Country statistical notes




Cameroon

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)8,4058,6628,9279,200
Population - Total (thousands)20,90621,48522,07722,68223,29823,92724,56625,21625,876
Population - Female (%)50.150.1
Population - Urban (%)52.252.853.454.054.655.255.856.457.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)8,9129,1459,3779,6059,82710,05610,27710,48910,69311,166
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)10,94911,26211,58811,92812,28512,64113,01513,40813,82014,659
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)659.5675.3690.8706.3722.0741.6761.3780.9800.4721.0
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.72.72.72.72.72.62.62.62.62.5
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)39.038.538.037.537.036.435.935.434.934.4
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)11.311.010.710.310.09.89.59.39.18.9
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.05.04.94.84.84.74.64.64.54.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)55.656.156.657.157.658.158.558.959.359.6

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)83.8
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)716.6785.1830.6913.7966.01,01329.4
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)4,3565,6956,1276,6907,568
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)65,26179,94392,59897,921106,119114,601
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)1,5741,7131,8132,0002,1082,207
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)78,90384,46793,738105,388104,86097,98493,72396,546
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)270,409322,175349,756371,568
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)87.691.491.792.095.395.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)45.445.644.241.542.744.6

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)72.972.972.972.972.972.973.0
Unemployment rate - Total (%)4.14.14.03.54.44.5
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)6.26.26.26.76.76.9
GINI coefficient (index)40.70

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)15.1
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)85.085.085.085.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)63.6

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)26252727262525
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)144144136130145153152
Human Development Index (number)0.5150.5260.5350.5430.5480.5530.556
Human Development Index (Rank)150152153153150151
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.6170.6130.5790.5760.5730.5680.569
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)137138132138141
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)4747.747.246.946.846.746.2
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)353437383736
Ease of Doing Business (number)49.8544.1145.2747.2347.78
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)165161168158172166163166

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.14.55.45.95.74.63.54.14.0

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)14.414.614.815.316.116.015.7
Industry (%)29.030.029.429.127.426.927.5
Manufacturing (%)15.716.116.015.515.916.316.5
Services (%)56.655.455.855.656.657.156.8

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)2.92.72.11.92.70.90.61.12.5

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-579.6-274.1-197.3-448.8-372.0-237.2-226.6
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-123.5-500.4-619.9-627.5-681.4-591.4-495.6
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-748.2-956.0-1,127.8-1,400.1-1,173.2-1,037.2-949.3
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)25.6-996.0-15.94.7-0.63.8-0.5
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.10.10.10.10.00.10.1
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)355.4739.2567.2726.5627.2663.7672.5

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)31,01432,42133,484
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,4031,3571,4711,5521,3391,3781,4421,5561,515

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)4,7704,9915,2695,4855,8616,1446,457

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)604.0817.0783.0822.0897.0994.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)37.138.230.431.532.735.734.7
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)6.16.46.96.96.87.2
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)5.45.76.16.16.06.0

Infrastructure

International Road Federation, World Bank, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)22.7
Total length of railways (kilometre)976.5977976.59761,0041,0041,004
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)5.07.510.016.220.723.223.2

Central African Republic

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Female (%)50.750.7
Population - Total (thousands)4,4194,4364,4484,4644,4934,5384,5964,6664,745
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)2,0812,1342,1882,243
Population - Urban (%)39.139.439.740.040.340.641.041.441.8
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,9161,9361,9521,9681,9871,9992,0132,0292,0492,103
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,3952,3882,3812,3812,3922,4282,4762,5352,6012,592
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)165.3166.1166.2166.2166.4168.1170.3172.8175.5135.1
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)0.60.30.30.50.81.11.41.61.71.8
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)38.437.937.436.936.536.035.735.335.134.9
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)15.815.314.714.213.613.112.712.312.011.7
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.25.15.15.04.94.94.84.74.64.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)48.048.649.450.150.951.652.252.853.353.7

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)36.4
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)3,369
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)12,522
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)7,9748,2679,756
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)126.0125.9118.9137.8
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)1,8861,8483,4334,357
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)384
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)45.243.146.755.3
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)67.468.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)81.380.183.4

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)67.167.267.367.267.167.167.2
Unemployment rate - Total (%)7.67.68.47.66.86.9
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)12.212.113.212.611.811.9
GINI coefficient (index)56.30

