Country statistical notes




Cameroon

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)20,90621,48522,07722,68223,29823,92724,56625,21625,876
Population - Urban (%)52.252.853.454.054.655.255.856.457.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)8,9129,1459,3779,6059,82710,05610,27710,48910,693
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)10,94911,26211,58811,92812,28512,64113,01513,40813,820
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)659.5675.3690.8706.3722.0741.6761.3780.9800.4
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.72.72.72.72.72.62.62.62.6
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)39.038.538.037.537.036.435.935.434.9
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)11.311.010.710.310.09.89.59.39.1
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.05.04.94.84.84.74.64.64.5
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)55.656.156.657.157.658.158.558.959.3

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)83.8
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)110.1114.6116.2119.2119.2113.2
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)47.353.054.959.160.761.8
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)11.913.415.716.717.419.2
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)87.691.491.792.095.395.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)45.445.644.241.542.744.6

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)72.972.972.972.972.972.973.0
Unemployment rate - Total (%)4.14.14.03.54.44.5
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)6.26.26.26.76.76.9
GINI coefficient (index)40.70

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)15.1
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)10.410.29.99.9
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)105.8101.597.493.890.186.884.0
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)28.728.227.627.026.526.125.5
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)85.085.085.085.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)63.6

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)26252727262525
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)144144136130145153152
Human Development Index (number)0.5150.5260.5350.5430.5480.5530.556
Human Development Index (Rank)150152153153150151
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.6170.6130.5790.5760.5730.5680.569
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)137138132138141
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)4747.747.246.946.846.746.2
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)353437383736
Ease of Doing Business (number)49.8544.1145.2747.2347.78
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)165161168158172166163166

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.14.55.45.95.74.63.54.14.0

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)14.414.614.815.316.116.015.7
Industry (%)29.030.029.429.127.426.927.5
Manufacturing (%)15.716.116.015.515.916.316.5
Services (%)56.655.455.855.656.657.156.8

Inflation

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)2.92.72.11.92.70.90.61.12.5

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-579.6-274.1-197.3-448.8-372.0-237.2-226.6
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-123.5-500.4-619.9-627.5-681.4-591.4-495.6
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-748.2-956.0-1,127.8-1,400.1-1,173.2-1,037.2-949.3
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)355.4739.2567.2726.5627.2663.7672.5
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.10.10.10.10.00.10.1
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)25.6-996.0-15.94.7-0.63.8-0.5

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)31,01432,42133,484
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,4031,3571,4711,5521,3391,3781,4421,5561,515

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)4,7704,9915,2695,4855,8616,1446,457

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)604.0817.0783.0822.0897.0994.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)37.138.230.431.532.735.734.7
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)6.16.46.96.96.87.2
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)5.45.76.16.16.06.0

Infrastructure

International Road Federation, World Bank, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)22.7
Total length of railways (kilometre)976.5977976.59761,0041,0041,004
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)5.07.510.016.220.723.223.2

Central African Republic

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)4,4194,4364,4484,4644,4934,5384,5964,6664,745
Population - Urban (%)39.139.439.740.040.340.641.041.441.8
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,9161,9361,9521,9681,9871,9992,0132,0292,049
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,3952,3882,3812,3812,3922,4282,4762,5352,601
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)165.3166.1166.2166.2166.4168.1170.3172.8175.5
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)0.60.30.30.50.81.11.41.61.7
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)38.437.937.436.936.536.035.735.335.1
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)15.815.314.714.213.613.112.712.312.0
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.25.15.15.04.94.94.84.74.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)48.048.649.450.150.951.652.252.853.3

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)36.4
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)89.890.2105.7
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)17.717.515.417.5
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)3.12.9
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)67.468.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)81.380.183.4

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)67.167.267.367.267.167.167.2
Unemployment rate - Total (%)7.67.68.47.66.86.9
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)12.212.113.212.611.811.9
GINI coefficient (index)56.30

Health indicators

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)39.444.547.747.7
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)147.6142.9139.2134.8130.2125.0121.5
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)46.145.344.643.943.142.441.5
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)55.055.055.055.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)26252424202326
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)144144150145159156149
Human Development Index (number)0.3580.3650.3440.3490.3570.3620.367
Human Development Index (Rank)180185187188187188
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.6640.6620.6810.673
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)142144147149156
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)33.332.3252525.928.329.5
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)495152525150
Ease of Doing Business (number)34.4736.2636.2534.8636.9
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)183185188187185185184183

