Egypt's flag    Egypt


Official language: Arabic
Currency: Egyptian Pound
Capital City: Cairo
Area: 1002000km2
Subregional membership(s): North Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), B5, Oil producing economies, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)


104258.3K
2021

Mid-year population
195.1B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD

Under five mortality rate
106.4
2019

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Annual rate of change of the migrant stock (%)18.4160.27
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)15.8215.6115.2614.8414.4214.0013.6513.2312.81
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)11.7611.7612.2512.2512.25
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)512.1513.5514.9516.4517.8519.1520.5521.7522.9
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)481.5482.8484.0485.1486.2487.2488.2489.2490.1
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)496.5497.8499.1500.4501.6502.8503.9505.1506.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)30.9430.59
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)28.4928.35
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)42.5638.43
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)70.4263.07
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)87.9983.79
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)92.1289.74
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)74.9779.17
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)64.6866.22
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)53.5555.72
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)29.4729.19
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)40.1843.12
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)29.6131.85
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)21.0022.89
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)34.0937.73
Population - Female (%)346.29346.22346.22346.22346.29346.29346.29346.36
Population - Female (thousands)306,115313,092320,074327,021333,948340,831347,658354,421361,102
Population - Male (%)353.71353.78353.78353.78353.71353.71353.71353.64
Population - Male (thousands)312,718319,880327,024334,108341,150348,134355,058361,920368,707
Population - Total (thousands)618,833632,973647,098661,130675,098688,965702,717716,341729,808
Population - Urban (%)300.30299.60299.60298.90298.90298.90298.90299.60
Population - Urban (%)300.30299.60299.60298.90298.90
Population - Urban (thousands)269,647275,324280,861286,223291,620
Total fertility rate (per woman)23.924.124.123.923.623.323.022.722.3
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)630.00630.00
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)672.00
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)35.0035.0035.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)665.00665.00665.00
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)470.26471.03524.93
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)578.41582.68605.36
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)525.42526.68565.60
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)714.42706.79738.01743.96745.50747.95
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)720.72708.89737.52742.00742.56741.93
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)717.64707.91737.73742.91743.96744.87
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)573.16580.72591.01601.65611.10623.28
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)585.62583.87600.81612.08619.43629.30
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)579.53582.33596.05606.97615.37626.36
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)194.53203.14241.08243.95
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)217.91227.08250.46238.28
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)206.50215.39245.91241.08
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)623.84667.38
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)607.67661.78
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)595.91644.35662.34643.93
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)632.31649.88
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)655.55664.72
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)644.14652.96657.44
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)45.545.5
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)673.40685.58682.99
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)668.36678.93675.43
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)670.81682.15679.14
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)557.69571.27571.20
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)549.78569.73569.10
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)597.73553.63570.43570.15
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)37,526,39837,717,82739,952,38141,348,24443,011,59145,214,953
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)40,192,54440,178,38342,396,74643,781,38845,491,43247,640,299
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)77,718,94277,896,21082,349,12785,129,63288,503,02392,855,252
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)162.6162.0161.6166.5165.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)100.5103.5106.5106.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)175.6167.1
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)7.07.07.07.1
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)6.96.96.96.9
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)43.042.443.544.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)43.542.643.544.0
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)43.342.543.544.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)34.434.835.735.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)35.135.036.436.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)34.834.936.136.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)9.710.212.012.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)10.911.312.511.9
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)10.310.812.312.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)679.28
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)670.88
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)674.94
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)1,8952,1072,2241,8921,366
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)13,02314,91017,10718,96624,290
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100903.42994.351,0971,2491,6181,8512,0202,113
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)66.2970.4972.5996.67206.57100.8064.05
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year81.6270.9177.42162.89153.3083.7949.7023.10
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period66.2970.4972.5996.67206.57100.8064.0532.06
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period68.2557.4079.7397.79208.32145.9597.1639.9033.5350.40
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)68.2557.4079.7397.79208.32145.9597.1639.9033.53
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)1,8481,9992,2272,5383,293
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.00.00.80.8
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,003,2611,001,8401,031,3031,069,2151,109,598
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)963,137
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)00000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)997,2761,093,4421,193,8431,250,4871,264,844
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)1,034,250
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)90,58093,46494,02494,43795,725
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)93,464
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)11,35017,43017,59817,787
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)1,072,7641,106,2731,157,4291,233,6381,256,6401,311,387
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)157,514183,750245,714251,804258,377
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)217,378247,114272,594315,805
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)228.9228.9251.3276.8319.9387.9
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)1,099,2061,204,3361,273,8391,289,0991,305,080
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)1,176,350
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)22,82724,40225,45230,457
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)105.42118.58128.5267.41
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)47,22955,85348,27923,14260,45288,928
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)64,21867,396
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)66,24869,14665,29637,79358,04479,422
International tourism, number of departures - Total (number)40,474,00043,260,000
Overnight stays (thousands)660,870680,792588,896228,984614,481
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)1,3981,3981,4421,4141,452
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)71.8273.5073.4359.50
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)78.6180.8579.6677.00
Transport

Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)36,36536,36536,07136,071
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)54.0448.8647.1845.3647.9555.9361.11
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)205.80237.23264.74288.75314.65328.44400.96
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)697,934,832667,212,238658,113,064684,540,087720,707,358667,381,834
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)789.46737.87711.90724.78747.32667.03664.79
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Deposit rate (%) (%)53.7648.4448.37
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)48.0949.5653.83
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)48.0949.5653.8370.21124.46124.39117.39
Interest rate - Lending (%)86.0381.9781.41
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)52.988.169.9134.7105.8
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-76.5-87.3-73.0-66.1-55.9-55.2-51.0-40.8
Net ODA - current USD (millions)38,58824,76317,49614,912-795.9
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)429.66269.71186.55155.82-8.19
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)588.14595.91618.17677.67721.28647.36589.47631.33650.02621.95
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)-0.6-1.0-1.0-0.7-1.1
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-15.54-6.16-25.62-41.72-45.43
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-24,735.9-41,681.5-120,703.1-143,457.3-55,577.9
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)-9,217.611,671
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-34,533.8-28,785.9
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)29,79232,28448,47656,74851,742
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)580,251612,395660,149716,268
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)2,1071,7691,2721,4461,393
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)46,10247,87349,14050,589
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)-21,093.114,781
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-50,143.8-47,474.0-35,245.0-30,349.2-37,552.2
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)169,122193,600127,128129,632173,420
Services Balance - current USD (millions)12,97730,4367,137-25,405.112,007
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-111.30
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-156,690.8-218,243.9-219,723.0-217,334.6-203,452.9
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)122,347134,533
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)2,465
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)0.70
Land area covered by forest (%)