Health indicators

World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)55.055.055.055.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)26252424202326
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)144144150145159156149
Human Development Index (number)0.3580.3650.3440.3490.3570.3620.367
Human Development Index (Rank)180185187188187188
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.6640.6620.6810.673
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)142144147149156
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)33.332.3252525.928.329.5
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)495152525150
Ease of Doing Business (number)34.4736.2636.2534.8636.9
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)183185188187185185184183

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.25.1-36.40.14.34.84.53.84.5

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)42.341.634.030.831.431.931.1
Industry (%)24.023.728.627.426.025.525.8
Manufacturing (%)18.318.022.521.019.019.419.5
Services (%)33.734.737.441.942.642.643.0

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)1.35.81.525.337.114.04.21.62.8

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-166.0-100.0-46.0-95.0-143.0-160.0-196.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)36.970.01.93.53.07.417.2

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
GDP per capita (US dollars)548.97555.40366.87403.23353.81373.30415.65448.74447.99
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)1,4631,5241,594

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)15615916176636566

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)71.084.096.0121.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)1.01.20.81.01.1
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)5.35.87.67.16.96.6
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)4.75.05.35.35.25.0

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)2.23.03.43.63.84.04.3

Chad

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Female (%)50.350.3
Population - Total (thousands)12,36112,78513,22013,66414,11114,56215,01715,47815,947
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)4,4374,5884,7444,906
Population - Urban (%)22.122.122.222.422.522.722.923.123.3
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)5,9566,1376,3176,4946,6666,8487,0247,1957,3637,636
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)6,0206,2486,4896,7406,9997,2477,5057,7748,0548,379
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)312.9320.1327.4335.5345.0357.3370.4383.9397.4410.4
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.43.43.33.33.23.13.13.03.02.9
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)46.045.444.844.343.743.242.742.241.741.2
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)14.213.813.413.112.812.512.312.111.911.7
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.56.46.36.26.05.95.85.75.65.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)51.451.952.452.853.153.453.754.054.254.5

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)50.238.830.8
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)137.9142.6164.2157.0158.1167.3170.3175.5186.3
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)2,2391,585
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)14,27515,38414,68313,89518,69619,72122,04220,13822,927
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)456.5458.0525.2508.7513.2535.1507.1511.8537.4
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)30,81334,12537,33643,49040,87238,90539,61143,80544,691
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)42,463
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)6,954
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)62.379.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)62.661.362.456.255.556.9

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)67.867.667.567.467.267.167.0
Unemployment rate - Total (%)5.75.65.65.65.85.8
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)8.68.38.48.49.09.0
GINI coefficient (index)43.30

Health indicators

World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)43.043.043.043.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)19192222202019
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)165163154147159165165
Human Development Index (number)0.3820.3910.3970.4030.4070.4050.404
Human Development Index (Rank)184184185186185186
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.7040.7020.708
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)151153157158
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)33.73433.734.53534.635.4
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)484949484746
Ease of Doing Business (number)37.2538.2239.0738.339.36
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)182184189185183180180181

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)0.18.85.86.91.8-5.6-2.42.42.3

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)24.224.830.228.929.832.932.2
Industry (%)38.941.531.932.832.025.525.4
Manufacturing (%)7.89.79.611.59.510.17.8
Services (%)36.933.737.838.338.341.542.4

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)2.07.50.21.74.4-0.8-1.52.2-3.2

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-708.0-968.0-1,188.0-1,248.0-1,491.0-926.0-517.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)281.9579.8520.2-675.5559.4244.5335.0

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,1631,1561,1801,241946.88860.51827.15884.82861.25
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)13,01612,55212,196

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)200186186177178184191

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)97.0119.0120.098.087.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)1.31.41.41.71.8
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)3.83.83.83.83.94.2
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)3.43.23.23.23.33.5

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)1.92.12.52.93.55.06.5

Comoros

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)232.6238.9245.4252.0
Population - Total (thousands)706.6723.9741.5759.4777.4795.6813.9832.3850.9
Population - Female (%)49.649.6
Population - Urban (%)28.028.128.228.328.528.628.829.029.2
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)288.8294.7300.5306.4312.1318.1323.7329.1334.3339.3
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)397.0408.1419.4431.1442.9454.3466.1478.2490.6503.3
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)20.821.221.522.022.523.324.125.026.027.0
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.42.42.42.42.32.32.32.22.22.2
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)34.934.634.233.833.332.932.431.931.430.9
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)8.17.97.77.67.57.47.37.27.17.1
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.74.64.64.54.44.34.34.24.14.1
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)62.262.662.963.263.563.763.964.164.364.5