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.25.1-36.40.14.34.84.53.84.5

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)42.341.634.030.831.431.931.1
Industry (%)24.023.728.627.426.025.525.8
Manufacturing (%)18.318.022.521.019.019.419.5
Services (%)33.734.737.441.942.642.643.0

Inflation

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)1.35.81.525.337.114.04.21.62.7

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-166.0-100.0-46.0-95.0-143.0-160.0-196.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)36.970.01.93.53.07.417.2

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
GDP per capita (US dollars)548.97555.40366.87403.23353.81373.30415.65448.74447.99
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)1,4631,5241,594

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)15615916176636566

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)71.084.096.0121.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)1.01.20.81.01.1
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)5.35.87.67.16.96.6
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)4.75.05.35.35.25.0

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)2.23.03.43.63.84.04.3

Chad

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)12,36112,78513,22013,66414,11114,56215,01715,47815,947
Population - Urban (%)22.122.122.222.422.522.722.923.123.3
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)5,9566,1376,3176,4946,6666,8487,0247,1957,363
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)6,0206,2486,4896,7406,9997,2477,5057,7748,054
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)312.9320.1327.4335.5345.0357.3370.4383.9397.4
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.43.43.33.33.23.13.13.03.0
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)46.045.444.844.343.743.242.742.241.7
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)14.213.813.413.112.812.512.312.111.9
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.56.46.36.26.05.95.85.75.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)51.451.952.452.853.153.453.754.054.2

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)50.238.830.8
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)89.393.7101.1102.792.888.1
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)23.122.424.823.122.522.7
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)2.33.4
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)62.379.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)62.661.362.456.255.556.9

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)67.867.667.567.467.267.167.0
Unemployment rate - Total (%)5.75.65.65.65.85.8
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)8.68.38.48.49.09.0
GINI coefficient (index)43.30

Health indicators

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)37.536.134.434.4
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)156.1151.8147.5134.7130.8126.9123.2
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)38.037.537.036.435.935.434.8
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)43.043.043.043.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)19192222202019
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)165163154147159165165
Human Development Index (number)0.3820.3910.3970.4030.4070.4050.404
Human Development Index (Rank)184184185186185186
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.7040.7020.708
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)151153157158
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)33.73433.734.53534.635.4
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)484949484746
Ease of Doing Business (number)37.2538.2239.0738.339.36
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)182184189185183180180181

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)0.18.85.86.91.8-5.6-2.42.42.3

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)24.224.830.228.929.832.932.2
Industry (%)38.941.531.932.832.025.525.4
Manufacturing (%)7.89.79.611.59.510.17.8
Services (%)36.933.737.838.338.341.542.4

Inflation

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)2.07.50.21.74.4-0.8-1.54.3-1.0

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-708.0-968.0-1,188.0-1,248.0-1,491.0-926.0-517.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)281.9579.8520.2-675.5559.4244.5335.0

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)13,01612,55212,196
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,1631,1561,1801,241946.88860.51827.15884.82861.25

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)200186186177178184191

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)97.0119.0120.098.087.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)1.31.41.41.71.8
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)3.83.83.83.83.94.2
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)3.43.23.23.23.33.5

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)1.92.12.52.93.55.06.5

Congo

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)4,3954,5104,6234,7374,8564,9815,1115,2445,381
Population - Urban (%)63.764.264.665.165.566.066.566.967.4
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,8931,9532,0102,0652,1202,1722,2242,2742,322
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,4692,5252,5822,6432,7082,7802,8582,9413,029
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)150.8155.1159.3163.6168.1173.4179.0184.8191.0
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.72.52.52.52.52.62.62.62.5
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)36.736.235.735.134.533.933.432.932.4
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)8.27.97.77.47.27.06.86.76.6
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.74.74.74.64.64.54.54.44.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)60.861.462.062.663.163.664.064.364.6

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)80.980.9
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)106.9104.2
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)52.1
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)9.110.09.3
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)85.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)47.144.4

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)60.662.862.962.962.862.562.1
Unemployment rate - Total (%)7.310.07.37.210.611.2
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)12.212.212.212.117.818.7
GINI coefficient (index)40.20

