United Republic of Tanzania's flag    United Republic of Tanzania


Official language: Swahili, English
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling
Capital City: Dodoma
Area: 947303km2
Subregional membership(s): East Africa, East African Community (EAC), Southern African Development Community (SADC), Least developed countires, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Mineral-rich countries


58005.5K
2019

Mid-year population
52.1B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
54.0
2017

Under five mortality rate
85.3
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)26.626.827.027.027.027.026.926.726.6
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)48.248.248.248.245.045.045.0
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)553.0562.3571.1579.2586.2592.1597.2601.4605.1
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)518.4526.1534.0542.0549.7556.9563.2568.5572.8
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)535.7544.2552.6560.6568.0574.6580.3585.2589.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)66.861.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)45.844.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)53.851.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)73.471.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)87.789.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)87.591.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)81.484.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)76.176.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)69.869.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)50.952.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)58.158.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)44.846.2
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)33.334.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)70.768.9
Population - Female (%)450.3450.2
Population - Female (thousands)205,986212,181218,612225,252232,078239,090246,289253,669261,224
Population - Male (thousands)205,076211,296217,736224,393231,265238,353245,654253,152260,826
Population - Total (thousands)411,062423,477436,348449,645463,344477,443491,943506,821522,049
Population - Urban (%)259.2265.5271.8278.1284.4290.7297.9310.5316.8
Population - Urban (%)259.2265.5271.8278.1284.4290.7297.9
Population - Urban (thousands)123,291130,284137,610145,287153,315161,712170,487
Total fertility rate (per woman)48.247.646.946.445.745.144.644.043.5
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)1,1081,1221,1441,170
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)4,3474,1763,9423,7623,582
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)216.9212.4207.9202.5198.0194.4189.9
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)792.0792.0792.0792.0
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)312.3300.6294.3288.9288.9
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)122.4120.6
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)837.0873.0891.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)312.3300.6294.3288.9288.9
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)495.0495.0495.0504.0504.0
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)126.0126.0135.0135.0144.0
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)530.1501.3479.7454.5438.3
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)660.2657.8
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)750.4748.8
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)702.9701.0
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)
Gender parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)
Gender parity index for participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (ratio)9.410.110.2
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)9.19.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)802.8775.4752.2737.6743.8775.6
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)804.1764.3734.9715.7723.5759.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)828.2803.4769.9743.6726.7733.6767.3
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)285.6272.4233.4
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)331.0297.6231.8
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)308.2285.0232.6
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)24.122.124.0
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)46.543.347.0
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)35.132.535.3
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)722.8583.8521.4365.8
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)763.7761.8
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)784.5783.1
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)773.5771.8
Low to high socio-economic parity status index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)
Low to high socio-economic parity status index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)43.9
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)54.8
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)45.945.945.945.9
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)49.1
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)748.4720.3722.1727.7721.9
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)744.6715.3705.7708.7697.7
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)746.5717.8713.9718.2709.7
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)210.9
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)206.7
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)208.8
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (%)430.9413.7408.2
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Female (%)439.8436.5432.5
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Male (%)422.0391.1384.0
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics (%)
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Female (%)
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Male (%)
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)412.5391.0387.5375.9424.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)237.5154.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)310.1
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)7.88.2
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)5.0
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)8.6
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)56.754.752.751.751.854.2
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)56.753.851.650.150.253.2
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)56.754.352.150.951.053.6
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)13.316.213.7
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)20.218.013.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)18.517.113.8
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)1.21.11.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)2.32.22.3
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)1.71.61.8
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)642.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)520.6
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)578.6
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)474,863552,908638,579717,466817,774928,5171,044,917
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)302.1349.3399.0433.8410.7426.5468.8
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Inflation, all items (index)1,9262,2342,4092,5572,7002,8402,994
Inflation, all items - Change (%)114.2144.070.855.250.346.547.931.632.1
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)177.8108.550.042.861.645.445.0
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)2,0572,3052,4342,5492,7242,8613,004
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Coal - Consumption, Tonnes (thousands)0.70.72.22.32.4
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)729.0711.0765.02,2142,3132,4845.1
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)39,96943,52444,78446,75549,02351,543
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)35,95539,96943,524
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)858.6858.6189198189207225
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)37,84338,63337,69232,30138,19641,27442,165
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)17,84913,24515,45323,3105042,0972,115
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)94.59104.0446.266364.4466.06
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)19,71019,59319,96222,95023,20223,472
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)10,55710,64710,67410,68313,09513,113
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)56,64652,84153,38055,8729369991,080
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)8,3529,0279,90910,85411,9618,271
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)168.21181.98206.28214.47196.47208.98
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)12,44715,78617,45118,42317,31619,41320,556
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)7,8129,6939,86410,26010,23311,55611,943
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)80.687.486.685.092.373.8
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)96.4104.299.597.6106.081.0
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)24,36324,309
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)0.50.81.01.51.8
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)3.23.33.12.72.52.22.12.0
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)28.835.639.663.0180.0117.0225.0
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)230,998,095244,973,547246,985,407286,763,904356,990,400360,397,674359,584,740
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)254.4371.9507.8761.4954.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)28.835.639.643.748.2
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)810.0855.0855.0855.0855.0
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)720.0765.0765.0765.0765.0
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)225.0117.0
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)876.0425.41,0361,1271,486
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Deposit rate (%) (%)61.085.688.488.789.1
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)14,14914,24714,40414,88617,923
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)14,14914,24714,40414,88617,92319,59420,06020,374
Interest rate - Lending (%)134.6139.1142.5146.3144.9
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)16.916.324.627.035.666.575.4
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)461.97517.5610.2456.66431.37375.39405.81
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)21,97625,40030,89923,85523,24020,86023,258
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)250.6258.7270.4293.6322.7328.0329.3323.9329.1
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)6.27.06.44.73.23.83.2
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)219.6192.9271.7286.9202.2278.8353.5
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-97.4-104.6-95.0-90.8-75.9-40.4-34.3
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-39,428.6-33,879.0-44,891.6-48,093.5-37,077.7-19,391.8-14,703.6
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)6,181-5,376.5-2,006.02,947-8,426.8
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-27,029.2-32,260.7-40,482.5-37,390.5-34,446.9
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)11,06416,19618,78612,74514,04712,28910,624
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)98,473114,668133,846152,290166,073178,362
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)98,473114,668133,846152,290166,073178,362
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)-102.0-54.5-40.4-103.7-248.8
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-5,812.0-5,166.4-6,351.7-7,422.7-8,101.8-9,987.6-10,926.2
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)8,1197,3096,9814,2964,3153,4333,618
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)830.23,8486,4196,5466,67612,38516,486
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-236.7
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-42,566.3-39,869.3-51,939.5-51,513.1-39,966.5-25,222.3-23,880.8
Workers remittances (Net) - US dollars (millions)2,6322,3692,6102,7762,653
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)65,709
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.63
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)90.0085.5014.40
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)1,863
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)468.0
Land area covered by forest (%)