Country statistical notes




Angola

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)7,6277,8998,182
Population - Total (thousands)25,10826,01626,94227,88428,84229,81730,81031,825
Population - Female (%)50.650.650.550.550.550.550.550.550.5
Population - Urban (%)61.362.062.763.464.164.865.566.2
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)11,88512,29812,70913,11613,53113,94114,34614,74315,248
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)12,63613,10713,59614,10114,60615,12715,66916,24316,898
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)575.5592.9614.7642.5677.0716.2758.6801.9720.3
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.63.53.53.43.43.33.33.23.2
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)44.543.843.242.541.941.340.740.239.8
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)10.59.99.59.18.78.48.28.07.8
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.06.05.95.85.75.65.55.45.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)57.258.158.859.459.960.460.861.161.5

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)73.077.472.9
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)804.0
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)8,660
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)72,85975,997
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)2,034
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)112,35295,827
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)5,620,915
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)2,634,205
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)218,679221,037253,287
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)98,11498,376115,884
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)50.0

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)72.272.272.272.171.771.3
Unemployment rate - Total (%)7.67.624.26.76.6
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)12.112.012.011.311.2
GINI coefficient (index)42.70

Health indicators

World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)68.068.068.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Corruption perceptions index (number)222319151819192627
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)157153161163164167165146142
Human Development Index (index)0.540.560.570.570.580.580.580.58
Human Development Index (Rank)148149149150145147149148
Gender Inequality Index (index)0.580.54
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)144132
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (index)39.2038.4038.4038.3037.9038.3039.3040.00
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)3944434545454343
Ease of Doing Business (number)41.8539.6438.4141.4943.8641.241.3
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)172179181181182175173173177

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Real GDP growth rate (%)8.55.04.80.9-2.6-0.2-1.2-0.3

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Agriculture (%)5.96.37.59.19.98.8
Industry (%)55.552.045.942.142.943.6
Manufacturing (%)4.65.05.16.06.96.0
Services (%)38.641.746.648.847.247.5

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)10.38.87.39.232.426.919.617.122.3

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)95.4796.5298.30120.06163.66165.92252.86364.83

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Trade balance - current USD (millions)47,38941,91630,59012,48914,54820,15024,960
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-21,364.3-21,746.4-23,276.3-16,020.1-11,905.6-12,808.7-9,455.4
Current account balance - current USD (millions)13,8418,145-3,747.5-10,272.8-3,085.2-632.97,502
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)-6,898.0-7,120.01,9229,2824,104-2,254.5
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)504.9-0.4-3,434.2

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GDP per capita (current USD)5,2455,4375,6264,3553,6774,3043,6213,038
Total Value Added - current USD (millions)106,456104,563106,695

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)5,3527,0878,1788,3848,5568,745

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)528.0650.0595.0592.0397.0261.0218.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)9.210.611.213.013.313.4
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)3.84.64.34.33.8
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)3.64.33.83.63.3

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)6.58.921.412.413.014.3

Burundi

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)4,5364,6664,797
Population - Total (thousands)9,2469,5409,84410,16010,48810,82711,17511,531
Population - Female (%)50.550.550.550.550.550.450.450.450.4
Population - Urban (%)11.211.511.812.112.412.713.013.4
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)4,1344,2704,4124,5644,7234,8885,0575,2225,381
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)4,9465,0875,2315,3805,5365,6985,8676,0476,227
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)239.6243.2248.2255.2266.0278.4292.2307.4283.0
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.13.13.13.23.23.23.13.13.0
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)42.441.941.440.940.339.639.038.437.8
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)9.49.18.88.58.38.17.97.87.6
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.05.95.85.75.65.55.45.35.2
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)58.659.159.760.160.560.961.261.661.9