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)11.8
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)28.029.030.530.5
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)60.257.655.353.351.349.447.5
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)22.221.721.220.720.319.819.4
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)90.090.090.090.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)92.5

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)26222323202119
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)144154152146161165
Human Development Index (number)0.560.5730.5820.5950.6130.6120.606
Human Development Index (Rank)142140136135133137
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.610.6080.6050.5930.5910.5870.578
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)132135137141143
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)4141.741.241.740.939.939.8
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)434142424244
Ease of Doing Business (number)43.2941.8840.5839.5739.83
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)180183185178176177179180

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)3.43.83.36.82.6-2.8-1.81.64.0

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)3.63.94.84.87.69.07.5
Industry (%)69.167.662.459.448.143.947.9
Manufacturing (%)5.04.44.75.68.59.47.7
Services (%)27.428.532.935.844.447.144.6

Inflation

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)1.85.04.60.93.23.20.51.22.2

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)6,7395,8844,6393,464-1,108.9-715.4
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-3,201.7-2,571.3-2,328.9-3,093.8-3,316.9-1,974.3
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)2,0702,4211,936678.9-4,628.7-3,593.6-1,078.0
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-1.7
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.10.00.00.00.10.1
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)186.3-282.8609.41,6593,8023,5651,159

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
GDP per capita (US dollars)3,9523,5563,5613,4932,0671,8362,0552,6182,534
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)13,38712,66412,600

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)606801829798807827848

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)224.0259.0345.0229.0224.0213.0194.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)10.112.414.615.618.615.611.8
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)4.34.34.24.24.24.0
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)4.14.04.24.03.93.7

Infrastructure

International Road Federation, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)5.5
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)5.66.16.67.17.68.18.7

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)66,75569,02171,35973,76776,24578,78981,39984,06886,791
Population - Urban (%)40.541.141.642.242.743.343.944.545.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)30,86431,96833,08234,19935,31336,49137,64638,77939,894
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)33,84734,93436,08237,29838,58539,86741,23842,69044,217
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)2,0032,0772,1512,2262,2992,3782,4562,5352,617
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.33.33.33.33.33.33.23.23.2
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)44.544.243.843.342.842.341.741.240.6
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)11.311.010.710.410.29.99.79.59.3
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.56.46.46.36.26.16.05.95.8
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)57.457.958.458.859.359.760.060.460.7

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)83.686.085.0
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)101.2105.6106.6110.2108.0
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)41.443.342.945.546.2
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)8.36.96.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)37.434.737.135.333.2

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)69.869.869.869.869.869.869.8
Unemployment rate - Total (%)3.74.53.83.83.73.6
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)6.06.06.16.16.66.5
GINI coefficient (index)44.40

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)23.4
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)126.4122.3118.5101.097.694.491.1
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)32.231.631.030.430.029.428.9
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)89.089.089.089.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)59.480.1

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)21222222212120
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)160154154147156161161
Human Development Index (number)0.4150.420.4260.4360.4440.4520.457
Human Development Index (Rank)186186176176176176
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.6710.6420.6520.6550.6520.652
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)144147137153152
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)3534.335.135.43634.332.1
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)514748464847
Ease of Doing Business (number)40.638.1437.5737.6536.85
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)176181183184184184182184

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)6.97.18.59.56.92.43.75.84.3

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)22.021.820.819.919.720.620.8
Industry (%)43.142.944.446.144.843.143.5
Manufacturing (%)16.216.416.616.718.420.320.6
Services (%)34.935.334.834.035.536.235.6

Inflation

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)15.38.60.81.20.72.935.429.34.7

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)919.49919.76919.79925.23925.981,0101,4641,6231,648

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)556.366.1804.5-385.1-289.8-228.5409.8
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-2,149.9-2,043.9-2,299.2-2,767.4-2,018.3-1,685.0-1,849.4
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-1,280.6-1,260.5-3,108.8-1,722.6-1,483.8-1,334.1-1,213.0
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-354.9-744.7-2,936.7-1,455.1-1,486.4
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.90.50.20.30.30.00.5
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)1,6873,3122,0981,8431,6741,2051,340

