)0.94
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.4
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)8.28.99.5
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)87.6087.6085.5285.7986.0687.24
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)85.9486.6283.4683.6283.6785.50
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.5
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)0.80.80.90.91.01.0
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)80.6582.5984.42
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)88.6986.5089.85
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)8.94
Primary completion rate - Female (%)86.7788.0885.5085.8086.2088.8186.70
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)6.96.96.96.9
Literacy rate - Total (%)88.69
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)7.5
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)7.3
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.01.01.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)7.07.07.07.0
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)88.2884.5591.20
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)17.9
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)83.1985.3487.57
Literacy rate - Male (%)89.19
Primary completion rate - Total (%)83.1786.9381.8082.1082.4086.3682.80
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)106.86103.83101.3198.5597.8897.4897.3896.02
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)8.48
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.4
Primary completion rate - Male (%)90.7089.2588.8089.2089.5091.6290.10
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)87.5978.3786.8086.75
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)105.68102.77100.4696.7396.4396.2996.6495.47
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)8.04
Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old (%)1.061.08
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)90.4391.7383.7290.7090.86
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)85.8288.1890.84
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)7.27.17.17.1
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)89.7388.53
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)86.7787.1184.4984.7084.8686.36
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)2,658,4152,662,0102,676,4852,725,9702,789,6922,869,7352,899,259
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)1,313,6921,317,4721,329,8941,356,8281,389,8471,433,8181,448,843
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)15.916.316.618.0
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)15.916.316.618.0
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period-0.21-2.41-1.570.9110.62255.42
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year-0.80-2.47-0.933.4642.04521.59
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)-0.21-2.41-1.570.9110.62255.42
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)60.5959.0958.5462.63
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100108.85106.22104.56105.51116.71414.825,413
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)-0.80-2.47-0.937.0010.61255.29557.2199.25
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)10,0289,58510,01410,466
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)144129121132
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)8,2387,5417,8128,095
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)4,1753,5754,369
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)55.065.14
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)2.02.02.02.02.3
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)1,1481,1531,2061,264
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)2,1092,1112,122
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)293.0368.0348.02.9
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)5,4314,9903,0243,172
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)4,4484,5903,9474,101
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)
Tourism
World Bank, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), World Tourism Organization
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)1,905
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)7.587.314.40
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)10.8210.997.10
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)1,8802,0572,1682,4232,580
Overnight stays (thousands)469.0513.0541.0604.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)4.564.774.78
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)186.0191.0194.0158.0191.0285.066.0
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)451.0557.0406.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)6.76.56.56.56.5
Transport

Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU), World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
1.674.80
47.04
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)2.422.422.181.861.861.81
53.0055.1055.2578.2084.0084.2084.2884.31
1.834.84
12,24513,08314,15133,94752,68259,02861,89382,456
16.3622.7423.1224.4025.0025.1029.30
4.2626.50
1.723.90
11.051.070.990.930.860.80.63
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)85.1590.1389.1195.5385.7685.9484.1989.15
47.84
13,175,6005,136,36015,646,810
1,1241,7811,8766,92610,37912,87616,47622,583
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)86.8492.3591.7998.9989.4090.10
3.5210.26
2.0011.0022.6434.7235.0035.0035.0039.12
16.3622.7423.1224.4025.0025.1029.30
5.12
34.81
0.571.42
46.18
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)11,798,65212,757,41012,878,92614,092,10412,908,99213,195,902
1.809.10
3.189.41
1.27
1.11.161.181.271.351.331.31.28
0.090.090.10.230.350.380.390.52
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)2.382.362.121.791.791.731.611.52
152,234163,987170,838187,310203,056204,424203,461205,333
88.0088.7088.9090.0993.0093.4093.4493.54
138,865149,123154,811146,437139,995132,520125,092100,294
0.010.010.010.050.070.080.110.14
, 2018=10018,900,8805,696,79021,237,5205,413,63064,232,270
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Total trade - Export, current USD (millions)4,0803,8254,0983,4575,0816,0276,715
Total trade - Import, current USD (millions)6,5787,5046,4275,3417,4996,1777,004
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Interest rate - Lending (%)
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1.001.001.001.001.00
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)
Deposit rate (%) (%)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)5.435.2129.715.511.730.118.68.9
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-0.4-1.4-2.3-2.0-2.312.3-18.8-22.7
Net ODA - current USD (millions)760.6788.3654.3725.8
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)42.2047.4649.0874.0851.0093.22102.6567.5654.97
General government net lending/borrowing - as % of GDP (%)-1.11-1.80-6.62-10.63-5.43-1.000.76-2.04
International reserves - current USD (millions)363.8434.6407.2292.687.0151.233.4838.8
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)49.3549.9640.5143.91
Total external debt (% of GNI) (%)43.6449.2356.9072.4370.8764.8173.0453.75
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)5.42
Balance of payments
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)487.3509.3542.6
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-11.97-8.00-3.39-1.27-3.734.004.743.59
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)3.03.03.03.4
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-7.70
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-2,551.7-2,402.6-1,500.0-1,170.5
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-1,590.0-1,137.1-867.1-673.9
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)544.8421.0371.8349.4744.6280.0194.4166.0
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-2,405.2-1,678.5-718.0-307.8
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.40.40.20.3
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-143.1-158.8-178.4-160.7
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)72.022.028.842.226.830.544.055.0
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)3,5463,9674,286
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)1,8802,0201,8271,697
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)36.40
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)
Land area covered by forest (%)