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)79.687.6
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)182.3220.4272.7321.7361.1340.6355.6347.9
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)1,8191,8193,0592,0302,6463,1183,456
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)14,14115,50415,67318,55822,51223,72925,37225,710
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)420.1490.9583.3664.2723.4665.1674.9650.3
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)42,05244,66246,88747,94942,49742,85451,05151,545
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)1,980,8462,009,8002,046,7942,072,4082,110,4292,126,1732,170,8842,212,532
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)996,4121,012,3071,037,2241,048,2541,063,7611,067,3221,088,0221,109,607
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)28,59536,76644,88751,22537,26640,12041,869
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)9,08912,10013,93812,78612,34813,92615,917
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)91.095.494.196.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)47.145.043.743.249.749.642.5

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)77.577.376.977.377.677.7
Unemployment rate - Total (%)1.61.61.61.61.6
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)2.92.93.03.03.1
GINI coefficient (index)33.30

Health indicators

World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)99.099.099.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Corruption perceptions index (number)192120212022171919
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)165157159150159157170165165
Human Development Index (index)0.430.430.440.440.440.430.430.43
Human Development Index (Rank)178180184184183185185185
Gender Inequality Index (index)0.490.490.480.470.470.470.520.50
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)98104109108114124124
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (index)45.2044.6045.0040.0038.8039.8036.4036.90
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)4038384344434644
Ease of Doing Business (number)51.0748.8247.3746.9247.4146.546.8
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)159140152152157164168168166

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.45.94.5-4.0-1.00.00.10.4

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Agriculture (%)38.041.437.737.537.337.5
Industry (%)16.916.816.716.416.816.6
Manufacturing (%)11.311.611.811.611.611.7
Services (%)45.141.845.746.145.845.9

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)18.27.94.45.55.616.1-2.8-0.87.4

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)1,4431,5551,5471,5721,6551,7291,7831,846

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-576.3-581.5-523.3-483.0-402.5-453.1
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-124.8-111.1-196.9-171.5-141.9-165.4
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-261.2-258.4-395.1-373.2-339.7-360.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)0.67.447.17.40.10.3
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.20.10.10.10.10.1
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)0.3-0.3-0.1-0.10.10.2

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GDP per capita (current USD)250.118267.696296.186294.496298.006312.463306.966309.87
Total Value Added - current USD (millions)2,2182,3012,389

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)237.9259.291145149161175

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)147.0234.0235.0131.0187.0299.0
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)5.85.45.15.05.1
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)5.04.44.44.34.4

Infrastructure

International Road Federation, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Paved Road (% of total) (%)16.714.8
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)1.21.31.44.95.22.7

Cameroon

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)8,6628,9279,200
Population - Total (thousands)21,48522,07722,68223,29823,92724,56625,21625,876
Population - Female (%)50.150.150.050.050.050.050.050.050.0
Population - Urban (%)52.853.454.054.655.255.856.457.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)9,1459,3779,6059,82710,05610,27710,48910,69311,166
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)11,26211,58811,92812,28512,64113,01513,40813,82014,659
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)675.3690.8706.3722.0741.6761.3780.9800.4721.0
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.72.72.72.72.62.62.62.62.5
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)38.538.037.537.036.435.935.434.934.4
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)11.010.710.310.09.89.59.39.18.9
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.04.94.84.84.74.64.64.54.4
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)56.156.657.157.658.158.558.959.359.6

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)83.8
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)785.1830.6913.7966.01,01329.4
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)5,6956,1276,6907,568
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)79,94392,59897,921106,119114,601
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)1,7131,8132,0002,1082,207
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)84,46793,738105,388104,86097,98493,72396,546
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)3,848,6114,142,7754,369,9884,481,2354,371,3814,201,9884,399,897
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)1,784,1681,937,1012,051,9692,106,4172,054,4671,975,5312,067,519
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)270,409322,175349,756371,568278,747290,259330,793
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)117,492140,089152,658164,955130,149129,733154,855
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)91.491.792.095.395.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)45.644.241.542.744.644.8

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)72.972.972.972.972.973.0
Unemployment rate - Total (%)4.14.03.54.44.5
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)6.26.26.76.76.9
GINI coefficient (index)40.70