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
GDP per capita (US dollars)334.39368.39398.63425.33435.98409.05407.71495.64500.55
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)29,85530,64732,066

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)6,7187,3837,7057,8997,3767,6117,859

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)197.0
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)1.42.01.91.71.61.8
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)1.11.71.51.41.41.5

Infrastructure

World Bank, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total length of railways (kilometre)3,6413,6413,6413,6413,6413,6413,6413,641
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)1.21.72.23.03.86.28.6

Djibouti

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)853.7868.1883.3898.7914.0929.1944.1958.9973.6
Population - Urban (%)77.177.177.277.377.477.577.677.877.9
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)296.4296.6297.0297.1296.8297.5297.5297.2296.9
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)537.0550.6564.4578.3592.5605.6619.2632.8646.1
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)32.533.935.436.738.039.240.341.442.6
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)1.61.71.71.71.71.61.61.51.5
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)24.824.323.923.422.922.421.921.521.0
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)9.08.78.58.27.87.57.37.17.0
Total fertility rate (per woman)3.23.13.13.02.92.82.82.72.7
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)60.761.462.263.264.165.165.966.667.1

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)61.363.963.865.164.263.563.9
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)39.440.842.042.843.344.544.1
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)4.9
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)57.354.156.355.652.459.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)35.234.934.233.233.031.130.4

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)55.655.655.655.555.555.555.6
Unemployment rate - Total (%)59.359.259.255.76.66.6
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)11.711.8
GINI coefficient (index)40.00

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)29.8
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)18.917.315.915.9
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)74.472.270.067.865.763.761.7
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)36.836.135.434.633.933.132.4
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)87.4

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)36363434303131
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)949410798123122124
Human Development Index (number)0.4540.4590.4630.4670.470.4740.476
Human Development Index (Rank)164170168172170172
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)44.845.34544.845.545.545.1
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)303536363838
Ease of Doing Business (number)50.4844.2544.549.5862.02
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)16717116015517117115499

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)7.34.85.07.17.76.95.15.56.0

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)2.32.22.42.42.32.52.8
Industry (%)19.419.922.522.322.020.319.9
Manufacturing (%)4.13.84.05.44.75.05.2
Services (%)78.477.975.275.375.777.277.3

Inflation

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)5.13.72.71.3-0.82.70.60.13.3

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)177.72177.72177.72177.72177.72177.72177.72177.72177.72

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-417.9-446.4-451.1-534.4-736.9-566.2-625.6
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)163.2179.4198.3187.9224.8206.3204.5
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-171.8-148.0-133.6-229.9-301.7-170.0-293.6
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)79.0110.0286.0153.0124.0160.0165.0
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.10.10.10.10.00.00.0
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-160.9-19.7-96.6

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
GDP per capita (US dollars)2,0112,1382,2362,3592,5332,6382,7112,7872,936
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)1,0831,2101,255

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)290.1393447480480488497

Tourism

World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)60.063.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)0.70.91.01.01.11.21.2

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)7.08.39.510.711.913.155.7

Equatorial Guinea

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)986.91,0311,0761,1221,1691,2151,2621,3091,356
Population - Urban (%)67.569.069.570.170.671.171.672.172.6
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)380.7395.3410.1425.0439.9456.3471.5486.6501.5
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)582.8611.7641.4671.3701.5730.2760.1790.2820.5
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)30.831.532.333.134.035.036.137.138.0
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)4.44.34.24.14.03.83.73.63.5
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)37.036.535.935.334.834.233.733.232.8
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)11.010.810.510.210.09.89.59.39.1
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.15.05.04.94.84.74.64.54.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)55.956.356.657.057.457.758.158.458.7

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)98.298.298.3
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)67.668.861.6
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)54.346.243.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)27.926.223.2

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)55.455.255.555.856.355.855.1
Unemployment rate - Total (%)7.77.67.88.67.07.3
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)12.111.912.513.912.112.9

Health indicators

World Bank, World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)109.8106.4102.899.396.092.889.6
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)34.634.033.332.732.031.430.9
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)91.091.091.091.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)68.3

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)20191716
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)163163171172
Human Development Index (number)0.5840.5890.590.590.5930.5930.591
Human Development Index (Rank)136144138135139141
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)31.531.331.731.430.83130.9
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)454546474648
Ease of Doing Business (number)49.0140.0339.8341.6641.94
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)161162166165180178173177

