Chad's flag    Chad


Official language: French, Arabic
Currency: CFA Franc
Capital City: N'Djamena
Area: 1284000km2
Subregional membership(s): Central Africa, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa , Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Oil producing economies, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), Sahel Countries, Franc Zone


15946.9K
2019

Mid-year population
10.7B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
123.2
2017

Under five mortality rate
88.1
2016

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)40.4440.3239.8439.1238.1637.3236.6036.0035.6435.40
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)41.0441.0441.0441.0444.4044.4044.40
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)633.1639.5645.4650.4654.6658.3661.6664.8668.0671.4
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)601.2607.0612.1616.8620.9624.5627.7631.0634.1637.1
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)617.0623.2628.7633.5637.7641.3644.5647.8650.9654.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)137.64148.20
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)121.20108.60
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)107.76102.36
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)104.04104.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)104.28107.76
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)98.76102.24
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)89.8891.80
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)81.1281.48
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)67.8069.96
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)133.80116.04
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)49.0853.28
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)35.5238.52
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)28.4429.04
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)40.6846.08
Population - Female (%)603.24603.12
Population - Female (thousands)74,33376,87579,48982,14784,83187,53390,26193,02495,836
Population - Male (thousands)73,99976,54279,15681,81584,50187,20789,94092,70995,526
Population - Total (thousands)148,332153,417158,645163,963169,332174,740180,201185,733191,363
Population - Urban (%)265.20265.20266.40268.80270.00272.40274.80277.20279.60
Population - Urban (%)265.20265.20266.40268.80270.00272.40274.80
Population - Urban (thousands)32,52033,75635,06436,43237,84839,32440,872
Total fertility rate (per woman)77.876.475.173.872.671.470.269.067.866.6
Health
United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 adolescent women aged 15-19 - Female (per 1,000 population)2,148
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)11,80811,17210,81210,57210,272
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)456.0450.0444.0436.8430.8424.8417.6
Percentage of children under-five and underweight (%)
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)516.00516.00516.00516.00
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)481.20468.00450.00433.20412.80
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)648.00768.00708.00
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)481.20468.00450.00433.20412.80
Proportion of population using improved drinking water source - Total (%)600.00612.00612.00612.00612.00
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)144.00144.00144.00144.00144.00
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)1,8721,8191,7651,7151,664
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)349.56167.16167.52
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)569.04467.04375.96
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)458.76312.00267.72
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)7.7
Gender parity index for achievement in mathematics in grades 2/3 (ratio)7.0
Gender parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)9.4
Gender parity index of teachers in pre-primary education who are trained (ratio)11.313.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)922.68971.521,0531,066971.64924.00
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)1,2251,2751,3721,3971,2531,188
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)1,0721,1251,2141,2331,1131,057
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)168.60168.24186.84172.44167.64171.48
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)385.20367.80405.96381.48371.52371.52
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)277.56268.56297.12277.56270.24272.16
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)10.2013.56
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)42.8468.76
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)27.0041.28
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)202.08221.40188.52
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)378.12392.76329.88
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)290.76306.84258.96
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)311.88268.68
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)622.08488.28
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)602.04465.24369.48
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)22.822.822.822.8
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)756.721,031
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)747.72948.96
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics (%)229.20
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Female (%)166.80
Proportion of children at the end of primary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics - Male (%)261.60
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)751.1735.2749.2674.0666.5682.7
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)383.8357.2429.2439.3329.4341.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)130.4
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)8.99.09.0
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)5.25.4
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)2.9
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics by the end of primary (ratio)8.5
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in mathematics in grades 2/3 (ratio)13.2
Rural to urban parity index for achievement in reading by the end of primary (ratio)6.5
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)57.158.362.364.058.355.4
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)76.276.681.683.875.171.3
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)66.767.472.073.966.863.5
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)11.811.813.112.111.812.0
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)27.025.828.426.826.026.0
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)19.418.820.819.419.019.1
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.50.7
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)2.23.5
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)1.32.0
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)416.16557.76
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)486.96652.92
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)456.72611.88
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)73,47685,79281,85786,02883,30477,95274,857
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)155.7168.0165.7174.0140.8131.4128.6
Prices
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=1001,2241,3161,3191,3411,4001,3891,3681,4261,412
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)24.3690.242.6420.1652.56-9.48-18.4851.24-11.64
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year128.7624.7210.8044.5238.04-53.2818.9652.56-20.16
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period24.3690.242.6420.1652.56-9.48-18.4851.24-11.64
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)128.6424.7210.9244.1649.68-58.688.76
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)1,5041,5361,5491,6061,6731,5911,603
Energy
African Union Commission, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,7522,0042,1242,1362,2082,292
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)2,4002,2322,232
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)0000000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)2,4362,8203,2313,4323,4803,5283,588
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)0000000
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)000000
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)4,8842,7724,9204,6924,7764,872
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)492.0492.0565.2565.2566.4578.4
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)2,4362,8203,2313,4323,4803,5283,588
Tourism
World Bank, World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)1,1641,4281,4401,1761,044
International tourism, number of departures - Total (number)912,000948,0001,032,0001,176,0001,128,000672,000624,000
Overnight stays (thousands)840.01,1521,1161,020480.0264.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)16.017.117.120.221.6
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)40.8038.1638.2838.1639.2442.00
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)45.6046.0845.8445.1246.6850.40
Transport

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Information society
United Nations Statistics Division, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Fixed Internet broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (%)1.561.921.320.960.96
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)3.122.642.882.041.441.080.720.72
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)22.8025.2030.0034.8042.0060.0078.00
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)43,987,93252,827,38454,734,91663,018,72065,589,56467,028,50876,423,200
Number of fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants (thousands)189.6233.4176.3121.6136.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)22.8025.2027.6030.0032.40
Proportion of population covered by at least a 2G mobile network (%)373.201,0081,0201,0321,032
Proportion of population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)134.40156.00
Proportion of population covered by at least a 4G mobile network (%)103.20103.20
Total official development assistance for biodiversity, by recipient - US dollars (billions)84.652.2124.914.990.5
International trade

Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Deposit rate (%) (%)39.0039.0038.5231.2029.40
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)5,6626,1265,9285,9337,097
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)5,6626,1265,9275,9257,0957,1116,9686,6657,031
Interest rate - Lending (%)
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)
Net ODA - Per capita (US dollars)446.88448.8419.64346.56519.6518.52521.76
Net ODA - US dollars (millions)5,4925,7025,5124,7037,2807,4947,774
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)366.84345.24366.24498.60519.72621.96629.28558.72514.92
Balance of payments
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-69.72-93.60-109.80-107.16-163.56-110.16-62.88
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-8,496.0-11,616.0-14,256.0-14,976.0-17,892.0-11,112.0-6,204.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)3,3836,9586,242-8,106.66,7132,9344,020
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)46,51053,46859,71051,60458,31965,037
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, US dollars (millions)843.1843.1843.1843.1843.1843.1
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)75.60
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)6,468
CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) (Kilograms)0.24
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)204.00198.00182.40
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)46.80
Land area covered by forest (%)