Health indicators

World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)85.085.085.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Corruption perceptions index (number)262527272625252525
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)144144136130145153152153149
Human Development Index (index)0.530.530.540.550.550.560.560.56
Human Development Index (Rank)150152153153150151150153
Gender Inequality Index (index)0.610.580.580.570.570.570.570.56
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)137138132138141140141
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (index)47.7047.2046.9046.8046.7046.2043.2043.50
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)3534373837363837
Ease of Doing Business (number)49.8544.1145.2747.2347.784646.1
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)161168158172166163166166167

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.55.45.95.74.63.54.14.0

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Agriculture (%)14.614.815.316.116.015.7
Industry (%)30.029.429.127.426.927.5
Manufacturing (%)16.116.015.515.916.316.5
Services (%)55.455.855.656.657.156.8

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)2.72.11.92.70.90.61.12.5

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-274.1-197.3-448.8-372.0-237.2-226.6
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-500.4-619.9-627.5-681.4-591.4-495.6
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-956.0-1,127.8-1,400.1-1,173.2-1,037.2-949.3
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)739.2567.2726.5627.2663.7672.5
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.10.10.10.00.10.1
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-996.0-15.94.7-0.63.8-0.5

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GDP per capita (current USD)1,3571,4711,5521,3391,3781,4421,5561,515
Total Value Added - current USD (millions)31,01432,42133,484

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)4,9915,2695,4855,8616,1446,457

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)817.0912.0822.0897.0994.01,081
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)38.230.431.532.735.734.737.8
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)6.46.96.96.87.2
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)5.76.16.16.06.0

Infrastructure

World Bank, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Total length of railways (kilometre)977976.59761,0041,0041,004
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)7.510.016.220.723.223.2

Central African Republic

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)2,1342,1882,243
Population - Total (thousands)4,4364,4484,4644,4934,5384,5964,6664,745
Population - Female (%)50.550.550.550.450.450.450.450.450.4
Population - Urban (%)39.439.740.040.340.641.041.441.8
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,9361,9521,9681,9871,9992,0132,0292,0492,103
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,3882,3812,3812,3922,4282,4762,5352,6012,592
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)166.1166.2166.2166.4168.1170.3172.8175.5135.1
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)0.30.30.50.81.11.41.61.71.8
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)37.937.436.936.536.035.735.335.134.9
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)15.314.714.213.613.112.712.312.011.7
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.15.15.04.94.94.84.74.64.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)48.649.450.150.951.652.252.853.353.7

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)36.4
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)43.146.755.3
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)1,8483,4334,357
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)125.9118.9137.8
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)8,2679,756
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)662,317813,767
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)284,536354,910
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)12,522
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)3,369
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)68.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)80.183.4

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)67.267.367.267.167.167.2
Unemployment rate - Total (%)7.68.47.66.86.9
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)12.113.212.611.811.9
GINI coefficient (index)56.30

Health indicators

World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)55.055.055.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Corruption perceptions index (number)262524242023262526
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)144144150145159156149153146
Human Development Index (index)0.380.360.370.380.380.390.400.40
Human Development Index (Rank)180185187188187188188188
Gender Inequality Index (index)0.660.680.670.680.68
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)142144147149156159159
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (index)32.3025.0025.0025.9028.3029.5031.6030.70
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)4951525251504950
Ease of Doing Business (number)34.4736.2636.2534.8636.934.835.6
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)185188187185185184183183184

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Real GDP growth rate (%)5.1-36.40.14.34.84.53.84.5

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Agriculture (%)41.634.030.831.431.931.1
Industry (%)23.728.627.426.025.525.8
Manufacturing (%)18.022.521.019.019.419.5
Services (%)34.737.441.942.642.643.0

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)5.81.525.337.114.04.21.62.8

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-100.0-46.0-95.0-143.0-160.0-196.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)70.01.93.53.07.417.2

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GDP per capita (current USD)555.404366.867403.23353.807373.3415.652448.74447.992
Total Value Added - current USD (millions)1,4631,5241,594

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)15916176636566

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)71.084.096.0121.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)1.20.81.01.11.21.31.3
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)5.87.67.16.96.6
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)5.05.35.35.25.0