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)71.686.887.6
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)2,7792,8482,864
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)6,0876,2316,499
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)4,2014,3226,4294,428
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)67.870.267.473.7
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)33.935.734.237.4
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)227242242247
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)7,7848,15012,6938,870
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)84.680.979.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)27.727.818.9

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)40.440.540.740.841.041.141.2
Unemployment rate - Total (%)19.419.219.119.419.920.0
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)36.736.636.637.237.838.1
GINI coefficient (index)64.30

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)16.9
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)92.092.092.092.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)82.2

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)28282626242727
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)133127142136153148144
Human Development Index (number)0.4870.4930.4990.5010.5020.5020.503
Human Development Index (Rank)169159159160163165
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)44.745.746.947.247.847.247.5
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)323032263034
Ease of Doing Business (number)49.5648.2248.6948.5248.66
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)156158158159154153158164

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.13.24.52.11.12.63.03.01.3

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)31.831.331.931.331.130.930.8
Industry (%)12.111.612.112.111.812.212.6
Manufacturing (%)7.67.37.78.08.18.69.0
Services (%)56.157.156.056.657.156.956.5

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)1.86.3-4.37.5-0.10.80.11.73.7

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)353.90382.90370.53370.81443.59444.45435.49416.58439.46

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-173.7-198.3
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-33.7-33.8
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-55.4-41.1-46.0-43.03.0-46.0-32.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)23.110.44.24.75.18.08.6
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.10.1
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)0.10.1

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)1,1441,1851,222
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,4501,4031,5011,5051,2601,2741,3051,3911,350

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)41414129303132

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)22.821.922.823.626.828.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)0.30.7
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)12.912.511.510.910.49.7
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)10.510.19.19.59.08.4

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)5.56.06.57.07.57.98.5

Congo

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Female (%)49.949.9
Population - Total (thousands)4,3954,5104,6234,7374,8564,9815,1115,2445,381
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)1,7231,7671,8101,854
Population - Urban (%)63.764.264.665.165.566.066.566.967.4
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,8931,9532,0102,0652,1202,1722,2242,2742,3222,277
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,4692,5252,5822,6432,7082,7802,8582,9413,0293,088
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)150.8155.1159.3163.6168.1173.4179.0184.8191.0152.5
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.72.52.52.52.52.62.62.62.52.5
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)36.736.235.735.134.533.933.432.932.432.0
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)8.27.97.77.47.27.06.86.76.66.5
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.74.74.74.64.64.54.54.44.44.3
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)60.861.462.062.663.163.664.064.364.664.8

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)80.980.9
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)156.8
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)2,9433,3173,0214,493
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)18,165
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)339.3
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)15,43816,527
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)39,30337,037
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)15,11615,842
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)85.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)47.144.4

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)60.662.862.962.962.862.562.1
Unemployment rate - Total (%)7.310.07.37.210.611.2
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)12.212.212.212.117.818.7
GINI coefficient (index)40.20

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)11.8
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)90.090.090.090.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)92.5

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)26222323202119
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)144154152146161165
Human Development Index (number)0.560.5730.5820.5950.6130.6120.606
Human Development Index (Rank)142140136135133137
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.610.6080.6050.5930.5910.5870.578
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)132135137141143
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)4141.741.241.740.939.939.8
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)434142424244
Ease of Doing Business (number)43.2941.8840.5839.5739.83
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)180183185178176177179180

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)3.43.83.36.82.6-2.8-1.81.64.0

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)3.63.94.84.87.69.07.5
Industry (%)69.167.662.459.448.143.947.9
Manufacturing (%)5.04.44.75.68.59.47.7
Services (%)27.428.532.935.844.447.144.6

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)1.85.04.60.93.23.20.51.22.2

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)6,7395,8844,6393,464-1,108.9-715.4
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-3,201.7-2,571.3-2,328.9-3,093.8-3,316.9-1,974.3
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)2,0702,4211,936678.9-4,628.7-3,593.6-1,078.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)186.3-282.8609.41,6593,8023,5651,159
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.10.00.00.00.10.1
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-1.7

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)13,38712,66412,600
GDP per capita (US dollars)3,9523,5563,5613,4932,0671,8362,0552,6182,534

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)606801829798807827848

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)224.0259.0345.0229.0224.0213.0194.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)10.112.414.615.618.615.611.8
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)4.34.34.24.24.24.0
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)4.14.04.24.03.93.7

