Tunisia's flag    Tunisia


Official language: Arabic,French
Currency: Tunisian Dinar
Capital City: Tunis
Area: 163610km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), Oil producing economies, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


11694.7K
2019

Mid-year population
40.1B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
13.0
2017

Under five mortality rate
114.7
2016

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)4.854.955.155.405.605.705.655.405.10
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)6.906.906.906.406.406.40
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)387.9388.5389.2390.0390.9391.8392.7393.6394.5
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)366.4367.5368.5369.5370.5371.5372.5373.5374.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)376.9377.8378.7379.6380.6381.6382.5383.5384.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)26.7526.95
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)22.2020.85
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)26.9025.15
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)35.3533.60
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)44.4042.60
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)48.2047.35
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)49.3048.15
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)48.4547.25
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)45.6544.90
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)20.5022.50
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)39.7540.00
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)33.4533.95
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)25.2026.85
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)33.9039.85
Population - Female (%)251.35251.65251.95252.15252.25252.25252.20252.10252.05
Population - Female (thousands)27,26127,56627,87628,19228,51428,84029,16629,484
Population - Male (%)248.65248.35248.05247.85247.75247.75247.80247.90247.95
Population - Male (thousands)26,97427,19927,44027,70828,00628,32728,66028,990
Population - Total (thousands)54,23554,76555,31655,90056,52057,16757,82658,474
Population - Urban (%)336.00337.50339.00340.50341.50343.00344.50346.50
Population - Urban (%)336.00337.50339.00340.50341.50343.00
Population - Urban (thousands)36,59037,17037,76038,36038,97039,580
Total fertility rate (per woman)11.111.211.311.311.211.111.010.910.8
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)320.0320.0315.0310.0
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)420.00420.00420.00
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)11.50
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)480.00470.00
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)25.0025.0025.0025.00
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)485.00485.00490.00490.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)450.00455.00460.00460.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)79.076.073.070.0
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)360.80361.10371.20
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)442.40430.30448.10
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)401.10395.20408.90
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of lower secondary (ratio)4.04.4
Gender parity index for achievement in reading by the end of lower secondary (ratio)6.77.0
Gender parity index for participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)5.0
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)5.05.05.05.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)541.90547.35557.40563.30565.90
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)556.10565.10573.85579.75580.85
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)549.15556.40565.80571.70573.55
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)489.45
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)440.50
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)450.75438.25441.00464.35
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)214.90210.45215.75216.40206.20205.90
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)138.10132.65132.15131.85120.65116.10
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)176.10171.10173.50173.65162.90160.30
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)478.55492.45
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)470.75480.95
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)474.45486.05474.55507.15
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)478.60479.00
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)489.85483.05
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)484.30481.05490.30
Low to high socio-economic parity status index for achievement in mathematics by the end of lower secondary (ratio)1.7
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)29.031.8
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)39.039.3
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)34.034.034.0
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)33.935.5
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)494.35493.60
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)494.10492.85
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (%)
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Female (%)
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Male (%)
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)2,522,6452,555,1552,622,0502,684,5602,746,6152,814,4452,885,870
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)2,710,7102,761,3002,824,0502,889,8552,949,9553,037,9053,122,810
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)5,233,3555,316,4555,446,1005,574,4155,696,5705,852,3506,008,680
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)85.887.282.779.080.982.984.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)79.873.872.7
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)4.74.7
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)7.6
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of lower secondary (ratio)3.4
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in reading by the end of lower secondary (ratio)3.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)32.532.833.433.834.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)33.333.934.434.834.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)32.933.433.934.334.5
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)34.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)30.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)31.630.730.932.5
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)10.810.510.810.810.310.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)6.96.76.66.66.15.8
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)8.88.68.78.78.28.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)465.05475.90468.50
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)476.45464.05463.65
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)470.65469.85466.05
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)225.2231.3238.2215.8209.0200.3
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)351.8375.7404.3423.2449.0484.7
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100540.00568.70595.00621.40644.00678.15727.70776.65820.40
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)23.0526.6023.1522.2018.1526.5536.5533.60
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year26.8526.1522.2019.1021.1030.7537.4530.4024.40
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period23.0526.6023.1522.2018.1526.5536.5533.6028.20
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)29.6028.4523.9020.3020.8522.70
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)559.70591.55619.80645.00671.90702.40
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)71,93073,64075,95077,86081,08084,505
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)71,93073,645
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)000105105110
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)88,73289,71992,29194,52095,01096,405
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)4,4204,420
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)981.5300.428012,16512,37512,595
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)550300
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)91,27094,52095,01098,790100,425
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)14,92014,95515,86523,01023,99025,070
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)21,07522,72525,05527,26528,840
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)21.422.725.027.227.628.629.0
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)90,27991,84695,07616,41516,82517,270
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)13,19914,305
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)3,3653,8403,8503,8354,115
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)66.1565.1570.553.5550.5
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)14,65514,31515,2109,3458,5308,91011,600
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)29,75031,34530,345
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)
Overnight stays (thousands)129,605128,810123,94055,85063,89578,640
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)605.0600.6600.2602.5587.5585.8594.0
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)70.7567.2070.2557.6065.00
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)78.3575.2077.2063.2071.00
Transport

Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)9,33510,82511,22011,22011,22010,825
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)24.2523.6522.4521.70
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (%)0.200.250.401.40
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (%)3.851.151.000.60
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (%)19.0522.1521.0019.70
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)50.6546.6542.9042.2043.1048.7056.3062.15
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)207.20219.00230.80232.50248.00277.50320.95333.50
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)64,219,44563,561,82571,418,16572,979,37571,410,39071,670,400
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)592.05580.30645.55631.75626.85638.55631.55
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (thousands)24.325.145.2158.6
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (thousands)417.6127.3112.769.3
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (thousands)2,0742,4352,3362,212
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)2,6372,6002,4942,440
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)207.20219.00230.80242.60
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)495.00495.00495.00495.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)420.00435.00450.00470.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)0.000.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - current USD (billions)31.1162.523.123.0
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)7.808.108.509.80
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)7.808.108.509.8010.7512.1013.2514.65
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)57.554.642.656.456.985.8
Net ODA - current USD (millions)5,1113,5734,6142,3733,1373,879
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)469.45324.4414210.45275.1336.35
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)238.40234.20257.65277.15311.35351.65384.90407.75
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)2.20.61.51.10.50.9
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)1,7711,9151,9261,5941,6191,735
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-41.50-41.95-45.60-44.60-43.90-50.25
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-18,606.9-19,393.3-21,702.9-19,248.6-18,471.3-20,398.6
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)372.8506.990.7
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)97.3-240.1102.2-31.6165.0140.1
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)8,0165,5835,3195,0144,4254,398
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)170,295168,865157,815173,447146,524
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)67.2107.7109.0155.51,208287.3
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)1,5511,5461,4371,5931,430
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)76.8-400.1-359.6
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-8,604.6-9,100.1-7,144.2-5,303.5-4,576.5-4,642.6
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)10,74711,25211,5819,6898,5359,255
Services Balance - current USD (millions)9,4047,6326,6671,0891,1921,120
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-69.50
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-30,152.9-29,177.5-32,807.5-24,723.4-23,621.8-26,131.2
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)9,5089,4859,722
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)196.50193.50
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)33.50
Land area covered by forest (%)