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)3.03.43.63.84.04.3

Chad

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)4,5884,7444,906
Population - Total (thousands)12,78513,22013,66414,11114,56215,01715,47815,947
Population - Female (%)50.150.150.150.150.150.150.150.150.1
Population - Urban (%)22.122.222.422.522.722.923.123.3
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)6,1376,3176,4946,6666,8487,0247,1957,3637,636
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)6,2486,4896,7406,9997,2477,5057,7748,0548,379
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)320.1327.4335.5345.0357.3370.4383.9397.4410.4
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.43.33.33.23.13.13.03.02.9
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)45.444.844.343.743.242.742.241.741.2
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)13.813.413.112.812.512.312.111.911.7
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.46.36.26.05.95.85.75.65.6
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)51.952.452.853.153.453.754.054.254.5

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)50.238.830.8
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)142.6164.2157.0158.1167.3170.3175.5186.3
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)1,585
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)15,38414,68313,89518,69619,72122,04220,13822,927
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)458.0525.2508.7513.2535.1507.1511.8537.4
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)34,12537,33643,49040,87238,90539,61143,80544,691
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)2,090,7582,330,7982,442,6602,270,1042,213,2232,060,9462,419,6752,468,784
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)895,8181,002,5211,047,659982,691959,692885,7661,055,6761,077,141
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)42,46341,821
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)6,9549,354
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)79.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)61.362.456.255.556.9

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)67.667.567.467.267.167.0
Unemployment rate - Total (%)5.65.65.65.85.8
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)8.38.48.49.09.0
GINI coefficient (index)43.30

Health indicators

World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)43.043.043.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Corruption perceptions index (number)191922222020192021
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)165163154147159165165162160
Human Development Index (index)0.390.390.400.400.390.400.400.40
Human Development Index (Rank)184184185186185186187187
Gender Inequality Index (index)0.700.700.710.700.71
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)151153157158160160
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (index)34.0033.7034.5035.0034.6035.4033.4033.90
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)4849494847464747
Ease of Doing Business (number)37.2538.2239.0738.339.3636.736.9
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)184189185183180180181181182

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Real GDP growth rate (%)8.85.86.91.8-5.6-2.42.42.3

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Agriculture (%)24.830.228.929.832.932.2
Industry (%)41.531.932.832.025.525.4
Manufacturing (%)9.79.611.59.510.17.8
Services (%)33.737.838.338.341.542.4

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)7.50.21.74.4-0.8-1.52.2-3.24.1

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-968.0-1,188.0-1,248.0-1,491.0-926.0-517.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)579.8520.2-675.5559.4244.5335.0

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GDP per capita (current USD)1,1561,1801,241946.877860.51827.149884.815861.246
Total Value Added - current USD (millions)13,01612,55212,196

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)186186177178184191

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)86.0100.0122.0120.098.087.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)1.41.41.71.8
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)3.83.83.83.94.2
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)3.23.23.23.33.5

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)2.12.52.93.55.06.5

Congo

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)1,7671,8101,854
Population - Total (thousands)4,5104,6234,7374,8564,9815,1115,2445,381
Population - Female (%)50.250.250.150.150.150.150.150.150.0
Population - Urban (%)64.264.665.165.566.066.566.967.4
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,9532,0102,0652,1202,1722,2242,2742,3222,277
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,5252,5822,6432,7082,7802,8582,9413,0293,088
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)155.1159.3163.6168.1173.4179.0184.8191.0152.5
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.52.52.52.52.62.62.62.52.5
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)36.235.735.134.533.933.432.932.432.0
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)7.97.77.47.27.06.86.76.66.5
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.74.74.64.64.54.54.44.44.3
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)61.462.062.663.163.664.064.364.664.8

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)80.9
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)156.8
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)3,3173,0214,493
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)18,165
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)339.3
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)16,527
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)734,493
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)378,272
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)39,30337,03754,821
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)15,11615,84221,888
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)85.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)44.4

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)62.862.962.962.862.562.1
Unemployment rate - Total (%)10.07.37.210.611.2
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)12.212.212.117.818.7
GINI coefficient (index)40.20

Health indicators

World Health Organization, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)90.090.090.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)92.5

