Zambia's flag    Zambia


Official language: English
Currency: Zambian Kwacha
Capital City: Lusaka
Area: 752612km2
Subregional membership(s): Southern Africa, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Southern African Development Community (SADC), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs, Mineral-rich countries


17861.0K
2019

Mid-year population
25.9B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
60.0
2017

Under five mortality rate
99.8
2017

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)35.636.737.437.637.136.535.835.234.834.7
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)51.851.851.851.851.852.252.252.2
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)693.5711.4728.5744.5759.0771.6782.0790.6797.4802.7
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)641.8658.9674.6688.4700.0709.2716.4721.9726.4730.2
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)667.9685.6702.0717.0730.0740.9749.5756.5762.1766.7
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)56.256.356.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)107.968.658.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)115.698.584.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)123.4120.1113.3
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)124.8133.7131.8
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)118.0129.5132.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)103.6116.4120.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)87.799.8104.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)73.184.288.7
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)78.652.052.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)61.267.671.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)51.654.857.5
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)37.444.646.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)61.173.882.0
Population - Female (%)598.7598.4598.3
Population - Female (thousands)82,65085,16187,80890,56493,39396,26699,176102,130105,137108,214
Population - Male (thousands)80,62283,11885,77488,55591,40594,28697,185100,113103,083106,119
Population - Total (thousands)163,272168,278173,582179,119184,797190,552196,361202,243208,220214,332
Population - Urban (%)472.8478.8484.8490.8496.8502.8508.8516.0522.0529.2
Population - Urban (%)472.8478.8484.8490.8496.8502.8508.8516.0
Population - Urban (thousands)65,41268,22071,18474,30477,56880,96484,49288,152
Total fertility rate (per woman)65.064.062.861.660.459.057.756.655.654.7
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)1,6881,692
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)3,1443,0122,9162,8442,7722,688
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)319.2310.8302.4294.0285.6278.4272.4266.4
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)1,1521,1521,1521,1521,152
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)620.4603.6592.8585.6580.8573.6
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)1,152996.0984.0960.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)620.4603.6592.8585.6580.8573.6
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)732.0744.0756.0768.0780.0780.0
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)516.0516.0516.0528.0528.0528.0
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)985.2943.2892.8842.4799.2768.0
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)671.5
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)850.7
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)760.6
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)15.0
Gender parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)13.3
Gender parity index of teachers in lower secondary education who are trained (ratio)12.7
Gender parity index of teachers in primary education who are trained (ratio)12.8
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)1,3001,3051,2921,2321,2561,2261,2041,211
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)1,2831,3111,2811,2241,2501,2221,1821,184
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)1,2911,2801,2871,2281,2531,2241,1931,197
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)41.6
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)54.7
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)48.1
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)1,145989.9
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)1,3051,074
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)1,2251,001
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)789.1
Low to high socio-economic parity status index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)6.1
Low to high socio-economic parity status index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)8.0
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)79.279.279.279.279.2
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)1,0601,1031,0771,046
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)1,0461,025
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)1,0241,0651,0621,035
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics (%)399.5
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Female (%)442.7
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Male (%)353.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)635.9670.3590.6575.4
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)12.011.912.012.0
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)10.3
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)8.6
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)9.7
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)94.394.292.988.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)93.795.592.888.1
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)94.094.892.888.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)19.822.722.0
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)2.0
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)2.8
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)2.4
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)645.1
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)687.1
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)665.9
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)1,1671,3681,5751,8162,0052,2012,5932,955
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)243.2281.5306.0336.5325.8254.9251.4310.4
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Inflation, all items (index)1,2721,3821,4721,5751,6981,8702,2052,354
Inflation, all items - Change (%)102.0103.979.083.893.7121.3214.479.083.9119.4
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)94.886.488.085.794.3253.390.069.6
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)1,3151,4101,5131,6211,7482,1182,2762,408
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Coal - Consumption, Tonnes (thousands)1.11.21.91.92.1
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)123,828130,152128,628135,240141,024147,240
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)93,46894,89697,992130,152
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)00000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)3729,3679,3672284,9204,8488,0408,208
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)135,276133,606133,606159,372168,504156,420132,588133,944
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)020.5223.6431.563636.2436.48
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)9,1449,4329,74410,90811,22011,544
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)23,64023,64023,64024,96029,42430,03630,876
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)135,648142,994142,997159,632173,460161,304162,984164,724
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)2,0042,6763,6364,2844,5364,8005,076
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)73.3270.6859.1657.1269.696.36110.4
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)5,9046,6606,2166,6247,7047,836
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)10,30810,98011,36411,18411,47212,996
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)424.0505.7511.8514.1387.4389.8
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)57.456.854.450.556.056.863.6
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)84.677.471.872.480.580.987.6
Transport

Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Paved Road (% of total) (%)264.0
Total length of railways (kilometre)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)1.01.41.31.11.71.8
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (%)0.00.00.00.00.1
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (%)0.61.01.11.61.7
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (%)0.00.00.00.00.1
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)10.47.36.89.48.98.87.47.27.0
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)120.0138.0161.6184.8228.0252.0306.1334.2171.6
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)65,363,89297,974,636126,296,112124,749,612121,378,404138,692,700144,204,408161,262,468
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (10MB) (thousands)0.30.50.31.010.2
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (256KL2M) (thousands)75.2130.1160.3242.7256.9
Number of fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (2L10MB) (thousands)0.62.00.72.613.6
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)123.2197.0180.0161.4246.3280.7
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)120.0138.0161.6184.8228.0252.0
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)1,080744.0936.0936.0936.01,116
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)180.0480.0936.0504.0636.0
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)5.516.1
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)309.4279.7554.3580.7558.8615.2
International trade
International Road Federation, World Bank
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Deposit rate (%) (%)88.884.284.077.994.6107.9
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)57.6058.3261.8064.8073.80103.56
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)57.6058.3261.8064.8073.80103.56123.72114.24125.52
Interest rate - Lending (%)251.0226.1145.8114.2138.8159.0
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)22.328.126.434.244.480.5118.7217.7
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)796.56869.4781.32906.96766.44594.12697.56718.44
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)11,03212,40211,48613,74311,9739,56611,57412,282
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)226.7249.6305.2325.1433.7747.1728.0752.5868.3966.0
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)1.81.82.73.30.61.00.70.70.8
Compensation of employees - US dollars (millions)-346.8-346.8-346.8-346.8-346.8
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)90.455.964.6-7.125.2-46.9-53.5-39.1
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)18,30113,11416,462-1,937.8-4,647.9-9,211.8-11,447.5-12,076.4-8,490.7
Errors and omissions - US dollars (millions)-343.4-408.0-447.2-538.3-566.2
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)19,75414,51818,690858.7-4,602.1
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)20,75213,30220,77825,19817,86515,6587,95513,095
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)89,190100,724132,570148,106178,688173,613179,236
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)13,145-16.8-8,422.84,914-20,473.61,5292,121-1,787.0
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)30,36930,35516,91031,55411,08012,60913,052
Portfolio Investment (Net) - US dollars (millions)-883.5-848.5-10,791.9-1,157.9-14,466.2
Primary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)-16,356.1-13,883.7-4,001.7-13,839.2-18,198.7-4,188.8-7,847.5-12,834.5-9,194.3
Secondary income (Net) - US dollars (millions)5,1814,5365,4464,8243,5692,7192,5434,3063,311
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-3,807.1-5,131.4-4,126.2-12,698.6-9,522.3-6,850.7-6,098.2-7,917.0-8,774.3
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)7.2
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)33,28327,59319,14319,77619,504-891.1-44.54,3696,167
Workers remittances (Net) - US dollars (millions)53.957.258.166.772.0
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)32,07836,568
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.720.72
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)134.40110.40105.6060.00
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)2,1242,088
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)784.8
Land area covered by forest (%)798.0