Cabo Verde's flag    Cabo Verde


Official language: Portuguese
Currency: Cape Verde Escudo
Capital City: Praia
Area: km2
Subregional membership(s): West Africa, Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), Island countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Non-Oil Producing, Non-Oil LDCs, Sahel Countries


598.7K
2023

Mid-year population
1.8B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
13.5
2021

Under five mortality rate
97.0
2019

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)1.251.231.201.171.141.111.081.04
Population - Urban (%)63.8064.3064.8065.30
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)70.770.171.272.271.371.670.369.670.372.6
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)5.946.54
Population - Female (thousands)274.4277.5280.7284.0287.1290.1292.9295.6298.2301.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)11.8111.47
Population - Urban (thousands)335.9342.7349.6356.6363.7370.9378.1385.4392.6399.8
Total fertility rate (per woman)2.22.12.12.12.01.91.91.91.91.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)10.3710.00
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)6.136.24
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)8.177.98
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)11.2610.88
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)3.143.15
Population - Urban (%)63.8164.3064.7865.2665.7366.1966.6567.1067.5567.98
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)8.058.19
Population - Total (thousands)546.1552.2558.4565.0571.2577.0582.6587.9593.1598.7
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)3.894.32
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)75.274.675.776.675.776.074.874.174.776.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)4.944.75
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)10.5710.70
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)79.679.080.080.779.980.279.278.579.080.9
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)1.541.68
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)2.652.54
Population - Male (thousands)271.7274.7277.7281.0284.1287.0289.7292.3294.9297.6
Population - Female (%)50.2450.2550.2650.2650.2750.2750.2750.2850.2850.28
Annual rate of change of the migrant stock (%)0.751.13
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)11.5411.57
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)1.991.991.991.981.961.931.891.861.821.79
Population - Male (%)50.1350.1350.1550.1650.1850.1950.20
Health
World Bank, World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
19.217.816.515.414.413.612.912.3
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)91.00
23.221.620.018.517.416.315.514.8
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)72.0072.00
23.221.620.018.517.416.315.514.8
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)
19.217.816.515.414.413.612.912.3
21.319.718.317.015.915.014.213.5
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)10.009.40
21.319.718.317.015.915.014.213.5
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)111.59109.22107.53101.14101.6199.61
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)89.1089.5989.0882.5178.5980.01
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)98.7399.2099.25
Mean years of schooling - Male (years)6.4
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)75.7575.8675.6975.4374.47
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)22.622.021.521.121.1
Literacy rate - Female (%)82.04
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)35,00634,14533,50833,15933,47232,586
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)1.61.31.31.31.2
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)6.1
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)92.3292.5191.5591.9592.5591.78
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)94.0793.9693.6393.7694.2892.77
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.11.11.11.11.1
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)4.94.94.84.94.74.8
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)1.00.90.90.90.8
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)1.31.31.31.31.3
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)5.55.45.35.45.25.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)88.4589.19
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)86.7991.00
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)19.2218.0317.9017.75
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)5.85.75.65.75.75.7
Literacy rate - Total (%)86.79
Mean years of schooling - Female (years)5.9
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)4.7
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.90.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)6.05.95.85.95.95.8
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)5.25.15.15.24.95.0
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)82.0487.61
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)95.1594.7293.6987.0983.2484.11
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)100.02
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)9.59.29.78.88.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)88.9890.06
Literacy rate - Male (%)91.69
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)107.43105.50103.9198.2498.6496.99
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)23.3521.8221.9621.71
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)1.31.11.11.11.0
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)97.5998.1798.25
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)103.22101.73100.2495.2795.6094.30
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)101.3299.9698.3891.7988.0088.30
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)27.4725.5825.9925.66
Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old (%)0.830.93
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)98.1198.6898.74
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)1.11.11.11.11.11.1
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)89.5191.01
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)66.4067.7267.5867.5066.42
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.90.90.90.90.90.9
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)6.26.16.06.16.16.0
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)91.6994.47
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)93.2093.2492.5992.8693.4292.28
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)71.0371.7571.6071.4470.43
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)67,02365,58064,32663,58264,12762,596
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)97.97
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)87.1088.8984.9279.74
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)32,01731,43530,81830,42330,65530,010
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)16.116.416.015.615.4
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)154.4158.7165.8173.4
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)1.91.61.71.8
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period-0.240.13-1.410.781.261.110.60-6.797.67
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year-0.34-0.56-0.200.280.981.93-0.86-3.557.55
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)-0.240.13-1.410.781.261.110.60-6.797.67
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)138.49137.78137.42138.94
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100108.48108.62107.10107.94109.29110.50111.17103.62111.57
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)-0.41-0.52-0.261.111.271.110.601.20
Energy
African Union Commission, AfDB, AUC and ECA Joint African Statistical Yearbook, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)349.4360368376
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.00.0
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)0000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)315322330408418429
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)000
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)343738838486
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,018226236247
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)338.12336.01361.3408.76393.68
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)34.437.337.68
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)0.20.20.20.20.2
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)364375387
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)349360368491503515
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)1,3171,3961,4961,608
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)000000
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)153.5161.5162.5
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)0000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)315322330338
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)98,000101,000104,000
Tourism
World Bank, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), World Tourism Organization
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)494.0
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)37.5138.0439.30
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)41.8643.2444.90
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)494.0520.0598.0668.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)50.6857.5854.71
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)453.0380.0397.0451.0520.0567.0169.0
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)115.0109.075.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)10.810.611.412.513.2
Transport

Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Paved Road (% of total) (%)
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU), World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
19.182.69
71.0472.3974.2171.68
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)11.5012.1212.1912.0911.5310.46
76.5086.8087.6091.0791.0793.7493.7493.82
22.516.00
12,1377,1614,199
40.2642.6850.3257.1659.5061.9464.50
19.598.87
13.05
1.27
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)112.32110.74107.80108.37106.85103.2393.49100.38
68.4671.1973.7570.83
4,721,3601,608,4905,744,100
9,40711,34214,99315,65720,25224,83930,532
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)118.35116.53113.33113.91112.24108.32
38.4918.31
0.000.000.0079.4279.4280.03
40.2642.6850.3257.1659.5061.9464.50
41.51
69.76
5.27
74.1073.6174.6672.53
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)613,378611,468601,956612,259610,328595,681
36.7011.77
4.59
5.75
3.4932.782.652.743.514.265.19
2.221.30.75
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)10.9211.5211.5911.5010.979.979.909.11
19,07616,56815,54114,99315,65720,25224,83930,532
98.4498.7698.7699.3499.3499.3499.3499.34
6,939
1.72.032.652.743.514.265.19
, 2018=100669,19034,059,420642,280466,190664,780
International trade
International Road Federation
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Total trade - Export, current USD (millions)750.7717.1735.5812.7962.71,004423.4476.6
Total trade - Import, current USD (millions)1,129944.6997.21,1921,3371,2931,0201,123
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Interest rate - Lending (%)10.8910.41
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)83.0399.3999.6997.8193.4198.50
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)83.1199.43
Deposit rate (%) (%)3.482.87
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)4.86.25.96.15.65.913.411.2
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-7.2-5.0-5.1-4.9-3.6-15.0-14.3-7.0
Net ODA - current USD (millions)231.4152.8113.4123.0
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)115.92126.65128.37127.22125.59124.92158.82154.09131.26
General government net lending/borrowing - as % of GDP (%)-3.04-2.97-2.65-1.84-9.11-8.55
International reserves - current USD (millions)510.9494.5572.7606.4738.0735.1769.7
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)439.54286.76210.1225.11
Total external debt (% of GNI) (%)87.74100.8196.77104.7592.0793.89124.58108.50
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)13.11
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Capital Account, Capital transfers,General government - Net (National Currency)551.471,7441,0921,2901,177685.951,119792.05944.3
Current Account, Goods and Services, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-28389.3-24420.88-28359.35-37277.09-34380.94-27782.28-56080.01-60735.09-47294.86
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)0000-10.49-10.49-0.360.250
Financial account, Reserve assets, National Currency - Net (National Currency)7,8453,5249,143-1192.241,07814,552-8282.641,0882,603
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)1,6201,5661,630
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Portfolio investment, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-87.75-58.83-56.61-13.64-6.56-24.77-19.64-15.15-7.49
Errors and omissions - current USD (millions)30.6-4.5
Current Account, Primary income, Compensation of employees, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-67.07-38.59735.4623.151,0911,046428.52462.29970.75
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-7624.91-5830.95-6644.1-6594.78-5448.92-5212.29-4147.31-3105.98-3987.09
Current Account, Secondary income, General government, Current international cooperation, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)003,2785,6434,5805,7535,2504,3393,124
Workers remittances (Net) - current USD (millions)186.2187.0
Capital Account, Total, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)658.761,8841,2631,5761,6431,2402,2432,6722,309
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-9.08-3.18-3.83-7.84-5.22-0.40-15.89-12.51
Current Account, Secondary income, General government, Miscellaneous current transfers of general government, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)4,6645,395622.35326.79314.09-71.77-38.3106.31-74.01
Compensation of employees - current USD (millions)2.62.916.019.523.5