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Corruption perceptions index (number)262223232021191919
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)144154152146161165165165
Human Development Index (index)0.540.550.560.580.580.570.570.57
Human Development Index (Rank)142140136135133137138149
Gender Inequality Index (index)0.610.610.590.590.590.580.650.57
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)132135137141143156144
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (index)41.7041.2041.7040.9039.9039.8036.6036.10
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)4341424242444545
Ease of Doing Business (number)43.2941.8840.5839.5739.8338.239.5
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)183185178176177179180180180

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Real GDP growth rate (%)3.83.36.82.6-2.8-1.81.64.0

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Agriculture (%)3.94.84.87.69.07.5
Industry (%)67.662.459.448.143.947.9
Manufacturing (%)4.44.75.68.59.47.7
Services (%)28.532.935.844.447.144.6

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)5.04.60.93.23.20.51.22.2

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Trade balance - current USD (millions)5,8844,6393,464-1,108.9-715.4
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-2,571.3-2,328.9-3,093.8-3,316.9-1,974.3
Current account balance - current USD (millions)2,4211,936678.9-4,628.7-3,593.6-1,078.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)-282.8609.41,6593,8023,5651,159
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.00.00.00.10.1
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-1.7

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GDP per capita (current USD)3,5563,5613,4932,0671,8362,0552,6182,534
Total Value Added - current USD (millions)13,38712,66412,600

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)801829798807827848

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)259.0345.0373.0224.0213.0151.0158.0
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)12.414.615.618.615.611.810.2
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)4.34.24.24.24.0
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)4.04.24.03.93.7

Infrastructure

International Road Federation, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Paved Road (% of total) (%)5.5
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)6.16.67.17.68.18.7

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)25,93026,74127,580
Population - Total (thousands)69,02171,35973,76776,24578,78981,39984,06886,791
Population - Female (%)50.250.250.150.150.150.150.150.150.1
Population - Urban (%)41.141.642.242.743.343.944.545.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)31,96833,08234,19935,31336,49137,64638,77939,89441,015
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)34,93436,08237,29838,58539,86741,23842,69044,21745,843
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)2,0772,1512,2262,2992,3782,4562,5352,6172,704
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.33.33.33.33.33.23.23.23.1
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)44.243.843.342.842.341.741.240.640.1
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)11.010.710.410.29.99.79.59.39.1
Total fertility rate (per woman)6.46.46.36.26.16.05.95.85.7
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)57.958.458.859.359.760.060.460.761.0

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)83.686.085.0
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)1,4411,5221,6741,792
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)28,877
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)253,929281,324300,719324,324
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)3,8943,9964,3884,619
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)345,486339,928383,207414,580544,039
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)12,004,80412,600,87613,534,62513,763,19616,807,014
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)5,590,9445,950,6796,399,5586,807,8748,071,897
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)511,251442,979464,678
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)181,201138,042166,032
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)34.737.135.333.2

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)69.869.869.869.869.869.8
Unemployment rate - Total (%)4.53.83.83.73.6
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)6.06.16.16.66.5
GINI coefficient (index)44.40

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)23.4
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)89.089.089.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)59.480.1

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Corruption perceptions index (number)212222222121201818
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)160154154147156161161168170
Human Development Index (index)0.420.430.440.440.450.46
Human Development Index (Rank)186186176176176176179175
Gender Inequality Index (index)0.670.640.650.660.650.650.580.62
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)144147137153152145150
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (index)34.3035.1035.4036.0034.3032.1031.8031.70
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)5147484648474842
Ease of Doing Business (number)40.638.1437.5737.6536.8535.236.2
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)181183184184184182184184183

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Real GDP growth rate (%)7.18.59.56.92.43.75.84.3

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Agriculture (%)21.820.819.919.720.620.8
Industry (%)42.944.446.144.843.143.5
Manufacturing (%)16.416.616.718.420.320.6
Services (%)35.334.834.035.536.235.6

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)8.60.81.20.72.935.429.34.614.6

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)919.76919.79925.23925.981,0101,4641,6231,648