Infrastructure

International Road Federation, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Paved Road (% of total) (%)5.5
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)5.66.16.67.17.68.18.7

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Female (%)50.350.3
Population - Total (thousands)66,75569,02171,35973,76776,24578,78981,39984,06886,791
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)25,14625,93026,74127,580
Population - Urban (%)40.541.141.642.242.743.343.944.545.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)30,86431,96833,08234,19935,31336,49137,64638,77939,89441,015
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)33,84734,93436,08237,29838,58539,86741,23842,69044,21745,843
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)2,0032,0772,1512,2262,2992,3782,4562,5352,6172,704
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.33.33.33.33.33.33.23.23.23.1
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)44.544.243.843.342.842.341.741.240.640.1
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)11.311.010.710.410.29.99.79.59.39.1
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.56.46.46.36.26.16.05.95.85.7
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)57.457.958.458.859.359.760.060.460.761.0

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)83.686.085.0
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)181,201138,042166,032
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)511,251442,979464,678
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)296,554345,486339,928383,207414,580544,039
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)3,7833,8943,9964,3884,619
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)248,591253,929281,324300,719324,324
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)23,11628,877
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)1,3931,4411,5221,6741,792
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)37.434.737.135.333.2

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)69.869.869.869.869.869.869.8
Unemployment rate - Total (%)3.74.53.83.83.73.6
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)6.06.06.16.16.66.5
GINI coefficient (index)44.40

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)23.4
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)89.089.089.089.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)59.480.1

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)21222222212120
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)160154154147156161161
Human Development Index (number)0.4150.420.4260.4360.4440.4520.457
Human Development Index (Rank)186186176176176176
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.6710.6420.6520.6550.6520.652
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)144147137153152
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)3534.335.135.43634.332.1
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)514748464847
Ease of Doing Business (number)40.638.1437.5737.6536.85
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)176181183184184184182184

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)6.97.18.59.56.92.43.75.84.3

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)22.021.820.819.919.720.620.8
Industry (%)43.142.944.446.144.843.143.5
Manufacturing (%)16.216.416.616.718.420.320.6
Services (%)34.935.334.834.035.536.235.6

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)15.38.60.81.20.72.935.429.34.7

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)919.49919.76919.79925.23925.981,0101,4641,6231,648

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)556.366.1804.5-385.1-289.8-228.5409.8
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-2,149.9-2,043.9-2,299.2-2,767.4-2,018.3-1,685.0-1,849.4
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-1,280.6-1,260.5-3,108.8-1,722.6-1,483.8-1,334.1-1,213.0
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-354.9-744.7-2,936.7-1,455.1-1,486.4
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.90.50.20.30.30.00.5
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)1,6873,3122,0981,8431,6741,2051,340

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)29,85530,64732,066
GDP per capita (US dollars)334.39368.39398.63425.33435.98409.05407.71495.64500.55

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)6,7187,3837,7057,8997,3767,6117,859

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)197.0
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)1.42.01.91.71.61.8
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)1.11.71.51.41.41.5

Infrastructure

World Bank, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total length of railways (kilometre)3,6413,6413,6413,6413,6413,6413,6413,641
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)1.21.72.23.03.86.28.6

Equatorial Guinea

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Female (%)48.848.8
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)377.5389.5401.6413.7
Population - Total (thousands)986.91,0311,0761,1221,1691,2151,2621,3091,356
Population - Urban (%)67.569.069.570.170.671.171.672.172.6
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)380.7395.3410.1425.0439.9456.3471.5486.6501.5516.0
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)582.8611.7641.4671.3701.5730.2760.1790.2820.5853.6
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)30.831.532.333.134.035.036.137.138.033.4
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)4.44.34.24.14.03.83.73.63.53.3
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)37.036.535.935.334.834.233.733.232.832.3
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)11.010.810.510.210.09.89.59.39.18.9
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.15.05.04.94.84.74.64.54.44.3
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)55.956.356.657.057.457.758.158.458.759.1

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)98.298.298.3
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)3,1113,5174,021
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)54.346.243.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)27.926.223.2

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)55.455.255.555.856.355.855.1
Unemployment rate - Total (%)7.77.67.88.67.07.3
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)12.111.912.513.912.112.9

Health indicators

World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)91.091.091.091.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)68.3