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)6.58.3-4.10.4-9.1-8.8-4.7-5.7-4.6

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)1.01.01.21.31.92.42.3
Industry (%)77.176.371.969.859.052.055.7
Manufacturing (%)22.216.919.120.017.818.625.0
Services (%)21.922.626.928.939.145.642.0

Inflation

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)4.83.72.94.31.71.40.71.31.2

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-1,210.0-252.0-547.0-929.0-2,150.0-1,201.0-55.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)1,975985.3582.9167.9233.254.0304.1

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)16,54615,12414,639
GDP per capita (US dollars)21,45221,55820,24719,24611,2139,1969,69210,4538,927

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)83317361648668728804

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)11.513.916.418.921.323.826.2

Eritrea

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)3,2143,2503,2813,3113,3433,3773,4133,4533,497
Population - Urban (%)35.836.437.037.638.238.839.540.140.7
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,8711,9151,9602,0052,0502,0842,1182,1512,181
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,4432,4802,5212,5672,6202,6902,7682,8522,941
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)161.4166.1170.5174.2177.1180.5183.1185.3187.5
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)1.21.00.90.91.01.01.11.21.3
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)35.534.633.832.932.231.530.930.329.7
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)8.58.38.17.97.77.57.37.27.0
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.54.44.34.34.24.24.14.14.0
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)62.763.263.764.264.765.165.565.966.3

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)91.893.2
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)55.557.463.155.754.149.4
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)35.339.638.537.733.130.8
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)2.82.52.3
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)39.144.544.144.142.437.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)40.540.945.742.543.339.2

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)75.475.675.976.076.176.176.2
Unemployment rate - Total (%)8.07.98.08.37.27.3
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)12.012.012.312.711.912.1

Health indicators

World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)53.651.649.947.646.144.543.1
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)20.319.819.419.018.618.217.8
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)70.070.070.070.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)25201818182024
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)150160166154164165157
Human Development Index (number)0.4170.4220.4250.4280.4330.4360.44
Human Development Index (Rank)181182186179178179
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)29.629.128.929.629.328.729.3
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)505050505251
Ease of Doing Business (number)33.1627.6128.0522.8723.07
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)178182184189189189189189

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)25.71.9-10.530.9-20.67.4-9.612.23.1

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)17.016.917.617.217.217.317.2
Industry (%)24.123.223.523.623.523.523.5
Manufacturing (%)6.15.96.06.06.06.06.0
Services (%)58.959.958.959.259.359.159.2

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)15.3815.3815.3815.3815.3815.3515.0815.0815.08

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)83.082.0126.0160.0-61.0-105.0-137.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)39.041.443.946.549.352.355.5

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)2,7002,7982,878
GDP per capita (US dollars)395.77422.28358.54466.62352.32380.49323.51331.86342.60

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)273288295283317331347

Tourism

World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)107.0129.0141.0119.0114.0142.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)5.45.55.55.55.55.6

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)0.70.80.91.01.11.21.3

Gabon

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)1,6851,7501,8171,8841,9482,0082,0652,1192,173
Population - Urban (%)86.186.687.287.788.188.689.089.489.7
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)623.4640.8658.5675.2690.3710.0727.1742.1756.1
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)990.71,0321,0741,1141,1531,1811,2081,2341,260
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)83.084.285.386.387.188.790.191.592.8
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.73.83.73.53.22.92.72.52.5
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)33.333.333.233.132.932.632.231.631.0
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)8.98.58.17.77.47.27.06.86.7
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.14.14.14.14.14.04.04.03.9
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)62.262.963.664.364.965.465.866.266.5

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)88.589.1
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)138.7
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)24.5

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)39.439.740.040.440.741.041.3
Unemployment rate - Total (%)20.320.420.320.419.118.5
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)35.735.835.736.039.739.7
GINI coefficient (index)42.20

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)6.5
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)61.259.056.954.652.550.148.3
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)24.524.023.523.022.522.021.5
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)95.095.095.095.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)89.3

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)35343734353231
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)1021069498101117124
Human Development Index (number)0.670.6780.6870.6930.6940.6980.702
Human Development Index (Rank)106112110109109110
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.5540.5490.5470.5450.5420.5370.534
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)105108113127128
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)46.345.245.845.444.743.842.4
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)242723322341
Ease of Doing Business (number)53.4345.9945.8846.1945.58
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)160170163144162164167169