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Trade balance - current USD (millions)66.1804.5-385.1-289.8-228.5409.8
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-2,043.9-2,299.2-2,767.4-2,018.3-1,685.0-1,849.4
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-1,260.5-3,108.8-1,722.6-1,483.8-1,334.1-1,213.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)3,3122,0981,8431,6741,2051,340
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.50.20.30.30.00.5
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-744.7-2,936.7-1,455.1-1,486.4

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GDP per capita (current USD)368.393398.627425.329435.979409.046407.705495.635500.554
Total Value Added - current USD (millions)29,85530,64732,066

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)7,3837,7057,8997,3767,6117,859

Tourism

World Bank, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)167.0191.0
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)2.01.91.71.61.8
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)1.71.51.41.41.5

Infrastructure

World Bank, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Total length of railways (kilometre)3,6413,6413,6413,6413,6413,6413,641
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)1.72.23.03.86.28.6

Equatorial Guinea

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)389.5401.6413.7
Population - Total (thousands)1,0311,0761,1221,1691,2151,2621,3091,356
Population - Female (%)45.245.044.944.744.644.544.544.444.4
Population - Urban (%)69.069.570.170.671.171.672.172.6
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)395.3410.1425.0439.9456.3471.5486.6501.5516.0
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)611.7641.4671.3701.5730.2760.1790.2820.5853.6
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)31.532.333.134.035.036.137.138.033.4
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)4.34.24.14.03.83.73.63.53.3
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)36.535.935.334.834.233.733.232.832.3
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)10.810.510.210.09.89.59.39.18.9
Total fertility rate (per woman)5.05.04.94.84.74.64.54.44.3
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)56.356.657.057.457.758.158.458.759.1

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)98.298.298.3
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)3,5174,021
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)92,02993,396
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)45,30445,855
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)46.243.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)26.223.2

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)55.255.555.856.355.855.1
Unemployment rate - Total (%)7.67.88.67.07.3
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)11.912.513.912.112.9

Health indicators

World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)91.091.091.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Corruption perceptions index (number)201917161616
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)163163171172173174
Human Development Index (index)0.580.590.590.590.590.580.580.59
Human Development Index (Rank)136144138135139141144145
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (index)31.3031.7031.4030.8031.0030.9029.0028.70
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)4545464746485151
Ease of Doing Business (number)49.0140.0339.8341.6641.9440.541.1
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)162166165180178173177177178

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Real GDP growth rate (%)8.3-4.10.4-9.1-8.8-4.7-5.7-4.6

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Agriculture (%)1.01.21.31.92.42.3
Industry (%)76.371.969.859.052.055.7
Manufacturing (%)16.919.120.017.818.625.0
Services (%)22.626.928.939.145.642.0

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)3.72.94.31.71.40.71.31.24.8

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-252.0-547.0-929.0-2,150.0-1,201.0-55.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)985.3582.9167.9233.254.0304.1

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GDP per capita (current USD)21,55820,24719,24611,2139,1969,69210,4538,927
Total Value Added - current USD (millions)16,54615,12414,639

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)317361648668728804

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)13.916.418.921.323.826.2

Gabon

Key demographic indicators

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)608.3625.8643.8
Population - Total (thousands)1,7501,8171,8841,9482,0082,0652,1192,173
Population - Female (%)49.249.249.149.149.149.149.149.149.1
Population - Urban (%)86.687.287.788.188.689.089.489.7
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)640.8658.5675.2690.3710.0727.1742.1756.1829.4
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)1,0321,0741,1141,1531,1811,2081,2341,2601,318
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)84.285.386.387.188.790.191.592.878.5
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)3.83.73.53.22.92.72.52.52.4
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)33.333.233.132.932.632.231.631.030.3
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)8.58.17.77.47.27.06.86.76.6
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.14.14.14.14.04.04.03.93.9
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)62.963.664.364.965.465.866.266.566.7

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)88.589.1

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)39.740.040.440.741.041.3
Unemployment rate - Total (%)20.420.320.419.118.5
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)35.835.736.039.739.7
GINI coefficient (index)42.20

