Sudan's flag    Sudan


Official language: Arabic
Currency: Sudanese Pound
Capital City: Khartoum
Area: 2505813km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Least developed countires, Oil producing economies, Oil LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Sub-Saharan Africa


42813.2K
2019

Mid-year population
120.3B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
63.2
2017

Under five mortality rate
77.4
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)21.021.421.721.721.621.621.521.521.5
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)22.922.922.922.927.227.227.2
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)584.4587.5590.5593.3595.8598.1600.3602.6604.7
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)553.1556.6559.5562.1564.2566.1567.8569.5571.2
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)568.5571.9574.9577.5579.9581.9583.9585.8587.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)90.182.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)92.075.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)91.481.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)85.090.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)73.989.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)63.077.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)53.563.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)45.152.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)38.845.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)90.574.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)34.237.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)30.931.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)29.827.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)82.173.1
Population - Female (%)446.6446.6
Population - Female (thousands)159,478163,264167,171171,187175,305179,525183,851188,285192,828
Population - Male (thousands)158,670162,480166,482170,612174,822179,102183,469187,929192,492
Population - Total (thousands)318,147325,744333,653341,799350,127358,627367,321376,214385,319
Population - Urban (%)298.8299.7301.5303.3305.1306.9309.6311.4314.1
Population - Urban (%)298.8299.7301.5303.3305.1306.9309.6
Population - Urban (thousands)105,102108,009111,123114,426117,891121,545125,379
Total fertility rate (per woman)43.442.942.441.941.340.840.239.739.2
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)3,0512,9702,9252,8622,799
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)291.6288.0284.4279.9275.4270.9265.5
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)666.0666.0666.0666.0
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)558.0468.0270.0
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)495.0504.0504.0504.0
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)216.0216.0216.0216.0
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)703.8686.7667.8649.8630.9
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)597.6617.5
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)739.9749.3
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)668.4683.1
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)9.0
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)9.39.3
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)572.5603.8616.7628.7633.2664.8676.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)645.8677.0685.3678.8690.7709.9716.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)627.8640.9651.5654.0662.3687.7696.2
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)313.8355.3382.7386.2409.8395.6425.4
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)342.9389.2405.1424.1415.1402.5418.1
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)328.6372.4394.0405.4412.5399.1421.7
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)135.1150.8168.7157.7154.4
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)128.6133.8151.2148.1151.7
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)133.6142.2159.8152.8153.0
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)491.9
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)564.9
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)542.3554.0558.8567.5
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)796.4806.1
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)27.927.927.927.9
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)464.0511.4522.3532.4536.2563.0
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)486.4492.3487.6496.2510.0
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)515.5498.7507.1509.7515.9536.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)228.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)279.8332.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)375.8417.6414.0448.7
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)7.77.8
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)8.08.0
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)9.39.99.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)35.836.737.438.238.440.2
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)40.542.142.642.142.843.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)38.239.440.140.140.642.0
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)17.619.219.420.519.8
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)17.019.220.321.220.820.2
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)16.318.419.720.320.620.0
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)6.87.68.57.97.7
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)6.46.77.67.47.6
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)6.67.18.07.77.7
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)709.7711.9704.2662.3788.9
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)726.7717.8625.2711.0724.9
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)718.8714.9661.1687.5754.8
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)1,6681,9902,7363,8394,5065,5727,234
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)625.6556.9575.2669.2747.8825.31,082
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Inflation, all items (index)1,5272,0702,8263,8694,5235,3266,758
Inflation, all items - Change (%)162.9320.0328.7332.2152.2159.8291.2569.6453.9
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)169.9400.0377.1231.0113.2274.2189.0
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)1,6372,3653,3564,2184,7486,1957,496
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)68,49971,05587,39087,84090,56793,609
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)68,49971,055
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)1,8211,8211,8181,8181,8991,9712,052
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)30,74831,14217,72122,16741,64357,40259,031
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)70,95670,95674,83580,21775,78072,22575,204
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)47.3463.0978.848182.6284.69
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)29,97029,68228,84534,45235,24436,081
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)25,41627,77427,77427,77430,92430,933
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)103,572103,98294,456104,283119,403123,516128,052
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)8,4336,2914,1403,9511,7551,827
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)14.58135.54115.02144.54174.42195.75
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)1,6116,9486,9578,7038,5419,0819,261
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)5,1755,3196,1566,6697,2007,317
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)815.4815.4815.4
Total length of railways (kilometre)38,81738,81738,81738,817
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)0.50.60.60.50.6
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)12.310.510.19.82.83.13.23.0
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)157.1189.0204.3221.8239.5126.9277.8
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)225,505,665248,927,355248,920,875250,169,499251,446,563250,265,637257,797,251
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)156.9223.1231.4185.9249.1
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)157.1189.0204.3221.8239.5
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)780.3794.7801.0801.9805.1
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)378.0405.0406.8411.3411.6
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)0.00.0
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)176.0154.241.170.765.3
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)24.0332.1342.8451.6654.27
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)24.0332.1342.8451.6654.2760.7560.12218.97
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)43.864.244.238.895.957.138.0
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)424.8326.7352.26200.07201.24177.12
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)15,68212,32213,5667,8728,1037,2967,563
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)625.2872.8837.7749.0747.9899.31,0981,4691,601
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)5.45.72.81.92.31.31.41.5
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)38.61.03.2258.320.57.31,125
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-3.4-77.7-91.0-72.5-92.0-80.0-49.5
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-23,876.4-56,331.6-52,398.7-31,909.2-49,146.8-37,920.2-41,501.3-42,106.5
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-6,818.820,90112,47612,945-62.9
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-25,342.6-29,772.6-37,101.3106.4349.0-174.9-99.8-180.7
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)15,60920,79915,19111,26215,5559,5749,588
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)156,822177,625192,816204,078219,633229,207
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)156,822177,625192,816204,078219,633229,207
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)-428.5-9.032.9-76.425.4
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-34,030.5-18,220.1-25,201.2-8,532.0-10,467.2-7,798.5-14,861.8-16,311.1
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)10,1677,84415,19214,0538,5758,3948,7773,379
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-18,605.3-9,449.9-6,946.0-4,560.91,248957.81,6623,049
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-52.2
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)18,593-36,505.6-35,443.5-32,869.8-48,502.7-39,473.2-37,079.3-32,223.5
Workers remittances (Net) - US dollars (millions)7,3795,3625,5724,3011,153
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)505.80540.90467.10
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)1,017
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)92.7
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)75.474.874.1