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)20191716
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)163163171172
Human Development Index (number)0.5840.5890.590.590.5930.5930.591
Human Development Index (Rank)136144138135139141
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)31.531.331.731.430.83130.9
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)454546474648
Ease of Doing Business (number)49.0140.0339.8341.6641.94
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)161162166165180178173177

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)6.58.3-4.10.4-9.1-8.8-4.7-5.7-4.6

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)1.01.01.21.31.92.42.3
Industry (%)77.176.371.969.859.052.055.7
Manufacturing (%)22.216.919.120.017.818.625.0
Services (%)21.922.626.928.939.145.642.0

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)4.83.72.94.31.71.40.71.31.2

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-1,210.0-252.0-547.0-929.0-2,150.0-1,201.0-55.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)1,975985.3582.9167.9233.254.0304.1

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)16,54615,12414,639
GDP per capita (US dollars)21,45221,55820,24719,24611,2139,1969,69210,4538,927

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)83317361648668728804

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)11.513.916.418.921.323.826.2

Gabon

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Female (%)49.849.8
Population - Total (thousands)1,6851,7501,8171,8841,9482,0082,0652,1192,173
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)591.1608.3625.8643.8
Population - Urban (%)86.186.687.287.788.188.689.089.489.7
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)623.4640.8658.5675.2690.3710.0727.1742.1756.1829.4
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)990.71,0321,0741,1141,1531,1811,2081,2341,2601,318
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)83.084.285.386.387.188.790.191.592.878.5
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.73.83.73.53.22.92.72.52.52.4
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)33.333.333.233.132.932.632.231.631.030.3
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)8.98.58.17.77.47.27.06.86.76.6
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.14.14.14.14.14.04.04.03.93.9
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)62.262.963.664.364.965.465.866.266.566.7

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)88.589.1
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)12,961
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)24.5

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)39.439.740.040.440.741.041.3
Unemployment rate - Total (%)20.320.420.320.419.118.5
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)35.735.835.736.039.739.7
GINI coefficient (index)42.20

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)6.5
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)61.259.056.954.652.550.148.3
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)95.095.095.095.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)89.3

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)35343734353231
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)1021069498101117124
Human Development Index (number)0.670.6780.6870.6930.6940.6980.702
Human Development Index (Rank)106112110109109110
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.5540.5490.5470.5450.5420.5370.534
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)105108113127128
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)46.345.245.845.444.743.842.4
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)242723322341
Ease of Doing Business (number)53.4345.9945.8846.1945.58
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)160170163144162164167169

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)7.15.35.54.43.92.10.50.82.9

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)3.73.63.63.94.75.36.1
Industry (%)65.163.160.756.751.947.748.8
Manufacturing (%)5.86.26.36.96.77.67.9
Services (%)31.233.335.739.443.447.045.1

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)1.32.70.54.7-0.32.12.74.72.5

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)471.87510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)6,4956,1375,3094,4381,941
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-2,233.0-2,137.3-2,429.5-2,233.8-1,600.6
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)2,6041,9781,4631,112141.0-1,419.0-729.0
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.00.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)874.9-220.9771.21,048990.41,2411,498

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)17,26117,70616,041
GDP per capita (US dollars)10,8939,9039,7619,7477,4537,0827,3708,2208,112

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,5481,6541,8051,9972,1042,2242,357

Tourism

World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)2.32.32.42.52.72.9
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)2.42.01.92.22.42.6

Infrastructure

World Bank, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total length of railways (kilometre)810810810810810810810810
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)18.024.030.538.145.848.162.0

Sao Tome and Principe

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)184.5188.4192.1195.7199.4203.2207.1211.0215.1
Population - Female (%)50.550.5
Population - Urban (%)66.167.268.269.270.271.172.072.873.6
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)78.780.382.083.585.086.387.588.689.791.5
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)93.896.499.0101.8104.7107.7110.9114.2117.7121.1
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)6.36.16.05.95.95.95.95.96.06.6
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.22.01.91.91.91.91.91.91.91.9
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)35.434.734.133.533.032.432.031.531.230.8
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)5.75.55.45.25.15.04.94.84.84.7
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.74.64.64.54.54.44.44.34.34.2
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)67.968.368.769.169.469.769.970.270.470.6

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)96.783.2
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)6.37.48.410.111.512.313.7
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)291291
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)6017931,066936
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)11.914.116.119.422.123.225.9
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)1,1831,1831,1071,0549171,1321,193
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)1,4211,6802,336
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)6507731,178
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)90.891.090.696.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)29.828.731.432.738.832.231.2