Current Account, Secondary income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)22,03925,24427,92329,67229,58429,77532,45540,18942,842
Financial account, Reserve assets, Monetary gold, Gold bullion, National Currency - Net (National Currency)0005,7450-3093.78
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)-6.60
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-601.7-470.6-532.0-660.8-686.2
Current Account, Secondary income, Adjustment for change in pension entitlements, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000000
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-131.1-55.7
Financial account, Reserve assets, Monetary gold, National Currency - Net (National Currency)0000005,7450-3093.78
Current Account, Goods and Services, Services, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)21,64122,33424,69926,96229,52737,8417,7525,63334,759
Services Balance - current USD (millions)260.7225.0255.9289.5313.2
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)183.6120.4126.0111.1112.3103.273.7117.5
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-169.0-50.6-65.8-113.8-87.5
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Rent, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000000
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.00.00.00.00.0
Capital Account, Capital transfers - Net (National Currency)658.761,8841,2631,5761,6431,2402,2382,5312,287
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Subsidies, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000000
Net errors and omissions, Domestic Currency - Net (National Currency)-1534.24-4988.9-168.461,695-2684.82-1590.42,4162,189-2609.57
Primary income (Net) - current USD (millions)-92.5-59.1-59.4-60.6-43.3
Total, Domestic Currency - Net (National Currency)-225508.01-235496.7-253559.34-263425.83-291925.61-296301.82-317136.04-334640-346210.71
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Direct investment, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-2975.35-1544.69-2846.82-2816.83-2351.57-2209.1-1481.6-1266.4-1530.05
Current Account, Primary income, Investment income, Other investment, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-4561.81-4227.44-3867.95-4002.88-3495.75-3496.44-2960.01-1927.81-2535.49
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)-9.215.8-7.916.0-20.2-9.5-11.5-7.3
Current Account, Goods and Services,Goods , Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-50030.18-46754.45-53057.96-64238.97-63908.39-65622.89-63832.2-66368.09-82054.24
Current Account, Secondary income, General government, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)4,6645,3954,0536,0915,0235,8605,2954,4763,100
Current Account, Total, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-14041.88-5046.07-6345.47-13577.13-9164.8-2184.56-27343.84-23189.51-7469.44
Portfolio Investment (Net) - current USD (millions)23.921.0
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Current Account, Goods and Services, Goods , General merchandise on a balance of payments basis, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-50030.18-46754.45-53057.96-64238.97-63908.39-65622.89-63832.2-66368.09-82054.24
Financial account, Net lending (+) / net borrowing (-) (balance from financial account), National Currency - Net (National Currency)-14917.35-8151.2-5250.65-10305.75-10206.55-2535.14-22684.74-18328.54-7770.13
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)1,6201,5661,630
Net lending (+) / net borrowing (-) (balance from current and capital account), Domestic Currency - Net (National Currency)-13383.11-3162.3-5082.19-12000.81-7521.73-944.74-25100.73-20517.86-5160.56
Secondary income (Net) - current USD (millions)264.6254.2269.7318.1328.8
Current Account, Primary income, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)-7691.98-5869.55-5908.7-5971.63-4368.18-4177.03-3719.15-2643.44-3016.34
Current Account, Primary income, Other primary income, Taxes on products and production, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)0000-10.49-10.49-0.360.250
Current Account, Secondary income, General government, Miscellaneous current transfers of general government, Of which: Current transfers to NPISHs, Net, National Currency - Net (National Currency)000000000
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Energy use (Kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 (PPP) GDP (per 1,000 population)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)22.30
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)
Land area covered by forest (%)