Sudan's flag    Sudan


Official language: Arabic
Currency: Sudanese Pound
Capital City: Khartoum
Area: 2505813km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Oil producing economies, Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Sub-Saharan Africa


42813.2K
2019

Mid-year population
120.3B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
63.2
2017

Under five mortality rate
77.4
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)23.3023.8024.1024.1024.0024.0023.9023.9023.9023.90
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)25.4025.4025.4025.4030.2030.2030.20
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)649.3652.8656.1659.2662.0664.6667.0669.5671.9674.3
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)614.6618.4621.7624.5626.9629.0630.9632.8634.7636.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)631.7635.4638.8641.7644.3646.6648.8650.9653.1655.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)100.1091.80
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)102.2083.50
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)101.6090.70
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)94.40100.40
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)82.1099.30
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)70.0086.10
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)59.4070.50
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)50.1058.10
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)43.1050.20
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)100.6082.30
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)38.0041.10
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)34.3034.60
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)33.1030.30
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)91.2081.20
Population - Female (%)496.20496.20
Population - Female (thousands)177,197181,405185,745190,208194,783199,472204,279209,206214,253
Population - Male (thousands)176,300180,533184,980189,569194,246199,002203,855208,809213,880
Population - Total (thousands)353,497361,938370,726379,777389,030398,474408,134418,015428,132
Population - Urban (%)332.00333.00335.00337.00339.00341.00344.00346.00349.00
Population - Urban (%)332.00333.00335.00337.00339.00341.00344.00
Population - Urban (thousands)116,780120,010123,470127,140130,990135,050139,310
Total fertility rate (per woman)48.247.747.146.645.945.344.744.143.542.9
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)3,3903,3003,2503,1803,110
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)740.00740.00740.00740.00
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)620.00520.00300.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)550.00560.00560.00560.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)240.00240.00240.00240.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)782.0763.0742.0722.0701.0
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)664.00686.10
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)822.10832.60
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)742.70759.00
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)10.0
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)10.310.3
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)636.10670.90685.20698.50703.50738.70751.10
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)717.60752.20761.40754.20767.40788.80795.50
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)697.50712.10723.90726.70735.90764.10773.60
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)348.70394.80425.20429.10455.30439.50472.70
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)381.00432.40450.10471.20461.20447.20464.60
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)365.10413.80437.80450.40458.30443.40468.60
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)150.10167.50187.40175.20171.50
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)142.90148.70168.00164.60168.50
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)148.40158.00177.60169.80170.00
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)546.50
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)627.70
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)602.50615.60620.90630.60
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)884.90895.70
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)31.031.031.031.0
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)515.50568.20580.30591.50595.80625.60
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)540.40547.00541.80551.30566.70
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)572.80554.10563.40566.30573.20595.70
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)18,435,95019,245,74020,029,49020,782,18021,274,31022,665,11023,413,420
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)21,375,34022,183,93022,889,67023,097,55023,909,86024,957,11025,583,220
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)39,811,29041,429,67042,919,16043,879,73045,184,17047,622,22048,996,640
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)253.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)310.9369.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)417.6464.0460.0498.5
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)8.68.7
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)8.98.9
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)10.311.010.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)39.840.841.642.442.744.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)45.046.847.346.847.548.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)42.443.844.544.645.146.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)19.521.321.522.822.0
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)18.921.322.523.623.122.4
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)18.120.421.922.522.922.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)7.58.49.48.88.6
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)7.17.48.48.28.4
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)7.37.98.98.58.5
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)788.50791.00782.40735.90876.50
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)807.40797.50694.70790.00805.40
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)798.70794.30734.50763.90838.70
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)695.2618.8639.1743.6830.9917.01,203
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)1,8542,2113,0404,2665,0066,1918,038
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=1001,1811,6012,1862,9923,4984,1195,4528,90213,442
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)181.00355.60365.20369.10169.10177.50323.50632.90509.90
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year188.90444.40419.00256.70125.80304.70251.50729.40570.10
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period181.00355.60365.20369.10169.10177.50323.50632.90509.90
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)188.80444.40419.00256.70125.80304.70210.00
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)1,8192,6283,7294,6865,2766,8848,329
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)76,11078,95097,10097,600100,630104,010
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)76,11078,950
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)2,0242,0242,0202,0202,1102,1902,280
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)34,16434,60219,69024,63046,27063,78065,590
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)78,84078,84083,15089,13084,20080,25083,560
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)52.670.187.69091.894.1
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)33,30032,98032,05038,28039,16040,090
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)28,24030,86030,86030,86034,36034,370
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)115,080115,536104,951115,870132,670137,240142,280
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)9,3706,9904,6004,3901,9502,030
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)16.2150.6127.8160.6193.8217.5
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)1,7907,7207,7309,6709,49010,09010,29010,430
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)5,3605,7505,9106,840
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)5,7505,9106,8407,4108,0008,130
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)906.00906.00906.00
Total length of railways (kilometre)43,13043,13043,13043,130
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)0.500.700.700.500.70
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)13.7011.7011.2010.903.103.403.503.303.20
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)174.60210.00227.00246.40266.10141.00308.70
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)250,561,850276,585,950276,578,750277,966,110279,385,070278,072,930286,441,390
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)708.80764.20746.00731.90718.20697.80701.80720.10771.10
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)174.3247.9257.1206.6276.8
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)174.60210.00227.00246.40266.10
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)867.00883.00890.00891.00894.50
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)420.00450.00452.00457.00457.30
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)0.000.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - current USD (billions)195.6171.345.778.572.5
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)26.7035.7047.6057.4060.30
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)26.7035.7047.6057.4060.3062.1066.80243.30
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)48.771.349.143.1106.563.442.2
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Net ODA - current USD (millions)17,42413,69115,0738,7479,0048,1078,404
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)472363391.4222.3223.6196.8
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)694.70969.80930.80832.20831.00999.201,2201,6321,779
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)5.96.33.12.12.51.51.51.6
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)42.91.13.5287.022.78.11,250
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-3.80-86.30-101.10-80.60-102.20-88.90-55.00
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-26,529.3-62,590.6-58,220.7-35,454.7-54,607.6-42,133.6-46,112.6-46,785.0
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)-7,576.423,22313,86214,383-69.9
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-28,158.4-33,080.7-41,223.6118.2387.8-194.3-110.9-200.8
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)17,34423,11016,87912,51317,28410,63810,653
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)174,247197,362214,240226,753244,037254,675
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)174,247197,362214,240226,753244,037254,675
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)-476.2-10.036.6-84.928.2
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-37,811.6-20,244.5-28,001.3-9,480.0-11,630.2-8,665.0-16,513.1-18,123.4
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)11,2968,71616,88015,6159,5289,3269,7533,754
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-20,672.6-10,499.8-7,717.8-5,067.71,3861,0641,8473,388
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-58.00
Trade balance - current USD (millions)20,659-40,561.8-39,381.7-36,522.0-53,891.9-43,859.1-41,199.2-35,803.9
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)8,1995,9576,1924,7791,281
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)562.00601.00519.00
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)1,130
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)103.00
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)83.8083.1082.30