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)49.650.150.350.450.450.450.3
Unemployment rate - Total (%)13.913.613.613.913.613.6
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)21.521.121.021.623.724.3
GINI coefficient (index)33.90

Health indicators

World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)54.652.851.036.735.133.732.4
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)98.098.098.098.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Corruption perceptions index (number)42424242464646
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)72727666626464
Human Development Index (number)0.5480.5510.560.5670.580.5840.589
Human Development Index (Rank)144142143142144143
Gender Inequality Index (number)0.5470.5460.5450.5430.540.5380.538
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)122131
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (number)57.758.759.158.759.65959.2
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)111213111112
Ease of Doing Business (number)50.7545.546.7553.0645.14
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)174160169153166162169170

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.43.14.86.63.84.23.92.72.7

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Agriculture (%)11.711.812.111.612.312.111.7
Industry (%)17.216.316.117.314.915.815.4
Manufacturing (%)8.67.67.46.66.57.37.4
Services (%)71.171.971.871.172.772.172.9

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)14.310.68.17.05.35.45.77.96.8

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)17,62319,06818,45018,46622,09122.1521.7420.7521.88

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Trade balance - US dollars (millions)-104.7-104.0-115.8-127.4-107.6-105.5-112.1
Services Balance - US dollars (millions)-13.0-6.7-12.0-14.711.617.211.1
Current account balance - US dollars (millions)-105.8-98.9-81.3-103.9-68.7-61.5-73.1
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, US dollars (millions)32.222.512.227.128.622.241.0
Capital Account net - US dollars (billions)0.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Financial Account net - US dollars (millions)-66.0-75.9-2.116.119.4

GDP

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total Value Added - US dollars (millions)231.2241.5248.6
GDP per capita (US dollars)1,2731,3431,5691,7631,5701,6731,7681,9431,933

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)44.4515122121314

Tourism

World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)12.412.516.622.120.124.3
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)10.510.815.420.619.023.6

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)20.221.623.024.425.828.029.9


Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)

International Labour Organization (ILO)
Country2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Algeria11,92612,19612,45312,693
Angola7,3667,6277,8998,182
Benin4,0454,1774,3114,449
Botswana1,0041,0181,0311,045
Burkina Faso7,2347,4647,7027,947
Burundi4,4004,5364,6664,797
Cabo Verde226.3231.9237.6243.2
Cameroon8,4058,6628,9279,200
Central African Republic2,0812,1342,1882,243
Chad4,4374,5884,7444,906
Comoros232.6238.9245.4252.0
Congo1,7231,7671,8101,854
Cote d'Ivoire7,6177,8148,0238,239
Democratic Republic of the Congo25,14625,93026,74127,580
Egypt26,57627,17927,77628,365
Equatorial Guinea377.5389.5401.6413.7
Eritrea2,8592,9563,0553,155
Eswatini424.5435.7446.7457.4
Ethiopia42,04543,57045,16346,807
Gabon591.1608.3625.8643.8
Gambia, the727.0750.7775.3800.9
Ghana10,48610,77211,05811,349
Guinea4,5974,7374,8815,029
Guinea-Bissau692.7712.2732.3753.0
Kenya16,14916,68617,23917,804
Lesotho837.8854.7872.2889.7
Liberia1,4211,4661,5101,555
Libya2,2952,3082,3162,327
Madagascar10,96911,32711,69612,075
Malawi6,9797,2067,4427,686
Mali5,0365,1785,3245,479
Mauritania1,1861,2211,2581,295
Mauritius574.8580.1585.4590.5
Morocco11,59211,81212,03112,243
Mozambique11,34711,61411,89312,184
Namibia834.9838.7869.3900.8
Niger5,3495,5515,7635,986
Nigeria51,18352,66854,20555,798
Rwanda5,3545,5635,7856,005
Senegal5,7445,9256,1136,307
Sierra Leone2,2892,3442,4012,459
Somalia2,9153,0103,1123,218
South Africa18,76119,10819,41419,703
Sudan11,33311,64311,96012,294
Togo3,0383,1243,2123,303
Tunisia3,9013,9624,0194,071
Uganda14,00214,51115,04115,592
United Republic of Tanzania22,81323,50224,21924,964
Zambia5,7615,9546,1596,375
Zimbabwe6,8217,0857,3947,717

Select country: