Burkina Faso's flag    Burkina Faso


Official language: French
Currency: CFA Franc
Capital City: Ouagadougou
Area: 272967km2
Subregional membership(s): West Africa, Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , UEMAO, Sahel Countries, Franc Zone


20321.4K
2019

Mid-year population
12.3B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD

Under five mortality rate
93.7
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)38.8738.6138.3538.0937.7037.4437.1836.7936.53
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)76.3176.3176.3168.7768.7768.77
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)765.8773.4780.4786.8792.9798.6804.2809.8815.4
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)750.1757.3763.6769.3774.7779.7784.7789.6794.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)758.8766.2772.9779.0784.6790.0795.2800.5805.7
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)84.8984.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)59.6760.97
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)132.8698.15
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)149.24141.31
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)169.65161.85
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)150.67156.26
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)128.70134.03
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)102.57109.85
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)78.7886.71
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)70.9870.98
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)57.7264.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)41.4746.67
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)28.4732.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)44.2051.35
Population - Female (%)654.29653.64653.12652.60652.08651.69651.30650.78650.39
Population - Female (thousands)108,414111,599114,860118,194121,600125,078128,630132,257
Population - Male (%)645.71646.36646.88647.40647.92648.31648.70649.22649.61
Population - Male (thousands)107,012110,347113,758117,244120,803124,434128,139131,921
Population - Total (thousands)215,426221,946228,618235,438242,403249,512256,769264,178
Population - Urban (%)335.40341.90349.70357.50365.30373.10382.20390.00
Population - Urban (%)335.40341.90349.70357.50365.30373.10
Population - Urban (thousands)55,51058,47461,58164,81868,19871,721
Total fertility rate (per woman)74.072.971.870.769.668.567.566.465.4
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)1,7161,586
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)5,1745,0574,9274,823
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)317.20
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)1,2351,2351,235
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)275.60270.40269.10269.10
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)317.20
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)1,1311,066
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)275.60270.40269.10269.10
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)1,0661,0661,0661,066
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)247.00247.00247.00260.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)1,3181,2561,2011,152
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)340.86381.16
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)576.94559.39
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)449.80468.26
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)11.7
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics in grades 2/3 (ratio)12.4
Gender parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)12.5
Gender parity index for participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (ratio)12.913.013.0
Gender parity index of teachers in lower secondary education who are trained (ratio)
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)1.462.7
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)13.814.014.2
Gender parity index of teachers in upper secondary education who are trained (ratio)
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)1,0631,0961,1201,1341,1711,208
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)1,1221,1331,1501,1631,1971,227
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)1,0931,1141,1351,1491,1841,217
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)301.47337.61367.51420.16453.31488.54
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)371.54398.84420.81455.91476.71502.19
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)337.09368.81394.55438.36465.27495.56
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)39.1340.8242.9044.9848.7553.17
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)78.9182.8188.4086.0695.16102.18
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)59.2862.1466.0465.7872.2878.00
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)467.351,066
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)541.45974.35
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)506.221,0671,025809.38
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)571.87
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)740.87
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)651.30590.59
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)12.4
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)24.4
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)18.218.218.2
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)17.8
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)832.00849.03864.37885.82962.78980.85
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)875.03881.66897.78917.67992.031,006
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)853.84865.67881.40902.07977.73993.46
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)232.57262.08336.96364.00381.29
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)280.02300.43352.69366.60376.48
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)256.62281.58344.89365.30378.82
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) (%)124.41122.98122.33
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Female (%)123.63122.98122.07
Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age) - Male (%)125.32122.98122.46
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)14,546,98715,470,63716,332,81017,048,00518,138,15919,269,57520,303,89420,597,915
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)15,925,41616,592,29017,389,50218,140,43419,211,47820,260,85121,374,88621,441,277
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)30,472,40332,062,92733,722,31235,188,43937,349,63739,530,42641,678,78042,039,192
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics (%)764.40
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Female (%)725.40
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Male (%)804.70
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)627.1599.3578.5548.3540.2528.8516.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)342.3349.8352.2327.6303.9303.3300.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)244.0255.1256.5238.4249.9253.1
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)11.812.1
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)10.110.7
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)6.26.2
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)9.4
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics in grades 2/3 (ratio)15.5
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)8.3
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)66.268.369.970.671.974.2
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)69.970.571.672.373.375.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)68.169.470.971.572.574.6
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)22.124.425.730.633.035.9
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)27.429.129.533.535.137.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)24.826.827.632.134.136.5
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)2.22.32.52.62.73.0
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)4.64.85.25.15.66.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)3.43.53.83.84.24.6
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)969.41970.19919.10960.96922.87
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)835.90843.57808.99834.47790.53
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)897.91903.50861.12894.53853.32
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - current USD (billions)145.2155.3160.9135.4141.2160.2
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)74,10876,73179,55480,11283,76193,262
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=1001,3871,3941,3911,4011,4071,4281,4551,4091,435
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)49.666.89-3.389.365.7219.2425.48-41.99
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year20.932.08-2.0825.22-3.9021.324.42-33.2830.16
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period49.666.89-3.389.365.7219.2424.70-41.3424.44
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)21.711.56-1.9516.51-21.3226.00
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)1,3931,3951,3921,4101,3871,415
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)15,67817,42017,90114,75515,18415,639
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)12,28113,485
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)4,9658,1289,38622,23023,41324,817
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)4,9665,554
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)1,2561,3728321,2091,3261,456
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)1,2561,372
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)006565.2665.65
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)6,8698,12810,13611,77410,83812,45311,379
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)5,4995,8506,2539,90610,20510,530
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)3,9523,3053,7994,3344,451
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)3.93.23.74.24.24.34.5
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)6,2219,50010,28323,45224,73926,286
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)8,1339,499
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)1,8982,7952,2881,339
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)50.5782.2974.151.48
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)1,6642,6002,3791,9762,2362,236
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)3,0812,8342,483
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)3,0812,8342,4832,1191,9761,859
Overnight stays (thousands)9,2309,0617,0726,2536,2015,811
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)96.8109.2109.2138.4140.0143.5167.7
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)42.1244.0740.3040.1742.90
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)46.8048.6246.5446.4150.70
Transport

Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Total length of railways (kilometre)8,0866,7346,7346,7346,7346,7346,734
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)1.171.040.390.52
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (%)0.390.39
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (%)0.00
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)11.0510.409.235.335.335.205.074.81
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)48.49118.30122.20182.00181.48206.44
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)129,689,365146,131,518162,427,083187,809,661200,252,520233,302,875
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)782.60855.92923.651,0371,0741,2161,2731,303
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (thousands)69.359.4
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (thousands)7.0
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)186.3168.570.093.7
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)48.49118.30122.20148.07
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)0.00130.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)0.000.00
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - current USD (billions)982.0425.0332.3922.1
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Deposit rate (%) (%)45.5045.5045.5045.50
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)6,6376,4236,4277,689
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)6,6376,4216,4197,6867,7047,5497,2217,617
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)27.231.235.650.145.848.2
Net ODA - current USD (millions)14,98013,58614,60412,96113,35711,510
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)904.02795.73830.44715.65716.3599.69
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)368.81378.95388.31462.93509.08499.46558.48552.11
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)3.56.35.33.43.33.9
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)201.5212.4420.2353.8381.1463.0
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-87.36-146.38-104.78-110.76-94.25-107.38
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-2,109.9-17,487.1-12,969.1-11,635.5-10,136.0-11,622.9
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)130.1-71.7-196.4
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)1,529-11,285.3-7,901.8
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)4,2816,3734,6273,0125,0746,317
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)12,97120,17821,99822,68425,788
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)948.5757.8902.9183.2656.1443.9
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)2,3773,2713,7063,5033,462
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)-424.0-182.0945.8
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-994.5-2,453.7-4,667.6-4,384.5-5,080.8-5,145.9
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)6,5005,7086,2085,9695,2865,171
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-10,378.2-12,088.5-11,126.7-10,083.1-10,333.2-11,578.8
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-70.20
Trade balance - current USD (millions)2,762-8,652.9-3,382.4-3,137.1-8.3-69.3
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)2,1932,4323,245
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)345.80193.70
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)254.80
Land area covered by forest (%)