Chad's flag    Chad


Official language: French, Arabic
Currency: CFA Franc
Capital City: N'Djamena
Area: 1284000km2
Subregional membership(s): Central Africa, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa , Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Least developed countires, Land-locked Countries, Oil producing economies, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil LDCs, Land-locked LDCs, Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) , Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), Sahel Countries, Franc Zone


18278.6K
2023

Mid-year population
10.7B
2017

GDP at current prices, USD
107.1
2021

Under five mortality rate
90.4
2022

Primary enrolment ratio
Population and migration
United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.263.183.113.053.002.972.952.92
Population - Urban (%)22.4022.5022.7022.90
Life expectancy at birth - Male (years)49.850.150.950.951.451.751.250.851.352.0
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 65+ (%)3.393.84
Population - Female (thousands)6,8287,0477,2717,5157,7728,0328,2908,5568,8279,104
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 35-39 (%)7.497.65
Population - Urban (thousands)3,0363,1543,2773,4063,5403,6813,8303,9874,1524,326
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.86.76.66.56.56.46.46.36.26.1
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 45-49 (%)5.655.83
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 55-59 (%)2.963.21
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 20-24 (%)8.678.73
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 40-44 (%)6.766.79
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 10-14 (%)10.109.05
Population - Urban (%)22.3722.5222.6822.8623.0623.2823.5223.7824.0624.37
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 50-54 (%)4.094.44
Population - Total (thousands)13,69714,14014,59315,08615,60416,12716,64517,18017,72318,279
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 60-64 (%)2.372.42
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)51.251.652.152.352.853.352.852.553.053.7
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 15-19 (%)8.988.53
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 25-29 (%)8.698.98
Life expectancy at birth - Female (years)52.653.153.353.854.354.954.454.354.855.4
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 0-4 (%)11.4712.35
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 5-9 (%)11.159.67
Population - Male (thousands)6,8707,0937,3227,5717,8328,0958,3558,6248,8969,174
Population - Female (%)49.8549.8449.8349.8249.8149.8149.8049.8049.8149.81
Annual rate of change of the migrant stock (%)2.263.18
Migrants as a percentage of the international migrant stock - 30-34 (%)8.238.52
Average annual population growth rate - Urban (%)3.833.833.853.873.913.964.014.064.104.14
Population - Male (%)49.9049.9049.9149.9149.9249.9249.92
Health
World Bank, World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
125.3121.7118.0114.4110.7107.0103.5100.1
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)43.00
140.6136.6133.0129.0125.0121.1117.2113.7
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities - Total (%)12.0012.00
140.6136.6133.0129.0125.0121.1117.2113.7
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles (%)
125.3121.7118.0114.4110.7107.0103.5100.1
133.3129.5125.8121.9118.0114.3110.5107.1
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (%)36.1034.40
133.3129.5125.8121.9118.0114.3110.5107.1
Education
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Statistics Division, International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Male (%)115.80103.6798.1886.8497.4996.1698.2098.68
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Male (%)31.7230.9030.8928.0226.9627.0830.08
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Female (%)25.9922.3918.3429.1830.64
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Female (%)11.9812.29
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)56.255.556.9
Literacy rate - Female (%)13.9313.96
Primary school enrollment - Male (number)1,395,0011,287,4131,253,5311,175,1801,363,9991,391,6431,514,6391,568,771
Ratio of school attendance rate of orphans to school attendance rate of non orphans (%)
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Female (years)0.10.1
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)3.4
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Female (%)69.1564.0758.7465.3264.96
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Male (%)89.0182.2077.1583.1982.69
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.50.50.50.50.5
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Male (years)2.22.22.22.01.92.02.2
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Male (years)0.30.4
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (ratio)0.20.30.4
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Female (years)1.01.01.01.01.01.11.3
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Male (%)71.52
Adult literacy rate - Total (%)26.0022.3127.28
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Male (%)5.73
Primary completion rate - Female (%)27.3227.9028.4028.9029.5026.9031.00
School life Expectancy in Primary - Female (years)5.34.94.64.14.84.74.95.0
Literacy rate - Total (%)26.0022.31
Mean years of schooling - Total (years)1.9
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.80.80.80.80.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Total (years)6.25.65.34.75.45.35.55.5
School life Expectancy in Secondary - Total (years)1.61.61.61.51.51.51.7
Adult literacy rate - Female (%)13.9313.9618.87
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)23.0422.4222.5621.3520.7720.9824.09
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Male (%)
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary education - Total (rate)26.4
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Total (%)72.96
Literacy rate - Male (%)38.9231.33
Primary completion rate - Total (%)30.5830.0030.3030.6031.2030.3732.30
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)101.5891.5886.8577.2487.7286.5389.4290.36
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)3.44
School life Expectancy in Tertiary - Total (years)0.20.3
Primary completion rate - Male (%)23.7225.6026.4027.3028.3023.1330.60
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Male (%)51.8440.6946.1241.1341.39
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Female (%)87.3179.4575.4767.3677.6776.6280.3981.81
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Female (%)14.2813.8614.1614.5214.4214.7317.95
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Female (%)1.13
Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, 15-24 years old (%)0.770.850.96
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)38.7730.7931.7535.1736.07
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (ratio)0.50.50.50.50.50.50.6
Survival Rate to the last grade in Primary - Female (%)74.91
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Male (%)24.8525.38
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (ratio)0.80.80.80.80.80.80.8
School life Expectancy in Primary - Male (years)7.06.35.95.36.05.96.06.0
Adult literacy rate - Male (%)38.9231.3335.78
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)79.1073.1567.9674.2873.85
Net enrolment rate in secondary education - Total (%)18.4418.86
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)2,442,6602,270,1042,213,2232,060,9462,419,6752,468,7842,719,3642,832,890
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Female (%)
Gross graduation Ratio from Primary education - Total (%)
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)1,047,659982,691959,692885,7661,055,6761,077,1411,204,7251,264,119
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary education - Total (rate)36.627.527.1
National accounts
United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - National Currency (billions)7,1696,9426,4966,238
Expenditure on GDP at current purchaser's values - US dollars (billions)14.511.711.010.7
Prices
Economic Commission for Africa, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Inflation, average, percentage change over previous period1.684.38-0.79-1.542.15-3.184.062.58
inflation rate: end of period price indices percentage change over previous year3.713.17-4.441.580.34-2.566.690.97
Inflation rate (percentage change of CPI over same period of previous year)1.684.38-0.79-1.542.15-3.184.062.58
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (index)133.87139.41132.60133.57
Consumer price index, All item, 2010=100111.79116.69115.76113.98116.44112.73117.31120.34
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (%)3.684.14-4.890.734.04-0.973.483.01
Energy
African Union Commission, AfDB, AUC and ECA Joint African Statistical Yearbook, United Nations Statistics Division, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)286290294299
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.00.0
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)0000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)286290294299303308
Electricity - total biofuels and waste production (Giga watt hours)000
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)000000
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)177178184191
Electricity - total thermal production (Giga watt hours)225228230230234
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)
Electricity - total Solar wind tide wave production (Giga watt hours)000
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)0.10.10.10.10.10.1
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)191198206
Total electricity production (Giga watt hours)286290294299303308
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)410.00391.00398.00406.00
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)000000
Total electricity installed capacity - kilowatt hours (thousands)47.147.248.2
Coal - Production, Tonnes (thousands)0.0
Electricity - total hydro production (Giga watt hours)0000
Electricity - total fossil fules production (Giga watt hours)286290294299
Oil - Consumption (metric tons)364,000371,000378,000
Tourism
World Bank, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), World Tourism Organization
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)122.0
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)3.183.273.50
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)3.763.894.20
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)119.0120.098.087.0
Overnight stays (thousands)93.085.040.022.0
International tourism, number of departures - Total (number)98,00094,00056,00052,000
International tourism receipts - current USD (millions)
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)1.71.8
Transport

Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Information society
International Telecommunication Union (ITU), United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.170.120.090.060.060.04
11.2013.0022.0132.0042.0043.0048.0059.00
0000
2.903.505.807.408.009.8010.40
0.0400000
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)38.3438.6538.2842.2244.7647.5352.19
25,719,4709,722,20011,561,830
0000
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)38.4338.7338.3642.4145.1248.06
8.608.608.609.0012.0019.3021.8022.00
2.903.505.807.408.009.8010.40
17.87
Mobile telephone subscribers (number)5,251,5605,465,7975,585,7096,368,6006,984,1307,664,839
0.070.080.0400000
0000
Fixed telephone lines (per 100 inhabitants) (%)0.170.120.090.060.060.040.03
10,13111,3375,1263313346800
86.0086.0086.0086.0086.0086.1086.1086.10
5,1263313346800
0000
, 2018=1001,385,9608,665,32046,575,60024,303,36046,085,200
International trade

Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Total trade - Export, current USD (millions)4,7623,2852,6553,3874,0684,1572,8634,565
Total trade - Import, current USD (millions)5,9204,0043,7363,9704,2724,2804,5025,211
Banking, insurance, financial statistics
International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Interest rate - Lending (%)
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)493.76591.21592.61580.66555.45585.91
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)494.41591.45
Deposit rate (%) (%)2.602.45
Government finance fiscal and public sector statistics
World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Debt service ratio - Per export (ratio)
Fiscal deficit (% of GDP)-283.6-117.1-13.6118.6-11.097.8-55.548.9
Net ODA - current USD (millions)391.9606.7624.5647.8
Total external debt - as % of GDP (%)38.2442.5350.0549.1347.9551.1152.1058.1641.23
General government net lending/borrowing - as % of GDP (%)-4.38-1.94-0.231.94-0.172.06-0.82
International reserves - current USD (millions)1,076368.98.2147.8310.0
Net ODA - Per capita (current USD)28.8843.343.2143.48
Total external debt (% of GNI) (%)27.9326.3628.8531.6429.2929.8536.8934.56
Net ODA (% of GNI) (%)2.94
Balance of payments
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)70.370.370.3
Current account balance - as % of GDP (%)-8.93-13.78-10.43-7.09-1.35-4.37-7.55-4.49
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)6.30
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)-675.5559.6244.7363.4460.9566.6557.7562.2
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-1,248.0-1,491.0-926.0-517.0
Outward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)
Trade balance - as % of GDP (%)
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Stock, current USD (millions)4,3004,8605,420
Environment
United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Indicator2014201520162017201820192020202120222023
Carbon Dioxide Emission - metric tons (thousands)
Forest Area as % of Land Area (%)3.90
Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in ODP (metric tons)
Land area covered by forest (%)