Health indicators

United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age - Total (%)6.5
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)59.056.954.652.550.148.3
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)95.095.095.0
Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel - Total (%)89.3

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Corruption perceptions index (number)353437343532313130
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)1021069498101117124123129
Human Development Index (index)0.670.670.680.690.690.690.700.70
Human Development Index (Rank)106112110109109110115119
Gender Inequality Index (index)0.550.550.550.540.540.530.530.53
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)105108113127128128128
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (index)45.2045.8045.4044.7043.8042.4048.8047.70
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)2427233223412929
Ease of Doing Business (number)53.4345.9945.8846.1945.5844.545
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)170163144162164167169169169

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Real GDP growth rate (%)5.35.54.43.92.10.50.82.9

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Agriculture (%)3.63.63.94.75.36.1
Industry (%)63.160.756.751.947.748.8
Manufacturing (%)6.26.36.96.77.67.9
Services (%)33.335.739.443.447.045.1

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)2.70.54.7-0.32.12.74.72.5

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)510.53494.04494.41591.45592.61580.66555.45585.91

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Trade balance - current USD (millions)6,1375,3094,4381,941
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-2,137.3-2,429.5-2,233.8-1,600.6
Current account balance - current USD (millions)1,9781,4631,112141.0-1,419.0-729.0
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)-220.9771.21,048990.41,2411,498
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.0

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GDP per capita (current USD)9,9039,7619,7477,4537,0827,3708,2208,112
Total Value Added - current USD (millions)17,26117,70616,041

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)1,6541,8051,9972,1042,2242,357

Tourism

World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)2.32.42.52.72.9
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)2.01.92.22.42.6

Infrastructure

World Bank, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Total length of railways (kilometre)810810810810810810810
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)24.030.538.145.848.150.3

Sao Tome and Principe

Key demographic indicators

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Population - Total (thousands)188.4192.1195.7199.4203.2207.1211.0215.1
Population - Female (%)50.050.050.050.050.050.050.050.050.0
Population - Urban (%)67.268.269.270.271.172.072.873.6
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)80.382.083.585.086.387.588.689.791.5
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)96.499.0101.8104.7107.7110.9114.2117.7121.1
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)6.16.05.95.95.95.95.96.06.6
Average annual population growth rate - Total (%)2.01.91.91.91.91.91.91.91.9
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)34.734.133.533.032.432.031.531.230.8
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)5.55.45.25.15.04.94.84.84.7
Total fertility rate (per woman)4.64.64.54.54.44.44.34.34.2
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)68.368.769.169.469.769.970.270.470.6

Education indicators

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old - Total (%)96.783.2
Secondary school enrollment - Female (thousands)7.48.410.111.512.313.7
Teachers in tertiary education programmes - Total (number)291291
Teachers in secondary education - Total (number)7931,066936
Secondary school enrollment - Total (thousands)14.116.119.422.123.225.9
Teachers in primary education - Total (number)1,1831,1071,0549171,1321,193
Primary school enrollment - Total (number)33,89334,73334,49335,55836,39437,172
Primary school enrollment - Female (number)16,53317,01516,76317,25417,62618,093
Teritiary school enrollment - Total (number)1,4211,6802,336
Teritiary school enrollment - Female (number)6507731,178
Net enrolment rate in primary education - Total (%)90.891.090.696.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary education - Total (rate)28.731.432.738.832.231.2

Poverty and employment

International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Employment to population ratio, 15+, total - Total (%)50.150.350.450.450.450.3
Unemployment rate - Total (%)13.613.613.913.613.6
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24 - Total (%)21.121.021.623.724.3
GINI coefficient (index)33.90

Health indicators

World Bank, World Health Organization
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Under five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)52.851.036.735.133.732.4
Percentage of mothers provided at least one antenatal care - Total (%)98.098.098.0

Indices

Transparency International, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), MO Ibrahim Foundation, World Bank
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Corruption perceptions index (number)424242424646464647
Corruption perceptions index (Rank)727276666264646463
Human Development Index (index)0.570.580.590.600.610.620.620.63
Human Development Index (Rank)144142143142144143137135
Gender Inequality Index (index)0.550.550.540.540.540.540.550.54
Gender Inequality Index (Rank)122131136133
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (index)58.7059.1058.7059.6059.0059.2059.6060.40
Ibrahim Index of African Governance (Rank)1112131111121312
Ease of Doing Business (number)50.7545.546.7553.0645.144545
Ease of Doing Business (Rank)160169153166162169170170170

GDP Growth Rate

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Real GDP growth rate (%)3.14.86.63.84.23.92.72.7

Composition of the Economy (% of GDP)

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Agriculture (%)11.812.111.612.312.111.7
Industry (%)16.316.117.314.915.815.4
Manufacturing (%)7.67.46.66.57.37.4
Services (%)71.971.871.172.772.172.9

Inflation

Economic Commission for Africa
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Consumer price index, All items - Change (%)10.68.17.05.35.45.77.96.8

Exports

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Exchange rate, period average (national currency per USD)19,06818,45018,46622,09122.1521.7420.7521.88

Balance of payments

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Trade balance - current USD (millions)-104.0-115.8-127.4-107.6-105.5-112.1
Services Balance - current USD (millions)-6.7-12.0-14.711.617.211.1
Current account balance - current USD (millions)-98.9-81.3-103.9-68.7-61.5-73.1
Inward flows of Foreign Direct investment - Flow, current USD (millions)22.512.227.128.622.241.0
Capital Account net - current USD (billions)0.00.00.00.00.00.0
Financial Account net - current USD (millions)-75.9-2.116.119.4

GDP

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GDP per capita (current USD)1,3431,5691,7631,5701,6731,7681,9431,933
Total Value Added - current USD (millions)231.2241.5248.6

Energy

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Electricity - Consumption (Giga watt hours)515122121314

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Rooms in hotels and similar establishments (thousands)0.70.70.9
Total contribution to GDP, tourism (%)12.516.622.120.124.3
Total contribution to employment, tourism (%)10.815.420.619.023.6

Infrastructure

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Indicator2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Internet users per 100 inhabitants (%)21.623.024.425.828.029.9


Economically Active Population - Total (thousands)

International Labour Organization (ILO)
Country2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Algeria12,19612,45312,693
Angola7,6277,8998,182
Benin4,1774,3114,449
Botswana1,0181,0311,045
Burkina Faso7,4647,7027,947
Burundi4,5364,6664,797
Cabo Verde231.9237.6243.2
Cameroon8,6628,9279,200
Central African Republic2,1342,1882,243
Chad4,5884,7444,906
Comoros238.9245.4252.0
Congo1,7671,8101,854
Cote d'Ivoire7,8148,0238,239
Democratic Republic of the Congo25,93026,74127,580
Egypt27,17927,77628,365
Equatorial Guinea389.5401.6413.7
Eritrea2,9563,0553,155
Eswatini435.7446.7457.4
Ethiopia43,57045,16346,807
Gabon608.3625.8643.8
Gambia, the750.7775.3800.9
Ghana10,77211,05811,349
Guinea4,7374,8815,029
Guinea-Bissau712.2732.3753.0
Kenya16,68617,23917,804
Lesotho854.7872.2889.7
Liberia1,4661,5101,555
Libya2,3082,3162,327
Madagascar11,32711,69612,075
Malawi7,2067,4427,686
Mali5,1785,3245,479
Mauritania1,2211,2581,295
Mauritius580.1585.4590.5
Morocco11,81212,03112,243
Mozambique11,61411,89312,184
Namibia838.7869.3900.8
Niger5,5515,7635,986
Nigeria52,66854,20555,798
Rwanda5,5635,7856,005
Senegal5,9256,1136,307
Sierra Leone2,3442,4012,459
Somalia3,0103,1123,218
South Africa19,10819,41419,703
Sudan11,64311,96012,294
Togo3,1243,2123,303
Tunisia3,9624,0194,071
Uganda14,51115,04115,592
United Republic of Tanzania23,50224,21924,964
Zambia5,9546,1596,375
Zimbabwe7,0857,3947,717

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