Pre COVID-19 Economic and Social situations




Cameroon

Population

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)20,90621,48522,07722,68223,29823,92724,56625,21625,876
Population - Female (%)50.150.1
Population - Urban (%)52.252.853.454.054.655.255.856.457.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)8,9129,1459,3779,6059,82710,05610,27710,48910,693
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)10,94911,26211,58811,92812,28512,64113,01513,40813,820
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)659.5675.3690.8706.3722.0741.6761.3780.9800.4

Migration

United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International migrant stock at mid-year - Total (thousands)540.3
Migrants as a percentage of Total population - Total (%)2.22.2

Health

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)55.656.156.657.157.658.158.558.959.3
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)101.097.493.990.687.9

Economy

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.14.55.45.95.74.63.54.14.0
Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Price - US dollars (millions)29,36429,12132,35834,99930,93232,23034,006

Tourism

World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)622.0668.0795.0830.0742.0
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)604.0817.0783.0822.0897.0994.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)5.65.17.67.37.1

ICT

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)5.016.220.7

Central African Republic

Population

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)4,4194,4364,4484,4644,4934,5384,5964,6664,745
Population - Female (%)50.750.7
Population - Urban (%)39.139.439.740.040.340.641.041.441.8
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,9161,9361,9521,9681,9871,9992,0132,0292,049
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,3952,3882,3812,3812,3922,4282,4762,5352,601
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)165.3166.1166.2166.2166.4168.1170.3172.8175.5

Migration

United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International migrant stock at mid-year - Total (thousands)81.688.8
Migrants as a percentage of Total population - Total (%)1.81.9

Health

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)48.048.649.450.150.951.652.252.853.3
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)146.2142.1138.5134.0130.1

Economy

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Price - US dollars (millions)2,2662,2371,5921,8381,6331,8101,928
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.25.1-36.40.14.34.84.53.84.5

Tourism

World Tourism Organization, World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)71.084.096.0121.0
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)68.069.069.8

ICT

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)2.23.03.54.04.6

Chad

Population

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)12,36112,78513,22013,66414,11114,56215,01715,47815,947
Population - Female (%)50.350.3
Population - Urban (%)22.122.122.222.422.522.722.923.123.3
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)5,9566,1376,3176,4946,6666,8487,0247,1957,363
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)6,0206,2486,4896,7406,9997,2477,5057,7748,054
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)312.9320.1327.4335.5345.0357.3370.4383.9397.4

Migration

United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Migrants as a percentage of Total population - Total (%)3.73.3
International migrant stock at mid-year - Total (thousands)489.7

Health

United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)156.0151.6147.1142.9138.7
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)51.451.952.452.853.153.453.754.054.2

Economy

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)0.18.85.86.91.8-5.6-2.42.42.3
Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Price - US dollars (millions)12,97714,00413,81214,68311,74311,26710,875

Tourism

World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)97.0119.0120.098.087.0

ICT

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)1.92.12.32.52.7

Congo

Population

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)4,3954,5104,6234,7374,8564,9815,1115,2445,381
Population - Female (%)49.949.9
Population - Urban (%)63.764.264.665.165.566.066.566.967.4
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,8931,9532,0102,0652,1202,1722,2242,2742,322
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,4692,5252,5822,6432,7082,7802,8582,9413,029
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)150.8155.1159.3163.6168.1173.4179.0184.8191.0

Migration

United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International migrant stock at mid-year - Total (thousands)398.9
Migrants as a percentage of Total population - Total (%)7.97.6

Health

United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)56.152.649.647.145.0
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)60.861.462.062.663.163.664.064.364.6

Economy

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)3.43.83.36.82.6-2.8-1.81.64.0
Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Price - US dollars (millions)14,81113,66414,02614,0998,5547,8678,790

Tourism

World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)327.0308.0360.0435.0
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)224.0259.0345.0229.0224.0213.0194.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)0.40.70.60.6

ICT

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)5.66.16.67.17.6

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Population

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)66,75569,02171,35973,76776,24578,78981,39984,06886,791
Population - Female (%)50.350.3
Population - Urban (%)40.541.141.642.242.743.343.944.545.0
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)30,86431,96833,08234,19935,31336,49137,64638,77939,894
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)33,84734,93436,08237,29838,58539,86741,23842,69044,217
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)2,0032,0772,1512,2262,2992,3782,4562,5352,617

Migration

United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International migrant stock at mid-year - Total (thousands)824.5879.2
Migrants as a percentage of Total population - Total (%)1.11.1

Health

United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)112.2108.5104.8101.798.3
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)57.457.958.458.859.359.760.060.460.7

Economy

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)6.97.18.59.56.92.43.75.84.3
Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Price - US dollars (millions)25,84029,30632,68035,91838,40240,33741,441

Tourism

World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)0.10.10.10.40.00.0
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)197.0
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)298.0108.0170.0283.0127.060.0