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)7.15.35.54.43.92.10.50.82.9

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)3.73.63.63.94.75.36.1
Industry (%)65.163.160.756.751.947.748.8
Manufacturing (%)5.86.26.36.96.77.67.9
Services (%)31.233.335.739.443.447.045.1

Inflation

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)1.32.70.54.7-0.32.12.74.72.5

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)6,4956,1375,3094,4381,941
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-2,233.0-2,137.3-2,429.5-2,233.8-1,600.6
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)2,6041,9781,4631,112141.0-1,419.0-729.0
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.00.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)874.9-220.9771.21,048990.41,2411,498

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
GDP per capita (US dollars)10,8939,9039,7619,7477,4537,0827,3708,2208,112
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)17,26117,70616,041

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,5481,6541,8051,9972,1042,2242,357

Tourism

World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)2.32.32.42.52.72.9
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)2.42.01.92.22.42.6

Infrastructure

World Bank, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total length of railways (kilometre)810810810810810810810810
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)18.024.030.538.145.848.162.0

Sao Tome and Principe

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)184.5188.4192.1195.7199.4203.2207.1211.0215.1
Population - Urban (%)66.167.268.269.270.271.172.072.873.6
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)78.780.382.083.585.086.387.588.689.7
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)93.896.499.0101.8104.7107.7110.9114.2117.7
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)6.36.16.05.95.95.95.95.96.0
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.22.01.91.91.91.91.91.91.9
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)35.434.734.133.533.032.432.031.531.2
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)5.75.55.45.25.15.04.94.84.8
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.74.64.64.54.54.44.44.34.3
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)67.968.368.769.169.469.769.970.270.4

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)96.783.2
Gross enrolment ratio in primary - Total (%)117.8110.0109.9106.9108.4109.5110.2
Gross enrolment ratio in secondary - Total (%)51.457.563.974.482.083.189.7
Gross enrolment ratio in teritiary - Total (%)8.19.513.1
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)90.891.090.696.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)29.828.731.432.738.832.231.2

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)49.650.150.350.450.450.450.3
Unemployment rate - Total (%)13.913.613.613.913.613.6
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)21.521.121.021.623.724.3
GINI coefficient (index)33.90

Health indicators

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of undernourishment - Total (%)6.16.46.66.6
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)54.652.851.036.735.133.732.4
Neo-natal mortality (Per 1,000 live births)17.817.416.916.415.614.914.4
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)98.098.098.098.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)42424242464646
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)72727666626464
Human Development Index (number)0.5480.5510.560.5670.580.5840.589
Human Development Index (Rank)144142143142144143
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.5470.5460.5450.5430.540.5380.538
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)122131
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)57.758.759.158.759.65959.2
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)111213111112
Ease of Doing Business (number)50.7545.546.7553.0645.14
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)174160169153166162169170

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.43.14.86.63.84.23.92.72.7

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)11.711.812.111.612.312.111.7
Industry (%)17.216.316.117.314.915.815.4
Manufacturing (%)8.67.67.46.66.57.37.4
Services (%)71.171.971.871.172.772.172.9

Inflation

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)14.310.68.17.05.35.45.77.97.7

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)17,62319,06818,45018,46622,09122.1521.7420.7521.88

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-104.7-104.0-115.8-127.4-107.6-105.5-112.1
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-13.0-6.7-12.0-14.711.617.211.1
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-105.8-98.9-81.3-103.9-68.7-61.5-73.1
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-66.0-75.9-2.116.119.4
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)32.222.512.227.128.622.241.0

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)231.2241.5248.6
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,2731,3431,5691,7631,5701,6731,7681,9431,933

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)44.4515122121314

Tourism

World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)12.412.516.622.120.124.3
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)10.510.815.420.619.023.6

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)20.221.623.024.425.828.029.9


Population - Total (thousands)

