Sudan's flag    Sudan


Official language: Arabic
Currency: Sudanese Pound
Capital City: Khartoum
Area: 2505813km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Oil producing economies, Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Sub-Saharan Africa


44909.4K
2021

Mid-year population
120.3B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD

Under five mortality rate
79.0
2018

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Annual rate of change of the migrant stock (%)0.0615.97
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.412.412.402.402.392.392.392.392.39
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)2.542.543.023.023.02
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)65.665.966.266.566.767.067.267.467.7
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)62.262.562.762.963.163.363.563.763.9
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)63.964.264.464.764.965.165.365.565.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)10.019.18
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)10.228.35
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)10.169.07
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)9.4410.04
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)8.219.93
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)7.008.61
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)5.947.05
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)5.015.81
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)4.315.02
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)10.068.23
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)3.804.11
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)3.433.46
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)3.313.03
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)9.128.12
Population - Female (%)50.1050.0850.0750.0650.0550.0550.0450.04
Population - Female (thousands)18,57519,02119,47819,94720,42820,92121,42521,94222,471
Population - Male (%)49.9049.9249.9349.9449.9549.9549.9649.96
Population - Male (thousands)18,49818,95719,42519,90020,38520,88121,38821,90722,439
Population - Total (thousands)37,07337,97838,90339,84740,81341,80242,81343,84944,909
Population - Urban (%)33.5033.7033.9034.1034.4034.6034.9035.30
Population - Urban (%)33.5033.7033.9034.1034.40
Population - Urban (thousands)12,34712,71413,09913,50513,931
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.74.74.64.54.54.44.44.34.2
Health
World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)74.0074.00
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)30.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)24.0024.00
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)66.4068.6150.60
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)82.2183.2663.40
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)74.2775.9056.88
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)68.5269.8569.7873.2274.4176.12
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)76.1475.4276.4278.5279.1681.71
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)72.3972.6773.1575.9176.8278.95
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)42.5242.9145.2743.6846.9646.33
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)45.0147.1245.9744.5746.2945.41
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)43.7845.0445.6244.1346.6245.86
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)18.7417.5217.15
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)16.8016.4616.85
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)17.7616.9817.00
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)61.5662.0963.06
Literacy rate - Female (%)56.06
Literacy rate - Male (%)65.44
Literacy rate - Total (%)60.70
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)73.49
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)72.51
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)88.4989.5773.00
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)3.13.1
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)58.0359.1559.5862.56
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)54.7054.1855.1356.67
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)56.3456.6357.3259.57
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)2,002,9492,078,2182,127,4312,266,5112,341,3422,433,942
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)2,288,9672,309,7552,390,9862,495,7112,558,3222,684,198
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)4,291,9164,387,9734,518,4174,762,2224,899,6645,118,140
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)25.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)37.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)46.446.049.9
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.9
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.01.01.01.0
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)1.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)4.24.24.34.5
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)4.74.74.84.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)4.54.54.54.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)2.12.22.32.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)2.32.42.32.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)2.22.32.32.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.90.90.9
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.80.80.8
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.90.90.9
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)78.2473.5987.65
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)69.4779.0080.54
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)73.4576.3983.87
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)63.974.483.191.7120.3
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)304.0426.6500.6619.1803.8
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100218.56299.22349.82411.91545.17890.231,344
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)36.5236.9116.9117.7532.3563.2950.99
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year41.9025.6712.5830.4725.1572.9457.01
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period36.5236.9116.9117.7532.3563.2950.99
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period41.9025.6712.5830.4721.0063.2950.99163.26197.1244.46
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)41.9025.6712.5830.4721.0063.2950.99163.26197.12
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)372.91468.63527.59688.37832.93
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)7,8959,7109,76010,06310,401
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)7,895
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)202202211219228
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)1,9692,4634,6276,3786,559
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)1,970
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)8,3158,9138,4208,0258,356
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)8,317
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)8.7699.189.41
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)4,7386,4896,3126,717
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)3,2983,2053,8283,9164,009
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)3,0863,0863,4363,437
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)3.33.33.33.53.83.9
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)10,49511,58713,26713,72414,228
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)10,607
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)460.0439.0195.0203.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)12.7816.0619.3821.75
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)773.0967.0949.01,0091,0291,043
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)591.0684.0
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)591.0684.0741.0800.0813.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Transport

Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Paved Road (% of total) (%)90.60
Total length of railways (kilometre)4,3134,313
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)1.121.090.310.340.350.330.32
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)22.7024.6426.6114.1030.87
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)27,657,87527,796,61127,938,50727,807,29328,644,13933,014,160
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)74.6073.1971.8269.7870.1872.0177.11
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)4.765.746.03
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)4.765.746.036.216.6824.33
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)4.94.310.76.34.2
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-3.9-3.9-6.2-7.9-10.8-6.0-3.1-2.5
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Net ODA - current USD (millions)1,507874.7900.4810.7840.4
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)39.1422.2322.3619.68
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)93.0883.2293.19109.94152.88185.61200.35262.52211.66185.89
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.30.20.30.10.20.2
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)0.428.72.30.8125.0
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-10.11-8.06-10.22-8.89-5.50
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-5,822.1-3,545.5-5,460.8-4,213.4-4,611.3-4,678.5
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)1,3861,438-7.0
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-4,122.411.838.8-19.4-11.1-20.1
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)1,6881,2511,7281,0641,065
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)21,42422,67524,40425,467
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)21,42422,67524,40425,467
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)3.7-8.52.8
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-2,800.1-948.0-1,163.0-866.5-1,651.3-1,812.3
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)1,6881,561952.8932.6975.3375.4
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-771.8-506.8138.6106.4184.7338.8
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-5.80
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-3,938.2-3,652.2-5,389.2-4,385.9-4,119.9-3,580.4
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)619.2477.9128.1
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)51.90
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)10.30
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)8.23