ICT

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)1.21.72.23.03.8

Djibouti

Population

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)853.7868.1883.3898.7914.0929.1944.1958.9973.6
Population - Female (%)50.050.0
Population - Urban (%)77.177.177.277.377.477.577.677.877.9
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)296.4296.6297.0297.1296.8297.5297.5297.2296.9
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)537.0550.6564.4578.3592.5605.6619.2632.8646.1
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)32.533.935.436.738.039.240.341.442.6

Migration

United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Migrants as a percentage of Total population - Total (%)12.112.1
International migrant stock at mid-year - Total (thousands)112.4116.1

Health

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)60.761.462.263.264.165.165.966.667.1
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)73.971.769.567.465.3

Economy

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)7.34.85.07.17.76.95.15.56.0
Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Price - US dollars (millions)1,2391,3541,4551,5891,7371,8922,029

Tourism

World Bank, World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)33.529.630.934.235.135.1
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)60.063.0
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)4.64.54.44.85.36.2

ICT

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)7.08.39.510.711.9

Equatorial Guinea

Population

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)986.91,0311,0761,1221,1691,2151,2621,3091,356
Population - Female (%)48.848.8
Population - Urban (%)67.569.069.570.170.671.171.672.172.6
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)380.7395.3410.1425.0439.9456.3471.5486.6501.5
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)582.8611.7641.4671.3701.5730.2760.1790.2820.5
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)30.831.532.333.134.035.036.137.138.0

Migration

United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Migrants as a percentage of Total population - Total (%)17.817.5
International migrant stock at mid-year - Total (thousands)209.6221.9

Health

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)55.956.356.657.057.457.758.158.458.7
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)107.3103.7100.397.494.1

Economy

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Price - US dollars (millions)21,32922,39021,94921,77113,18711,25312,582
Real GDP growth rate (%)6.58.3-4.10.4-9.1-8.8-4.7-5.7-4.6

ICT

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)11.513.916.418.921.3

Eritrea

Population

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)3,2143,2503,2813,3113,3433,3773,4133,4533,497
Population - Female (%)50.750.7
Population - Urban (%)35.836.437.037.638.238.839.540.140.7
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)1,8711,9151,9602,0052,0502,0842,1182,1512,181
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)2,4432,4802,5212,5672,6202,6902,7682,8522,941
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)161.4166.1170.5174.2177.1180.5183.1185.3187.5

Migration

United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Migrants as a percentage of Total population - Total (%)0.30.3
International migrant stock at mid-year - Total (thousands)15.916.0

Health

United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)53.551.649.748.146.5
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)62.763.263.764.264.765.165.565.966.3

Economy

International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Real GDP growth rate (%)25.71.9-10.530.9-20.67.4-9.612.23.1
Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Price - US dollars (millions)2,6093,0923,5164,0524,7835,4145,813

Tourism

World Tourism Organization
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism, number of arrivals - Total (thousands)107.0129.0141.0119.0114.0142.0

ICT

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)0.70.80.91.01.1

Gabon

Population

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)1,6851,7501,8171,8841,9482,0082,0652,1192,173
Population - Female (%)49.849.8
Population - Urban (%)86.186.687.287.788.188.689.089.489.7
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)623.4640.8658.5675.2690.3710.0727.1742.1756.1
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)990.71,0321,0741,1141,1531,1811,2081,2341,260
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)83.084.285.386.387.188.790.191.592.8

Migration

United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Migrants as a percentage of Total population - Total (%)13.913.8
International migrant stock at mid-year - Total (thousands)280.2

Health

United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)60.657.754.852.350.8
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)62.262.963.664.364.965.465.866.266.5

Economy

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Price - US dollars (millions)18,20317,18117,59618,20914,38514,02015,206
Real GDP growth rate (%)7.15.35.54.43.92.10.50.82.9

ICT

United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)8.08.69.220.023.5

Sao Tome and Principe

Population

United Nations Population Division, United Nations Population Fund
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Population - Total (thousands)184.5188.4192.1195.7199.4203.2207.1211.0215.1
Population - Female (%)50.550.5
Population - Urban (%)66.167.268.269.270.271.172.072.873.6
Population: 0-14 - Total (thousands)78.780.382.083.585.086.387.588.689.7
Population: 15-64 - Total (thousands)93.896.499.0101.8104.7107.7110.9114.2117.7
Population: 65+ - Total (thousands)6.36.16.05.95.95.95.95.96.0

Migration

United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Migrants as a percentage of Total population - Total (%)1.21.1
International migrant stock at mid-year - Total (thousands)2.42.3

Health

United Nations Statistics Division, United Nations Population Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Under-five mortality rate (Per 1,000 live births)54.452.450.849.047.3
Life expectancy at birth - Total (years)67.968.368.769.169.469.769.970.270.4

Economy

United Nations Statistics Division, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Gross Domestic Product at Current Market Price - US dollars (millions)240.0265.6305.6348.9318.0351.0379.0
Real GDP growth rate (%)4.43.14.86.63.84.23.92.72.7

Tourism

World Bank
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
International tourism expenditures - current USD (millions)1.43.23.119.222.120.5
International tourism receipts (% of total exports)54.245.563.064.569.571.7

ICT

International Telecommunication Union (ITU), United Nations Statistics Division
Indicator2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Mobile telephone subscribers (per 100 inhabitants) (%)84.0
Proportion of individuals using the Internet (%)20.221.623.024.425.8


Population - Total (thousands)

United Nations Population Division
Country2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Algeria36,66137,38438,14038,92439,72840,55141,38942,22843,053
Angola24,22125,10826,01626,94227,88428,84229,81730,81031,825
Benin9,4619,72910,00510,28710,57610,87211,17511,48511,801
Botswana2,0152,0402,0632,0892,1212,1602,2052,2542,304
Burkina Faso16,08216,57117,07317,58618,11118,64619,19319,75120,321
Burundi8,9589,2469,5409,84410,16010,48810,82711,17511,531
Cabo Verde498.9505.2511.7518.3524.7531.1537.5543.8549.9
Cameroon20,90621,48522,07722,68223,29823,92724,56625,21625,876
Central African Republic4,4194,4364,4484,4644,4934,5384,5964,6664,745
Chad12,36112,78513,22013,66414,11114,56215,01715,47815,947
Comoros706.6723.9741.5759.4777.4795.6813.9832.3850.9
Congo4,3954,5104,6234,7374,8564,9815,1115,2445,381
Cote d'Ivoire21,02921,54722,08822,64823,22623,82324,43725,06925,717
Democratic Republic of the Congo66,75569,02171,35973,76776,24578,78981,39984,06886,791
Djibouti853.7868.1883.3898.7914.0929.1944.1958.9973.6
Egypt84,52986,42288,40590,42592,44394,44796,44398,424100,388
Equatorial Guinea986.91,0311,0761,1221,1691,2151,2621,3091,356
Eritrea3,2143,2503,2813,3113,3433,3773,4133,4533,497
Eswatini1,0721,0791,0871,0951,1041,1141,1251,1361,148
Ethiopia90,14092,72795,38698,094100,835103,603106,400109,224112,079
Gabon1,6851,7501,8171,8841,9482,0082,0652,1192,173
Gambia, the1,8481,9051,9642,0242,0862,1492,2142,2802,348
Ghana25,38825,99626,60827,22427,84928,48229,12129,76730,418
Guinea10,42010,65210,89311,15111,43211,73812,06812,41412,771
Guinea-Bissau1,5631,6051,6481,6921,7371,7821,8281,8741,921
Kenya43,17844,34345,52046,70047,87849,05250,22151,39352,574
Lesotho2,0042,0152,0292,0432,0592,0752,0922,1082,125
Liberia4,0174,1364,2484,3604,4724,5874,7024,8194,937
Libya6,2476,2866,3206,3626,4186,4926,5816,6796,777
Madagascar21,74422,34722,96123,59024,23424,89425,57126,26226,969
Malawi14,96215,39615,83916,29016,74517,20517,67018,14318,629
Mali15,51515,97916,45016,93417,43917,96518,51219,07819,658
Mauritania3,5993,7073,8173,9314,0464,1644,2834,4034,526
Mauritius1,2511,2531,2551,2571,2591,2621,2641,2671,270
Morocco32,78233,24233,71634,19234,66435,12635,58136,02936,472
Mozambique24,18724,86325,56126,28627,04227,83028,64929,49630,366
Namibia2,1572,1952,2342,2732,3152,3582,4032,4482,495
Niger17,11517,79518,50419,24020,00220,78921,60222,44323,311
Nigeria162,805167,229171,766176,405181,137185,960190,873195,875200,964
Rwanda10,29310,55010,81211,08411,36911,66911,98112,30212,627
Sao Tome and Principe184.5188.4192.1195.7199.4203.2207.1211.0215.1
Senegal13,03413,40213,78214,17514,57814,99415,41915,85416,296
Seychelles91.992.693.494.295.095.796.497.197.7
Sierra Leone6,5636,7136,8647,0177,1727,3297,4887,6507,813
Somalia12,37612,71613,06413,42413,79714,18614,58915,00815,443
South Africa52,00452,83353,68754,54455,38656,20857,01057,79358,558
South Sudan9,83110,11410,35510,55510,71610,83310,91110,97611,062
Sudan35,35036,19437,07337,97838,90339,84740,81341,80242,813
Togo6,5966,7746,9557,1387,3237,5107,6987,8898,082
Tunisia10,74210,84710,95311,06311,18011,30411,43311,56511,695
Uganda33,47734,55935,69536,91238,22539,64941,16742,72944,270
United Republic of Tanzania45,67447,05348,48349,96151,48353,04954,66056,31358,005
Zambia14,02314,46514,92715,40015,87916,36316,85417,35217,861
Zimbabwe12,89413,11513,35013,58713,81514,03014,23714,43914,645

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