United Nations Population Division
Country2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Algeria36,66137,38438,14038,92439,72840,55141,38942,22843,053
Angola24,22125,10826,01626,94227,88428,84229,81730,81031,825
Benin9,4619,72910,00510,28710,57610,87211,17511,48511,801
Botswana2,0152,0402,0632,0892,1212,1602,2052,2542,304
Burkina Faso16,08216,57117,07317,58618,11118,64619,19319,75120,321
Burundi8,9589,2469,5409,84410,16010,48810,82711,17511,531
Cabo Verde498.9505.2511.7518.3524.7531.1537.5543.8549.9
Cameroon20,90621,48522,07722,68223,29823,92724,56625,21625,876
Central African Republic4,4194,4364,4484,4644,4934,5384,5964,6664,745
Chad12,36112,78513,22013,66414,11114,56215,01715,47815,947
Comoros706.6723.9741.5759.4777.4795.6813.9832.3850.9
Congo4,3954,5104,6234,7374,8564,9815,1115,2445,381
Cote d'Ivoire21,02921,54722,08822,64823,22623,82324,43725,06925,717
Democratic Republic of the Congo66,75569,02171,35973,76776,24578,78981,39984,06886,791
Djibouti853.7868.1883.3898.7914.0929.1944.1958.9973.6
Egypt84,52986,42288,40590,42592,44394,44796,44398,424100,388
Equatorial Guinea986.91,0311,0761,1221,1691,2151,2621,3091,356
Eritrea3,2143,2503,2813,3113,3433,3773,4133,4533,497
Eswatini1,0721,0791,0871,0951,1041,1141,1251,1361,148
Ethiopia90,14092,72795,38698,094100,835103,603106,400109,224112,079
Gabon1,6851,7501,8171,8841,9482,0082,0652,1192,173
Gambia, the1,8481,9051,9642,0242,0862,1492,2142,2802,348
Ghana25,38825,99626,60827,22427,84928,48229,12129,76730,418
Guinea10,42010,65210,89311,15111,43211,73812,06812,41412,771
Guinea-Bissau1,5631,6051,6481,6921,7371,7821,8281,8741,921
Kenya43,17844,34345,52046,70047,87849,05250,22151,39352,574
Lesotho2,0042,0152,0292,0432,0592,0752,0922,1082,125
Liberia4,0174,1364,2484,3604,4724,5874,7024,8194,937
Libya6,2476,2866,3206,3626,4186,4926,5816,6796,777
Madagascar21,74422,34722,96123,59024,23424,89425,57126,26226,969
Malawi14,96215,39615,83916,29016,74517,20517,67018,14318,629
Mali15,51515,97916,45016,93417,43917,96518,51219,07819,658
Mauritania3,5993,7073,8173,9314,0464,1644,2834,4034,526
Mauritius1,2511,2531,2551,2571,2591,2621,2641,2671,270
Morocco32,78233,24233,71634,19234,66435,12635,58136,02936,472
Mozambique24,18724,86325,56126,28627,04227,83028,64929,49630,366
Namibia2,1572,1952,2342,2732,3152,3582,4032,4482,495
Niger17,11517,79518,50419,24020,00220,78921,60222,44323,311
Nigeria162,805167,229171,766176,405181,137185,960190,873195,875200,964
Rwanda10,29310,55010,81211,08411,36911,66911,98112,30212,627
Sao Tome and Principe184.5188.4192.1195.7199.4203.2207.1211.0215.1
Senegal13,03413,40213,78214,17514,57814,99415,41915,85416,296
Seychelles91.992.693.494.295.095.796.497.197.7
Sierra Leone6,5636,7136,8647,0177,1727,3297,4887,6507,813
Somalia12,37612,71613,06413,42413,79714,18614,58915,00815,443
South Africa52,00452,83353,68754,54455,38656,20857,01057,79358,558
South Sudan9,83110,11410,35510,55510,71610,83310,91110,97611,062
Sudan35,35036,19437,07337,97838,90339,84740,81341,80242,813
Togo6,5966,7746,9557,1387,3237,5107,6987,8898,082
Tunisia10,74210,84710,95311,06311,18011,30411,43311,56511,695
Uganda33,47734,55935,69536,91238,22539,64941,16742,72944,270
United Republic of Tanzania45,67447,05348,48349,96151,48353,04954,66056,31358,005
Zambia14,02314,46514,92715,40015,87916,36316,85417,35217,861
Zimbabwe12,89413,11513,35013,58713,81514,03014,23714,43914,645

Select country: